QUOTATIONS ABOUT TEACHERS• The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires. ~William Arthur Ward• The best teacher is the one who suggests rather than dogmatizes, and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself. ~Edward Bulwer-Lytton A teacher is a compass that activates the magnets of curiosity, knowledge, and wisdom in the pupils. ~Ever Garrison
Autonomous Learning• Autonomous learning can be promoted• Learning to learn is regarded as an integral part of language learning, so AS learners we should become increasingly aware of the way we learn, the options open to us and the options that best suit us• We can be brought increasingly to make choices in respect of objectives, materials and working methods in the light of our own needs, motivations, characteristics, and resources• Be exposed to the guidelines, course program.
Psychologists Jean Piaget • Born in Neuchâtel (Switzerland) on August 9, 1896 • Died in Geneva on September 16, 1980 • His researches in developmental psychology and genetic epistemology had one unique goal: how does knowledge grow?
VYGOTSKY • (November 12 (1896 – June 11, 1934) • A Soviet developmental psychologist whose work received widespread recognition in the Western world around the 1960s. • The intellectual development of children is a function of human communities, rather than of individuals.
LINGUISTSPatsy Lightbown & Nina SpadaConcordia University Montreal CanadaHow Languages are Learned
LINGUISTS Lynne Cameron Teaching Languages to Young Learners • MA from the University of York • PhD in the development of metaphor in children • Has trained primary teachers in the UK, Malta, and Norway
LINGUISTSJack C RichardsReflective Teaching in Second Language Classrooms• Born in New Zealand, MA with first class honours in English from Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand, in 1966.• Ph.D in Applied Linguistics from Laval University (a French- Language University) in Quebec City, Canada in 1972
TO REFLECT• In the past few decades learning, including language learning, has increasingly been seen not just as the accumulation of sets of fixed items of knowledge, but also as the ability to change, adapt, and update these items according to both the needs of the individual learner, and the requirements of the contexts in which knowledge needs to be used Luciano Mariani
Self-Assessment • Judgements about your own proficiency • Learners can be involved in many of the assessment techniques. It can be an effective complement to tests and teacher assessment. • Accuracy in self-assessment is increased when – assessment is in relation to clear descriptors defining standards of proficiency – assessment is related to a specific experience – Train learners to self-assessment techniques
New role of the Teacher• The teacher as a facilitator• The teacher as an observer• Elicits from learners• Provides challenging tasks• Raises students awareness
Great Teachers: Inspire, Motivate, Change the World