Categories of CountrysideCategories of CountrysideUrban FringeCommuter BeltAccessibleCountrysideRemote CountrysideThis takes the best part of a day toreach from a city. Almost totally ruralThis type of countryside is being quicklylost to urban growthThis is beyond the commuter belt butwithin a day trip of the city. Verymuch a rural areaThis is countryside but the settlementswithin it are where lots of people whowork in the city live.
SuburbanisationSuburbanisation• Outcome of the rural-urban movement of people is the building of new homes.• They are most likely to be built in two locations - the urban fringe and thecommuter belt.• In the urban fringe, housing is mainly added to the outer edge of a cities built uparea. In the commuter belt, existing towns and villages become encircled by newhousing estates.• The occupiers of all these new homes will need more than just a roof over theirheads. They will require services, such as shops, schools and medical centres.• So the building of new homes leads to a further round of building to providethese and other services.• In the urban fringe the demand for both housing and services is increasing bypeople moving out from the city.• The urban fringe has a number of benefits that attract people, businesses andshops.
What are the advantages to living on theUrban Fringe?
Advantages on the Urban Fringe forbusinesses and people• Room to build more• Attractive environment• Less pollution• Good access to the city• Work/workers available close by• Plenty of car parking space• Cheap land
Factors that push people into theFactors that push people into thecountrysidecountrysideLeisure, recreation and tourism• People have more spare time, paid holiday anddisposable income so can afford to go away morefrequently• In the urban fringe – sports centres, playing fields, golfcourses (all require large areas of spare land but stillneed to be close to centres of population)• In the accessible countryside – farm visit, theme park ornature reserve.Retirement• Want a quieter more peaceful environment• No longer need to live close to work• Downsize to a smaller property
Factors that pull people into the CityFactors that pull people into the CityRural – urban migration• More jobs and higher wages• Availability and accessibility of services• Perception that towns and cities offer a betterquality of life.Decline in Primary Sector Jobs (Farming)• Mechanisation – machines now do the jobs thatused to employ people• 40% of our food is imported from abroad• Jobs in manufacturing contribute more to theeconomy so the government invests in those.
Explain what causesExplain what causessuburbanisation? (5 marks)suburbanisation? (5 marks)This question is asking what are the factorsthat pull people into the city and how thatlinks to the city expanding?