Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Climbing the RFID Learning Curve RFID World  Sydney Aug 4-6, 2004 Alfio Grasso General Manager RFID Automation Research As...
Overview <ul><li>Brief RFID history </li></ul><ul><li>RF regulations </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in Australia </li></ul><ul><li...
Brief RFID History <ul><li>RFID used in WWII “friend or foe” </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial application in Automatic Data Ca...
RF Regulations <ul><li>Regulators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classify RFID as Industrial, Scientific and Medical use </li></ul>...
EPCGlobal <ul><li>13.56 MHz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HF Class 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UHF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UHF Class 0 ...
RFID in Australia – closed loop <ul><li>Vehicle  Identification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passenger and commercial vehicles </...
Electronic Toll Collection
Extended Read Range
Vehicle ID, Sugar Industry Photos courtesy of Mirrabooka Systems
Steel Production
Hot-Axle Detection and RFID Photo courtesy of Sugar Research Institute
Location ID
Location ID
Industrial Waste Management
Domestic Waste Management
Manufacturing Photo taken at Hendersons Automotive Technologies Pty Ltd
Library Photos courtesy of the  National Library Board Singapore
Photo taken at Carlton & United Beverages  Warehouse Management
Photo taken at Carlton & United Beverages
Implementation Plan  <ul><li>The need, mandate compliance, ROI </li></ul><ul><li>Define your RFID implementation </li></ul...
<ul><li>Investigate world standards ISO or EPC </li></ul><ul><li>Choose frequency of operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13.56...
<ul><li>Evaluate Solution Providers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag Manufacturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader Manufactures...
<ul><li>IT System impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interface to existing system, or new system! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ac...
<ul><li>RFID issues in your environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RF Interference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LAN, Other RF...
<ul><li>RFID Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed or portable RFID readers? </li...
<ul><li>Equipment Supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacture lead times </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Tags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initialisation (EPC code and data) </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Integration into IT systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul...
<ul><li>Other partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Com...
Assessment Criteria <ul><li>Range of Hardware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tags, Readers, Volume, Vendors, Standards, Frequency, ...
<ul><li>Relevant experience in your industry </li></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 18047-X Conformance Test ...
Reader Issues <ul><li>Reader location is important, but local </li></ul><ul><li>Antenna </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tunnel/P...
Location Location Location <ul><li>Tag location will be crucial for performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want global use for ...
<ul><li>Consider a change to the process flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How package is handled, stored and pallet stacked </li...
Data <ul><li>RFID data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once installed, no real additional cost to read a tag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Human Issues <ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a privacy committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider all u...
Champion <ul><li>Approval from the TOP </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start small but thin...
Web <ul><li>Subscribe to online publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals, Newsletters, Manufacturers, Industry Associat...
RFID Solution Providers  (alphabetical order) <ul><li>Alien Technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.alientechnology.com </l...
<ul><li>Datanet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.data.net.au   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EM Microelectronic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ww...
<ul><li>Impinj </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.impinj.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integral RFID  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.integr...
<ul><li>Magellan Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.magtech.com.au </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MeadWestvaco Intelligent Syste...
<ul><li>RedPrairie  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// redprairie.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RFID Automation </li></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Texas Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.ti.com/tiris / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ThingMagic </li></ul><ul...
Conclusion <ul><li>RFID  ≡  Automatic Data Capture </li></ul><ul><li>RFID is about management </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of RF...
Start Today!
Further Information <ul><li>Alfio Grasso </li></ul><ul><li>General Manager </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Automation </li></ul><ul...
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Climbing the RFID Learning Curve

2,575 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Climbing the RFID Learning Curve

  1. 1. Climbing the RFID Learning Curve RFID World Sydney Aug 4-6, 2004 Alfio Grasso General Manager RFID Automation Research Associate Auto ID Laboratory, ADELAIDE
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Brief RFID history </li></ul><ul><li>RF regulations </li></ul><ul><li>RFID in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>RFID implementation plan </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Data issues </li></ul><ul><li>Human issues </li></ul><ul><li>Champion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Brief RFID History <ul><li>RFID used in WWII “friend or foe” </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial application in Automatic Data Capture </li></ul><ul><li>Early RFID applications in closed loop applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle toll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asset management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time and Attendance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AutoID Center, formation and EPC (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Gillette purchase (2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Walmart mandate (2003) </li></ul>
  4. 4. RF Regulations <ul><li>Regulators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classify RFID as Industrial, Scientific and Medical use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISM bands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>125-134 kHz (ISO 18000-2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13.56 MHz or HF (ISO 18000-3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>433 MHz (ISO 18000-7) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>860 to 960 MHz or UHF (ISO 18000-6) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.45 GHz (ISO 18000-4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.8 GHz (no ISO standard) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. EPCGlobal <ul><li>13.56 MHz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HF Class 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UHF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UHF Class 0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UHF Class 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UHF Class 1 Generation 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common world UHF usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>902 to 928 US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>865 to 868 Europe (proposed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>956 to 960 Japan (test) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>918 to 926 Australia </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. RFID in Australia – closed loop <ul><li>Vehicle Identification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passenger and commercial vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passenger, Sugar, Minerals, Steel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic and Industrial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time and Attendance, Vehicle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Library </li></ul>
  7. 7. Electronic Toll Collection
  8. 8. Extended Read Range
  9. 9. Vehicle ID, Sugar Industry Photos courtesy of Mirrabooka Systems
  10. 10. Steel Production
  11. 11. Hot-Axle Detection and RFID Photo courtesy of Sugar Research Institute
  12. 12. Location ID
  13. 13. Location ID
  14. 14. Industrial Waste Management
  15. 15. Domestic Waste Management
  16. 16. Manufacturing Photo taken at Hendersons Automotive Technologies Pty Ltd
  17. 17. Library Photos courtesy of the National Library Board Singapore
  18. 18. Photo taken at Carlton & United Beverages Warehouse Management
  19. 19. Photo taken at Carlton & United Beverages
  20. 20. Implementation Plan <ul><li>The need, mandate compliance, ROI </li></ul><ul><li>Define your RFID implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Inventory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock Visibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase asset utilisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce shrinkage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce/eliminate shipping errors </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Investigate world standards ISO or EPC </li></ul><ul><li>Choose frequency of operation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13.56 HF or UHF </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extensive pilot or test plan </li></ul><ul><li>Develop assessment criteria for solution providers </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Evaluate Solution Providers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag Manufacturers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reader Manufactures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrades </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>IT System impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interface to existing system, or new system! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy of that data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accumulation of much more data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision processes with that data, making the data USEFUL! </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>RFID issues in your environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RF Interference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LAN, Other RFID Readers, EMI, Bluetooth, 802.11 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moisture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow time for experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Duplication </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>RFID Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed or portable RFID readers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation? </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Equipment Supply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacture lead times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering work and preparation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deployment of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Readers and Antennas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancillary equipment </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Tags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initialisation (EPC code and data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database update </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees, Managers, IT development </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Integration into IT systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New/Existing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interim period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptions, when no tag applied! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine adjustments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrade path </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Other partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finally Rollout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Duplicate (other sites, divisions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand (RFID applications) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage (RFID infrastructure) </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Assessment Criteria <ul><li>Range of Hardware </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tags, Readers, Volume, Vendors, Standards, Frequency, Host platforms, Ancillary equipment, Upgrades, Expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Range of IT Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration into legacy systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global or Local </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Inspection, Design, Installation, Commissioning, Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner networks (hardware, middleware) </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Relevant experience in your industry </li></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 18047-X Conformance Test Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 18046 Performance Test Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vendor test Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing your products in your installation(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development/Customisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tags and Readers, ancillary sensors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaging, Cost, IP issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul>
  32. 32. Reader Issues <ul><li>Reader location is important, but local </li></ul><ul><li>Antenna </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tunnel/Portal (multiple antennas) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Circular Vs Linear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Host Interface, online </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote restart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alarm/alerts/Heartbeat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self diagnostic tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrades </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Location Location Location <ul><li>Tag location will be crucial for performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Want global use for product/tag life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Optimal location for RF Tag may not be the same as the location for a human readable tag/label </li></ul><ul><li>Consider composition of the object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If lots of metal, then look for gaps! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal surface can be used to extend the read range λ /4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life time environmental exposure </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Consider a change to the process flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How package is handled, stored and pallet stacked </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Change packaging to be RFID friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Test tag after application </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal, moisture, damage </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Data <ul><li>RFID data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once installed, no real additional cost to read a tag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sensor data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature, Weight, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Savants – filters/concentrators </li></ul><ul><li>RFID enabled enterprise applications </li></ul><ul><li>Database maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legacy data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy of data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exchange data with partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vendors and Customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UCCnet Global Registry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul>
  36. 36. Human Issues <ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a privacy committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider all users, employees, contractors, customers, vendors, supply chain personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Efficiency, bottom line benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Champion <ul><li>Approval from the TOP </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start small but think big </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small enable fine adjustments (experiment) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Big so as to leverage RFID throughout the business </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t oversell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External/Internal expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partner with both suppliers and customers </li></ul><ul><li>Possible change to business processes </li></ul><ul><li>Other infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensors, EAS, anti-counterfeit, engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Periodic assessment </li></ul>
  38. 38. Web <ul><li>Subscribe to online publications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals, Newsletters, Manufacturers, Industry Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Favourites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Http://www.rfidjournal.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.hightechaid.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.abiresearch.com/reports/RFID.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rfidtalk.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// members.surfbest.net/eaglesnest/rfid_mfg.htm </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. RFID Solution Providers (alphabetical order) <ul><li>Alien Technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.alientechnology.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AMSKAN Ltd </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.amskan.com.au / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applied Wireless Indentifications (AWID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.awid.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connecterra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.connecterra.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consultancy Services International </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Datanet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.data.net.au </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EM Microelectronic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.emmicroelectronic.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feig Electronic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.feig.de </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High Tech Aid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.hightechaid.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.ibm.com </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. <ul><li>Impinj </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.impinj.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integral RFID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.integralRFID.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infineon Technologies AG </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.infineon.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interlogic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.interlogic.co.nz </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intermec </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.intermec.com </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Magellan Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.magtech.com.au </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MeadWestvaco Intelligent Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.meadwestvaco.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mirrabooka Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>QED Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.qed.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio Terminal Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.radterm.com.au </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>RedPrairie </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// redprairie.com / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RFID Automation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rfidautomation.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RF Code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rfcode.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RFIP Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>turner.c@virgin.net </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scanology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.scanology.nl </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Texas Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.ti.com/tiris / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ThingMagic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.thingmagic.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tyco/Sensormatic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sensormatic.com/home.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>UPM Rafsec </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.rafsec.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>webMethods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.webmethods.com </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Conclusion <ul><li>RFID ≡ Automatic Data Capture </li></ul><ul><li>RFID is about management </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of RFID experience in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Educate users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>employees, customers, suppliers </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Start Today!
  47. 47. Further Information <ul><li>Alfio Grasso </li></ul><ul><li>General Manager </li></ul><ul><li>RFID Automation </li></ul><ul><li>Auto ID Laboratory, Adelaide </li></ul><ul><li>University of Adelaide </li></ul><ul><li>Web: www.rfidautomation.org </li></ul><ul><li>Email : [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Ph: (08) 8303 6473 </li></ul><ul><li>Mob: 0402 037 968 </li></ul>

×