Fall 2010 Training<br />November 9, 2010<br />Bennett School Placement Worldwide<br />Brains, Learning, Education & School...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Language-based Learning Disorder of the Dyslexic Type<br />Genetics<br />Planum temporal...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Left-Hemisphere<br />Dyslexia – Reading Decoding & Spelling<br />Affect...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Right-Hemisphere<br />NLD & Asperger’s – Comprehension, motor skills, m...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />High-Functioning Autistic Spectrum Disorders (HFA)<br />High Non-verbal/Low verbal<br />...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Frontal Lobes<br />ADHD – attention & executive functions<br />First di...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Motor Strip<br />Sits behind the frontal lobes<br />Dysgraphia<br />Slo...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of Cerebellar Region<br />Orthographic details<br />Visual-spatial<br />Motor ...
Neuropsychological Framework<br />Generalized and diffuse disorders<br />TBI<br />Substance Abuse<br />Concussions<br />Fa...
Pinky&  the Brain<br />
Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Left-Hemisphere<br />Dyslexia – <br />Identify early - kindergarten<br />P...
Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Right-Hemisphere<br />NLD & Asperger’s – <br />Comes to school reading/ co...
Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Right-Hemisphere<br />NLD & Asperger’s – <br />Can’t interpret non-verbal ...
Educational Interventions<br />High-Functioning Autistic Spectrum Disorders (HFA)<br />Catch early; intensive ABA<br />Soc...
Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Frontal Lobes<br />ADHD – Educational Needs<br />External structure<br />E...
Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Motor Strip<br />Teach typing early<br />Manual vs. Computer<br />Problem ...
Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of Cerebellar Region<br />Check vision<br />Developmental Optometrists<br />Neuro...
Educational Interventions<br />Generalized and diffuse disorders<br />Loss of STM<br />Slowed processing speeds<br />Earth...
Educational Placment<br />Schools for dyslexic students<br />Day vs. Boarding<br />Schools for NLD/AS/HFA<br />Is it motiv...
Einstein<br />Famous Brains<br />Einstein's brain has an unusual pattern of grooves in an area thought to be involved in m...
Serial Killers<br />Damage to areas like the frontal lobe, the hypothalamus and the limbic system can contribute to extrem...
Dyslexia Brain<br />Dyslexia results from a neurological difference; that is, a brain difference. <br />People with dyslex...
Guess Who?<br />
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Brains, Learning, Education And School Placement 11 2010

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Learning disabilities, dyslexia, autism, Asperger\'s ADHD

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Brains, Learning, Education And School Placement 11 2010

  1. 1. Fall 2010 Training<br />November 9, 2010<br />Bennett School Placement Worldwide<br />Brains, Learning, Education & School Placement<br />
  2. 2. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Language-based Learning Disorder of the Dyslexic Type<br />Genetics<br />Planum temporale<br />POAD<br />Critical Window of Language Development<br />Most common Learning Disability<br />
  3. 3. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Left-Hemisphere<br />Dyslexia – Reading Decoding & Spelling<br />Affects 20% of population<br />Speech & language delays<br />Double deficit hypothesis<br />Phonological problems<br />Orthographic processing problems<br />Rapid Naming Speed (RAN)<br />
  4. 4. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Right-Hemisphere<br />NLD & Asperger’s – Comprehension, motor skills, math & writing<br />Increased prevalence<br />Affects 1 out 50 children born today<br />Early speech with delayed motor skills<br />Reads & spells well/poor social skills<br />Can’t interpret non-verbal cues<br />Hits the wall at middle school<br />
  5. 5. Neuropsychological Framework<br />High-Functioning Autistic Spectrum Disorders (HFA)<br />High Non-verbal/Low verbal<br />Strong math & engineering skills<br />Poor comprehension of language and social cues<br />Stereotypic motor movements<br />Robotic speech<br />
  6. 6. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Frontal Lobes<br />ADHD – attention & executive functions<br />First diagnosis for everything<br />Hyperactive when young<br />Hypoactive at puberty<br />6 variations by SPECT scan<br />Deregulated arousal system<br />Slow processing speeds<br />
  7. 7. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of the Motor Strip<br />Sits behind the frontal lobes<br />Dysgraphia<br />Slow processing speeds<br />Poor secretarial function<br />96% grades in USA come from written work<br />Co-occurs with ADHD<br />
  8. 8. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Disorders of Cerebellar Region<br />Orthographic details<br />Visual-spatial<br />Motor coordination<br />Tumors & lesions<br />Impaired perception of symbol directionality<br />Is it sensory or is it brain based?<br />
  9. 9. Neuropsychological Framework<br />Generalized and diffuse disorders<br />TBI<br />Substance Abuse<br />Concussions<br />Falls<br />Seizures<br />Accidents & injuries<br />Your brain is butter<br />
  10. 10. Pinky& the Brain<br />
  11. 11. Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Left-Hemisphere<br />Dyslexia – <br />Identify early - kindergarten<br />Provide explicit phonics instruction<br />Teach structure of sound-symbol connections<br />120 minutes/school day language arts<br />Speech therapy<br />
  12. 12. Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Right-Hemisphere<br />NLD & Asperger’s – <br />Comes to school reading/ comprehension is poor-pre-treat<br />Referred for gifted<br />Hyperlexia<br />Little professor syndrome<br />Poor social skills<br />Circumscribed areas of interest<br />
  13. 13. Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Right-Hemisphere<br />NLD & Asperger’s – <br />Can’t interpret non-verbal social cues, such as gestures, slang expressions or figurative speech<br />Needs explicit instruction<br />First 3 years the best; then downhill<br />Problems with higher-level synthesis<br />
  14. 14. Educational Interventions<br />High-Functioning Autistic Spectrum Disorders (HFA)<br />Catch early; intensive ABA<br />Social skills training<br />Language therapy<br />Good with hands-on learning & math<br />Robotic speech<br />White matter disease<br />
  15. 15. Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Frontal Lobes<br />ADHD – Educational Needs<br />External structure<br />Everyone becomes “The Nag”<br />Repetition, re-direction<br />Writing problems<br />Problems with reading comprehension<br />Seat front & center<br />
  16. 16. Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of the Motor Strip<br />Teach typing early<br />Manual vs. Computer<br />Problem with group classes<br />High-tech solutions<br />Co-Writer, Draft Builder<br />Dragon Naturally Speaking<br />Kurzweil 3000<br />
  17. 17. Educational Interventions<br />Disorders of Cerebellar Region<br />Check vision<br />Developmental Optometrists<br />Neuro-Ophthalmologist<br />Reversals<br />Cursive vs. Printing<br />Septo-optic dysplagia<br />Neurologist<br />
  18. 18. Educational Interventions<br />Generalized and diffuse disorders<br />Loss of STM<br />Slowed processing speeds<br />Earthquake on the superhighways<br />Extended time<br />Multi-modal presentation<br />Fatigue & attention deficits<br />Your brain is butter!!! Protect it!<br />
  19. 19. Educational Placment<br />Schools for dyslexic students<br />Day vs. Boarding<br />Schools for NLD/AS/HFA<br />Is it motivation or is it brain based LD?<br />Boot camp vs. remedial<br />Therapeutic<br />
  20. 20. Einstein<br />Famous Brains<br />Einstein's brain has an unusual pattern of grooves in an area thought to be involved in mathematical skills. <br />It was also 15 percent wider than other brains of same age males, suggesting that the combined effect of differences may be better connections between nerve cells involved in mathematical abilities.<br />
  21. 21. Serial Killers<br />Damage to areas like the frontal lobe, the hypothalamus and the limbic system can contribute to extreme aggression, loss of control, loss of judgment and violence. <br />Henry Lee Lucas, who was convicted of 11 murders, was shown to have extreme brain damage in these areas, probably the result of childhood abuse, malnutrition and alcoholism<br />Arthur Shawcross, another 11-time serial killer, was found to have had several brain injuries, including two skull fractures. While in prison, he suffered from headaches and often blacked out. <br />
  22. 22. Dyslexia Brain<br />Dyslexia results from a neurological difference; that is, a brain difference. <br />People with dyslexia have a larger right-hemisphere in their brains than those of normal readers. <br />That may be one reason people with dyslexia often have significant strengths in areas controlled by the right-side of the brain, such as:<br />Artistic, athletic, and mechanical gifts; 3-D visualization ability; musical talent; creative problem solving skills; and intuitive people skills.<br />
  23. 23. Guess Who?<br />

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