Beginning syntax 1

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Here, you will find some basic information about syntax.

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Beginning syntax 1

  1. 1. Linda Thomas <br />Beginning Syntax<br />
  2. 2. Syntax <br />Nouns<br />Determiners <br />Verbs <br />Phrases and Phrase Structure <br />
  3. 3. Syntax <br />Nouns <br />Nouns are often described as being the “name of something” including people and places and we’ll stick with this definition for the time being, although there are some difficulties with it.<br />
  4. 4. Syntax Nouns <br />S The + NOUN + likes + the NOUN<br /> girl girl<br /> dog dog<br /> apple apple<br />
  5. 5. Syntax Determiners <br />Determiners are a small group of words and they act to limit or determine to some extent the possible range of things which the noun can refer to.<br />The basic determiners are the ARTICLES.<br />INDEFINITE ARTICLES. (a, an)<br />DEFINITE ARTICLE.(the)<br />
  6. 6. Syntax Determiners<br />S DETERMINERS+NOUN+ likes +Determiners +NOUN<br /> this girl that girl<br /> that dog the dog<br /> the apple this apple<br />
  7. 7. Syntax Verb<br />A verb is a word which describes an action or state.<br />S DETERMINERS+NOUN+VERB+Determiners +NOUN<br /> this girl likes that girl<br /> that dog buys the dog<br /> the apple eats this apple<br />
  8. 8. Syntax Phrases and Phrase Structure<br />Phrase <br />It consists of one or more than one word this unit is called a PHRASE.<br />A phrase can be a unit or constituent within a sentence (S) which itself contains other units or constituents. <br />
  9. 9. Syntax Phrases and Phrase Structure<br />S<br />PHRASE A<br />PHRASE B<br />VERB <br />DERTERMINER<br />DERTERMINER<br />NOUN<br />NOUN<br />chased<br />that<br />A<br />dog<br />girl<br />
  10. 10. Syntax Phrases and Phrase Structure<br />S<br />PHRASE A<br />PHRASE B<br />VERB <br />PRO<br />NOUN<br />chased<br />He / it<br />her<br />

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