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Shofar Presentation: Israel Mission Trip 2013

Lighthouse Church of All Nations
Mission Department
Contact Pastor Donna Bailey for information.

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Shofar Presentation: Israel Mission Trip 2013

  1. 1. The ShofarImage: Dan Bar Dov Lighthouse Church of All Nations Israel Mission Trip: 2012 1
  2. 2. What is a Shofar?And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, thatthere were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud uponthe mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud;so that all the people that was in the camp trembled”(Exod 19:16 KJV). - - 2
  3. 3. What is a Shofar?The Shofar is the voice of God. 3
  4. 4. What do you know? 1. Write one thing you know about the shofar. 2. Write one thing you’d like to learn about the shofar tonight. 4
  5. 5. Basic InfoThe Shofar is a ritual instrument of theancient and modern Hebrews.The word, shofar, means to cut through orincise. 5
  6. 6. When was it used?Shofar represented the voice of God, calling toHis people – Ancient Temple Days: Announcements holidays, significant days and years, as well as call to assembly, war and breaking up campShofar represented the wailing of a penitentheart, calling to God for mercy -- Modern Post-Temple: Used in connection with the new year, new moon, Shabbat, Rosh Hashanah and Yom KippurShofar represents announcement of Christ’s 2ndcoming , calling to break up camp— Future 6
  7. 7. History• The first time the Shofar is mentioned is in Exod19:16-19 when the Israelites had gathered at Mt. Sinai.• Originated in the ancient Jerusalem temple as one of the instruments that accompanied services• Instruments were banned from Jewish prayer with the temple destruction in AD70, except for the Shofar. 7
  8. 8. Why is it significant?What do these verses and informationregarding purpose tell you about theShofar’s significance? 8
  9. 9. Reasons for blowingthe Shofar from the ImportanceMaimonides:. Marks the occasion of enthroning the Lord as king of the universe. Reminds the Jews of the binding of Isaac and the way Abraham withstood the trial. Reminds the Jews of “We shall do, and we shall hear” 9 Image: Andrew Schwartz
  10. 10. OT Purpose Call to Sacred Sound the Break Up Assembly Alarm to Battle Camp Num 10:3, Joel 2:15 Ezek 33:3-6; Isa 18:3; 1 Kings 1:34; Judges 7:22Call to Repent Remembered by Begin their(Exod 19:16) the Lord (Num 10:9) journeys (Num 10:6)Accept God as Saved by theKing (PS 98:6) Lord (Num 10:9) Worship Shout/Walls fall (Num 10:10) down (Josh 6:5) 10
  11. 11. NT PurposeProphecy Old Testament New Testament FulfillmentAnnounce Blow the Trumpet Lord Himself Descend With the2nd coming “And the LORD shall be seen Shofar of Godof the over them, and his arrow shall "For the Lord Himself will descendMessiah! go forth as the lightning: and from heaven with a shout, with the the LORD God shall blow the voice of an archangel and with the trumpet, and shall go with shofar of God” (I Thess 4:16). whirlwinds of the south” (Zech 9:14 KJV) End Times Announcement: Break Up CampDead shall “In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last Shofars; for therise--Break Shofars will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable,Up Camp and we shall be changed" (1 Cor 15:52). “And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord" (I Thess 4:17-18). 11
  12. 12. How is it constructed?“The Shofar of Rosh Hashanah, whose purpose it is torouse the Divine in the listener, may not be constructed ofan artificial instrument.The Shofar is the bent horn of a ram. The ram remindsone of Abrahams willing sacrifice of that which was mostprecious to him. The curve in the horn mirrors thecontrition of the one who repents” (Jewish virtual Library) 12
  13. 13. ConstructionMade of a ram’s horn Not cow or deer Unlawful to add more notches The Law required that all rams horns were tuned to the same sound.Notches as the end Impedance match to the air 13 Image:
  14. 14. What of the sounds?Shofar represented the voice of God,calling to His people.Shofar represents the wailing of apenitent heart, calling to God for mercy. 14
  15. 15. SoundedTemple Times • New Year • Years of Jubilee • Fast DaysTraditional Times (Post Temple) • Last month of Hebrew calendar • First ten days of the Hebrew year (Between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur -- 100 blasts on each day of Rosh Hashanah. 15
  16. 16. Blasts• Tekiah -- one long blast with a clear tone• Shevarim -- three shorter blasts• Teruah -- series of quick blasts (nine or more)• Tekiah Gadolah-- single unbroken blast, held as long as possible 16
  17. 17. Blasts 17
  18. 18. Rosh HoshanahMishnah decrees that a Jew must hear nineShofar blows on Rosh Hashanah.Order of the blows is: Tekiah, Teruah, Tekiah,repeated three times 18
  19. 19. Prayer. Tekiah: The Jews pray with the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah. The Tekiah blast signifies their direct approach to God.. Teruah: Jews realize they are God’s creatures -- impotent, broken, and shattered.. Tekiah: Once they make intimate encounter during the Teruah, they exit and praise God with another steady blast. (Correspond to the12 prayers of the Amidah 19
  20. 20. ReferencesEx-Church of Christ Pages. (n.d.) Shofar image. Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from’s Outreach Ministries, Inc. (n.d.) Hast not the blast of the Shofar heard?. Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from Studies. (n.d.) The Shofar or ram’s horn. Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from Guide. (2012). Shofar. Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from http://www.judaica- Jewish Learning. (n.d.). The Shofar as prayer. Retrieved September 24, 2012, from munity/Shofar/Traditional_Teachings.shtmlShofarat Israel. (2009). About the manner of blowing the Shofar. Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from Laws about blowing the Shofar. Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from 20