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EU-Project Smarter Together Munich Documentation of Activities and Achievements

In cooperation with Vienna and Lyon, the City of Munich was chosen in 2015 to host the European Smarter Together project. Since then, all three cities have been working together on intelligent solutions for the smart city of tomorrow: Energy system refurbishment in housing complexes, mobility stations, neighbourhood sharing boxes and smart lamp posts are only a few of the sustainable measures on which Munich's local government is collaborating with local residents and partners from industry, and research to transform the Neuaubing-Westkreuz/Freiham project area into a smart urban district that is fit for the future. The model measures we have developed for Smarter Together set an example for other urban districts and cities throughout Europe.

The glossy brochure aims to document the activities and achievements of the City of Munich and its partners within and thanks to the SMARTER TOGETHER project as of a January 2019.
The structure of the brochure is as follows: After a brief preface of the mayor of the City of Munich, there is an introduction of the SMARTER TOGETHER projects which gives information about the common goals, the partner cities, the local partners as well as the Munich project area.
The main part is focusing on the activities and achievements in Munich after three years of implementation and is divided into the sections: Citizen and Stakeholder Engagement, Mobility, Energy and Technology.
The document concludes with an outlook on the next activities on monitoring, evaluation and replication.
This report reflects only the author’s view, neither the European Commission nor INEA is responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

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EU-Project Smarter Together Munich Documentation of Activities and Achievements

  1. 1. EU-Project Smarter Together Munich Documentation of Activities and Achievements February 2016 - January 2019
  2. 2. © Andreas Heddergott
  3. 3. About Smarter Together 1 - Citizen Engagement 2 - Mobility 3 - Energy 4 - Technology Monitoring and Evaluation 04 12 20 24 36 44
  4. 4. 4 Today, more than half of the world’s population lives in cities. Current UN forecasts project that this figure will rise to 75 percent by 2050. The requirements this development places on infrastructure are already a con- stant challenge. Urban densification is driving greater demand for living space and energy, adding to conges- tion, making parking space scarcer and last, but by no means least, in- creasing the burden of pollution, all of which creates the need for new, smart concepts. In cooperation with Vienna and Lyon, the City of Munich was chosen in 2015 to host the European Smarter Together project. As part of the project we have been working on intelligent solutions for the city of tomorrow: Energy system refurbishment in housing complexes, mobility stations, neighbourhood sharing boxes and smart lamp posts are only a few of the sustainable measures on which Munich’s local government is collaborating with local residents to transform the Neu- aubing-Westkreuz/Freiham project area into a smart urban district that is fit for the future. The measures we have developed for Smarter Together should set an example for other urban districts and cities throughout Europe. Dieter Reiter Mayor of the City of Munich Preface by the Mayor © LH München
  5. 5. 5 A potent economy and a high qua- lity of life make the Bavarian capital especially attractive to young adults with a good education. Global players, hidden champions, SMEs and singu- larly ambitious start-ups value the ideal conditions they find in this city. In the shape of the EU-backed Smar- ter Together project, local government is showcasing the contributions which cities such as Munich can make to climate change mitigation, environ- mentally friendly mobility, local public services and an efficient power sup- ply. The name “Smarter Together” sets the tone, highlighting that we really are smarter when we pull together. In the context of this project, Munich – together with Vienna and Lyon, the two other lighthouse cities – is in- creasingly emerging as a central hub of pan-European collaboration. Across departmental boundaries, the partners within Munich’s local government are working together with dedication and mutual respect to develop innovations which can improve the quality of urban life. Another important factor is that the project actively involves local resi- dents in intensive co-design proces- ses. Working side by side with ex- perts and partners, they help develop concrete solutions for their immedi- ate neighbourhood. Working together to change the way we think – that is what Smarter Together means for Munich! Clemens Baumgärtner, Head of the Department of Labor and Economic Development Preface by the Head of the Department of Labor and Economic Development © LH München
  6. 6. 6 Hand-picked by the EU Commission, the urban consortiums assembled in Munich, Lyon and Vienna have a clear mission: to develop blueprints for an urban future and try out ground-breaking smart city solutions in practice. These measures can then serve as models for other cities in Europe. Experimentation is explicitly encouraged: EU funds will be made available to try out new, co-creatively developed ideas in the fields of mobility, energy and technology and to further develop those ideas that prove their value in practice. The motto: “rethinking cities”. After the project, the aim is to implement success- ful developments both in other parts of Munich and in other European cities. Munich’s EU project partners ABOUT SMARTER TOGETHER © LH München / A. Heddergott
  7. 7. 7 COMMON GOALS OF ALL SMARTER TOGETHER CITIES Reduce average energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in the selected project areas by at least of power from new sources of renewable energy into the grid 50% Feed more than Avoid more than 17MW of carbon dioxide a year by using e-mobility solutions95t new jobsCreate1500 ABOUT SMARTER TOGETHER 7
  8. 8. 8 Promoting the city of tomorrow 20 — the magic number The City of Munich is receiving EU funds total- ling approximately EUR 6.85 million for Smarter Together. This sum is complemented by local government’s own financial resources and money from the business and research commu- nities. Within the framework of this EU project alone, Munich will invest around EUR 20 million to develop its Neuaubing-Westkreuz/Freiham district by the start of 2021. The packages of measures proposed are rooted in the concept of the sharing economy, the shared use of goods and services, the recycling and reuse of resources, innovative business models, the usability of services and the focused, socially compatible deployment of modern technology. Inspired by the EU project Horizon 2020, “20” has become the magic number in Munich’s Smarter Together project: By 2050, the Neuaubing-Westkreuz project area aims to reach climate neutrality. 20 20 20 Cut CO2 emissions by percent percent of the energy mix percent Improve energy efficiency by more than Use renewable sources as more than ABOUT SMARTER TOGETHER
  9. 9. 9 Smarter Together Cities ABOUT SMARTER TOGETHER Successful solutions will set an example for other urban districts, cities and municipalities. Lighthouse cities: Lyon, France Munich, Germany Vienna, Austria Follower cities: Santiago de Compostela, Spain Sofia, Bulgaria Venice, Italy 9 9
  10. 10. 10 Project partners Within the framework of the Smarter Together project, the City of Munich collaborates with numerous partners from the business and academic communities to develop solutions for liveable cities of tomorrow. ABOUT SMARTER TOGETHER
  11. 11. 11 The Neuaubing-Westkreuz / Freiham project area A lab for the future of Europe’s cities ABOUT SMARTER TOGETHER © MGS Homes built in the 1960s and 1970s give the project area in Neuaubing-Westkreuz its characteristic feel and flavour. For reasons of age, many of the apartment blocks are in need of extensive refurbishment. The area features a heterogeneous array of buildings and is home to about 23,000 residents. • It is part of what is geographically the largest but also the most thinly populated urban district of Munich. • At the same time, it is the largest redevelopment area in Germany (under the country’s designated “social city” program). Right next to Neuaubing-Westkreuz, Freiham – Germany’s largest new development area – is also part of the model region. Here, around 17,000 housing units and infrastructure to serve 28,000 residents will be in place by 2041.
  12. 12. 12 1 - Citizen Engagement Working together to build the future Smart, sustainable solutions for liveable urban districts The City of Munich’s collaboration on the Smarter Together project is not confined to partners in the business and academic communities alone. Neighbourhood residents are also actively involved in the development process. These collective bodies created an intensive form of public participation, giving residents who take part the chance to channel their ideas and concerns into the concept and design of planned infrastructure measures. Thus, they can exert a tangible influence on the outcomes. Co-design takes place in cooperation with experts from the project’s industry and research partners. It applies to all planned measures. In this way, practical applications suitable for daily use have been crafted around five topics – applications which align with the needs of local residents and improve their quality of life: • Sensors for smart lamp posts • Innovation competition for start-ups and teams of inventors • Munich’s SmartCity app • Neighbourhood sharing boxes • Mobility stations CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT12
  13. 13. 13 Co-design collectives Residents combine to shape the future The Munich Centre for Technology in Society (MCTS) at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) handles the conceptual design of the co- design process, for which it shoul- ders overall responsibility. Together with urban renewal company MGS, it organises workshops at the Urban Living Lab developed specially for this purpose in Neuaubing-West- kreuz. The co-design workshops involve using scenarios to examine the as is situation on location, designing and testing prototypes and drafting alternatives. Ideas and creativity are welcomed with open arms at the Urban Living Lab, true to fundamen- tal principles the EU has enshrined in the Smarter Together project: Trying out new things, conducting experiments, thinking out of the box and pursuing those ideas which prove themselves in practice are all expressly encouraged. The outcomes of these processes always become visible at the local level. CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT © MGS / Wolf
  14. 14. 14 Rethinking cities An active local district hub The Urban Living Lab set up spe- cially in Neuaubing-Westkreuz is an event location, exhibition space and civic centre in one. It is the pivotal hub of the public participation pro- cess. And it is here that MGS seeks to get local residents and other stakeholders excited about issues relating to smart, sustainable urban development – where it invites them to actively air their wishes and ideas. Informative and entertaining events round off the portfolio of offerings, including interactive art and media projects, technology exhibitions and talks by renewable energy experts, for example. The Smarter Together team runs information booths and organizes hands-on activities at vari- ous local events. At opening ceremo- nies, it also invites locals to try out smart offerings for themselves. The Urban Living Lab is open for public consultation three days a week. The project managers and experts from the Smarter Together team are on hand to talk to visitors, around 4,000 of whom have so far taken advantage of the activities on offer here. MGS disseminates information about the goals of the project, opportunities for par- ticipation and the status of implementation via: • A central website • A local website for the urban development area • A neighbourhood newspaper • Various social media channels CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
  15. 15. 15 Urban Living Lab 25 5 6 4000 Co-design and design workshops for smart city solutions technology workshops, approx. 140 participants visitors to the Urban Living Lab mobility workshops, approx. 100 participants all Images © MGS / Wolf CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
  16. 16. 16 In workshops, the participants explored the technological features and possible functions of these lamp posts. Local residents, experts from the City of Munich and other interested parties put their heads together to think about sensors and data capture issues in the context of smart cities and the value they can add for the local population. The aim was to learn the language we should develop to use with sen- sors to facilitate dialogue with the city’s technical infrastructure. Work- Co-design collective for technology and data Technology is the solution – But what is the problem? ing in guided groups, the workshop format gave participants the chance to collaborate on building technical prototypes from a variety of ma- terials, and then to program, test and discuss them. These scenarios made the sensors more visible and interactive than when they have already been built into lamp posts. Working together on and seeking to understand sensors gave many of those in attendance new insights into the whole subject of smart cities. Smart lamp posts – Sensors that know their place In the course of the design process, the participants agreed that tech- nical systems and infrastructures alone do not make a city liveable. Therefore, their advice is to design urban spaces which combine service with a superior quality of stay. After inspecting the two locations on the Bodenseestrasse and Limesstrasse, the participants formulated recom- mendations for three areas: CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT Interaction of sensors and lamp post – prototype / ©TUM Hanna Varga Series of workshops: Technology Central topic: collecting and using data via „smart lamp posts”
  17. 17. 17 The desire was expressed to mea- sure traffic flows in combination with adaptive traffic light phase control to avoid congestion. Another proposal was to measure pollutants and par- ticulate matter – data which can be linked to measures to reduce traffic speeds. To give the network operated by the Department of Health and Environ- ment an even more finely meshed layer, location-specific data about pollutants and local climate could be measured and made available. This recommendation explicitly targets a public service. 1) Traffic data collection 3) Public M-WLAN Hotspots Wireless LAN (M-WLAN) hotspots provide free Internet connectivity as an add-on service for local residents and businesses, to improve people’s quality of stay and realise synergies. 2) Pollutants CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
  18. 18. 18 to be continued ... The participants formulated de- tailed and concrete recommenda- tions for the handling of data and concerning the role of local govern- ment in this context: From the outset, technical measures should be put in place to ensure that it is not even possible for the sensors in the lamp posts to collect personal data and/or operate facial or number plate recognition. Moreover, the orientation of the sen- sors should be exclusively toward public spaces, never toward private gardens and homes. Sensors are nothing more than a means to an end. The data they collect should serve local residents directly – making life easier in and beyond the district or contributing to more conscious everyday behaviours. The specific recommendations for functional requirements which emerged from the design process were mostly channelled into the techni- cal features of the lamp posts and into the corresponding tender process. Residents of the district were inten- sively involved in this co-design collec- tive. Since the participation process was concluded, active and engaged lo- cals have continued regular meetings with experts as part of a newly formed “Data Consultation Team”. Need for sensitive data handling © MGS / Mendes CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
  19. 19. 19 Co-design collective for mobility More room for new mobility offerings The workshop participants formu- lated concrete requests for new local government mobility offerings. These included improvements to the cycling infrastructure in the project area, the adaptation of stations at bus and commuter rail stops, and the need for rapid usage assess- ment in order to respond to growing demand by expanding the services on offer. The desire for a variety of vehicles for hire was also expressed, as was the request for mobility stations to feature pump stations for bicycles and, if possible, drinking water fountains. The consensus was that easy hiring processes and comprehensive information for local residents are vital if widespread use is to be made of these services. From ideas to plans: Visualising the Westkreuz mobility station CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT Series of workshops: Mobility Outcome: the concrete design of mobility stations and shared district boxes
  20. 20. 20 Mobility is one of three topics that are central to Smarter Together. In July 2018, the first four out of a total of eight planned multimodal mobility stations went into service. The others followed in December 2018. The City of Munich expects this mobility concept to alter the composition of vehicular traffic in the future. Above all, it expects a drop in motorised private transport. Only then can the Bavarian capital achieve its goals, one of which is to be climate-neutral by 2050. Activities in the project area are to be seen in this wider context. The outcomes of the co-design workshop contributed to the choice of locations and the specific design of the mobility stations and shared district boxes. Municipal transport utility MVG is spearheading this package of measures for modern mobility, implementing it in cooperation with the actors involved in the project area. 2 - Mobility Flexible ways to get around The right vehicle for every need MOBILITY20
  21. 21. 21 Shared District Box E-Mobility Station Smarter Together Mobility concept Users Munich SmartCity App RFID Access Card (pilot phase) Web Smart Data Platform Charging stations Shared District Box E-car sharing MVG e-trike MVG e-bike MVG bike USAGE DATA NUMBER, DURATION, FREQUENCY POINTS OF ACCESS SERVICE OFFERINGS SMART E-MOBILITY STATIONS MOBILITY
  22. 22. 22 Mobility services: • Rental bicycles (MVG bike) • Pedelecs (MVG e-bikes) • E-tricycles (MVG e-trikes) • E-car sharing with service provider STATTAUTO • SWM charging stations for electric vehicles, supplying 100% green electricity The multimodal mobility stations are linked to the transport utility’s core local passenger transport services. All eight stations feature public wire- less LAN coverage. In addition, a digital information pillar displays all available mobility options. Eight stations get the district moving MOBILITY Images © MVG
  23. 23. 23 What have been termed shared district boxes have also been installed at two mobility stations – one at the Westkreuz commuter rail (S-bahn) stop and one at the corner of Freienfels- straße and Wiesentfelser Straße. These boxes make delivery, shopping and swapping/sharing services possible on a 24/7 basis. Each set of boxes features cooling compartments, refri- gerated compartments and compartments at ambient temperature. Shared district boxes MOBILITY © MVG Local businesses and online shops alike can deposit goods in these boxes to be picked up later by the buyers An age verification terminal ensures that goods intend- ed for adults can only be accessed by adults Access 24/7, regardless of shop opening times As lockers for temporary storage purposes A personal PIN code or barcode must be entered to gain access To share/swap items with each other Built-in cooling and refrigerated compartments also allow food to be delivered
  24. 24. 24 The socially compatible refurbishment of energy systems in housing complexes commands high priority in the Smarter Together project, which aims to increase the proportion of renewable energy used to supply heat and electric power. The German government’s 2050 Climate Plan* has set ambitious targets: Consequently the primary energy consumption of the existing building stock has to be decreased by at least 80 percent. Additionally, Smarter Together defined goals for the Neuaubing-Westkreuz project area: • Refurbishment of a total of 42,000 m² of living space to a high energy standard while fixing current rents. • Increase of the renewable energy portion in the heat and electric power supply. • Cultivation of residents’ awareness of energy-saving behaviours and a healthy interior climate. 3 - Energy Refurbishment + renewable energy = low-energy district ENERGY24 *BMUB (2016): Climate Action Plan 2050 - Principles and goals of the German government’s climate policy
  25. 25. 25 Refurbishment Refurbishment Consulting Refurbishment Roadmap Photovoltaics Battery Storage Unit & Virtual Power Plant Energy Grid / District Heating DATA INDOOR AIR TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY, BUILDING DATA Smart Data Platform Smarter Together Concept for refurbishment and renewable energy Smart Home ENERGY
  26. 26. 26 The future low-energy district rests on a number of pillars ENERGETIC REFURBISHMENT BATTERY STORAGE VIRTUAL POWER PLANT PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATIONS Use of renewable energy through GEOTHERMAL ENERGY-BASED DISTRICT HEATING Use of renewable energy through SMART HOME ELEMENTS A comprehensive spectrum of object-specific REFURBISHMENT CONSULITING Provision of a REFURBISHMENT ROADMAP ENERGY26 during the process to support customers
  27. 27. 27 The refurbishment consulting provided during the process deli- vers extensive analysis and expert recommendations on measures to refurbish the energy system as a whole, to refurbish heating systems and to integrate renewable energy systems (photovoltaics, district heating) and ways to fund them. In addition, the owners of residential buildings – and especially shared ownership associations – receive free support before and during the implementation of refurbishment measures. One effective consulting tool is the building refurbishment and energy check tool developed in-house especially for this project. This tool is based on a thorough inventorying exercise within the framework of a joint on-site inspec- tion. It delivers individual, made-to- measure planning and decision aids for every type of building and every ownership structure. By going ahead with refurbishment, the owners sig- nificantly reduce heating and energy costs. One precondition (for attrac- tive funding terms) is that refurbish- ment must deliver KfW Efficiency Status 100. The building refurbishment and energy check also helps owners to better assess the maintenance needs of their properties along with other modernization options (such as barrier-free access and the integration of mobility offerings). Free consulting is provided with two objectives in mind: to make refurbishment measures more cost-effective for the owners, there- by increasing the probability that implementation will proceed; and to ensure compliance with climate targets. Good advice is half the job REFURBISHMENT CONSULTING © MGS ENERGY
  28. 28. 28 • Analysis and conceptual design of energy system refurbishment and household energy-saving measures • Legal advice on home ownership issues • Advice on funding options • Advice on investment strategies and risks and how to finance investment • Complementary measures such as the integration of mobility services and charging stations on private property can also be discussed. • For the implementation of refurbish- ment measures, owners receive up to EUR 1 per kilowatt-hour of final energy saved. This European funding is set aside for Smarter Together, on top of other subsidies. • Assessment of the structural quality of the building • Analysis of energy consumption • Concepts for refurbishment mea- sures to improve energy efficiency based on the latest technologies (several variants) • Preliminary cost estimate for the different refurbishment variants • Variant-based calculation of the payback period • Information about funding programs and innovative financing concepts In collaboration with MGS and other part- ners, the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics (IBP) is developing a roadmap for sustainable project management for the refurbishment of apartment blocks. The roadmap contains well-researched recommendations and innovative solu- tion strategies to design the refurbish- ment process for the administrators and advisory councils of shared ownership associations, for home owners, energy consultants and local governments in the context of the challenges specifically faced by shared ownership associations when initiating, planning and implementing extensive refurbishment measures. The Refurbishment Roadmap will be published as a digital booklet and as an interactive, digital information tool with various layers of information. Refurbishment Roadmap ENERGETIC REFURBISHMENTBuilding refurbishment and energy check for residential buildings Individual advice provided by a specialist team Link to Refurbishment Roadmap ENERGY
  29. 29. 29 Although the technical procedure for refurbishment is essentially comparable for every building, irre- spective of the form of ownership, the take-up rate for refurbishment is below average for shared owner- ship associations. In a shared ownership association, the interplay between individual actors and the decision processes creates special challenges that make it more difficult to implement extensive energy system refurbish- ment measures. In the course of the project, urban re- newal company MGS and its team of experts for energy system refurbish- ment have succeeded in also win- ning shared ownership associations over to the cause of comprehensive Smarter Together refurbishment for their buildings. Preliminary technical investigations and analyses were conducted in advance. MGS also accompanies and supports techni- cal and legal aspects of the entire process, is involved in producing suitable financing concepts and plays a part in sourcing subsidies. FOCUS ON SHARED OWNERSHIP ASSOCIATIONS Fit for the future 20.000 m2 improved to the standard of new buildings © MGS / Beierle ENERGY
  30. 30. 30 PROJECT 1 Refurbishment finished Shared ownership association Radolfzeller Straße 40–46 Built in 1966 108 apartments 8.900 m2 gross floor space • Facade: Composite heat insulation system (to complement measures completed on the west side) • Replacement of windows in the stairwell • Insulation of the basement ceiling • 20 kWp photovoltaic installation to meet general electricity needs (such as elevators, lighting in shared spaces etc.) • Hydraulic balancing of the heating system MEASURES • A reduction in final energy for heating of 20% • A virtual carbon-neutral heat supply due to district heating fed with geothermal heat. • More than 20,000 kWh of electricity will be generated every year by the photo- voltaic system and used to cover the building’s own electricity needs. • EXPECTED SAVINGS ENERGY
  31. 31. 31 Refurbishment ongoing Shared ownership association Wiesenthauerstraße 16 PROJECT 2 Built in 1968 45 apartments 4.400 m2 gross floor space • Faced: Composite heat insulation system Replacement of panels contaminated by asbestos • Insulation of the roof • Insulation of the basement ceiling • Replacement of windows • Renovation of the heating system: new gas boiler, radiators, thermostatic valves • (Partial) replacement of radiators • Hydraulic balancing of the heating system MEASURES • Reduction in final energy of more than 60% • Reduction of CO2 emissions of 58% EXPECTED SAVINGS ENERGY
  32. 32. 32 Crisis-proof and sustainable Energy from the sun planned for 2019 PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATIONS In the course of the project, the City of Munich and a variety of private actors have installed photovoltaic systems in the project area: In 2019, a total of 178 kWp will be available, some of which will be fed into municipal utility SWM’s virtual power plant*. * A virtual power plant interconnects different power stations. SHARED OWNERSHIP ASSOCIATION Radolfzeller Straße 40-46 (as part of the energy system refurbishment program) PV: 20 kWp – 12/2018 NURSERY Aubinger Allee 152 PV 30kWp – 12/2017 NURSERY Spielehaus e.V. PV: 10 kWp plus mobility station SCHOOL Gustl-Bayerhammer-Str. 21 PV: 30 kWp – 12/2017 SCHOOL Reichenaustr. 3 PV: 38 kWp – 4/2017 SCHOOL Ravensburger Ring PV: 60 kWp ENERGY
  33. 33. 33 Geothermal energy for Neuaubing-Westkreuz/Freiham Since January 2017, the geothermal heat station in Freiham has been feeding locally sourced geothermal energy into SWM’s district heating system. Buildings in the project area which are hooked up to the district heating system can thus draw on a virtually carbon-neutral heat supply. Crisis-proof and sustainable Geothermal energy DISTRICT HEATING © SWM ENERGY Technical details • 13 MW installed heating capacity • Depth of drilling: app. 2500m • Source temperature: 90°C • 100l hot water /sec
  34. 34. 34 In 2018, SWM’s power storage went into operation in the project area with a rated output of 800 kW and a capacity of 1 MWh. An IT link to the control centre integrates the storage in the virtual power plant. It is part of an energy system which handles a broad range of tasks to ensure a sustainable and reliable power supply. Intelligent energy management controlled by the virtual power plant’s operations centre enables excess electricity to charge up the battery storage at short notice and then discharge it again in response to later demand. The battery storage thus contributes to stable power grid operations by balancing out short-term deviations between the supply of and demand for electricity. At the same time, it is to be deployed as a neighbourhood storage with a view to increasing the use of energy from renewable sources: Buildings and power generation instal- lations in the project area which do not have their own power store can then be linked to the battery storage via the virtual power plant. Well connected Battery storage as an important element of Germany’s new energy policy BATTERY STORAGE AND VIRTUAL POWER PLANT ENERGY
  35. 35. 35 SMART HOME ELEMENTS Making your home smart As part of the Smarter Together project, 400 “smart home” sets and a corre- sponding app from project partner Securitas are available free of charge to residents of the project area. Installed in the home, these smart home sets help residents create healthy, com- fortable living conditions. To do so, they collect temperature and humidity data. Via an app, they then give users hints on energy-saving heating and ventilation behaviour with no loss of comfort. Adap- ting one’s individual behaviour can realise savings of as much as 25 percent while ensuring that a healthy, feel-good indoor climate is maintained. 1. Experts for innovative energy concepts and indoor comfort. Development of monitoring interfaces. 2. Innovative power supply solutions and monitoring for interfaces. 3. Documentation of refurbishment strategies for shared ownership associations. 4. Battery storage and virtual power plant, geo- thermal based district heating. 5. Sustainable financial investments and innova- tive financing methods. 6. Smart home units and feel-good climate app. 7. Strategy, risk and financial consulting in an investment context. Partner of Energy projects Info-Folder and App In München investiert die Landeshauptstadt gemeinsam mit elf Partnern aus Wirtschaft und Wissenschaft in das Projektgebiet Neuaubing-Westkreuz/Freiham. Das Ziel ist es, die Lebensqualität der rund 30.000 Einwohner zu verbessern, die Energieeffizienz von Wohnraum zu steigern und vernetzte Mobilitätsangebote zu schaffen – mit Hilfe intelligent genutzter Daten und neuer Technologien. Unser Projektpartner Securitas stellt Ihnen im Rahmen des Projektes »Smarter Together« das Smart Home Wohlfühlpaket für Ihr Zuhause zur Ver- fügung. Gemeinsam wollen wir so Energiekosten senken und Neuaubing und Westkreuz in einen intelligenten und klimagerechten Stadtteil verwandeln. NEU wohl die erfor- stenfrei zur wändig undtützen wiruert in der ne aus- WOHL FÜHLKLIMAIST ETWASINDIVIDUELLES. DENKEN T HOME« N LYONMÜNCHENWIEN EU-PARTNERPROJEKT »SMARTER TOGETHER«LÖSUNGEN ENTWICKELN UND ERPROBEN Mehr SMARTER TOGETHER UNSERE PARTNERIN MÜNCHEN: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ENERGY
  36. 36. 36 4 - Technology TECHNOLOGY36 In the context of this project, technology focuses on the intelligent use of information. “Smart data, not big data” is the motto: Quality takes precedence over quantity. With this in mind, only data which yields direct benefits for local residents and/or for the city as a whole is collected, analysed and made available. Top priority is given to privacy, transparency and data protection. The resultant data lays the foundation for various applications and mobile services – in real time.
  37. 37. 37 DATA SUPPLY SECURE, TRANSPARENT DATA HANDLING DATA USAGE Open Data Portal City of Munich Internal Project Monitoring Analysis Dashboard Munich SmartCity App Transparency- Dashboard* * Smart Data Platform Data Gatekeeper Concept Energy • Smart Home • Building Data Mobility • Usage Data • Local Weather Data • Air Quality • Traffic Flow • Parking Space Detection Lamp Posts with Sensors Smarter Together Concept for Data and technology API TECHNOLOGY
  38. 38. 38 Three streets and a walkway through a park in the Neuaubing- Westkreuz/Freiham project area were fitted with smart lamp posts by spring 2018. Two features in particular make the lamp posts “smart”: One is that, on top of their lighting function, the posts have a separate second power supply that can allow sensors to measure and capture local data (e.g. environmental and weather data) 24 hours a day. The other is that each lamp post is Internet-enabled thanks to either wireless LAN or fibre, allowing the sensors fitted in them to transfer their measurement data securely to a central repository. The fact that the lamp posts are de- scribed as “urban labs” or “real labs” is a clear indication that digital ser- vices and the benefits they provide are being tried out in practice here in the project area. Since the lamp posts have Internet connectivity, they can double up as hotspots to provide free public wireless LAN access (“M-WLAN”). Adjacent cafes, bakeries and snack bars will experi- ence direct benefits, as this service encourages guests to stay longer. Equipped with the right innovative sensors, the connected lamp posts can, for example, measure data on the local air quality, the weather and current traffic levels in real time. This local data can then be trans- ferred to a central smart data platform (see below), edited and made available for further use: for urban planning topics, for display on a city map incorporated in the SmartCity Munich app or, in the future, on the Munich Open Data portal, for instance. This would allow local residents to access and use all kinds of up-to-date status reports (such as temperature, humidity, precipitation, concentration of air pollutants etc.) in a given urban district or street. Smart lamp posts What makes the lamp posts so smart? Children become familiar with smart lamp posts / © MGS/Wolf TECHNOLOGY
  39. 39. 39 Which sensors are currently being trialled in the lamp posts and exactly what they can measure is described in detail on what is known as the “Transparency Dashboard” (see page 42), a website in the public domain. Technical measures have been taken in ad- vance to prevent the fitted sensors from even being able to collect personal data, recognise car number plates or recognise faces. In ad- dition, all sensors exclusively face onto public spaces. Sensors to measure environmental data Sensors to measure moving traffic and to detect parking spaces About 20 small (3 m) lamp posts: in a park area on Ellis-Kaut-Straße More than 40 tall (10 m) lamp posts: • Bodenseestraße • Limesstraße • Wiesentfelder Straße 60 smart lamp posts in the project area © LHM / Dominik Parzinger TECHNOLOGY
  40. 40. 40 Building on ideas To fit “smart functionality” into the lamp posts, the City of Munich has, since autumn 2017, been experi- menting with a specially developed innovative procurement instrument, known as “open calls”. Rather than ask providers for indi- vidual sensors with certain specific functions, open calls also appeal to providers’ powers of innovation. The challenge is to develop digital solutions for the lamp posts in accordance with the requested ser- vices based on the measurements collected by the sensors. Such open calls give providers the chance to add extra aspects and contribute ideas of their own. Why? Because there is need for relevant end-to-end solutions. This new type of contract award allows Smarter Together to benefit from extensive experience in highly innovative areas in return for a minimal investment risk. The open calls are addressed to start-ups, researchers and develo- pers, but also to established corpo- rate players. Lot 1: Weather data* Lot 2: Air quality** WINNERS: Vaisala, Finland and Munich-based start-up Hawa Dawa. Cooperation commenced in spring 2018. Lot 1: Traffic counting Lot 2: Parking space detection WINNERS: Lot 1: Swarco (installation), Munich-based start-up ParkHere (sensor solution) and Munich-based start-up Eluminocity (sensor solution) Lot 2: Eluminocity and a consortium comprising Axians (project coordination), Cisco (data collection) and Munich-based start-up Cleverciti (sensor solution) Implementation of these solutions is scheduled for the beginning of 2019. FIRST OPEN CALL SECOND OPEN CALL TECHNOLOGY * air temperature, air humidity, wind direction, wind speed, air pressure, precipitation) ** NO2, SO2, CO, O3, and particulate matter, (PM 2.5 und PM 10)
  41. 41. 41 The lamp posts are a project under the heading “Technology”, which focuses on the intelligent use of information in a smart city context. To save energy, reduce CO2 emis- sions and facilitate a cleaner, cleverer flow of traffic, the use of digital technologies is indispensable: for up-to-date information, commu- nication, data exchange, analysis and connectivity. In this context, the Bavarian capital has explicitly committed itself to seeking a healthy balance between smart technologies and solutions that are workable for people in their everyday life. Smart data, not big data, is the mot- to. With this in mind, the solutions collect, analyse and provide access only to data which delivers immedi- ate benefits to local residents and/ or the city as a whole. Top priority is always given to current privacy/ data protection legislation and the implementation of leading-edge data protection requirements. The Munich consortium addressed the issues of privacy and data protection explicitly from the mo- ment it applied for EU funding under the aegis of Smarter Together. An extensive array of principles, guide- lines and corresponding comments was already in existence at the time. What was lacking, however, was a readily comprehensible overview of how data is to be handled in the con- text of modern smart city projects. The City of Munich – a trusted data gatekeeper The City of Munich, a trusted author- ity for the administration of data, has committed itself to involving all relevant stakeholders and defining suitable conventions and rules in the context of possible fiduciary and business models relating to the use and provisioning of data. This information and these rules were described and discussed in a “data gatekeeper” concept which was made available to anyone who was interested. This paper contains extensive recommendations, details of experi- ence and guidelines on trustworthy dealings with data in the context of smart cities. Aspects of importance to all urban stakeholders – from a discussion of relevant paragraphs of the new European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) to specific recommendations for technical implementation of rules in the context of data platforms – are sketched in the document. Smart data Platform Smart data, not big data TECHNOLOGY
  42. 42. 42 As a showroom for the Munich smart data platform, the Transparency Dash- board gives citizens or anyone who is interested a clear overview of what data is being collected in the project and how it is processed. It shows which data sources are integrated, what measures are taken to protect data and privacy, and for what applications certain data is used. The Transparency Dashboard also shows: • What data on the platform is made available in the public domain • How the data can be used • How it may, under certain circum- stances, be accessed via an inter- face to the smart data platform. Transparency Dashboard Transparency breeds trust TECHNOLOGY
  43. 43. 43 The new SmartCity app was launched at the start of 2018. The app provides a wealth of useful information about sights to see, the weather, current events in the user’s immediate proximity and the city’s various offices and authorities. It also provides details of local pub- lic transport and the various other mobility modules made available by transport utility MVG, including e-car sharing, pedelecs, utility e-trikes and MVG bikes. Drivers with electric cars can see where e charging stations are located. Newly designed and improved search functions on the list and map pages and a new Categories menu add the finishing touches to the app, which features a new look and feel. More smart services – such as a central payment function and access to measurement data – are being added all the time, making the SmartCity app a central point of access to all innovations birthed in the course of the Smarter Together project. The Munich SmartCity app Designed to serve local residents Download the Munich SmartCity app TECHNOLOGY
  44. 44. 44 Generating returns for the city Smarter Together implemented a total of 23 innovative smart city projects in Munich from 2016 through 2018. Individually and cumulatively, these projects create the potential for considerable energy savings and the reduction of both pollution and CO2 emissions. Practical applications of innovative technologies make progress tangible and cultivate a better understanding of how urban spaces work. In particular, smart concepts yield benefits when they serve people directly and add value for local neighbourhoods – effectively generating returns for the city. MONITORING AND EVALUATION44
  45. 45. 45 Learning Lessons Monitoring and evaluating solutions The Smarter Together project area photo © MGS / Schmidt Over the next two years, the City of Munich’s Department of Urban Planning and Building Ordinances will monitor and evaluate these experimental projects to precisely determine their impact in context: • Will they be accepted in the way originally hoped for? • Will they yield the intended savings? • What can we do better? Positive insights will also be channelled into future projects, other neighbourhoods and our strategic areas of action. To ensure that valuable insights are translated into daily administrative procedures on a sustain- able basis, Smarter Together is working hard: • to carefully document the projects. • to analyse them systematically. • to engage in dialogue with partners who are interested in the resultant innovations. MONITORING AND EVALUATION 45
  46. 46. 46 Project documentation Profiles Evaluation of the projects Analysis of strengths and weaknesses Analysis of possible barriers to replication Steps to enhance cross- departmental collaboration Initiation of replication activities Goals for Munich as a smart city Possible target areas Possible milestones Possible financial framework Integration in administrative procedures Ongoing dialogue with other SCs 1 2 3 4 Dialogue with relevant Stakeholders internal and external Smart city “roadmap” for Munich Adoption of processes in routine practice MONITORING AND EVALUATION
  47. 47. 47 City of Munich Department of Public Construction City of Munich Department of Urban Planning City of Munich Department of Labor and Economic Development
  48. 48. Publisher: City of Munich Department of Labor and Economic Development European Affairs Herzog-Wilhelm-Strasse 15 80331 Munich Germany E-mail: Responsible for content: Department of Labor and Economic Development Verena Stoppel & Bernhard Klassen Copy and structure: Corina Prutti, das komm.büro Design and layout: SKIP TO L.A. Printed by: Senser Druck, Augsburg This report reflects only the author’s view, neither the European Commission nor INEA is responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains. Volume number 325 / January 2019 D4.1.3 Smart City Munich Lighthouse Project: Documentation of Activities and Achievements klimaneutral | DE-559-582119 gedruckt