Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction


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David Applegate's presentation to:

Roundtable - A National Framework for Natural Hazard Risk Reduction and Management: Developing a Research Agenda

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  • Then Natural Disasters wouldn't be disasters, they would be just Natural!!
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  • GC document calls for: Improve data collection to increase understanding of the ways in which hazards evolve. Create standards for sharing, storing and analyzing data.
  • GC document calls for: Improve models and visualization techniques.
  • GC document calls for: Create resilient structures and infrastructure systems using advanced building technologies. Support structural advances with effective nonstructural mitigation. Quantify the monetary benefits of disaster mitigation using economic modeling.
  • GC document calls for: Develop science and technology to prevent cascading failures in public infrastructure systems. Enhance the ability to protect public health before and after a hazard event.
  • GC document calls for: Support intelligent community planning and investment strategies and protect natural resources with comprehensive risk assessments. Assess the resilience of the natural and human environment. Learn from each hazard event
  • GC document calls for: Raise public awareness of hazards they may potentially face. Warn people with consistent, accessible, and actionable messages and a national all-hazards emergency communication system. Develop policies that promote risk-wise behavior and that are based in social science research.
  • Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction

    1. 1. Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction David Applegate, U.S. Geological Survey Vice Chair, U.S. Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction August 2006
    2. 2. U.S. Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction <ul><li>The U.S. Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction (SDR) is an element of the President’s National Science & Technology Council charged with establishing clear national goals for Federal science and technology investments in disaster reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes interagency cooperation for natural and technological hazards and disaster planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates interagency approaches to identification and assessment of risk, and to disaster reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Advises the Administration about relevant resources and the work of SDR member agencies. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>National Guard Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Standards and </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>National Oceanic & Atmospheric </li></ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Agency for International </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Army Corps of Engineers </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Coast Guard </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Department of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Forest Service </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Geological Survey </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Public Health Commissioned Corps </li></ul><ul><li>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Homeland Security </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Housing & Urban Development </li></ul><ul><li>Department of the Interior </li></ul><ul><li>Department of State </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Emergency Management Agency </li></ul><ul><li>National Aeronautics & Space Administration </li></ul><ul><li>National Geospatial-Information Agency </li></ul>SDR Member Agencies
    4. 4. The Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction <ul><li>Objective: To enhance disaster resilience by composing a ten-year agenda for science and technology activities that will produce a dramatic reduction in the loss of life and property from natural and technological disasters. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Published by the SDR in June 2005 and available at A framework for prioritizing disaster-related Federal investments in science and technology
    6. 6. Grand Challenge #1 Provide Hazard and Disaster Information Where and When It Is Needed.
    7. 7. Grand Challenge #2 Understand the Natural Processes That Produce Hazards .
    8. 8. Grand Challenge #3 Develop Hazard Mitigation Strategies and Technologies .
    9. 9. Grand Challenge #4 Recognize and Reduce Vulnerability of Interdependent Critical Infrastructure .
    10. 10. Grand Challenge #5 Assess Disaster Resilience Using Standardized Methods.
    11. 11. Grand Challenge #6 Promote Risk-Wise Behavior .
    12. 13. Seismic is the start… The beach is the finish All Hazard Alert Broadcast system installed at Ocean Shores, Washington. Credit: Washington Emergency Management
    13. 14. Implementing the Grand Challenges <ul><li>The implementation strategy for the Grand Challenges will be outlined in a series of four-page documents describing the science and technology agenda for all major types of hazards as well as critical cross-cutting topics, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coastal Inundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental/Public Health Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurricane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landslide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tornado </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter Storms </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. More Information