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The future of education: Solving Problems by Thinking

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Education systems across the West have degenerated into a series of memory tests and the quest to hit abstract performance targets and measures. So students that appear well qualified are often unable to apply the most basic of mathematical, scientific, engineering or logical principles, and nor do they have a good appreciation of history or design. This does not bode well for a future of faster change and greater complexity.

“At the most basic level our society it is about the survival of the most adaptable”

For sure; today’s education and learning methodologies have to move toward more experimental and experiential working in order to reinforce the basics whilst engendering far greater understanding. Early specialism has also to be reversed with all students studying a broader range of topics through school and on into college and/or university.

“Education isn’t something you have to get done and dusted - it is a lifelong pursuit”

There is a further need to recognize that the (so-called) academic and practical streams are afforded equal importance! To get the best out of teams/groups all members have to share a common base of understanding and appreciation. In turn, this can be enabled and supported by Just-in-Time education and training-on-line. But there is much more….

Published in: Education
  • Today I met Dr Eliza Filby who is currently writing a book on a history of generations. I recommend that you have a look at what she has to say. https://www.elizafilby.com/
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The future of education: Solving Problems by Thinking

  1. 1. The Future of Education: Solving Problems By Thinking P r o f P e t e r C o c h r a n e O B E www.petercochrane.com In a fast moving tech world adaptability is king
  2. 2. S t a t u s Q u o a n d M o r e t o C o m e There is no going back to the old ways without a terrible penalty! 90% of the Data in the world has been created in the last 2 year
  3. 3. S t a t u s Q u o a n d M o r e t o C o m e There is no going back to the old ways without a terrible penalty! 90% of the Data in the world has been created in the last 2 year It is time to wake up and smell the coffee This is reality today and not science fiction
  4. 4. L i f e ’ s A d v e n t u r e Eager, Interested, Inquisitive, Energetic Budding Engineer Scientist I just had a brilliant idea and it might just work!
  5. 5. T h e D e at h of T h i n k i n g Sy s t e m a t i c a l l y b e a t e n o u t d a y - o n - d a y
  6. 6. Our Abilities & Talents We a r e a l l s o v e r y d i f f e r e n t … U n i f o r m i t y i m p o s e d o n a g r a n d s c a l e a t a p o l i t i c a l l e v e l ? ? ?
  7. 7. Why Things Fail How the heck did we get here?
  8. 8. Why Things Fail How the heck did we get here?
  9. 9. Industry: Need for The Educated/Skilled Re a d i n g, w r i t i n g, a r i t h m e t i c , g e o g ra p h y, s c i e n c e a re ke y Min in g S h i p p i n g Prod uction Distribution Man ufac tur in g S u p p l y / S u p p o r t Need educated workers
  10. 10. So We Did This F a c t o r i e s f o r t h e m i n d … A l l s e e n a s ‘ u n i t s’ f o r e m p l o y m e n t ! PRocess Process PRocess Process PRocess ProcessMEMORISE MEMORISE MEMORISE MEMORISE MEMORISE MEMORISE
  11. 11. Factories for The Mind A g re y l o o k a n d t h i n k a l i ke p ro d u c t A l l t h e p r i n c i p l e s o f m a s s production (lines) & quality control applied to ensure a reliable standard o f m e d i o c r i t y ! I t w o r k e d w e l l f o r I n d u s t r y 1 . 0 b u t t h e d e m a n d s o f I n d u s t r y 4 . 0 a re f a r different and we need inspirational c r e a t i v i t y a n d c o m p l e x p r o b l e m solving skills en mass!
  12. 12. A l wa y s O n T h e B a c k F o ot G o v e r n m e n t , t e a c h e r s / p a r e n t s o u t o f t o u c h Standardised testing and kpi’s are a disaster
  13. 13. A St e p i n T h e R i g h t D i r e c t i o n ? O l d m i n d s a n d t h e u n t h i n k i n g o b j e c t t o a l l c h a n g e ! Tag/Team Group/Online Teaching and Mentorship https://www.bbc.com › news › uk-england-devon-50117519
  14. 14. Unresponsive Educat ionalists O l d s y s t e m m a i n t a i n e d t h ro u g h I n d u s t r y 1 . 0 - 4 . 0
  15. 15. Unresponsive Educat ionalists O l d s y s t e m m a i n t a i n e d t h ro u g h I n d u s t r y 1 . 0 - 4 . 0 Mi g rat i ng t he sam e o ld s t uff f ro m b lackb o ar d … …to white boa rd t o .. …to a n i n t e r a c t i v e screen… “ IS NOT PROGRESS - BUT IT IS CRAZY ”
  16. 16. Pr e -History The quest for survival I hear and I forget I see and I remember I do and I understand A very crude and simple world governed by belief and suppression MOTIVATION = If you don’t ‘DO’ you die!
  17. 17. I hear and I forget I see and I remember I do and I understand M odern Education T h e q u e s t f o r a q u a l i f i c a t i o n An increasingly disconnected world where where complexity is largely overlooked MOTIVATION = I need a JOB!
  18. 18. I hear and I forget I see and I remember I do and I understand Pr e sent-Day The quest for success An increasingly connected world where complexity has overtaken human ability MOTIVATION = $$$$
  19. 19. F u t u r e - N e e d The quest for the truth I hear and I forget I see and I remember I do and I understand An increasingly connected world where complexity sees a growing human machine symbiosis MOTIVATION = Survival!
  20. 20. T h e I l l u s i o n o f E d u c a t i o n Complete focus on the simple & known At school, college and university we are all spoilt rotten by: a diet of problems w i t h s o l u t i o n s ; the rational, and the logical; things prone to simple analytic processes and explanation… in short - the world of the linear ! OUR EDUCATION The Universe of Linearity and all the stuff we know and fully understand ! The Non-Linear bit where we know and understand virtually nothing!
  21. 21. T h e I l l u s i o n o f E d u c a t i o n Complete focus on the simple & known At school, college and university we are all spoilt rotten by: a diet of problems w i t h s o l u t i o n s ; the rational, and the logical; things prone to simple analytic processes and explanation… in short - the world of the linear ! OUR EDUCATION The Universe of Linearity and all the stuff we know and fully understand ! The Non-Linear bit where we know and understand virtually nothing! Where we are educated and all the stuff we know and understand ! The Non-Linear Universe where we know and understand virtually nothing! This is the challenge before us - a sea of undiscovered knowledge that might just see us survive and prosper as a species provided we can change and adapt at a fast enough rate …and it starts with E D U C A T I O N
  22. 22. PhotocourtesyofBodyWorldsRX Whoops: We Are At Near Stasis W e w i l l n e v e r h a v e t h e m e n t a l c a p a c i t y t o c o p e ! - Biological change far too slow - Mother nature does not optimise - Evolution never ‘backtracks’ - Humans are in an ‘evo cul-de-sac’ - Human Brain Encephalisation has ‘more or less’ run its course - Further/artificial enhancements are minimal compared to tech advances
  23. 23. Sequa Out: Systems Actualities, challenges, opportunities + Digital Analogue Hybrid Analogue//Digital Our knowledge base Our understanding Made by mankind Made by machine Our species survival Our planets survival Machine intelligence Symbiosis necessary Challenges to be addressed dominant technology remains a vital tech core ubiquitous and growing advancing and accelerating limited by our brain & technologies vital to our survival and prosperity vital to our survival and prosperity depends upon good systems ***** depends upon good stewardship/tech overtaking us in many areas man-machine partnership underway ***** formidable but interesting and vital *****
  24. 24. General Observations Man-made systems share similar frameworks Ergo: Electrical, Electronic, Mechanical, Civil Engineering & Physics share the same/very similar equations sets…’know one and you know the other’
  25. 25. Differences: Chemistry, Life, Biology, Sociology, Information, Network Systems/ Engineering tends to observe through a different lens but share some similarities General Observations All natural systems share similar frameworks Biggest : All natural systems are fundamentally Quantum on nature !
  26. 26. AI Designed/Operated We are in a realm where we have little clue! AI + AL derived AL evolution Impossible (?) to understand Seeded from the bottom up Accurate spec impossible Outcome unpredictable Beyond (?) modelling Very easy to realise No human control Autonomous code ‘Always’ non-linear Only modest compute power Good network connectivity Maths nears irrelevancy Now ‘breeding’ malware
  27. 27. Natures Systems - All Complex We have reached the limits to digital computing and soon AI….. Cells Splitting
  28. 28. Natures Systems - All Complex We have reached the limits to digital computing and soon AI…..
  29. 29. Natures Systems - All Complex We have reached the limits to digital computing and soon AI….. Chemical Reaction
  30. 30. Evolutionary Networks Beyond our mathematics & modelling •AI Analysis •War Gaming •Visualisation
  31. 31. Natures Systems - All Complex We have reached the limits to digital computing and soon AI….. Brains/Neural Nets
  32. 32. All Are Quantum Processes We will never fully understand without Quantum Computers QCs hold ‘the’ keys to Natures many Kingdoms Life Biology Physics Sociology Anatomy Chemistry Neurology Physiology Intelligence The power to analyse and model: Intelligence Behaviours Cosmology Seismology Psychology Neurology Climate Conflict +++++ THAT WE MIGHT UNDERSTAND FOR THE FIRST TIME
  33. 33. S e q u a B a c k : M e n t o r s Was Star Wars way off beam or right on the button ? Almost certainly right wrt sensory systems albeit via the wrong channel !
  34. 34. S e q u a B a c k : M e n t o r s Was Star Wars way off beam or right on the button ? our ally is all our untapped And new technologies Almost certainly right wrt sensory systems albeit via the wrong channel ! Could we engineer individual mentors for everyone
  35. 35. A Step At A Time ! M e n t o r s f o r a l l A l re a d y p o s s i b l e w i t h humans on-line, but AI is maturing fast in this c o n t e x t … a n d t h e r o b o t m a n i f e s t a t i o n will be a while yet!
  36. 36. Student Surpasses Master An ‘education/apprenticeship’ for the select few Caravaggio 1571 - 1610 rapidly overtook his master Simone Peterzano The Sacrifice of Isaac, 1602 - Caravaggio Individual Mentorshipis a vital tosuccess
  37. 37. Generation Alpha: Born To The Screen Pe r s o n a l d e v i c e s a n d t e c h n o l o g i e s t h e n o r m f ro m D a y 1
  38. 38. Back to The Joy of Finding Out ? S o l v i n g p r o b l e m s b y t h i n k i n g / d i s c o v e r y / e n q u i r y Eager Engaged Creative Interested Inquisitive Energetic
  39. 39. Back to The Joy of Finding Out ? S o l v i n g p r o b l e m s b y t h i n k i n g / d i s c o v e r y / e n q u i r y Education systems Need to engender more of th is a s th e norm Eager Engaged Creative Interested Inquisitive Energetic The likelihood is that they w on’t and change w ill surround them
  40. 40. Regimentation: Kills Creativity No to centralised computing and control/constrain
  41. 41. Regimentation: Kills Creativity No to centralised computing and control/constrain Boredom on a screen is no better than boredom on paper OR a blackboard A PC is personal and not corporate or school or college computing
  42. 42. A Screen is Not For Text Putting paper documents on screens is crazy! If a picture is worth ~1k words Animation is worth ~1M words Interaction is worth ~1G words Collaboration is worth ~1T words And networking is priceless! Now add to this JIT training and personalised education on demand + AI tutoring!
  43. 43. N e t wo r ke d A b i l i t i e s Te a m / G r o u p l e a r n i n g / d i s c o v e r y A p r e c u r s o r t o a f u t u r e l i f e o f m u l t i d i s c i p l i n a r y w o r k i n g / p r o f e s s i o n a l i s m
  44. 44. N e t wo r ke d A b i l i t i e s Te a m / G r o u p l e a r n i n g / d i s c o v e r y A p r e c u r s o r t o a f u t u r e l i f e o f m u l t i d i s c i p l i n a r y w o r k i n g / p r o f e s s i o n a l i s m A very naturaland widely acceptedmode inindustry Ifthereis a problem hereit is The old mindsets andvalues
  45. 45. Spaces and Virtual Spaces Students online, distributed and connected?
  46. 46. isolation and controlled envIrons HAVE to be DISplaced to bring people and artificial minds together Spaces and Virtual Spaces Students online, distributed and connected?
  47. 47. Technology Today & Tomorrow From Simple to Massively Complex - Static to Dynamic
  48. 48. Technology: New Partnerships B e y o n d n e w m o d e s a n d n e w t e a m s - n e w t e c h ! “A n e d u c a t i o n s a n s t e c h n o l o g y i s n o t a n e d u c a t i o n - i t i s a c o m f o r t a b l e m i r a g e o f i g n o r a n c e a n d a l i f e o f d a n g e r o u s d e c i s i o n s t o c o m e ” M a c h i n e s a n d N e t s t o a m p l i f y o u r l i m i t i n g a b i l i t i e s
  49. 49. VR & AR: In 1990 P r o o f o f p r i n c i p l e t e s t s • H o t • H e a v y • N o v e l • G e e k y • E y e S t r a i n • H e a d a c h e s • L a t e n c y • P o o r A u d i o • Te c h n o p h o b i a • L o w B a n d w i d t h • L o w R e s o l u t i o n • U s e r Te c h n o p h o b i a • R e s i s t a n c e t o C h a n g e Bandw idth AND Latency A Problem
  50. 50. Augmented Reality JIT Training P r o b l e m s o l v i n g a n d s o l u t i o n d e l i v e r y r e a l t i m e W iFi 4 and 5G solve the problem
  51. 51. VR and AR Saving Lives E x p e r i e n c e s h a r i n g a c r o s s t h e p l a n e t
  52. 52. AR Chemistry See (feel) the attraction AR Chemistry See (feel) the attraction
  53. 53. AI Biology P r o t e i n F o l d i n g
  54. 54. Robot Co-Worker A l r e a d y i n i n d u s t r y
  55. 55. Heading to Education ? Endless possibilities for imagination/Apps
  56. 56. AI: Increasingly Deployed S e a r c h , F i n d , F a c t s , A n a l y s i s , M o d e l
  57. 57. 3D Printing A l m o s t A n y t h i n g P l a s t i c s , m e t a l s , c e r a m i c s , c o m p o s i t e : p r i n t e d , p u l l e d p ro g r a m m e d t o s h a p e
  58. 58. Build Not Buy Learn by design & doing
  59. 59. The Challenge: Beyond Blue Peter T h i n k i n g , e x p e r i m e n t i n g , d e s i g n i n g , b u i l d i n g
  60. 60. WarGames: A necessary evil ? Strategy, dynamic resource allocation, logics, in real time
  61. 61. WarGames: A necessary evil ? Strategy, dynamic resource allocation, logics, in real time A powerfulparadigm mindtraining todeal with theunexpected Sometimes theonly way tosolvelogistic tacticalproblems Employedby governments and industries today
  62. 62. T H E B I G D E A L Our machines are now learning
  63. 63. T H E B I G D E A L Our machines are now learning
  64. 64. T H E B I G D E A L Our machines are now learning BIG Takeaway Robots & AI can learn and perfect specific abilities 100 - 1000s of times faster than humans Robots don’t get tired, lose their concentration, make mistakes Robots and AI could not do this 5 years ago, but now they do it in just one pass…and then the get better on every single go….
  65. 65. E d u c at i o n c h a n g e Must get ahead, and be industry friendly “The ability to think and solve p ro b l e m s o u t g u n s t h e a b i l i t y t o regurgitate”
  66. 66. A classical education involves remembering lots of stuff and many processes pertinent to a slow moving - steady state world S o l v i n g P r o b l e m s 1 By turning handles and very little thinking
  67. 67. “Todays world is non-linear, dynamic and complex and therefore demands a melding/augmentation/domination by the new” S o l v i n g P r o b l e m s 2 By thinking, iteration, and machine help
  68. 68. Thinking Out of The Box Pain in the neck and self limiting topics Probability Theory: Will it fall at the alter on ’N-Dimensional Space? In a one dimensional space we only see flashes of light apparently of random positions, times, size and duration
  69. 69. Thinking Out of The Box Pain in the neck and self limiting topics Probability Theory: Will it fall at the alter on ’N-Dimensional Space? In a one dimensional space we only see flashes of light apparently of random positions, times, size and duration
  70. 70. Thinking Out of The Box Pain in the neck and self limiting topics Probability Theory: Will it fall at the alter on ’N-Dimensional Space? In a two dimensional space we can see that we are looking at bouncing balls!
  71. 71. Ax i o m 2 : B i o - M i c r o B o n d i n g The left-right brain connect is now augmented by machines “New forms of I/O have a profound effect on our conceptualisation and perception in problem, solving/rationalisation” “AI systems are acting as as intellect amplifiers” “Sensors and precision m e a s u r e m e n t o p e n doors to new models”
  72. 72. BIO-TECH nano-TECH AIRobotics SALVATION trajectory New materials, intelligences, technologies, methods Multi-Disciplinary hot spot for the 21C New materials New industries New processes New capabilities Lower energy Lower waste Less friction
  73. 73. No country no matter how big or how rich has all the people skills, facilities, plant raw materials and infrastructure to autonomously power it through the 21C… Countries have no choice, they have to share facilities, trade globally; and they have to embrace people movement, insourcing, outsourcing… Globalisation is a not some unhappy accident, it is a manifestation of the finite resources of the planet and the limited abilities of our species SALVATION trajectory Open sharing trumps closed, owning, protectionism
  74. 74. Buckminster Fuller G e o d e t i c b u i l d i n g s t o C 1 4 T e c h n o l o g y : “ D o i n g m o r e w i t h l e s s a n d l e s s u n t i l y o u c a n d o e v e r y t h i n g w i t h n o t h i n g ” S y s t e m s : “You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To invoke change, build the new that makes the old obsolete”
  75. 75. What we know for sure....Do Not Be Afraid to be Different In a uniform society all progress ceases and collapse is inevitable A diversityofpeople andtechnologies is essentialforsurvival
  76. 76. HUMAN REACTION Why oh why do we think we are unique ?
  77. 77. Thank You petercochrane.com Sentient Systems

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