BQA 6 Evans NAIS.ppt


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  • We are now looking more intense production methods with a higher geographic concentration to meet the demand of a world population which is increasing by 90 million people every year. Veterinarians are now required to become herd health veterinarians instead of treating individual animal. You all are now import/export consultants, production consultants and herd. Your clients themselves have increased the risks. Breeding of these more genetically uniform domestic animal population which are more vulnerable to pathogens.
  • Message: Highlights major needs for ID drawn from text in the USAIP document. Point: Bullets may be related to current events which may be useful in making the point that traceability is important in many species: BSE – Cattle Exotic Newcastle Disease – Poultry Scrapie – Sheep Vesicular Stomatitis - Horses
  • Our first strategy is to establish our traceability priorities within the livestock industries. Because animal diseases are not always species specific, we continue to believe the inclusion of all livestock and poultry is necessary. Due to many variables, however, the need to focus on certain species or certain sectors within a species is necessary to maximize the effectiveness of resources. While many of us understood that certain species have been of higher priority than others, we may not have clearly stated this in the past. Therefore, USDA has now established Tier-1 and Tier-2 species priorities. Tier-1 includes the major food animal species, specifically: cattle, swine, commercial poultry (chickens and turkeys), sheep, and goats. Additionally, the competition sector of the equine industry has also been categorized as Tier -1 The balance of species or sectors – aquaculture, bison, cervids, alpacas, llamas, etc. – is categorized as “Tier 2.”
  • The rationale for classifying species by tiers was to more clearly focus on enhancing traceability in the areas of greatest value. Factors that were considered included: (1) the likelihood of a disease event of significant economic impact affecting the species industry; (2) the risk of diseases in the species affecting human health; (3) the gaps or voids in the current traceability within the species or sector; (4) the economic importance of the species from a value of production standpoint; and (5) potential of disease spread to other species.
  • Based on these considerations, Bovine, or, the cattle sector, was ranked as a high priority. Caprine (goats), Equine (horses), commercial Poultry (chickens and turkeys), and Porcine (swine) were rated as medium priority. While not a Tier 1 species, due the efforts to control and eradicate Chronic Wasting Disease in Cervids, we did note the captive deer and elk industry as a medium sector within the Cervid industry. Sheep, in part due to their high level of participation in scrapie eradication, were designated as a lower priority, noting that continued emphasis on scrapie eradication must continue.
  • BQA 6 Evans NAIS.ppt

    1. 1. National Traceability NAIS-Update “ Protecting Animal Agriculture”
    2. 2. Today’s Disease Risk <ul><li>23,580 Shipments = Over 17 million animals </li></ul>Intensification and Globalization
    3. 3. Do We Need a more Effective Disease Traceability System? <ul><li>Enhance disease response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>G oal “to identify premises and animals that had direct contact with diseases of concern within 48 hours after discovery.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduce impact of animal health incidents or agro-terrorism events </li></ul><ul><li>Improve our response to animal emergency events </li></ul><ul><li>Industry and Producer Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain confidence in animal products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain market access and consumer demand </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Not a New Concept <ul><li>Animal Health officials have performed individual identification of certain animals and premises (locations with livestock and poultry) for over a century </li></ul><ul><li>Used to identify and test animals for diseases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brucellosis (Since 1940’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used to identify vaccinated heifers for brucellosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identified individual animals with a unique tag </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linked to a location at time of vaccination </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Remember Why !! <ul><li>Today, animal health officials can not effectively respond to disease threats with current animal ID & traceability programs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis - CA, MI, MN, TX (02,04, 05, 07-08) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exotic Newcastle Disease – AZ, CA , NV, TX (02, 03) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Path Avian Influenza –TX (04) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vesicular Stomatitis – CO, ID, MT, NM, TX, UT, WY (03, 04, 05, 06) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BSE – AL, TX, WA, (04-06) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brucellosis – ID, TX, WY(06-07) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equine Herpes Virus – CA, CO, CT, FL, KY, NJ, VA (06,07) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Poor Animal Traceability Will Cost Producers Money <ul><li>1999 UC Davis Disease Study (Ekboir) </li></ul><ul><li>Foot and Mouth Disease outbreak would result in $6 to $14 billion in losses to the agriculture industry </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of $1 to $3 million for every hour delay in tracking the index animal/herd </li></ul>
    7. 7. Traceability <ul><li>It’s all about Foot and Mouth Disease and BSE, right? </li></ul>
    8. 8. Traceability <ul><li>No! </li></ul><ul><li>CDFA conducts disease tracing all year </li></ul><ul><li>CDFA conducted 215 Brucellosis investigations in 2006 with some years as high as 600 investigations. </li></ul><ul><li>Other diseases of interest included Trichomonosis, TB, and diseases associated with other species (scrapie). </li></ul><ul><li>Identification and good records are critical for tracking down the source of the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Resources and personnel investigate each event with the best available tools (I.e., paper records, rancher’s memory). </li></ul>
    9. 9. National Animal ID System (NAIS) <ul><li>Established in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Industry leaders developed the U.S. Animal Identification Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative State-Federal-Industry program </li></ul><ul><li>USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) administers the system </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary program </li></ul><ul><li>48 hour traceability objective </li></ul>
    10. 10. National Animal ID System <ul><li>PIN- Premises ID Number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 digit alphanumeric (A123R45) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AIN-Animal Identification Number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 digit numeric (840 123456789012) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Animal Tracing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of event </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of event (move in, move out) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PIN </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Animal Identification <ul><li>USDA is technology neutral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifies that the official identification number is the visible number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic or identification is considered supplementary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cattle Species Working Group (SWG) recommended visible low frequency Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in left ear </li></ul><ul><li>Equine SWG recommends RFID microchip </li></ul>982 8 4 0
    12. 12. Animal Identification & Tracing <ul><li>7 manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>22 RFID and visual tags approved </li></ul><ul><li>2 microchip transponder </li></ul><ul><li>5 fully compliant animal tracing databases </li></ul><ul><li>12 tracing databases in development </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Tier 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary food animals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle, Swine, Poultry (Chickens and Turkeys), Sheep, and Goats </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equine – competition horse industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tier 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All other livestock </li></ul></ul></ul>Prioritization of species/sectors
    14. 14. <ul><li>Focus where enhancements offer the greatest value/merit </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disease risk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human health risk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capability of existing infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic merit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for disease spread </li></ul></ul></ul>Prioritization of species/sectors
    15. 15. Prioritization of species/sectors Bovine (Cattle) Porcine (Swine) Equine (Horses) 2 Poultry (Chickens and Turkeys) Cervid 1 (Deer & Elk) Caprine (Goats) Ovine (Sheep) Aquatics 1 High Medium Low
    16. 16. Harmonization <ul><li>Work with government and industry programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breed associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural Marketing Services-QSA and PVP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COOL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico & Canada </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Convergence and Integration <ul><li>Integration with disease programs </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform standards for data collection </li></ul><ul><li>PIN will be the only location identifier for disease programs </li></ul><ul><li>Apply to Interstate Certificates of Veterinary Inspection (ICVI’s) </li></ul>
    18. 18. Partnership and Collaboration <ul><li>Work with states to advance traceability </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with Industry Partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brand Inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USAIO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angus Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FFA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packers and Renders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IMI Global/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humane Farm Animal Care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IDairy </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Final Thoughts <ul><li>Investigation of disease events takes place on a frequent basis and not every 10 to 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Current premises identification, animal identification, and animal tracing tools are not adequate to effectively manage animal diseases or incidents. </li></ul><ul><li>The livestock industry has an opportunity to shape a national traceability program, but it will take active participation to make it your program ! </li></ul>
    20. 20. Questions