Colonial maryland


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Colonial maryland

  1. 1. Colonial Maryland<br />Michael Mezzancello and Lauren Yoia<br />
  2. 2. Background<br />In 1624 Virginia became property of the King.<br />King Charles I gave a piece of it to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore. He soon died and the land was given to his son Cecilius in 1632. <br />He called it Maryland <br />
  3. 3. The Assembly Began<br />All freemen, both landholders and artisans, came together to form their Assembly by which they framed a body of laws that would later be sent to be reviewed by the proprietor (Lord Baltimore)<br />
  4. 4. Self Government Established<br />At first was refused<br />The Assembly rejected the code of laws sent over by Lord Baltimore<br />Lord Baltimore gave his brother authority to approve of the laws made by the people.<br />
  5. 5. Religion<br />The Church of England was recognized by law as the State Church<br />This church was supported by general taxation.<br />Maryland was founded for the purpose of providing religious toleration of England's Roman Catholic minority. <br />Parliament later reversed that policy and discouraged the practice of Catholicism in Maryland. <br />Due to immigration patterns, Catholics have not been a majority in Maryland since early Colonial times.<br />
  6. 6. Values<br />Religious freedom <br />The colony was a shelter for Roman Catholics fleeing religious prosecution from their King. <br />Lord Baltimore gave the colony religious freedom to attract other settlers.<br />
  7. 7. Entertainment<br />The family in colonial Maryland was a person's main source of entertainment and learning. <br />Mothers and fathers taught their children to read in order to read the Bible and, for boys, to attend school. <br />In farming families, there was a unity during the annual harvest, when the entire family would stop their schooling and domestic chores to help bring in the year's crops.<br />
  8. 8. Family<br />Children became employed as apprentices as early as 7.<br />Families were often large so that children could help the family economically when the parents reached old age. <br />Many of the people were farmers or worked in a skilled trade. <br />Candle makers, blacksmiths and tavern owners were among the professions available.<br />The father was always the head of the home.<br />Young girls helped their mothers with domestic chores instead of working with their father.<br />
  9. 9. Social Structure<br />Social life centered around the owners of the great plantations.<br />The slave was a body-servant to his master or plantation owner, living a life of satisfaction in his hut with his family. <br />Among this class we find mechanics and artisans, trained for the various duties about the plantation.<br />
  10. 10. Education<br />Education became increasingly important. <br />Children were expected to know how to read and write, and boys were taught Latin in grammar school. <br />Puritan families realized that education could help the family become economically stable, and often sent their sons to higher educational institutions.<br />
  11. 11. Size of Families<br />Colonial family life in Maryland was often based on hard work, and with limited medical care, families could suffer from numerous types of death. <br />As many as 3in 10 children died before their first birthday. <br />Parents also had high death rates, from both illness and disease and from childbirth itself.<br />The result of a high mortality rate in colonial Maryland was that families were large, with six or more children being the average for families. <br />
  12. 12. Sources<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />