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Why industry 4.0

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At best, all our attempts to create sustainable societies can only be regarded as feeble: with recycling that does not work; energy sources and transportation that continue to pollute; and industries continuing to operate at very low ecological efficiencies. Recycling bins, solar panels and electric vehicle have a great feel-good factor, but mostly incur far cost more than they save! The big gains can only be realized by an industrial and supply chain revolution. Continuing to polish what we already have merely put off the day of collapse.

Despite understanding the ultimate cost of climate change and the denuding of planet earth of irreplaceable materials, most nations choose to turn a blind eye to focus on the national interest. At the same time, human populations consume over 1.5 planets worth of renewables every year.

"We have to stop producing more and more for the few and start supplying sufficient for the many”

At the core of this complex situation, a prime solution occurs at the cusp of nano-tech, biotech, AI and robotics. Here we can create the new materials and processes that far exceed the performance of everything we have today. It is here the amplification of limited human thinking, imagination and creativity occur. The ability to create and recover materials at high efficiency, manipulate and form them at minimal energy, is the ‘lynchpin’ of ID4.0.

Pulling turbine blades from a single crystal, 3/4D printing of plastics, ceramics, and metals to create manifolds and other complex forms are now common examples. However, R&D engineers and scientists are realizing programmable materials using plastic and biological alternatives that can self-repair, change-colour, store energy and offer programmable shape on demand. Unprecedented strength to weight ratios and performance with minimal processing cost and maximal material recovery are also emerging.

Today, components traverse the planet many times from producer to assembly shops and then the final system integrator, but if we move to material printing and programming close to, or on, the site of use, we would only have to ship materials in solid, powder and/or fluid form with massive logistic cost reductions.

Add to all this: vertical farms in cities and towns growing food at the point of need; the dispersement of energy generation and storage, and we are far closer to reality, rather than politically correct, sustainability. And how comfortable it all sits with the internet, IoT, BlockChain, GigEconomy, Publishing, eCommerce and Social Nets

Published in: Engineering
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Why industry 4.0

  1. 1. WHY ID4 P e t e r C o c h r a n e c o c h r a n e . o r g . u k
  2. 2. We live in a closed system: We see no alternatives at this time…damaging this planet endangers every species including our own As guardians we have a responsibility & duty of care to address/solve all the issues of sustainability
  3. 3. What we know for sure: The problems confronting mankind demand far more t h a n c h a n g i n g a l l t h e lightbulbs. What is before us is not trivial or simple, it is wide-ranging, complex, and universal…no one, and no thing, can escape the implications/consequences of our future actions
  4. 4. What we know for sure: Global warming is a real and growing threat…and the human cost will include mass migrations and loss of life on a huge scale… it has to be addressed from the stance of causality out into the extremes of the solution space…
  5. 5. What we know for sure: Today’s societies/industries are far too wasteful…and we have to find new ways of living, working, and doing…the planet cannot support any species that insists on such wholesale destruction of materials and resources
  6. 6. What we know for sure: There is sufficient to feed, clothe and house everyone if it were not for the high levels of waste…and greed feeding a relentless drive toward personal reward and r i c h e s a m p l i f i e d b y a n u n w o r k a b l e e c o n o m i c model…
  7. 7. What we know for sure: We are now consuming an estimated 1.5x the planet’s sustainable consumables per year….the clock is ticking Sustainable finite supply Out of control consumption
  8. 8. What we know for sure: Today’s recycling efforts appear sensible and they can be shown in a favourable light by the emotionally driven, but the reality is most schemes fall far short of the claims whilst others make a negative impact and may be destructive in the long term..
  9. 9. What we know for sure: We a r e p o l l u t i n g o u r environment on a scale and at an unprecedented pace in every domain above and below the sea, and this has r a m i f i c a t i o n s f o r t h e survival of all species, and especially ours…as: “no organism can survive in its own waste material”
  10. 10. What we know for sure: We are denuding the planet of precious & irreplaceable materials…that will run out within a few generations… oil, gas, minerals, metals+++ are finite resources that cannot be replenished…
  11. 11. What we know for sure: Energy generation is not the big issue, but energy storage is: without efficient storage solar, wind and wave power are not going to realise their full potential or invoke the change required
  12. 12. What we know for sure: Continuing to polish our old processes & industries will not realise sustainable societies…and will definitely not address any of the big issues facing our species and the planet !
  13. 13. What we know for sure: The distribution of wealth and resources is far from equitable…and if we wish to see social and political stability… “we have to stop producing more and more for the few to start providing sufficient for the many”
  14. 14. What we know for sure: The capitalist system is too simple minded and will destroy the environment and all natural resources if c o n t i n u e s u n c h e c k e d / unmodified… managing the basis of the £, $, €, ¥, is fundamentally untenable and damaging…we need to at least account for the impact on society and environment in the long term…
  15. 15. What we know for sure: Our old industries and their processes were necessary to achieve the status-quo, but they are fundamentally incapable of powering us into a sustainable future… that demands new materials, minimal energy use, very low level waste and pollution… humanity in harmony with the planet and all life forms…
  16. 16. What we know for sure: There is no one singular solution or programme that we can roll to address all o u r ‘ p l a n e t d a m a g i n g ’ activities…this is a complex situation that demands an orchestrated effort across all mankind, every industry and every activity…including a symbiosis with our machines
  17. 17. What we know for sure: Saving plastic bags, bottles, yoghurt pots, paper and cardboard may make us feel g o o d , b u t i t c h a n g e s nothing, it only makes the environment look tidy!
  18. 18. What we know for sure: Most likely, we now hold all the vital and necessary c o m p o n e n t s t o c r e a t e sustainable societies…but it all has to start with industry, the production and supply of goods, materials, foods, water and services to sustain peoples in a manner the planet can afford! Robotics AI Nano Tech BIO Tech IOT Cloud
  19. 19. What we know for sure: The core essentials of Nano, Bio, AI and Robotics necessary to realise new materials and methods also require a wrapper of tech and functional support that s p a n s d a t a g a t h e r i n g , m i n i n g , m a n a g e m e n t , s u p e r v i s i o n , s e r v i c e s , security…. Robotics AI Nano Tech BIO Tech IOT Cloud BIGDATA SMALL DATA Logistics Production Services Support 3R 3 & 4D Printing Micro Forming ProgramableForming/Shaping Smart Materials Programable Colouration Embedded Intelligence Micro Lattice Structures SelfRepair Distributed Automation Localised Production Human-Robot Buddy-Buddy Working Human-AI Team Working Machine + AI Globalisation New Materials Management Genetics Proteomics Stem cells Smart Supply Chains Auto-Immunity Sociology of Things Autonomous Security GPS Tracking
  20. 20. ID4: Kernel Our future has to be based on new materials, sciences, technologies, engineering, p r o c e s s e s , a u t o m a t i o n , robotics, organisational and o p e r a t i n g / m a n a g e m e n t modes, intelligences and thinking… and this centres on N a n o / B i o Te c h , A I a n d robotics BIO-TECH nano-TECH Lower energy Lower waste Less friction New materials New industries New processes New capabilities Multi-Disciplinary hot spot for the 21C AIRobotics
  21. 21. ID4: A Necessity An essential stepping stone in a progression away from the destructive practices of ID1/2/3 and the inherent exploitation of materials provided by Mother Nature alone, and onto the created, t h e u n n a t u r a l , o f f e r i n g s u p e r i o r p ro p e r t i e s a n d performance at much lower energy, manipulation and wastage…
  22. 22. ID4: Symbiosis We are now reliant of our machines to manufacture highly complex products to previously unheard of levels of reliability and performance …in the ID4 phase they will help us discover new materials and methods, to create and design the new…robots as work mates…AI as human intellect amplifiers…
  23. 23. ID4: Nano-Tech New materials, coatings, structures, properties and processes…stronger, lighter. more flexible and resilient… low energy and low waste production with very high end of life material recovery… Woods Gels
  24. 24. ID4: Nano-Tech New materials, coatings, structures, properties and processes…stronger, lighter. more flexible and resilient… greater durability and lower environmental cost Coatings Metals
  25. 25. ID4: Nano-Tech New materials, coatings, structures, properties and processes…stronger, lighter. more flexible and resilient… providing us with new design options to create superior and ever more products faster, cheaper, at a far lower cost to the environment.. Light Absorbing Heat Insulating
  26. 26. ID4: Bio-Tech New materials, coatings, structures, properties and processes…stronger, lighter, more flexible and resilient… reducing the ownership, fix and repair costs for the life of the product Self healing concrete Self healing plastics
  27. 27. ID4: Bio-Tech New materials, coatings, structures, properties and processes…stronger, lighter. more flexible and resilient… programming materials instead of machining, printing and or assembling them may not reach full maturity during the ID4.0 phase…but almost certainly will during ID5.0… 3D Printed Body Parts Evolved Clothing Materials
  28. 28. ID4: Bio-Tech New materials, coatings, structures, properties and processes…stronger, lighter. more flexible and resilient… promises alternatives to oil based plastics with the bonus of being biodegradable and/or biotransformable at some point in the life cycle… Protein Scaffolding Cellulose Packaging Plastics
  29. 29. ID4: Robotics Human - Robot buddy-buddy working on production lines, aiding discovery and R&D ….two different mind sets and physical attributes/abilities that complement each other for this new phase of industry Humans assisting robot assisting humans Human Robot Team
  30. 30. ID4: Production Localised facilities cut down on component part logistics cost with bulk powders/fluids shipped direct to small shops …the potential for transport saving here is vast…shipping designs and specifications instead of products is the next big step for globalisation… Plastic Metal Po w d e r Delivery Small Local Company
  31. 31. ID4: AI Human intellect amplification during the discovery, research, CRM, design and development s t a g e s , p l u s d e p l o y m e n t , customer deployment support and long term maintenance… we are way past the point where humans are able to solve the complex problems we now face… and AI is a vital aid to our progress and survival Plastic Metal Po w d e r Delivery Small Local Company Digital Melds With Analogue Creativity & Thinking
  32. 32. ID4: IoT + BIG + small Data Cloud Recording and tracking the material sources, supply lines, production, shipping, purchase, delivery, ownership and usage details through to maintenance, r e p a i r, r e p u r p o s e , r e u s e , recycle including all component and materials recovery.. Everything Connected & Intelligent
  33. 33. ID4: Users in the Design Loop U s e r h a b i t s , p r e f e r e n c e s , difficulties, routines, behaviours fed back to the design team as input for the evolutionary design loop…and perhaps the end of feature death? For the first time the mass of users will be able to directly influence the design of the products they buy
  34. 34. ID4: What Next ? To be defined by the discovery of new materials with new properties and the intuitive power of AI + humans to exploit those properties in a beneficial and creative way… Quantum Computing might just come of age to help out with the complexity involved…but we may have to wait for ID5 ….
  35. 35. T h a n k Y o u c o c h r a n e . o r g . u k

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