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Small data big impact

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A Green Agenda cannot be fully realised by polishing our established industries and processes, or indeed minimalistic changes to manufacturing, production, and supply. We have to be far more holistic and radical! New materials and processes will get us part way there, but we also need the greater data oversight, analysis and management, provided by a fully deployed Internet of Things (IoT). In turn, this will require the application of Artificial Intelligence, Computer Modelling and War Gaming to provide the necessary guidance and decision support for machines and people.

Energy and material waste are definitely key components, but so are hyper-efficient Re-Use, Re-Purposing, and Re-Cycling with maximal material recovery at very low loss. And so, access to and analysis of, the Big and Small Data collected by networks and the IoT components is vital. For obvious reasons of unrealisable energy demands and network node densities, mobile networks and network technologies (such as 5G) cannot support such a vision and we can expect to see a migration to new network regimes where our machines, appliances, devices, vehicles, sea going containers, pallets, boxes, products and components communicate directly over very short distances in preference to using 3/4/5G and WiFi networks.

Many IoT components include sensors and access to information about their hosts; and this is vital to performance monitoring, timely maintenance and repair. Real time location, production, supply, use and ownership information will change the way we design, manufacture, supply and meet the needs of society at all levels from health, welfare, employment, education, industry, commerce, defence, and government. Many elements exist today, and more are under development, and in this presentation we bring together these core components.

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Small data big impact

  1. 1. Peter Cochrane Simple thinking & sustainability do not go hand-in-hand: we have to ‘manage’ all resources and the environment S M A L L D AT A BIG IMPACT No IoT = No Sustainability Ahmed Elmagarmid 
  2. 2. Continually polishing and i m p r o v i n g o u r e x i s t i n g processes and industries will not realise a sustainable future AXO I M 1
  3. 3. We need new materials with new properties, produced and recycled, repurposed, reused to a far higher degree than those provided by nature AXO I M 2
  4. 4. We need new fabrication and manufacturing processes that do far more for far less energy and materials AXO I M 3
  5. 5. We have to rethink the solutions to many of our old problems… AXO I M 4 …and they have to use less raw material and energy whilst being kinder to the environment at large
  6. 6. We need products and services that are more durable, resilient and adaptable, that demand less energy and material AXO I M 5
  7. 7. Generating energy is not the big problem, but storage (and distribution) is ! AXO I M 6 “A surface area/volume problem already solved by nature (?) and ripe for bio/nano innovation”
  8. 8. Our world is not linear, simple, not 3/4D and disconnected, it is highly networked and complex in the ’n’ dimensional sense - and generally beyond the human span of thinking visualisation AXO I M 7 Stochastic complexity on a massive scale exhibiting fractal behaviours f ro m a l o c a l t o a n a t i o n a l , international & global scale
  9. 9. Politicians, manager, financiers are confused, confounded and generally lack the ability to effectively manage resources and make long term decisions. AXO I M 8 “ I t i s f u n d a m e n t a l l y impossible to effectively manage the resources of a p l a n e t u s i n g a s i n g l e parameter: $$ ££ €€” “ T h e y n e e d A I support based on effective and tested models”
  10. 10. observation People love simple - it is all so obvious and does not involve thinking
  11. 11. o b s e rvat i o n Thermodynamics, complexity and non-linear systems say otherwise, and manifest in t h e l a w o f u n i n t e n d e d consequences What we don’t see here a r e t h e s u b t l e s o c i a l interactions and comms between people and the devices they carry
  12. 12. Technology Ecology T O B E V E RY S P E C I F I C Economics Society Industry Care Markets Trade Education Policing Defence Commerce Security Logistics Finance Government Companies W e h a v e n o m o d e l o r u n d e r s t a n d i n g Law & Order Defence Education Health Institutions “ S o m e t i m e s W E m i g h t o b s e r v e o r i n f e r s o m e l i m i t e d r e l a t i o n s h i p s a n d typify some characteristics however AI can produce a comprehensive analysis and a much fuller picture” “ B I G D A T A t e n d s t o furnish an ‘average view’ whilst small data gives us the fine grain detail”
  13. 13. My new new smart and intelligent car F UT U R E BY A N A L O GY Composite body shell is: - colour programmable - self repairing - self cleaning - the battery Components are: - failure predictive - programmable - self diagnosing - self repairing - low cost production - low maintenance - energy efficient - self managing - driverless
  14. 14. All macro-information recorded/stored on-board to be updated by the day for full product life cycle B I G D ATA BY A N A L O GY Primary elements: - Manufacturer & Model - Component sources - Production plant - Assembly detail - Testing & QA - Handling - Shipping - Agent - Sale Lifetime elements: - Purchaser & owners - Licensing/taxation - Journeys and use - Driving history - Service/repair
  15. 15. All micro-data recorded/stored within each component to be periodically updated for the entire component life cycle S M A L L : D ATA BY A N A L O GY Primary elements: - Manufacturer & Model - Component details - Production plant - Assembly detail - Software v1.0 - Testing & QA - Handling - Shipping - Sale Lifetime elements: - Day one operation - Service/repair log - Vibration analysis - Failure prediction - Output history - Trend analysis - SW updates
  16. 16. Radar and car-to-car comms 3,4,5G Net Connect Self contained data storage & analysis Small Data Domain V E H I C L E-v e h i c l e C o m m s Wireless Connect to Gas Station, Repair Shop for SW upgrades, failure reporting and remote diagnostics WiFi, ZigBe, BlueTooth ??? Radar + car-to-car comms Networked components accessible remotely
  17. 17. Ship to shore Container to Container to Bridge H I D D E N V A L U E BIG DATA = Container, schedule/location ? Small DATA = Status of container contents ? In every container operation globally
  18. 18. W h o o p s ! Is it still on board ? Are my goods damaged ? What is the delivery date? Where is my container?
  19. 19. H EA LT H F UT U R ES Hospital Medical Centre Home Based Technology Push - Patient M i g r a t i n g c e n t r e o f g r a v i t y Solutions for the average - for the individual
  20. 20. D e v i c e t o d e v i c e Monitoring the in:out:effect for a complete picture Self contained home net with no net connect - or only an aggregated sporadic net connect
  21. 21. The coffee machine ! A N E C D OT E Purchased Failed in month 12 Repaired under warranty Returned with a user report 8000 coffees consumed in one year 8760 hours in one year ~ 1 coffee/hour Health implications Product implications What will our appliances have to tell us ?? Fridge Freezer Microwave Dishwasher Washing Machine Tumbler dryer Oven/Hob Security Air-Con Shower +++ Designer Feedback
  22. 22. d i s t r i b u t i o n Automated & intelligent BIG DATA Where has the package come from and where is it going ? Where is it now and what does it contain ? small DATA Detailed product history of production, storage and handling including testing, and any damage +++ Item Box Pallet Warehouse Container Supplier Customer
  23. 23. No single solution can deal with all forms of attack.... S e c u r i t y T h e r e a r e n o s i l v e r b u l l e t s … s m a l l / B I G D a t a B I G & s m a l l DATA f o r m o d e l s & s y n t h e s i s e o f a n t i d o t e s a n d p ro t e c t i o n … a u t o i m m u n i t y i s a m u s t t o c o p e w i t h I o T a t t a c k s !
  24. 24. N E E D T O S H A R E T R U M P S N E E D T O K N O W
  25. 25. How Many Devices ? I m p l a n t e d , w o r n , c a r r i e d b y p e o p l e I w e a r / c a r r y 6 s m a r t t h i n g s … b u t i n t h e f u t u r e i t i s l i k e l y t o b e > > 1 0 ! ! H o w m a n y h a v e y o u g o t … . ? ? T h e y a r e a l l b e c o m i n g a p a r t o f t h e I o T t o p r o v i d e B I G a n d s m a l l d a t a …
  26. 26. B E YO N D 3 R Big & small Data ++++ “ To s t o p p r o d u c i n g m o r e a n d m o r e f o r t h e f e w a n d s t a r t p r o v i d i n g s u f f i c i e n t f o r t h e m a n y ” “ To e c o n o m i c a l l y m a n a g e t h e r e s o u r c e s o f t h e p l a n e t i n t h e i n t e r e s t o f s u s t a i n a b l e f u t u r e s ”
  27. 27. N O F R E E L U N C H! The IoT could bankrupt the planet Internet Energy = 5 - 10% of global production IoT Energy Use > 10 x more “We need lower energy computing and communications” T h e g o o d n e w s : Almost all the low energy tech options we need are available
  28. 28. Thank You cochrane.org.uk

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