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JRC RFID Applications


                        Marco Sironi, Marcello Barboni
                            Joint Research ...
Activity lines
       •      The use of (passive) RFID to support "farm to fork" meat traceability: the main activity is i...
Livestock electronic identification



                                                               3) Antenna




     ...
Certification of Electronic
                                                  Identification Equipment

                  ...
Container security today




JRC – RFID Workshop
Single transponder seal (EC patent)


                                            •   One transponder is placed
          ...
Steel sealing bolt with two transponders
      •     Two transponders are placed
            inside the bolt head (EC Pate...
Self authenticating multi transponders seal to be
                    applied to the container door
Simple and cost effect...
Supply customs with a skilled reader


• The reader elaborates and transmits data
coming from container door seal to the
m...
Other multi transponder seal configurations




JRC – RFID Workshop
I-Tag-s, Read and Write, 2Kb.
The prototype tested at JRC




JRC – RFID Workshop
New seal based on active transponder (433 MHz) to
                      be applied to the container door
•The seal has the...
Container to truck communication




•   Seals on container interface with unit on the truck (and the ship).
•   If GSM is...
Support the fight against falsification and illegal
                           trafficking: Identification of watches



 ...
Small Arms and Light Weapons Identification System

                                               •   A passive transpond...
Detonators Identification System




JRC – RFID Workshop
SESAMONET: A Secure and Safe Mobility Network developed (and
                                 patented) at JRC to improve ...
•   Information related to the shops in front of a transponder can be stored into the
    database and retrieved through a...
The Transponder
• The transponders required to
  build the path could be
  recycled from the “Animal
  Tagging”


• The tr...
The Antenna

• The antenna used for the
  proof of principle and for
  the tests is a standard
  RFID stick antenna

• The...
A DEMO SYSTEM IS OPERATIVE
                  Its main components are:

                      a walking stick with embedded...
TEMPEST laboratory
             Performance, vulnerability, reliability,
             conformity and interoperability test...
Transponders and transceiver testing

             Resonance frequency
             Return frequencies
             Data S...
Marcello Barboni
                         marcello.barboni@jrc.it
                           +39.0332.785127
             ...
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JRC RFID Applications

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JRC RFID Applications

  1. 1. JRC RFID Applications Marco Sironi, Marcello Barboni Joint Research Centre Institute for the Protection and security of the Citizen Via Fermi 1, ISPRA (VA), Italy JRC – RFID Workshop
  2. 2. Activity lines • The use of (passive) RFID to support "farm to fork" meat traceability: the main activity is in supporting DG SANCO with technical guidelines and with a reference test laboratory for electronic identification systems in the framework of the Council Regulation 21/2004 which includes the use of RFID on small ruminants (now facultative but obligatory from 2008). A similar regulation for bovine animals is in discussion at the European Parliament. It is worth mentioning that we carried out a large scale pilot experiment (almost 1 million animals) to investigate the performance of RFID equipment in field conditions before advising DG SANCO on this matter; • E-seals and smart container systems (both active and passive RFID) for supply chain security, mainly container security (in cooperation with DGTAXUD and DGTREN); • use of RFID for tracing and tracking of small arms and light weapons (in cooperation with DG RELEX); • use of RFID as beacons and associated data processing to support visually impaired people to find their way and provide them with location specific information; • the development (for DG SANCO) of a system integrating RFID, sensors and geotracking functionalities to be able to implement requirements imposed by council regulation 1/2005 on parameters to observe in transport of animals in long journeys. • We also have a test laboratory to test RFID equipment where we carry out performance test (reading distances and speed, reliability tests…), test for conformance with standards (e.g. resonance frequencies, communication protocol etc.), immunity to conducted and radiated perturbations, field strength etc. JRC – RFID Workshop
  3. 3. Livestock electronic identification 3) Antenna 1) Passive Transponder 134.2 kHz 2) RF Module Power Read Scan 5) Database 4) Computer JRC – RFID Workshop
  4. 4. Certification of Electronic Identification Equipment CERTIFICATE of LABORATORY ACCEPTANCE for the IDEA PROJECT CERTIFICATE No. JRC/***/IDEA/97 The following equipment has been successfully tested under laboratory conditions according to IDEA project (version 5.2) requirements. EQUIPMENT Equipment Type: TRANSPONDER Equipment Name: Tested Equipment Serial Number: ********** COMPANY Company Name: ********** Address: ********** City: ********** Country: ********** Phone: ********** Fax: ********** ISO 11784 code: Technology: HDX FDX-B Reading distance: ≥80 cm. (tolerance -5 cm.) with Static Reader: ≥25 cm. (tolerance -3 cm.) with Portable reader: According to laboratory acceptance criteria: ref. ACTB Ispra, 12/04/97 Dr. Christophe Korn Sector Head JRC – RFID Workshop
  5. 5. Container security today JRC – RFID Workshop
  6. 6. Single transponder seal (EC patent) • One transponder is placed inside the bolt • At assembly information can be stored into the transponder memory • When the bolt is unscrewed the transponder is destroyed • Developed as oil plug for engines to avoid dispersion of exhaust oil into the environment. JRC – RFID Workshop
  7. 7. Steel sealing bolt with two transponders • Two transponders are placed inside the bolt head (EC Patent). • At closure the torque wrench transmits and stores a signal inside the permanent transponder when the correct torque is reached, giving confirmation of the correct installation. • The pin visible on the shaft breaks the sacrificial transponder when the bolt is unscrewed. Any attempt of forging is detected. • All relevant information are stored into the permanent transponder and can be recovered also after the sacrificial transponder is broken after opening. JRC – RFID Workshop
  8. 8. Self authenticating multi transponders seal to be applied to the container door Simple and cost effective seal for the container door. Three passive transponders are used inside the seal. (EC Patent) •Permanent transponder to give univocal identification of each container and to keep track of the container travel through intermediate reading stations •Temporary transponder that breaks at the seal closure. Gives confirmation of correct seal application on the container door. •Temporary transponder to detect illegal openings (transponder breaks when opening the seal). An illegal opening between two reading stations is easily detected. To be legally broken when the container is delivered.
  9. 9. Supply customs with a skilled reader • The reader elaborates and transmits data coming from container door seal to the main database • Intelligence built into the reader, reader with GSM connection. • Reader to be foreseen at each reading station. Reader connected to GSM, • Paperwork disappears. Seal on the container lock
  10. 10. Other multi transponder seal configurations JRC – RFID Workshop
  11. 11. I-Tag-s, Read and Write, 2Kb.
  12. 12. The prototype tested at JRC JRC – RFID Workshop
  13. 13. New seal based on active transponder (433 MHz) to be applied to the container door •The seal has the same safety features of the passive transponders seal. • The seal can answer on its status when Reading station connected to GSM interrogated at each check point •An intrusion is detected when transiting in front of a reading station. •The reading station, at each check point, detects and transmits the alarm over the Local RF transmission GSM net . between seal and Reading •The seal transmits a signal to the reading Station (15m range) station to confirm its status. The battery of the sensor lasts at least 3 years. Data transmission and reading is fully automatic. Active seal on the container lock
  14. 14. Container to truck communication • Seals on container interface with unit on the truck (and the ship). • If GSM is used on both no problems of communication • The container position can be identified through the GPS unit mounted on the truck
  15. 15. Support the fight against falsification and illegal trafficking: Identification of watches • Detection of falsification in expensive watches crowns is a primary commercial issue • A transponder is embedded in the lower cover of the watch. The transponder is readable from outside, a database (available on line) correlates the transponder identity to the watch number. lower cover JRC – RFID Workshop
  16. 16. Small Arms and Light Weapons Identification System • A passive transponder is hidden inside the weapon • The transponder signal is carried outside the weapon trough a copper wire. • Even in case of rupture of the wire the information stored inside the transponder can be retrived disassembling the weapon JRC – RFID Workshop
  17. 17. Detonators Identification System JRC – RFID Workshop
  18. 18. SESAMONET: A Secure and Safe Mobility Network developed (and patented) at JRC to improve the mobility of visually impaired people. The idea consists in using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) passive transponders (i.e. micro-chips) to create a path guiding a visually impaired person through a location. The RFID path does not need any electric power supply and can be installed in areas such as parks, pedestrian areas, town centres, buildings, etc... The walking stick has an embedded antenna (with a bluetooth transmitter) which detects/reads the RFID transponders. Each transponder sends a signal via the antenna to a Smart Phone equipped with a database with information on the location. Through a bluetooth headset the disabled receives information on the path (e.g. how to reach his/her destination, whether there are obstacles, if some services are nearby...). It is possible to connect the smart phone to a an external database with real-time information on the path (works in progress, changes to transport schedule, etc…). Bluetooth headset GSM net Antenna Database JRC – RFID Workshop Transponder path
  19. 19. • Information related to the shops in front of a transponder can be stored into the database and retrieved through an inquiry by the disable. • For example a visually impaired person can plan his walk through town and can be guided in front of the shop or to the service he needs. If the shops changes location or time schedule he will be informed directly by the database when planning his walk, and guided to the new location. • The system is intrinsically cheap because all the transponders come from recycle. All the associated technology (i.e. readers, antennas, database structure) are already developed and have just to be customized to the new application. • This system, if correctly implemented, can be of great help for disable adding independence and security to their life. And will also save costs to the public administration allowing more freedom and reducing the need of personal assistance.
  20. 20. The Transponder • The transponders required to build the path could be recycled from the “Animal Tagging” • The transponders used for this application are standard, passive, with a long lifetime, hermetically encapsulated and can be easily reused.
  21. 21. The Antenna • The antenna used for the proof of principle and for the tests is a standard RFID stick antenna • The antenna interrogates the transponder on the pavement and receives a signal back from the transponders to guide the disable from a starting point to his desired location.
  22. 22. A DEMO SYSTEM IS OPERATIVE Its main components are: a walking stick with embedded antenna Example of path a bluetooth receiver headset Built a smart phone area Path Park JRC – RFID Workshop
  23. 23. TEMPEST laboratory Performance, vulnerability, reliability, conformity and interoperability testing JRC – RFID Workshop
  24. 24. Transponders and transceiver testing Resonance frequency Return frequencies Data Structure Functional tests Reading performance EM conformity and immunity Return Sweep Signal Signal to analyze Transpo source nder under test JRC – RFID Workshop
  25. 25. Marcello Barboni marcello.barboni@jrc.it +39.0332.785127 Joint Research Centre Institute for the Protection and security of the Citizen Via Fermi 1, ISPRA (VA), Italy JRC – RFID Workshop

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