What types of waste are there? Biodegradable - will rot away like a banana skin Non-biodegradable - sits in the ground f...
What are the differences betweenHIC and LIC waste production? HIC = High Income Country (a rich country) LIC = Low Incom...
Different types of Waste inHICsHIC’s not only produce more waste than LIC’s but they also produce different waste:Electr...
Domestic Waste in HICsWe throw away 15 million mobile phones a yearMobile phones contain harmful metals like lead and me...
Packaging – 3 types   Primary Packaging – the wrapping or containers that are taken off    the product by us when we buy ...
PackagingIf you look at these two pie charts carefully you can see that the heaviest type ofpackaging is paper and board. ...
The Waste HierarchyThis shows the order of priority that should exist when dealing with waste.Disposal (at the bottom) mea...
The Waste HierarchyRecycling is the option preferred by most governments because:•Stops rubbish going into landfill•Saves ...
The Waste HierarchyRecycling is the option preferred by most governments because:•Stops rubbish going into landfill•Saves ...
Waste and packaging
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Waste and packaging

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Waste and packaging

  1. 1. What types of waste are there? Biodegradable - will rot away like a banana skin Non-biodegradable - sits in the ground for years without breaking down, like plastic Domestic – waste produced in peoples houses Industrial – waste produced by factories Hazardous and non-hazardous Nuclear – waste produced from nuclear power plants is extremely dangerous to human health and causes cancer. Toxic – poisonous to humans and the environment Recyclable and non-recyclable Solid and liquid Electrical
  2. 2. What are the differences betweenHIC and LIC waste production? HIC = High Income Country (a rich country) LIC = Low Income Country (a poor country) HICs create more waste as they have more disposable income (more money) to buy products (stuff and things) Many products in HICs are wrapped in lots of plastic, so lots more waste is produced. Many more people can read and write in HICs which means there is much more paper waste. In LICs people will recycle goods for personal use like clothes. In HICs more products are designed for single use only – this is known as a throw away society! LICs tend to be poorer so less people can afford to buy products so less waste is produced.
  3. 3. Different types of Waste inHICsHIC’s not only produce more waste than LIC’s but they also produce different waste:Electronic goodsWhite goodsPackaging
  4. 4. Domestic Waste in HICsWe throw away 15 million mobile phones a yearMobile phones contain harmful metals like lead and mercury which damage the planetIt is a sign of a throw away society that 12 years ago we would keep a PC for 10 years. Now we only keep a PC for 3 years.
  5. 5. Packaging – 3 types Primary Packaging – the wrapping or containers that are taken off the product by us when we buy it Secondary Packaging – larger boxes that are used to group products together in shops Transit Packaging – the cardboard and plastic wrapping like bubble wrap that is used to load, unload and transport the goods.
  6. 6. PackagingIf you look at these two pie charts carefully you can see that the heaviest type ofpackaging is paper and board. However it is used to package 25% of products.Plastic accounts for only 20% of the weight of packaging. However it is usedmuch more than paper (53%). This is because it is light and quite strong.
  7. 7. The Waste HierarchyThis shows the order of priority that should exist when dealing with waste.Disposal (at the bottom) means just chucking it in the landfill without doinganything to it. This is the worst option for waste disposalPrevention means not using as much packaging in the first place, thus creating lesswaste e.g. reusable carrier bags.
  8. 8. The Waste HierarchyRecycling is the option preferred by most governments because:•Stops rubbish going into landfill•Saves energy•Reduces greenhouse gases•Saves resources•Doesn’t cost anything•Can be done by all households•Reduces the demand for raw materials (we don’t need new paper whenwe can use recycled paper
  9. 9. The Waste HierarchyRecycling is the option preferred by most governments because:•Stops rubbish going into landfill•Saves energy•Reduces greenhouse gases•Saves resources•Doesn’t cost anything•Can be done by all households•Reduces the demand for raw materials (we don’t need new paper whenwe can use recycled paper

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