The Netherlands<br />Fight against water<br />
Typically Dutch <br />WINDMILL<br />HANSJE BRINKERS<br />
ALTITUDE<br />                  + 322 M<br /> -6.74 M<br />
2.5 MILLION<br />YEARS AGO<br />THE NETHERLANDS?<br />
BUILDERS<br />ICE<br />SEA<br />   RIVERS<br />
THE NETHERLANDS – 50 AD<br />
Netherlands CIRCA 1000 AD<br />
MOUNDS IN NORTHERN NETHERLANDS<br />
MOUNDS / TERP<br />
FARM ON A MOUND / TERP<br />
BIRTH OF A VILLAGE TERP<br />
TERP LANDSCAPE<br />
EXCAVATED TERP        Ezinge<br />
   SEAWALLS IN NORTHERN NETHERLANDS<br />
LAND RECLAMATION<br />
Why these efforts for a polder<br />Increasing demand for food.<br />Money is available.<br />Commerce.<br />Technical opp...
POLDERS<br />	The era of <br />the  windmill<br />
WINDMILL<br />Turbine<br />
POLDER<br />
POLDERSYSTEM<br />
PUMPING STATION<br />Electra, Reitdiep<br />
DROOGMAKERIJ<br />
      DROOGMAKERIJ: DE BEEMSTER<br />1600<br />1700<br />
MOORLAND<br />
SEA POLDER<br />
THE ZUIDERZEE<br />	Reasons:<br />Flood in 1916<br />WW I<br />
AFSLUITDIJK<br />2010<br />1927<br />
FLEVOPOLDERS<br />
STORMDISASTER 1953<br />Breakthrough<br />flooded village<br />
DELTAPLAN<br />Reasons:<br /><ul><li>Protection against a flood
Additional connections
More fresh water</li></li></ul><li>DELTPLAN: enkele dammen<br />Haringvliet<br />Oosterschelde<br />Veerse gat<br />
Maeslantkering<br />
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -6.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilve...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -5.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br ...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -4.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilve...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -3.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br ...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -2.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilve...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -1.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilve...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br />A7<br...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP +0.5 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br ...
+ 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP +1.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />`Hilversum<br...
WITHOUT DIKES ……<br />  de grijze gebieden liggen hoog en droog ……..<br />
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Waterland n lxp

  1. 1.
  2. 2. The Netherlands<br />Fight against water<br />
  3. 3. Typically Dutch <br />WINDMILL<br />HANSJE BRINKERS<br />
  4. 4. ALTITUDE<br /> + 322 M<br /> -6.74 M<br />
  5. 5. 2.5 MILLION<br />YEARS AGO<br />THE NETHERLANDS?<br />
  6. 6. BUILDERS<br />ICE<br />SEA<br /> RIVERS<br />
  7. 7. THE NETHERLANDS – 50 AD<br />
  8. 8. Netherlands CIRCA 1000 AD<br />
  9. 9. MOUNDS IN NORTHERN NETHERLANDS<br />
  10. 10. MOUNDS / TERP<br />
  11. 11. FARM ON A MOUND / TERP<br />
  12. 12. BIRTH OF A VILLAGE TERP<br />
  13. 13. TERP LANDSCAPE<br />
  14. 14. EXCAVATED TERP Ezinge<br />
  15. 15. SEAWALLS IN NORTHERN NETHERLANDS<br />
  16. 16. LAND RECLAMATION<br />
  17. 17. Why these efforts for a polder<br />Increasing demand for food.<br />Money is available.<br />Commerce.<br />Technical opportunities.<br />The fear for a flood.<br />Protecting excisting land<br />
  18. 18. POLDERS<br /> The era of <br />the windmill<br />
  19. 19. WINDMILL<br />Turbine<br />
  20. 20. POLDER<br />
  21. 21. POLDERSYSTEM<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. PUMPING STATION<br />Electra, Reitdiep<br />
  24. 24. DROOGMAKERIJ<br />
  25. 25. DROOGMAKERIJ: DE BEEMSTER<br />1600<br />1700<br />
  26. 26. MOORLAND<br />
  27. 27. SEA POLDER<br />
  28. 28. THE ZUIDERZEE<br /> Reasons:<br />Flood in 1916<br />WW I<br />
  29. 29. AFSLUITDIJK<br />2010<br />1927<br />
  30. 30. FLEVOPOLDERS<br />
  31. 31. STORMDISASTER 1953<br />Breakthrough<br />flooded village<br />
  32. 32. DELTAPLAN<br />Reasons:<br /><ul><li>Protection against a flood
  33. 33. Additional connections
  34. 34. More fresh water</li></li></ul><li>DELTPLAN: enkele dammen<br />Haringvliet<br />Oosterschelde<br />Veerse gat<br />
  35. 35. Maeslantkering<br />
  36. 36. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -6.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilversum<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  37. 37. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -5.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br />A7<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  38. 38. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -4.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilversum<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  39. 39. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -3.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br />A7<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  40. 40. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -2.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilversum<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  41. 41. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP -1.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />A7<br />Hilversum<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  42. 42. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br />A7<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  43. 43. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP +0.5 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />Hilversum<br />A7<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  44. 44. + 5m<br />0 m<br />- 5 m<br />Overstromingsgebied bij NAP +1.0 m<br />Waddenzee<br />Markermeer<br />A6<br />`Hilversum<br />A7<br />A9<br />Amsterdam<br />Utrecht<br />A2<br />Haarlem<br />Noordwijk<br />M t.o.v. NAP<br />A4<br />Noordzee<br />A12<br />Druk<br />op de<br />toetsen<br />Delft<br />A13<br />Den Haag<br />
  45. 45. WITHOUT DIKES ……<br /> de grijze gebieden liggen hoog en droog ……..<br />

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