By Amanda Cook
   All cultures have categories to distinguish    people into “us and them” by    race, ethnicity, religion, or nationali...
Genocide in Rwanda
 We give names or other symbols to the  classifications. We name people “Jews” or “Gypsies”, or  distinguish them by col...
   For example: The yellow star for Jews under    Nazi rule, the blue scarf for people from the    Eastern Zone in Khmer ...
   This is when one group denies the humanity    of the other group.   Members of it are equated with animals,    vermin...
A Swastika, symbol used byracists.
   Genocide is always organized, usually by the    state, often using militias to provide    deniability of state respons...
Janjaweed fighters
   Extremists drive the groups apart.   Hate groups broadcast polarizing    propaganda.   Laws may forbid intermarriage...
   Victims are identified and separated out    because of their ethnic or religious identity.    Death lists are drawn up...
A Jewish Ghetto in Poland
 Extermination became the mass killing legally  called genocide. It is “extermination” to the killers because they  do n...
   Is the eighth stage that always follows a    genocide.   It is among the surest indicators of further    genocidal ma...
   They block investigations of the crimes, and    continue to govern until driven by    force, when they flee into exile...
Europeans against the Armenian Genocide Denial
   The genocide happened in the Darfur region    of Sudan.
   It started in February 2003 and it is still going    on today.                                        Darfur Village  ...
   Darfur rebel groups-the Sudan Liberation    Army and the Justice and Equality movement    vs. Sudan government or the ...
   Rebel groups rose against the Sudan    government, the Janjaweed then attacked    villages.   The Janjaweed displaced...
   A big struggle occurred over political    control, when Omar Bashir took control the    tension worsened.   Problems ...
   The genocide in Darfur is still going on and it    continues to threaten the stability of the    region.
   Polarization: Clash between African Farmers and Arab    Tribes.   Dehumanization: People were displaced and mistreate...
 http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/the-  holocaust-new http://khmernz.blogspot.com/2009_02_22_archi  ve.html http://mubi.c...
   http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/2009/05/t    he-genocide-in-rwanda   http://justiceinconflict.org/2011/12/02/fifth- ...
   http://people.howstuffworks.com/darfur.htm   http://edu.glogster.com/glog.php?glog_id=18933584    &scale=54&isprofile...
Amandacook8stagesofgenocide
Amandacook8stagesofgenocide
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Amandacook8stagesofgenocide

  1. 1. By Amanda Cook
  2. 2.  All cultures have categories to distinguish people into “us and them” by race, ethnicity, religion, or nationality: German and Jew, Hutu and Tutsi. Bipolar societies that lack mixed categories, such as Rwanda and Burundi are most likely to have genocide.
  3. 3. Genocide in Rwanda
  4. 4.  We give names or other symbols to the classifications. We name people “Jews” or “Gypsies”, or distinguish them by colors or dress; and apply the symbols to members of groups Classification and symbolization are universally human and do not necessarily result in genocide unless they lead to the next stage, dehumanization. When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups.
  5. 5.  For example: The yellow star for Jews under Nazi rule, the blue scarf for people from the Eastern Zone in Khmer Rouge Cambodia.
  6. 6.  This is when one group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects of diseases. Dehumanization overcomes the normal human revulsion against murder. At this stage, hate propaganda in print and on hate radios is used to vilify the victim group.
  7. 7. A Swastika, symbol used byracists.
  8. 8.  Genocide is always organized, usually by the state, often using militias to provide deniability of state responsibility (The Janjaweed in Darfur.) Sometimes organization is informal(Hindu mobs led by local RSS militias) or decentralized (terrorist groups). Special army units or militias are often trained and armed. Plans are made for genocidal killings.
  9. 9. Janjaweed fighters
  10. 10.  Extremists drive the groups apart. Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda. Laws may forbid intermarriage or social interaction. Extremist terrorism targets moderates, intimidating and silencing the center. Moderates from the perpetrators own group are most able to stop genocide, so are the first to be arrested or killed.
  11. 11.  Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity. Death lists are drawn up. Members of victim groups are forced to wear identifying symbols. Their property is expropriated. They are often segregated into ghettos, deported into concentration camps, or confined to a famine-struck region and starved.
  12. 12. A Jewish Ghetto in Poland
  13. 13.  Extermination became the mass killing legally called genocide. It is “extermination” to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human. When it is sponsored by the state, the armed forces often work with militias to do the killing. Sometimes the genocide results in revenge killings by groups against each other, creating the downward whirlpool-like cycle of bilateral genocide.
  14. 14.  Is the eighth stage that always follows a genocide. It is among the surest indicators of further genocidal massacres. The perpetrators of genocide dig up the mass graves, burn the bodies, try to cover up the evidence and intimidate the witnesses. They deny that they committed any crimes, and often blame what happened on the victims.
  15. 15.  They block investigations of the crimes, and continue to govern until driven by force, when they flee into exile. There they remain with impunity, like Pol Pot of Idi Amin, unless they are captured and a tribunal is established to try them.
  16. 16. Europeans against the Armenian Genocide Denial
  17. 17.  The genocide happened in the Darfur region of Sudan.
  18. 18.  It started in February 2003 and it is still going on today. Darfur Village during Genocide
  19. 19.  Darfur rebel groups-the Sudan Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality movement vs. Sudan government or the Janjaweed. The Janjaweed
  20. 20.  Rebel groups rose against the Sudan government, the Janjaweed then attacked villages. The Janjaweed displaced over 2,500,000 people and five thousand people are killed each month. There were many attempts to try to regain peace but none of them have been effective.
  21. 21.  A big struggle occurred over political control, when Omar Bashir took control the tension worsened. Problems came up between African farmers and the Arab tribes. When rebel groups fought back, genocide began. Omar Bashir
  22. 22.  The genocide in Darfur is still going on and it continues to threaten the stability of the region.
  23. 23.  Polarization: Clash between African Farmers and Arab Tribes. Dehumanization: People were displaced and mistreated and killed. Organization: Darfur rebel groups-the Sudan Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality movement. Symbolization: Skin color is used to distinguish between races. Preparation: Militias were formed. Extermination: Five thousand people are killed each month. Denial: The government of Sudan denies that the genocide ever happened.
  24. 24.  http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/the- holocaust-new http://khmernz.blogspot.com/2009_02_22_archi ve.html http://mubi.com/lists/the-holocaust http://www.todayszaman.com/newsDetail_getN ewsById.action?newsId=269868 http://www.bwbs.de/bwbs_biografie/Liquidation _of_all_Jewish_ghettos_in_Poland_B1150.html http://www.summarynewspaper.com/9-nazi- members-sentenced-to-life- imprisonment/3599.html
  25. 25.  http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/2009/05/t he-genocide-in-rwanda http://justiceinconflict.org/2011/12/02/fifth- icc-warrant-in-darfur-case-announced- sudanese-minister-of-defence-indicted/ http://www.ayf.org/Home/tabid/36/cmd424/a rch/archDt424/022008/Default.aspx http://www.finalcall.com/artman/publish/Wor ld_News_3/article_6808.shtml
  26. 26.  http://people.howstuffworks.com/darfur.htm http://edu.glogster.com/glog.php?glog_id=18933584 &scale=54&isprofile=true “Genocide in Darfur.” United Human Rights Council. Armenian Youth Federation- Western United States, 2012. Web. 3 Apr 2012. http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocid e-in-sudan.html. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/commenti sfree+world/omar-al-bashir http://techcrunch.com/2009/08/06/google-steps-up- its-darfur-genocide-coverage-in-google-earth/

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