Electrical Circuits


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Electrical Circuits

  1. 1. ELECTRICAL CIRCUITSMade By: Pawitra Putri G.8
  2. 2. An electric circuit is formed with electrons which flow from acertain voltage source like photovoltaic module, batter by means ofconductor like wire and load them back to the resource. Circuit technically defines a process of full circle, where the light isplowed on the electrons gets discharged from the battery and theyfurther reach the bulb. Thus light is produced with the battery backupand makes the circuit complete. If you have a misconception that the process is done when theelectrons gets through the bulb, it is incorrect. This doesn’t makes theprocess complete, since the electrons doesn’t flow from its place oforigin. The electric circuit serves as a passageway to the electriccurrent. ELECTRIC CIRCUIT
  3. 3. They are defined as the best conductors that flows current from endto end without a mess. To give complete safety to the electric current passage, the electriccircuit is projected. Designed with a simple formula including awire, bulb and a battery, the mechanism is easy and simple to execute.These are the most fundamental components which are required incompleting the complete process of the circuit.
  4. 4. Electric Circuit Electric circuit can be categorized into two differenttypes, one is the closed circuit and the other one is theopen circuit. Closed circuit facilitates continuous current flow. Whereas in the open electric circuit the passage ofcurrent remains non-continuous.
  5. 5. The electric circuit is designed as a closed looporganized with wires, load, switch, power sourceand fuse. The circuit become complete, when thecurrent streams out from the –ve terminalcrossing the wire and reaching the +ve terminalwhile turning on the switch. Any mechanism which depletes energy flow bymeans of a circuit and convinces it to work isdefined as load. One of the best examples will be the lightbulb. Yes it consumes electricity through acircuit and further reflects it as a work sourcecalled light and heat.
  6. 6. Types Of Electric CircuitElectric circuit is categorized into three forms: 1. Parallel Circuit 2. Series Circuit 3. Series Parallel Circuit Go to slide 10
  7. 7. When considering the parallel circuit, it is designed with multiplepassage way, where the device will execute when any one of the path isunder breakdown. Being a multi path design, one path will remain broken, but theother paths will function well creating no hassles
  8. 8. SERIES CIRCUIT When examining the series circuit, it has one way and allows theelectrical current to flow. In case of electric circuit breakdown, none of the device willoperate.
  9. 9. Series Parallel Circuit When considering the series parallel circuit, quite several loads are connected to the series whereas the other loads are connected to the parallel circuits. In this case, when the series circuit results with breakdown, the overall functionality of the circuit will be stopped. Similarly, when the parallel circuit results with any breakdown, the overall functionality of the parallel circuit will be stopped.
  10. 10. Resistor A component that is designed to introduce a particular resistance into a circuit is called a resistor.
  11. 11. Variable Resistor• A variable resistor can made in which a contact moves along the surface of a resistance wire and brings different wire into the circuit.• This device is sometimes called rheostat.
  12. 12.  When the contact is placed on the far left the current passes through only a few coils of the wire. As the contact is moved to the right the current flows through more of the wire and encounters greater resistance. When the contact is moved from the right to the left the current flows through fewer coils of the wire and encounters less resistance.
  13. 13.  A buzzer is an electrical device in which one part vibrates strongly when a current of electricity passes through it. The vibration produce sound.Buzzer
  14. 14. Thank You for Listening &Paying Attention