OBJECTIVES History of RFID RFID types and equipment


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OBJECTIVES History of RFID RFID types and equipment

  1. 1. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>History of RFID </li></ul><ul><li>RFID types and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Current uses </li></ul><ul><li>Future uses </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates for RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates against RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Current Makers of the RFID chips </li></ul>
  2. 2. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) <ul><li>RFID is the combination of radio broadcast technology and the radar. </li></ul><ul><li>RFID increases productivity and convenience </li></ul><ul><li>It is used for over hundreds of applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preventing theft of automobiles, collecting tolls without stopping, managing traffic, gaining entrance to buildings, automated parking, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. RFID in the 1800’s <ul><li>RFID’s source of energy comes from electromagnets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electromagnets formed from the Big Bang </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a microwave hiss of energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Michael Faraday, an English experimentalist, proposed in 1846 that both light and radio waves are a part of electromagnetic energy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Hertz was credited as the 1 st to transmit and receive radio waves, in 1887. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1896, Guglielmo Marconi successfully transmitted radiotelegraphy across the Atlantic. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Early 1900’s <ul><li>Ernst F. W. Alexanderson demonstrated the 1 st transmission of radio waves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signals the beginning of modern radio, where all aspects of the radio waves were controlled. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From 1922 into World War II, the radar was being invented. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created as a technical development of the Manhattan Project Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, and was critical to the Allies. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1940 through 1950 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radar refined and used, major WW II development effort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID was invented in 1948 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1950 through 1960 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early explorations of RFID technology, laboratory experiments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1960 through 1970 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of the theory of RFID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start of applications field trials </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1970 through 1980 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosion of RFID development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test of RFID accelerate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very early adopter implementations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1980 through 1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial applications of RFID enter mainstream </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1990 to 2000 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID widely deployed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID becomes a part of everyday life </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>RFID can act as a portable, dynamic databases that can carry information to be used and updated. W/R capabilities. </li></ul><ul><li>RFID has larger memory capacities, wider reading ranges, and faster processing than bar codes </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike bar codes, RFID has non-line-of-site data transmission. </li></ul><ul><li>RFID should eventually replace the bar code system. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>CueCat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barcodes are scanned through CueCat to the computer, to automatically bring up product information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CueJack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A software that helps consumers learn about boycotts, safety recall, and questionable corporate practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scans its information from news stories, pressure groups, consumer activists, and disgruntled individuals. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Current Uses of RFID <ul><li>As a tracking device for missing or kidnapped children. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted in Mexico where 133,000 children have been abducted over the past 5 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rice-sized microchip is injected beneath the skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portals will be placed in malls, bus stations, etc. where the missing children may appear </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Current uses continued <ul><li>Tracking of inventories </li></ul><ul><li>Lost or Stolen cars, pets, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Toll tags </li></ul><ul><li>GPS phones </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Future of RFID <ul><li>Law enforcement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tiny chip will be implanted in the officers’ hand and into firearms which are assigned the officers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the chip scans correctly, a digital signal will allow the gun to fire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If not, the gun will remained locked. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ATM cell phones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to hit stores before June </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID Driver’s License’s </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Increases the ability to track and account for inventory. </li></ul><ul><li>Breakthroughs in medicine. </li></ul><ul><li>Security advancements. </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Online targeting of Customers. </li></ul><ul><li>GPS tracking of anything tagged. </li></ul><ul><li>AD-ID a web based system that assigns codes to properties </li></ul><ul><li>The super RFID Chip </li></ul>
  14. 14. Advocates for RFID <ul><li>Wall Mart </li></ul><ul><li>Target </li></ul><ul><li>Ambercrombie&Fitch </li></ul><ul><li>Other Retailers and Distributors </li></ul><ul><li>Makers of the Chip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verichip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun Micro systems waveset (light house software) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Commercial packages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RFID tags consists of silicon chips and an antenna that can transmit data to wireless receiver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some examples of RFID kits. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. RI-ANT-G04E (Series 2000 Gate Antenna Large) Is an antenna that can be used for applications such as vehicle access to parking lots in an outdoor environment. It can also be mounted on a pole or a wall .
  17. 17. Advocates Against RFID <ul><li>Organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.spychips.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.spychips.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.nocards.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.nocards.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CASPIAN (consumers against supermarket privacy invasion and numbering) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. The Problem <ul><li>Fears of being monitored </li></ul><ul><li>Data security fears </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking of consumers on products that have been purchased </li></ul>
  19. 19. RFID Protesters
  20. 21. RFID tagged currency?
  21. 22. Medium Sized Antenna <ul><li>This is an example of the RFID antenna from TI </li></ul>
  22. 23. The rice sized chip
  23. 24. RFID medical history
  24. 25. BBC Reporter getting an implant
  25. 26. An Example of a RFID
  26. 27. Type of RFID used by Mobil- the speed pass
  28. 30. Short video clip , return to page 3 or continue with credits push the space bar.
  29. 31. Summary <ul><li>History of RFID </li></ul><ul><li>RFID types and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Current uses </li></ul><ul><li>Future uses </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates for RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates against RFID </li></ul><ul><li>Current makers of the RFID </li></ul>
  30. 32. Bibliography “ No Chip in Arm, No Shot from Gun.” Wired News 14 April 2004. <www.wired.com/news/technology/012946306600.html>   “ Tracking Junior with a Microchip.” Wired News 10 October 2003. <www.wired.com/news/technology/012826077100.html>   “ Getting Product Info on Cue.” Wired News 21 April 2001. <www.wired.com/news/business/013674315400.html>   “ Radio ID Tags: Beyond Bar Codes.” Wired News 20 May 2002. <www.wired.com/news/technology/012825234300.html>  
  31. 33. “ Call Waiting: A Cell Phone ATM.” Wired News 06 January 2001. <www.wired.com/news/business/013674102300.html>   “ RFID Driver’s License Debated.” Wired News 06 October 2004. www.wired.com/news/privacy/018486524300.html http://www.theregister.co.uk/2003/11/18/sun_to_acquire_identity_broker/ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/3697940.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/3211373.stm  
  32. 34. http://infowars.com/articles/bb/world_cup_2006_surveillance_project.htm http://infowars.com/articles/bb/rfid_school_ids_track_students.htm http://infowars.com/articles/bb/rfid_consumer_concern_over_rfid.htm http://infowars.com/articles/bb/rfid_mandatory_student_id_cards.htm http://infowars.com/articles/bb/verichip_noted_privacy_expert_implanted_with_chip.htm   http://www.computerworld.com/softwaretopics/erp/story/0,10801,90572,00.html   Pdcorp.com/rfid/rfid.html   return to third page