Cluster Description

Patrick GUILLEMIN - ETSI                  Peter FRIESS - European Commi...
The development of Internet of Things depends on dynamic technical innovation in
number of important fields from wireless ...
The projects that are addressing the underling technologies for the development of
IoT have a common platform offered by t...
AMI-4-SME project has elaborated three Building Blocks for realising innovative
AmI as well as human centred solutions:
• ...
CASCADAS goal was to provide an automatic component-based framework that can
support the deployment of a novel set of serv...
performance. On the side of technical feasibility, several solutions have emerged,
either with existing technologies. More...
The present cluster book includes a CERP-IoT Strategic Research Agenda (SRA)
introducing a common IoT definition, a vision...
Annex: The projects involved in CERP-IoT
                             Name of Project                       Coordinator

                            Name of Project                     Coordinator
SToP              Stop tamp...
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Cluster Description


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Cluster Description

  1. 1. Cluster Description Patrick GUILLEMIN - ETSI Peter FRIESS - European Commission, DG Information Society and Media Ovidiu Vermesan - SINTEF Harald Sundmaeker - ATB Bremen CERP-IoT: Cluster of European Research Projects on the Internet of Things The Internet is based on a layered, end to end model that allows individuals at each level of the network to innovate free of any central control. By, placing intelligence at the edge of the network rather than control in the middle of the network, the Internet has created a platform for innovation. The advances in technology create the basis of high rate of change and progress of Internet functions and applications. In the world there are many more “things” than “people” and the integration of the Internet with the physical world will be a challenge for the future Internet technology and propagate the coming of a new paradigm shift in information processing. Today the world of the Internet and the physical world are almost two standalone worlds with “people” being the interface between the two and the development of the future Internet of Things will make that these two worlds will get significantly intertwined. The ultimate vision, is an “Internet of things” linking tens of thousands of sensor networks using a convergence of technologies that will let companies and individuals keep track of every physical item on earth at every moment, while addressing the privacy and security concerns. 1
  2. 2. The development of Internet of Things depends on dynamic technical innovation in number of important fields from wireless sensors to nanotechnology, software to embedded systems. The world is increasingly merged into a global market economy, and one of the main pillars of European information and communication technology policy is stimulating technological innovation and global cooperation with the United States, Japan, China, South Korea, and other countries for enhancing competitiveness and developing technologies such as “Future Internet” and “Internet of Things” targeting the future global society. Today, 10 per cent of all the mobile phones sold in China are smart phones, and this is growing at annual rate of 28 per cent. China is speeding up on development of “Internet of Things”, making it a new engine for economic growth and an opportunity to catch up with the developed countries. China has started exploring the ‘Internet of Things’ (IoT) concept where objects, equipped with wireless identifying devices, are able to communicate with each other to form, a self configuring network. The areas of application would be public assets/facilities management, environmental surveillance, disaster management, and remote monitoring of health. In order to leverage IoT successfully the global cooperation between Europe, US, India and Asia (China, Japan, Korea, etc.) is essential in order to clearly identify the technology research and development needs and work out a clear structure for different stakeholders to work together. A number of technologies, functionalities and many functions implemented by a diverse set of systems and technologies are behind the IoT that includes aspects of electrical engineering, computer science, sensors technology, management research, and psychology. In the context of the evolution of integrated information systems, the IoT vision will offer a new quality of integration, which is no longer limited to the information flows of the digital world but also directly links processes in the physical world as well as the associated products (e.g., objects, home appliances) and means of production (e.g., equipment, tools), which means that the scope of integration crosses the boundaries of information systems and pervades the world of physical objects and processes. The management of processes in manufacturing, logistics, sales, and services, mainly depends on accurate information on the availability of parts, the status of machines and tools, the correct execution of workflows, customer behaviour on the production/sales floor, and other things happening in the physical world. The objective of this book on the Internet of Things is to present the activities of the projects financed by the European Commission in order to develop the enabling technologies for IoT, while fostering the discussion in academia, research and industry on the development of a future Internet of Things. 2
  3. 3. The projects that are addressing the underling technologies for the development of IoT have a common platform offered by the activities of the Cluster of European Projects on the Internet of Things The European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things is part of Europe’s ambition to shape a future Internet of Things (IoT) for its businesses and citizens. The research cluster (CERP-IoT) goal is to bring European research projects together to define and promote a common vision of the Internet of Things with the main objectives to: • Facilitate networking of different IoT projects in Europe • Coordinate research activities in IoT • Leverage expertise, talents, and resources and maximise impact • Establish synergies between projects and ensure international collaboration During the last years 32 EU-funded projects and initiatives were actively involved in the Cluster activates. A table with a short description of each project is presented in annex of this section. The projects address different technologies and a short overview of the topics covered is given below: • STOP: anti counterfeiting and how to deal with it in an IoT • CuteLoop: Challenges for usage of Intelligent Networked devices • STOLPAN: NFC technology and its application scenarios in a future IoT • SMART, TRASER: Usage of RFID in tracking and tracing - lessons learnt and outlook towards IoT • CASAGRAS, GRIFS: Standardisation issues challenges on RFID and a future IoT • BRIDGE: Specific solutions for RFID and outlook towards a future IoT • ASPIRE, HYDRA: Open source Middleware and for embedded systems for SMEs with respect to RFID and outlook to a future IoT • INDISPUTABLE KEY: Usage of RFID in the wood environment and contribution to environment protection European • RACE networkRFID: Stimulating the take-up of RFID in Europe • ETP EPoSS: Outlook on future IoT applications A brief description of the results from a selected number of the projects participating in the Cluster is presented below. CuteLoop project has identified innovative features based on the requirements analysis in food chain and craftsmen business environments. Those features were seen as enablers to decentralise the intelligence from central entities in the overall ambience to networked devices, representing decentralised things in the integrated enterprise. Therefore, was envisaged a contribution to an evolution from classical client-server architectures towards the Internet of Things. A framework was developed, combining a multi-agent system for usage on networked devices and using both a service oriented and an event driven architecture for dynamic inter- action of distributed actors. Furthermore, decentralised mechanisms for ensuring security and trust were addressed as well as an infrastructure for supporting basic interaction models of the integrated enterprise. 3
  4. 4. AMI-4-SME project has elaborated three Building Blocks for realising innovative AmI as well as human centred solutions: • RFID based sensor system, mobile readers & middleware, highly compatible for integration with SME infrastructures. • Speech recognition system, for implementing configurable natural human interaction on mobile devices; easy to generate & maintain; using standard interfaces. • AmI system adaptor for mobile device, service & system integration. Enabling a flexible, secure & efficient configuration, mapping & interfacing of legacy systems, AmI services as well as mobile devices. Moreover, the AMI-4-SME Software Platform was realised to easily set-up the required runtime environment as well as software infrastructure to provide a cost and time efficient realisation of a human centric turn-key solution. ASPIRE project elaborated three parts for realising innovative SME oriented solution: • ASPIRE Middleware Architecture and solution introduces a new approach to RFID middleware through a two-tier filtering: • Conventional filtering (e.g., EPC-ALE paradigm): Open Source Tools (Stored/Save, Edit, Delete Filters) compliant to ALE specifications • Filtering of business events (i.e. based on the paradigm of BEG module): • Combination of filtered data with business metadata according to declared/ configured processes • Specifications for mapping sensor reading events into business events • Filtering of many types of sensors other than RFID, like ZigBee (IEEE 802.15) and HF sensors. • ASPIRE Low-cost hardware and Tools • ASPIRE Trails: The trails are being performed in the areas of Logistics, Textiles- Apparel, Cold Chain Management, Process Management and Retail to lower SME entry cost barrier and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for RFID technology solutions Provide efficient inventory and smart services. Moreover, the ASPIRE Middleware Platform will be user-friendly especially focusing on SME demands The BRIDGE project delivered innovative hardware and software products. It also issued several important contributions to standard bodies in the areas of sensors, security and Discovery services. The lessons learned from the multiple pilot implementations will be inspiring for many companies in various sectors. Finally, a considerable set of education material has been made publicly available. The BRIDGE project has contributed to the development of new solutions for all businesses, from small to large. Improving skills and expertise on RFID technology and network information sharing is leading to enhanced competitiveness of European companies and to benefits to customers and citizens. 4
  5. 5. CASCADAS goal was to provide an automatic component-based framework that can support the deployment of a novel set of services, via distributed applications, which can cope with dynamic and uncertain environments, i.e. having Self-Configuration, Self-Healing; Self-Optimization; Self-Protection (self-CHOP) capabilities. CASCADAS toolkit has been successfully used to build a prototype system to suit a potentially industrial future scenario, called Behavioural Pervasive Advertisement, which takes a crowded venue, with many public screens. The advertising screens display information independent of the context. Smart services could then gather publicly information on Users and advertise their particular interests. CoBIs project main results can be summarized as follows: • A middleware based on a service-oriented architecture (SOA). The middleware allows the deployment of business logic in the form of services to the edge of the network. CoBIs provided the basic SOA framework as well as the tools to monitor and manage the network. • A new service description language called CoBIL (CoBIs Language) to describe services for wireless sensor networks, their interface, their composition and dependencies as well as technical constraints regarding their deployment. • A set of reusable collaborative services that were applied in a set of demonstrators and application trials. • Hardware adaptation and integration of three different sensor network platforms, namely Particles, μNodes and Sindrion, through a common abstraction layer. Application trials were conducted to show how the technology developed can be applied to a real-world setting. Euridice is an integrated project where the basic concept is to build an information services platform centred on the individual cargo item and on its interaction with the surrounding environment and the user. The Euridice Platform will allow addressing simultaneously the logistics, business and public policy aspects of freight transportation, by dynamically combining services at different levels of cargo interaction: • Immediate proximity services, for direct interaction with cargo items on the field, like individual shipments or packages: RFID-based identification services, mobile user services, vehicle services, site services supporting freight interaction with fixed structures such as terminals, warehouses and intermodal facilities; • Supply chain services for interaction with the actors responsible of shipping, carrying and handling the goods, as well as producers and consignees of the goods themselves; • Freight corridor services managed by authorities and operators in charge of infrastructures efficient operation, security and safety control, such as land and port terminals, railways and motorways for resources allocation and traffic control, customs agencies and other entities in charge of safety and security checks on the goods. PEARS Feasibility project study the feasibility for an improved RFID system based on Silent Tags; providing increased privacy, security, affordability, reliability and 5
  6. 6. performance. On the side of technical feasibility, several solutions have emerged, either with existing technologies. Moreover, advanced simulation software created within the project demonstrated that current technology capabilities (e.g. bandwidth) suffice to support a polling-based tracking system, even in the most complex retail environments. On the side of the commercial feasibility, the added security and privacy at a lower device cost has opened the possibility of countless applications, particularly in the fashion, library and jeweller industries. SMMART has addressed an innovative approach of logistic and maintenance services based on ubiquitous availability of “in service” product data for air, road, rail and marine transport. The results are reported on both technology and system integration: • Technology: • RFID tag system operating in the harsh, metallic, cumbersome environment of engines • Wireless, auto adaptive sensor networks • RFID tag systems for track and trace in Maintenance workshops • End to end data security and trust system • Innovative, high added value software features as configuration control, trouble shooting, strategic forecasting and optimisation. System Integration: • 2 demonstrations, on truck and on helicopter engine successfully validated the end to end integration. SToP has addressed the complex issue of understanding and combating the problem of product counterfeiting by using ambient intelligence based solutions. The project’s results can be summarised as following: • An analysis of the structure, the mechanisms, and the extent of the illicit market and the supply- and demand-side drivers of trade with counterfeit products, • A business case framework to assist governments and companies (especially small and medium sized enterprises) to calculate the impact of illicit trade on brand name and revenue, the required financial investments to counterfeiting, and the return on investment, • Novel product authentication approaches based on ambient intelligence technologies, in particular RFID technology and the analysis of tracking data, • Innovative smart tagging technologies suitable for authentication, • The product verification infrastructure, a software prototype that supports enterprises manufacturing and delivering authentic products to customers and allows consumers and supply chain participants to check the authenticity of products with a combination of various approaches, • Integration concepts for various industries that help organisations to seamlessly integrate solutions into their products as well as their business process landscape, • Real-world application trials that assessed the feasibility and performance of the solutions. 6
  7. 7. The present cluster book includes a CERP-IoT Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) introducing a common IoT definition, a vision of Future Internet with 18 main IoT Application Domains. The SRA proposes a list of research fields and a roadmap on future R&D until 2010, before 2015 and beyond 2020. This roadmap forms the basis for the research priorities presented and 13 IoT enabling technologies The CERP-IoT SRA is part of a continuous IoT community dialogue initiated by the European Commission (DG Information Society and Media) for the European and international IoT stakeholders. The SRA has been largely discussed in the projects and with relevant stakeholders in Europe and overseas. CERP-IoT is fostering of the International IoT co-operation. In 2009 and 2010, the cluster collaborated with Japan, Korea, US and China and cluster stakeholders foresee IoT collaboration with India, Russia and Latin America regions. 7
  8. 8. Annex: The projects involved in CERP-IoT are: Project Name of Project Coordinator Acronym Ambient Intelligence Technology for Harald Sundmaeker, ATB, AMI-4-SME Systemic Innovation in Germany Manufacturing SMEs Advanced Sensors and lightweight Programmable middleware for Prof.Dr. Neeli R.Prasad, ASPIRE Innovative Rfid Enterprise CTIF Aalborg, Denmark applications Building Radio frequency BRIDGE Identification solutions for the Global Henri Barthel, GS1 Environment Coordination and Support Action CASAGRAS (CSA) for Global RFID-related Ian Smith, AIM UK Activities and Standardisation Component-ware for Autonomic Antonio Manzalini, CASCADAS Situation-aware Communications, Telecom Italia - Future and Dynamically Adaptable Services Centre Coordinating European Efforts for Dr. Gerd Wolfram, METRO CE-RFID Promoting the European RFID Value Group, Germany Chain Stephan Haller, CoBIs Collaborative Business Items SAP,Switzerland Igone Velez, Centro de Ubiquitous Care System to Support Estudios e Investigaciones CONFIDENCE Independent Living Técnicas de Gipuzkoa (CEIT), Spain Customer in the Loop: Using Networked Devices enabled Harald Sundmaeker, ATB CuteLoop Intelligence for Proactive Customers Bremen, Germany Integration as Drivers of Integrated Enterprise European Technology Platform on Alessandro Bassi, Hitachi ETP EPoSS Smart Systems Integration Europe Dr. Christoph Thuemmler, Data Capture and Auto Identification Chelsea and Westminster DACAR Reference Project NHS Foundation Trust, London DiY Smart Experiences, Creating DiYSE (EUREKA Marc Roelands, Bell Labs, smart experiences on the Web of ITEA2) Alcatel-Lucent, Belgium Things Kenneth Holmberg, VTT, Dynamite Dynamic Decisions in Maintenance Finland Interoperable Fare Management John Verity, ITSO Limited Project 8
  9. 9. Project Name of Project Coordinator Acronym EU-IFM European Inter-Disciplinary Research EURIDICE on Intelligent Cargo for Efficient, Safe Paolo Paganelli, Insiel, Italy and Environment-Friendly Logistics Future Internet Assembly: Real World Alex Gluhak, University of FIA/RWI Internet Surrey, United Kingdom Global RFID Interoperability Forum Stephane Pique, GS1, GRIFS for Standards Belgium Heterogeneous physical devices in a Markus Eisenhauer, HYDRA distributed architecture Fraunhofer FIT Intelligent Manufacturing System Dr. Dimitris Kiritsis, EPFL, IMS2020 2020 Lausanne Intelligent distributed process INDISPUTABLE Richard Uusijärvi, SP, utilization and blazing environmental KEY Sweden key An Interoperability Service Utility for Collaborative Supply Chain Planning Asuman Dogac, METU, iSURF across Multiple Domains Supported Turkey by RFID Devices Leadership for European Apparel Dieter Stellmach, euratex, LEAPFROG Production From Research Belgium along Original Guidelines PEARS Feasibility Privacy and Security Ensuring Humberto Moran, Friendly Affordable RFID System: Technical Technologies and Commercial Feasibility Dieter Sommer ,IBM Bringing sustainable privacy and Zurich, Sandra PrimeLife identity management to future Steinbrecher, Karel networks and services Wouters Privacy and Identity Management for Marit Hansen, PRIME Europe ULD,Germany Product orientated manufacturing Dr. Dimitris Kiritsis, EPFL, PROMISE systems including RFID technology Lausanne ICT PSP European RFID Thematic RACE Network (Call2) : Raising Awareness Philippe Rohou, ERCIM, networkRFID and Competitiveness on RFID in France Europe Intelligent Integration of Supply Dr.Antonis Ramfos, Chain Processes and Consumer Intrasoft, Belgium Dr. SMART Services based on Unique Product Katerina Pramatari, Athens Identification in a Networked University Business Environment System for Mobile Maintenance Jean-Louis Boucon, SMMART Accessible in Real Time TURBOMECA, France Store Logistics and Payment with András Vilmos, Motorola, StoLPaN NFC Hungary 9
  10. 10. Project Name of Project Coordinator Acronym SToP Stop tampering of products Harald Vogt, SAP, Germany Identity-based Tracking and Web- Zsolt Kemeny, TraSer Services for SMEs SZTAKI,Hungary Wireless ALliances for Testing, WALTER Franck Le Gall , Inno Experiment and Research CERP-IoT collaborates with the Future Internet Enterprise Systems (FInES) cluster, the European Technology Platform on Smart Sensors (ETP EPoSS) and the Future Internet Assembly (FIA/RWI). In 2010 the objective are to elaborate common taxonomies and IoT reference model. In the "Project Profiles" section of this book, the members of CERP-IoT are outlining their objectives and research work. The individual project partners and contact points are mentioned as reference for future collaboration. 10