Georgia presentation

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Georgia presentation

  1. 1. Georgia: The 13th Colony By: Jordan Hall and Melissa GormanSunday, February 6, 2011
  2. 2. History Founded: 1732 by James Oglethorpe; a prison reformer Last colony to be settled Founded 50 years after the other 12 Oglethorpe traveled to South Carolina on The Ann with 116 men and womenSunday, February 6, 2011
  3. 3. History cont. Named after England’s King George II King George II was granted a charter and granted Georgia to James Edward OglethorpeSunday, February 6, 2011
  4. 4. Purpose Georgia was an opportunity for the inmates to begin a new life Provide a refuge for persecuted protestants Military presence to provide a barrier between the other colonies and Spanish FloridaSunday, February 6, 2011
  5. 5. War The first test of the new colony came in 1739 during the War of Jenkins Ear. Southern Georgia and Florida were battlegrounds over the next four years, most notably the siege of St. Augustine (1740) and the Battle of Bloody Marsh (1742). When peace finally settled on the colony Oglethorpe was gone, never to return, and William Stevens was president.Sunday, February 6, 2011
  6. 6. War cont. Georgia bordered Spanish Florida Spanish and Native Americans began to attack Savannah Failed to capture St. Augustine, but were successful in beating back a Spanish retaliationSunday, February 6, 2011
  7. 7. Religion Georgia had always been a "melting pot," welcoming the persecuted and prosecuted of Europe including large groups of Puritans, Lutherans, and Quakers (Wrightsboro). The only group not welcome in Georgia were Catholics, which is not surprising considering the religious wars that were fought a century earlier in England. The diversity of religion brought Georgia an unexpected strength - an willingness to accept others regardless of religion.Sunday, February 6, 2011
  8. 8. Slaves James Habersham petitioned for slavery to be allowed and the request was granted the following year in 1750 After approval of slaves, slaves constituted half of the 40,000-50,000 population.Sunday, February 6, 2011
  9. 9. Change to Georgia The colonists were not happy with the restrictions placed on the colony. After 12 years as governor, Oglethorpe returned to England bearing their demands. They wanted to be able to have alcohol and slaves, to participate in their own government, and they demanded land reform. They were successful. Alcohol was finally allowed into the colony because it was thought that the importation of alcohol would improve trade. There was strong opposition to slavery, particularly from the religious immigrants, they were in the minority and in 1750 Georgia became a slave colony. Georgia was not prosperous under the trustee system. In 1749, 16 years into the trustee system, the colony also exported goods for the first time.Sunday, February 6, 2011
  10. 10. Communication Mail seldom or couldn’t reach inland settlements Roads were Indian Trails Settlers saw very little of one anotherSunday, February 6, 2011
  11. 11. Agriculture Major industry:Indigo, Rice, wheat, lumber and sugarSunday, February 6, 2011
  12. 12. Everyday Life They settled in what is now Savannah; only town of importance Farming, plantations, independent farms, trade and skilled labor as well. No schools Wooden village Lack of land ownershipSunday, February 6, 2011
  13. 13. Bibliography http://www.scarborough.k12.me.us/wis/teachers/dtewhey/webquest/ colonial/13_original_colonies.htm http://ourgeorgiahistory.com/history101/gahistory03.html http://enter.theparsonage.us/new_page_41.htm http://www.historywiz.org/georgia.htm http://www.usahistory.info/southern/Georgia.html http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/13georgia.htmSunday, February 6, 2011

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