A Student Success SeminarPresented by REACH 2009 (Your success is our goal!)
Learning OutcomesBy the end of this presentation, the student will: • Better understand what critical thinking is • Know why critical thinking is important • Have some knowledge of the Paul –Elder model of critical thinking • Accept the challenge to think critically in every class
G“Disciplined, IN K INself-directed THthinking . . . ”*The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, 1987.
“ (Thinking) . . . which exemplifies the perfections of thinking. . .”* G IN K IN THThe National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, 1987.
In “everyday” language: G IN K IN• Thinking “outside” the box TH• Thinking about thinking• “Unlimited” thinking• Divergent thinking
G “The intellectually disciplined IN process of actively and skillfully K IN conceptualizing,TH applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information.”* * The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking, 1987.
“Critical thinking is the art of analyzingand evaluating thinking with a viewto improving it.”* G IN K IN TH*The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking:Concepts And Tools, 5 ed. The Foundation forCritical Thinking, 2008.
“Critical thinking is . . . • Self-disciplined • Self-monitored K ING • Self-corrective thinking.”*T HIN *The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking: Concepts and Tools, 5th ed. The Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2008.
It concerns itself with 8 elements of thought • Point of view • Purpose • Questions at issue • Implications and consequences • Information G I N • Interpretation and Inference K I N • Concepts T H • Assumptions*The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking: Conceptsand Tools, 5 ed. The Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2008.
Point of ViewWhat are the . . . – Frames of reference – Perspectives – OrientationsAnd how do they influence “point of view”?
PurposeWhat are the• Goals• ObjectivesAnd how do they relate to point of view?
What does critical thinking involve? • Making logical inferences (based upon the information presented) • Drawing logical conclusions (based upon the information presented) • Higher levels of thinking, such as . . .
• Conceptualizing—• Conceptualizing developing a “mind picture”• ApplyingApplying— • putting conceptual info to use• Analyzing • Analyzing—• Synthesizing examining, closely tearing apart or breaking down• Evaluating to really look at • Synthesizing—pulling things together in a well- organized logical way • Evaluating—making decisions about; reviewing; assessing; rtc.
ACTIVITIESTIME PERMITTING, WORK THROUGH ACTIVITIESWhy is Critical IN YOUR BOOKLET.ThinkingBE SURE TO THINK CRITICALLY!Important?
W hy I s C ritical T hinkingCritical thinking mportant ? I helps us develop: •Intellectual Humility •Intellectual Autonomy the basic elements of . . . it underlies communication •Intellectual Integrity •Intellectual Courage•Intellectual Perseverance important part in social . . . it plays an •Confidence in Reason change. . . •Intellectual Empathy •Fairmindedness . . . it is a path to freedom from half- . truths and to the development of a multi-cultural . . traits important deceptions world view and the diminishing of irrational thought!
Characteristics of “cultivated”Goal: to become cultivated critical thinkers critical thinkers critical Cultivated thinkers . . .
By : well cultivated critical thinker . . . A --raising vital questions • Raises vital questions and and --formulating questions clearly Raise vital questions precisely problems, formulating them Formulate questions and problems clearly, precisely clearly and precisely;
•Gatherinformation By:•Analyze and assess • Gathers and assesses relevant --gathering information, thenit information, using abstract ideas to --assessing it and determining• Evaluate it interpretwhat it means and what it is it effectively, worth
Draw conclusions Find solutionsy: Use relevant criteria to test them --drawing conclusions from the information • Comes to well-reasoned presented conclusions and solutions, --finding possible, plausible solutions and testing them with relevant criteria testing them against relevant criteria and standards;
Keep an openmind By --maintaining an open mind
Network w/others; keep lines of communication open• Communicates effectively with By networking with others and maintaining others in of communication with them open lines figuring out solutions and others. to complex problems.
To become a cultivated critical thinker: Dare to think outside the box!• Develop a sense of observation and curiosity• Become interested in finding new solutions• Share ideas• Ask pertinent questions• Assess statements and arguments• Seek understanding and information
Also . . .• Examine beliefs, assumptions, and opinions; wei gh them againsttruth• Listen to others, think about whatthey say, give feedback• Become an open-minded listener andreader
Who are the critical thinkers?• Parents Thinks Critically Who ?• Nurses Parents• Athletic coaches• Doctors Nurses• Air traffic controllers Doctors• Military commanders• Lawyers, Judges Athletic coaches• Supervisors• Accountants Teachers/Professors• Day Care Providers