‣Attitude Changes When Using
Wikipedia in Higher Education
PERNILLA
Pernilla Josefsson, Olle Bälter Katarina Bälter, Steph...
‣The Study
Was	
  designed	
  to:	
  
Evaluate	
  the	
  students´a/tudes	
  before	
  and	
  a4er	
  par6cipated	
  in	
 ...
PERNILLA
Included	
  students	
  from	
  two	
  different	
  subjects	
  	
  
35	
  students	
  invited	
  	
  -­‐>	
  23	...
‣Example:A learning activity
PERNILLA
The	
  students	
  were	
  asked	
  to:
• Create a personal presentation page	

!
• ...
‣Methods
PERNILLA
Figure	
  1:	
  	
  
Distribu6on	
  of	
  a/tudes	
  towards	
  the	
  use	
  of	
  wikis	
  in	
  a	
  ...
Human behaviour:
“De- personalized communication with people that don’t
know each other very well tends to be awkward”
‣We...
‣Weaknesses and strengths
PERNILLA
Figure	
  3:	
  	
  
Strengths	
  of	
  using	
  wiki	
  in	
  a	
  learning	
  situa6o...
‣Weaknesses and strengths
PERNILLA
Figure	
  3:	
  	
  
Strengths	
  of	
  using	
  wiki	
  in	
  a	
  learning	
  situa6o...
‣Weaknesses and strengths
PERNILLA
Figure	
  3:	
  	
  
Strengths	
  of	
  using	
  wiki	
  in	
  a	
  learning	
  situa6o...
‣Interviews
PERNILLA
Openness:	
  	
  
Perceived	
  both	
  nega6ve	
  and	
  posi6ve	
  
The	
  value	
  of	
  the	
  wri...
‣Data from the wiki
PERNILLA
Figure	
  4:	
  	
  
Distribu6on	
  of	
  the	
  number	
  of	
  edits	
  made	
  
in	
  the	...
‣Summary
PERNILLA
Karasavvidis	
  (2010):	
  modes	
  of	
  work	
  and	
  students	
  
resistance	
  are	
  important	
  ...
‣@JPernilla
PERNILLA
Recently	
  published:	
  	
  
“An	
   Educa6on	
   in	
   Facebook?:	
   Higher	
   Educa6on	
  
and...
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Attitude Changes When Using Wikipedia in Higher Education

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Attitude Changes When Using Wikipedia in Higher Education

  1. 1. ‣Attitude Changes When Using Wikipedia in Higher Education PERNILLA Pernilla Josefsson, Olle Bälter Katarina Bälter, Stephanie Bonn Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Karolinska Institutet Sweden Media Technology and Interaction Design KTH Royal Institute of Technology Sweden
  2. 2. ‣The Study Was  designed  to:   Evaluate  the  students´a/tudes  before  and  a4er  par6cipated  in  collabora/ve  wiki  assignments. Result:    A  statistically  signi,icant   positive  shift  in  attitudes  (p<0.05)   The  use  of  Wiki  technology  was   perceived  to  add  value PERNILLA Attitudes  towards  the  use  connected   towards  “human  behaviour” Background: Few studies report on how attitudes change in relation to using the technology in learning activities designed to match course goals. Aim:  
 A  change  occurred  in  students  attitudes   towards  the  use  of  a  wiki  as  it  was   implemented  in  their  learning  environment.
  3. 3. PERNILLA Included  students  from  two  different  subjects     35  students  invited    -­‐>  23  participate. ‣Description of the project Williams  College,  Massachusetts,  US • Subject-­‐introducing  lectures  about  the  course  topics   • Introduction  lecture  by  the  Wikipedia  Campus  Ambassador   • The  assignments  strongly  related  to  the  learning  outcomes Winter  semester  2013 • In  average,  they  had  been  using  social  media  for  5.4  years.   • 2.1  h/day  on  social  media,  (1.4  h  primarily  towards  the  app.)   • Does  social  media  support  their  studies? The  students: The  introduction: 5% 30% 13% 52% “Yes” “Not sure” “No” “Yes, but only when it is compulsory”
  4. 4. ‣Example:A learning activity PERNILLA The  students  were  asked  to: • Create a personal presentation page ! • Solve different problems and comment on another groups’ solution ! • Solve the same problem, using different data sets and comment on another groups’ solution
  5. 5. ‣Methods PERNILLA Figure  1:     Distribu6on  of  a/tudes  towards  the  use  of  wikis  in  a  learning  situa6on. Interviews Data collection Pre- and Post- questionnaires
  6. 6. Human behaviour: “De- personalized communication with people that don’t know each other very well tends to be awkward” ‣Weaknesses and strengths PERNILLA Technology and design: “Technology barrier for people who aren’t strong computer users” Neutral: “I am not sure” We asked: What weaknesses and strengths they perceived with the use of wiki. Pre- and Post- questionnaires Interviews Data collection
  7. 7. ‣Weaknesses and strengths PERNILLA Figure  3:     Strengths  of  using  wiki  in  a  learning  situa6on. Figure  2:     Weaknesses  of  using  wiki  in  a  learning  situa6on.
  8. 8. ‣Weaknesses and strengths PERNILLA Figure  3:     Strengths  of  using  wiki  in  a  learning  situa6on. Figure  2:     Weaknesses  of  using  wiki  in  a  learning  situa6on.
  9. 9. ‣Weaknesses and strengths PERNILLA Figure  3:     Strengths  of  using  wiki  in  a  learning  situa6on. Figure  2:     Weaknesses  of  using  wiki  in  a  learning  situa6on.
  10. 10. ‣Interviews PERNILLA Openness:     Perceived  both  nega6ve  and  posi6ve   The  value  of  the  wri6ng  process  increased   PermiCed  feedback  from  others   The  absence  of  restricted  groups Confirmed  the  a/tudes  from  the  ques6onnaires.   =>  Expressed  a  cau6ous  posi6ve  view. Interviews Data collection We asked: The students to elaborate on the use 3 Students
  11. 11. ‣Data from the wiki PERNILLA Figure  4:     Distribu6on  of  the  number  of  edits  made   in  the  wiki  by  all  the  course  par6cipants. Edits  in  the  Wiki     Number  of  edits  more  reliable   than  the  sum  of  characters. Data collection
  12. 12. ‣Summary PERNILLA Karasavvidis  (2010):  modes  of  work  and  students   resistance  are  important  aspects  to  consider  for   understanding  how  students  will  perceive  the   wiki. Confirms:     Raman,  Ryan  &  Olfman  (2005):  we  saw  a  clear   shi4  in  a/tude  towards  being  more  posi6ve  as   the  students  gained  more  knowledge  about   the  technology. The results show a statistically significant positive change in attitudes (p<0.05) before and after use of the wiki technology. Limita/ons:     Small  sample,  short  6me  for  data  collec6on The aim: Explore students’ attitudes towards using wiki technology in their education. How  students  a/tudes  are  connected  to   their  percep6on  of    “human  behaviour”. Contributes:   Serves  as  a  basis  for  further  explora6on   concerning  a/tude  changes  in  student   popula6ons.
  13. 13. ‣@JPernilla PERNILLA Recently  published:     “An   Educa6on   in   Facebook?:   Higher   Educa6on   and  the  World´s  largest  social  network.”  
 Chapter  17:  Role  confusion  in  Facebook  groups. Next  to  come:     •  Students  a/tudes  towards  the  use  of  social  media.   •Teachers  perspec6ve  on  the  use  of  social  media. hCp://www.amazon.com/An-­‐Educa6on-­‐Facebook-­‐Largest-­‐Network/dp/0415713196

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