Wharton March 28 , 2007 by Alain Bertaud Http://alain-bertaud.com <ul><li>Chinese and Indian cities:  </li></ul><ul><li>Po...
<ul><li>India:  </li></ul><ul><li>Policy:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>main objective: reduce urban congestion by reducing urban...
<ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concern over loss of agricultural land     quotas on urban ...
On going Research and data gathering <ul><li>disaggregate the components of urban land consumption  between land use types...
 
 
Infrastructure investments in China: ring roads and radial highways (Tianjin Master Plan)
 
Tianjin Northern suburbs: “farmers’ housing” high rise and industrial areas
 
Tianjin: farmers housing, privatized “danwei “housing and new developments
Residential Real Estate Markets in Suining (Sichuan)
Tianjin Farmers housing
The new “CBD” of Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou farmers’ village enclaves in the city center
Zhengzhou housing types
Zhengzhou housing types
Policy recommendations <ul><li>India: </li></ul><ul><li>regulations of FAR should follow spatial demand for floor space </...
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Chinese and Indian cities: Policy, strategy and spatial outcome

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Presentation by Alain Bertaud at Penn Institute for Urban Research's "Earth from Space" conference.

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Chinese and Indian cities: Policy, strategy and spatial outcome

  1. 1. Wharton March 28 , 2007 by Alain Bertaud Http://alain-bertaud.com <ul><li>Chinese and Indian cities: </li></ul><ul><li>Policy, strategy and spatial outcome </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>India: </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>main objective: reduce urban congestion by reducing urban densities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>avoid congestion by draconian regulatory restrictions of FAR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very low investment in infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>outcome: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>very high densities, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very high real estate prices, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very low residential floor consumption per person (3m2/person in Mumbai) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concern over loss of agricultural land  quotas on urban land development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large investment in infrastructure, important direct and indirect subsidies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>industrial land subsidized, residential land auctioned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monopoly on land development, free market for residential and commercial floor space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>outcome: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Densities, originally very high, are decreasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spectacular increase in floor area per person (from 2.8 m2/p in Shanghai in 1983 to 32 m2/p today) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high spatial dispersion of high density neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>massive demolition of existing low income housing stock and resettlement to meet urban land quotas </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. On going Research and data gathering <ul><li>disaggregate the components of urban land consumption between land use types </li></ul><ul><li>calculate the gross ratio floor space /land established by regulations or practice. </li></ul><ul><li>investigate the spatial distribution of densities </li></ul>
  5. 7. Infrastructure investments in China: ring roads and radial highways (Tianjin Master Plan)
  6. 9. Tianjin Northern suburbs: “farmers’ housing” high rise and industrial areas
  7. 11. Tianjin: farmers housing, privatized “danwei “housing and new developments
  8. 12. Residential Real Estate Markets in Suining (Sichuan)
  9. 13. Tianjin Farmers housing
  10. 14. The new “CBD” of Zhengzhou
  11. 15. Zhengzhou farmers’ village enclaves in the city center
  12. 16. Zhengzhou housing types
  13. 17. Zhengzhou housing types
  14. 18. Policy recommendations <ul><li>India: </li></ul><ul><li>regulations of FAR should follow spatial demand for floor space </li></ul><ul><li>property tax and impact fees should pay for infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>China: </li></ul><ul><li>let urban vacant land and agricultural land find its market price </li></ul><ul><li>establish rules for infrastructure cost recovery for urban land </li></ul><ul><li>do not subsidize developed urban land, eventually subsidize poor households </li></ul>

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