Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Surveillance society

183 views

Published on

No doubt Aldous Huxley and George Orwell would be pleased to see cameras and surveillance devices everywhere, just as they predicted, but they would then be amazed to find that we buy and install them and become upset if no one is watching! So the Dystopian futures they both predicted and feared are not here yet, but they might just be in the pipeline, and being built a device at a time by us!

Only 70 years ago close observation and surveillance was difficult and very expensive. Today, it is so very cheap, efficient, and everywhere: in our pockets; on our wrists; in our homes, offices, cars, trains, planes; in the streets and on the highways and major roads.

To some degree every country has embraced all the possibilities presented by the technology to make their societies safer and more progressive as organisms, but now here comes AI. Automatic voice, face, finger, eye, action, movement and habit recognition writ large along with all our messages, entertainment, work and recreation patterns monitored 24x7, so inference engines can check if we are good, bad, dangerous, safe, under threat and so on!

Some countries are now employing such technology to judge, sentence, and commit people for criminal acts and ant-social behaviours etc. At this point we have to proceed with care in the recognition that data errors ‘happen’ and human biases can be built in at the birth of such AI systems. Nothing is ever perfect - not people, and certainly not our machines, and we have to progressively drive out bias snd error…

Published in: Internet
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Surveillance society

  1. 1. SURVEILLANCE SOCIETY Everything has Eyes, Ears & Sensors Prof Peter Cochrane cochrane.org.uk
  2. 2. D y s t o p i a n s Predictors-Tech & Sociology P l e a s e d t o s e e c a m e ra s a n d surveillance devices everywhere, but amazed that we buy and install them and become upset if no one is watching! George Orwell Aldous Huxley
  3. 3. N O R M S Pre-Technology State controlism Know your place Religious diktat Paper dominant Controlled info Limited comms Limited rights Limited views Privacy valued Few educated Poor mobility Hierarchical Status rules Many of today’s values stem from this era when the lack of technology constrained every aspect of life and social interaction
  4. 4. State, government, church, and institutional influence and control is weakened as people gain education and u n d e r s t a n d i n g a i d e d b y communication technologies Rapid Change Sudden mass changing of mindsets through travel, adversity, danger, and extreme experiences N O R M S WWI + II + Vietnam are major agents of industrial & societal change compounded by rapid technology advances spanning every generation that followed
  5. 5. <75 years ago People were very careful Privacy was valued and all forms of communication was considered & guarded
  6. 6. <75 years ago People were very careful Privacy was valued and all forms of communication was considered & guarded The business of listening and surveillance was very expensive and demanded many highly trained and skilled people
  7. 7. The business of listening and surveillance is now very low cost & rapidly extending beyond voice, vision and text with machines overtaking humans as the primary observers! Beyond science fiction Our technology advancement has proceeded at >1000 fold every decade and shows no sign of slowing down I n <30 y ea rs
  8. 8. Everything has relaxed The Internet Mobile Devices Social Networks Information Access Demand Driven Media On-Line Communities On-Line Commerce/Trade Social norms Globalisation Working practices International travel Population migration Laws Education Democracy Wealth creation Speed of change Despots Truth decay Monetary greed Ethical distortions ++++++ Robotics Automation Artificial Life Cyber-Crime Cyber-Terrorism Artificial Intelligence Information Economy Automated Surveillance Inversion of social norms In <30 years
  9. 9. The business of listening and physical surveillance is now highly automated and covertly expanding to new domains that oversee every aspect of human and machine activity Pocket ware T h e m o b i l e r e v o l u t i o n Driven by stellar solid state tech achieving exponentially more for exponentially less decade-on-decade….
  10. 10. In <30 years Everything has relaxed IBM DeepBlue = 11.3 GFlops IN < 21 years 2017 iPhoneX = 600 GFlops Exponential Change >60 x More PowerfulCost >>3M Power > 3kW Cost <1k Power < 5W
  11. 11. G a t h e r i n g D A T A W h a t d o t h e y k n o w a b o u t u s ? Accelerometer Thermometer Microphone/s Hygrometer Barometer Light Level Gyroscope Proximity Camera/s Compass Apps GPS +++ eMail TXTs Alerts Travel Calendar Messages Passwords Who we call Who calls us Address book Browser history Location history Account(s) detail(s) Net connect history Physical activity history Touch Users Usage Habits Signals Devices Eyeprint Faceprint Voiceprint Transport Payments Purchases Fingerprint Action Rhythm ++++
  12. 12. FREEDOM Connect at will Emergent properties including new levels of openness and sharing plus self help and new c o m m u n i t i e s … a l l u n f o r e s e e n unpredictable and mostly very beneficial to society A bottom up evolution and build revealing a deep and hidden social need to be a part of a wider global community that in turn generates ever more data about all of us and all our friends day-on-day
  13. 13. C O M E T H E I OT E v e r y t h i n g w i l l c o n n e c t
  14. 14. C a m e r a s e v e r y w h e r e A N D T H E N
  15. 15. Re a l t i m e re c o g n i t i o n A N D T H E N
  16. 16. Recognition everywhere A N D T H E N
  17. 17. Dashcams everywhere A N D T H E N
  18. 18. Tr a n s a c t i o n s + D a t a A N D T H E N
  19. 19. C a m e r a s e v e r y w h e r e DIGITAL FOOTPRINT O u r i n e v i t a b l e s l i m e t r a i l Who & what we are W h o w e k n o w W h o k n o w s u s W h a t w e o w n W h a t w e b u y W h e r e w e g o W h a t w e s a y W h a t w e d o W h o w e l o v e W h o w e l i k e Who we hate H o w w e f e e l H o w w e l i v e O u r o p i n i o n s P r e f e r e n c e s Relationships Our devices O u r f a m i l y I n c o m i n g s O u t g o i n g s D i e t T r i p s Health T r e n d s Ve h i c l e s H i s t o r y P o l i t i c s Biography F i n a n c e s B u s i n e s s C o l l e a g u e s E d u c a t i o n M e d i c a t i o n Relationships W h o w e v i s i t Where we live A c q u a i n t a n c e s W h e re w e s t a y Where we work + + + + + + + + + + + + Digital events that relate directly to our activities directly, or indirectly, via our devices and/or actions can now number in the 100s
  20. 20. DIGITAL FOOTPRINTs H a r b o u r a n i n h e r e n t a b i l i t y t o u n i q u e l y i d e n t i f y u s a l l t o a c c u r a c i e s w a y b e y o n d a n y t h i n g w e h a v e e v e r e x p e r i e n c e d b e f o r e D e s t i n e d t o b e c o m e t h e p r i m a r y c h o i c e f o r s e c u r i n g t h e r e a l i d e n t i t y o f p e o p l e , m a c h i n e s , a n d a l l t h a t w e p o s s e s o r u s e ! Soon to be the primary identifier > > 1 0 6 g r e a t e r a c c u r a c y
  21. 21. B I G G ES T C H A L L E N G E D y n a m i c a n d d i s p a r a t e s o u r c e s a r e v e r y d i f f i c u l t t o t a p , v e r i f y & b r i n g t o g e t h e r i n r e a l t i m e a s a n a c c u r a t e c o n t i n u u m General integration of all sources Historical attribution over long periods is a far easier method of establishing the truth over large populations of dynamic peoples/devices
  22. 22. IGNORANCE The biggest risk? “now supercharged by our technologies and a c r e e p i n g p o l i t i c a l purpose aided by falling education standards”
  23. 23. B I G G ES T R I S K ? Errors and mono - cu ltures Systemic & random errors creeping into the raw day realising systems that see invalid judgements and decisions with no recourse to any form of appeal or correction. Observed behaviours and habits employed to steer individuals and groups toward politically and socially accepted behaviours.
  24. 24. B I G G ES T R I S K ? Errors and mono - cu ltures Systemic & random errors creeping into the raw day realising systems that see invalid judgements and decisions with no recourse to any form of appeal or correction. Observed behaviours and habits employed to steer individuals and groups toward politically and socially accepted behaviours. Day 1 Human bias designed & programmed into systems that remain undiscovered by testing or are just overlooked in the race to market
  25. 25. G e n e s i s T h e g a m e i s G O
  26. 26. G e n e s i s T h e g a m e i s G O HARVARD POLITICAL REVIEW Artificially Intelligent Criminal Justice Reform By Vinay Iyengar | July 23, 2017 The AI Revolution: Current Applications in Criminal Justice AI technologies are yielding advanced machine learning for vehicles, facial recognition, medical diagnostics and other applications. The criminal justice system has recently become a burgeoning new field for AI. Most criminal justice applications focus on risk assessment tools, which analyze vast amounts of data for criminal activity predictive purposes - a practice known as predictive policing. Judicial systems are also using predictive tools to calculate a defendant’s probability of recidivism, allowing courts to more strategically determine bail amounts, sentence lengths, and parole opportunities. …whilst risk assessment should ameliorate human bias, some algorithms have received harsh criticism for how strongly their results correlate with race. Some of these biases may be rooted in the data that is used to train the algorithms in the first place.
  27. 27. N E M e s i s Death of diversity “A growing diversity of skills, e d u c a t i o n , p e o p l e s , m a c h i n e s , m a t e r i a l s a n d p ro c e s s e s a re t h e e s s e n t i a l s o f o u r f u t u re survival” “ D i v e r s i t y i n a l l i t s m a n y forms has to be a given”
  28. 28. E V O L U T I O N A p p l a u d s d i v e r s i t y “ I f s h e h a s t a u g h t u s a n y t h i n g ; i t i s t h a t d i v e r s i t y i s e s s e n t i a l t o b o t h o u r p r o g r e s s a n d s u r v i v a l ”
  29. 29. H I S T O R Y Sounds many warnings “ M o n o c u l t u r e s c a n b e v e r y e f f i c i e n t , b u t a t t h e p r i c e o f b r i t t l e n e s s ; a n d s o t h e y a r e p r o n e t o s u d d e n c o l l a p s e , a n d o f t e n , a t o t a l e x t i n c t i o n ”
  30. 30. F U T U R E Risks & rewards We cannot deviate from this general trajectory as it is a necessity if we are to realise sustainable societies YOU should proceed with great caution. WE have to get it right from Day 1
  31. 31. “ A I a n d R o b o t i c s a r e g e r m a n e t o t h e s u r v i v a l o f o u r s p e c i e s - a n d s o i s o u r d a t a ” Thank You cochrane.org.uk

×