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Smart Water Utility - a journey of transformation

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Why do we need water utilities to get smart?
How can water utilities become smarter?
What inventions are on the wish list?

Published in: Environment
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Smart Water Utility - a journey of transformation

  1. 1. Smart Water Utilities - a journey of transformation Pernille Ingildsen, Ph.D., M.Sc. The 13th IWA Leading Edge Conference on Water and Wastewater Technologies 16/6-2016 1 of 25
  2. 2. Agenda Why do we need water utilities to get smart? How can water utilities become smarter? What inventions are on the wish list?
  3. 3. “We are the last generation that can fight climate change. We have a duty to act.” Ban Ki-Moon “The truth is: the natural world is changing. And we are totally dependent on that world. It provides our food, water and air. It is the most precious thing we have and we need to defend it.” Richard Attenborough Our key challenge is water sustainability
  4. 4. Water sustainability is an issue everywhere
  5. 5. Men and women, everywhere and at all times, have despoiled the environment, mostly out of simple ignorance. Modernity’s ignorance about the environment is much more serious, simply because modernity has many more powerful means to destroy the environment. Tribal ignorance, on the other hand, was usually milder; but ignorance is ignorance, and is certainly nothing to emulate. Ken Wilber Ignorance is ignorance
  6. 6. Smart Water Utilities
  7. 7. Agenda Why do we need water utilities to get smart? How can water utilities become smarter? What technology is on wish list?
  8. 8. The Smart Water Utility Project Professor Gustaf Olsson, Lund university Industrial Electrical Engineering and Automation Sweden Manager of plans and projects Pernille Ingildsen Kalundborg Utility, Denmark
  9. 9. Theoretically, no limits can be set to the field of consciousness, since it is capable of indefinite extension. Empirically however, it always finds its limit when it comes up against the unknown. Carl Gustaf Jung
  10. 10. M Measure A Analyse D Decide Sensors, laboratory analysis, observations, … Signal analysis, statistical analysis, dynamic models, business cases, … Decisions everywhere from strategy to controllers … The MAD-model
  11. 11. Strategic Direction, objectives, values Tactical Development of system, project plans, project execution Operational Plant wide control, process optimisation, maintenance Automatic Process control, unit control Unplanned Unplanned events, risk assessment, emergency plans Decision levels
  12. 12. Consumers/customers (short term) Lead objectives Community (longer term) Environment/nature (long term)
  13. 13. Water extraction Water treatment Water resource Water recipient Water distribution Water usage Return of water Wastewater treatment Wastewater collection Nature Water utility Community Ecology
  14. 14. Real Time Monitoring of Ganges River Basin during Kumbh Mela ceremony By J. Raich-Montiu; F. Edthofer; R. Wurm; A. Weingartner, S::CAN
  15. 15. A glimpse into smart water data By Jo Cooper, Intellitect 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 01/11 02/11 03/11 04/11 05/11 06/11 07/11 08/11 Data 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Turbidity Free Chlorine Conductivity pH 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 19/02 20/02 21/02 22/02 Date 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Turbidity Flow 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 14/08 15/08 16/08 17/08 18/08 19/08 20/08 21/08 Date 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 Turbidity Flow
  16. 16. The risk of NOT measuring By Nenibarini Zabbey, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  17. 17. Understanding Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs) By Nurudeen Adeyinka Salau, Kalundborg Forsyning
  18. 18. Lessons learnt from implementing ammonium controllers at three full-scale plants Linda Åmand, IVL. Sweden Käppala WWTP Henriksdal WWTP Himmerfjärden WWTP REF REF EXP Qin NH4 REF EXP EXP EXP REF REF REF EXP REF REF REF REF REF Qin Qin Qin Qin Qin NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 NH4 TN NH4 TN NH4NH4 TN NH4 TN Lab measurement HENRIKSDAL WWTP HIMMERFJÄRDEN WWTPKÄPPALA WWTP Qin Qin On-line measurement
  19. 19. BASIC INTERMEDIATE ADVANCED Strategic • No strategic direction. • No top level goals or priorities defined. • Goals and priorities are well defined • Strategic direction is clear • Translated into objectives • Clear understanding in organisation Tactical • Improvements are done haphazardly • Projects are ill defined • There is a plan • Projects are performed satisfactoriy • Project plan aligned with direction • Clear succes criteria in projects • More conceptual solutions are evaluated Operational • Processes are not monitored closely • Processes are not optimised • High risk of failures • Skilled operators and managers ensure a safe operation • Problems are solved expediently • A clear system for all operational objectives. • Any deviation is handled fast • Understanding of roboustness and resilience Automatic • Process control are generally not applied except for the very low level • Realtime controllers implemented • Control-competent staff is not in place. • Many controllers are not well tuned. • Sensors, sensors everywhere • Processes are well controlled • An effective early warning system • Control-competent staff in place Unplanned • No/few sensors for unplanned events • No strategies for unplanned events • Plans are in place to handle critical unplanned events • Sensors in place to detect critical events • Information avaliable for handling critical events • Plans for handling critical events Advances in decision making capability
  20. 20. Agenda Why do we need water utilities to get smart? How can water utilities become smarter? What inventions are on the wish list?
  21. 21. To measure the ecological state of the local nature online To measure microbiology in drinking water in real-time To measure and understand micropollutants in wastewater Top 3 wish-list for MEASURING
  22. 22. Easy non-expert dynamic simulations Asset Management for optimal refurbishment Natural Capital Accounting (NCA) Top 3 wish-list for ANALYSIS
  23. 23. Sustainable leadership 360 degree design decisions Water Circle Management Top 3 wish-list for DECISION
  24. 24. Water is life Let’s treat it wisely Photo credentials: Unsplash.com and Jag_cz (Shutterstock)

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