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Essentials of oolong getting started


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What's in a name?
Where is it grown?
What are popular types of oolong?
How to brew?
How to store?
All you need to know to get started on oolong tea

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Essentials of oolong getting started

  1. 1. Peony Tea S. – Celebrating the contemporary art of tea 1
  2. 2. Oolong tea is a category of tea◦ One of the six major categories of tea- green, white, yellow, black, dark (often erroneously called Pu-erh which is a type of dark tea) and oolongOolong is basically an earlier form of theChinese word 乌龙 which is spelt ‘wu long’ inHanyu PinyinPopular types of oolong include Tieguanyin,Big Red Robe and Dong Ding Oolong 2
  3. 3. Literally translated- ‘乌’ black ‘龙’ dragonLikely named after the shape of the tea leaves 3
  4. 4. Many fables, the tea picking hunter Hu Liang,the sleepy tea picker and the rebelsCommonality of the tales◦ Accidental discovery- rattling of the leaves which is crucial to production of oolong◦ Originates either from Northern Fujian (Minbei) or Southern Fujian (Minnan)◦ Likely to be sometime in the 17th century since by 1717, there was documented proof that oolong tea is commonly available in Fujian 4
  5. 5. Detailed processes vary across regions and producers but basicallyproduction of oolong has the following 5 steps: Rattling orWithering Shaqing Rolling Drying Yao Qing (萎凋) (杀青) (揉捻) (干燥) (摇青) 5
  6. 6. Sub-divided by geographical region◦ Guangdong◦ Minbei (Northern Fujian)◦ Minnan (Southern Fujian)◦ Taiwan 6
  7. 7. Guangdong Oolong Guangdong Province 7
  8. 8. Famous variants◦ Phoenix Dancong- Phoenix Mountain, Chaozhou◦ Rao Ling Dancong- Rao Ling, Chaozhou Pictured is a Phoenix Dancong- Honey Orchid Fragrance (Mi Lan Xiang) 8
  9. 9. Dancong or 单丛 is sometimes translated as‘single trunk’Early dancong were made from same tree but inrecent decades dancong come to denote teamade plucked from trees grafted of the sameparent plantDancong has different fragrances which gives itits name- Mi Lan Xiang (Honey OrchidFragrance), Xin Ren Xiang (Almond Fragrance)These fragrances are completely natural and nonon-tea ingredients are addedPhoenix Dancong are known for their ‘shan yun’山韵- Mountain Harmony 9
  10. 10. Minbei Oolong Fujian Province
  11. 11. Famous variants◦ Wuyi Rock Tea (Yan Cha) including Big Red Robe, Wuyi Sacred Lily (Shuixian), Cockscomb (Ba Ji Guan), Wuyi Cassia- Wuyishan, Fujian◦ Minbei Shuixian- Jian Ou Fujian Pictured is Wuyi Sacred Lily (Shuixian) 11
  12. 12. Oolong tea grown within WuyishanOfficially definition tightened to restrict it toteas grown within the core-producing areaknown as zheng yan ‘正岩’Famous variants include the 4 FamousBushes- Big Red Robe, White Cockscomb,Iron Arhat and Golden Turtle, Wuyi Sacred Lilyand Wuyi CassiaWuyi Rock Tea are known for their ‘yan yun’岩韵- Rock Harmony 12
  13. 13. Minnan Oolong Fujian Province
  14. 14. Famous variants◦ Anxi Iron Goddess (Tieguanyin)◦ Golden Cassia (Huang Jin Gui)◦ Yongchun Buddha Hand (Yong Chun Fo Shou) Pictured is Anxi Iron Goddess 14
  15. 15. One of the most well-known of Chinese teaGrown in Anxi, Fujian and is one of the mostvalued of all oolongCan be made in traditional style (charcoalbaked), medium roast or the newer ‘greenstyle’Iron Goddess are known for their ‘yin yun’ (音韵) – Goddess Harmony 15
  16. 16. Taiwan Oolong Taiwan
  17. 17. Famous variants◦ Dong Ding Oolong◦ Wenshan Baozhong◦ Taiwanese High Mountain Oolong (Gaoshan Cha) such as San Lin Xi, Alishan, Lishan, Da Yu Lin Pictured is Dong Ding Oolong 17
  18. 18. Grown in Lugu, Taiwan, Dong Ding literallymeans ‘frozen summit’The seedlings were believed to haveoriginated from WuyishanDong Ding Oolong are known for their ‘houyun’ (喉韵) – Throat Harmony 18
  19. 19. Recommended Brewing Utensil Recommended size- 90 ml- 200 ml Recommend to serve with small cupsGaiwan (盖碗) Yixing Pot (宜兴壶) 19
  20. 20. Guangdong Minbei Minnan TaiwanWater 85ºC 90-95ºC 95-100ºC 95-100ºCtemperatureInfusion time 30 sec 45-60 sec 60 sec 30-45 secQuantity 1/3 of 1/3 of 1/5 of 1/5 of utensil utensil utensil utensilJust a guide- depends on personal preference, type of teaand utensil used 20
  21. 21. 1. Warm the pot with hot water2. Add tea leaves3. Add hot water and decant within 5 seconds4. Discard the water5. Add hot water again6. Infuse for the recommended time7. Decant into a serving pitcher8. Serve and enjoy 21
  22. 22. Type Shelf life Storage Method‘Green style’ 6-12 Double seal in air-tight opaque container mths and store in a fridge at circa 4-10ºC When removing from fridge, wait half an hour for leaves to ‘warm’ to room temperature before removing from containerMedium 18-24 Store in cool, dark, dry, air-tight, odor freeRoast mths containerDark Roast Improves Store in cool, dark, dry, air-tight, odor free with age container 22
  23. 23. To be discussed in a later post 23