The advancement of our species is critically dependent upon a growing knowledge of materials and the ability to fabricate components, devices and tools. However, our molding, machining, shaping and assembly processes are ecologically unsustainably in the medium to long term. The modern alternatives surpass our industrial past by wasting far less energy and material whilst achieving higher levels of recycling. Amongst the key techniques are 3D printing and the programming of composite man made materials.
A century ago no one could have guessed why we would become so dependent upon the purity of silica, silicon, gallium, carbon, metals and plastics. Today that has become very clear, and we can look towards a future of monolithic integration that combines physical and intelligent properties. In this presentation we examine the obvious pending changes and those just over the horizon.