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Windows Server 2012 R2 Jump Start - Virtualization


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Windows Server 2012 R2 Jump Start - Virtualization

  1. 1. Day 1 Introducing Windows Server 2012 R2 Server Virtualization in Windows Server 2012 R2 Cloud Optimized Networking in Windows Server 2012 R2 Storage in Windows Server 2012 R2 Day 2 Server Management & Automation with Windows Server 2012 R2 VDI with Windows Server 2012 R2 Access & Information Protection with Windows Server 2012 R2 Web Application & Platform with Windows Server 2012 R2 Server Virtualization in Windows Server 2012 R2
  2. 2. DOWNLOAD Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview #WS2012R2JS DOWNLOAD System Center 2012 R2 Preview Hands-On Labs System Center 2012 R2 Jumpstart July 15th -
  3. 3.  Introduction  Scalability & Performance  Security & Multitenancy  Flexible Infrastructure  High Availability & Resiliency  Virtualization Innovation  Summary & Wrap Up
  4. 4. CHALLENGES Bigger, faster, and more available virtual machines Greater flexibility and agility to deliver solutions Ability to handle complex storage and networking requests Removal of limits in virtual machine mobility Support for new hardware technologies Keep services up and running, and meet SLAs Decrease capital and operational costs of infrastructure Use bigger, more capable servers more effectively Protect and use existing investments and infrastructure Maintain separation of resources in multitenant environments NEEDS
  5. 5. Provide guaranteed levels of service for the key applications and workloads Run the most demanding applications with the highest levels of performance & scalability Take advantage of hardware innovations, while still using existing hardware to maximum advantage Ensure optimal resource availability for key applications & workloads Massive Host, Cluster & Virtual Machine scalability Enhanced Dynamic Memory Capabilities Guest NUMA Support Hardware Offloading & integration across compute, networking & storage Network & Storage Quality of Service
  6. 6. Hosts • Support for up to 320 logical processors & 4TB physical memory per host • Support for up to 1,024 virtual machines per host Clusters • Support for up to 64 physical nodes & 8,000 virtual machines per cluster Virtual Machines • Support for up to 64 virtual processors and 1TB memory per VM Massive scalability for the most demanding workloads
  7. 7. Ease of Management & Operations • PXE boot from Optimized vNIC • Hot-Add CD/DVD Drive Dynamic Storage • VMs have UEFI firmware with support for GPT partitioned OS boot disks >2TB • Faster Boot from Virtual SCSI with Online Resize & increased performance Security • Removal of emulated devices reduces attack surface • VM UEFI firmware supports Secure Boot VMs built on Optimized, Software-Based Devices
  8. 8. Features • Storage capacity up to 64 TBs • Corruption protection during power failures • Optimal structure alignment for large-sector disks Benefits • Increases storage capacity • Protects data • Helps to ensure quality performance on large-sector disks VHDX Provides Increased Scale, Protection & Alignment Large allocations and 1 MB aligned Header region Data region (large allocations and 1 MB aligned) Metadata region (small allocations and unaligned) Intent log Block Allocation Table (BAT) Metadata table User data blocks Sector bitmap blocks User metadata File metadata Header
  9. 9. Expand Virtual SCSI Disks 1. Grow VHD & VHDX files whilst attached to a running virtual machine 2. Then expand volume within the guest Shrink Virtual SCSI Disks 1. Reduce volume size inside the guest 2. Shrink the size of the VHD or VHDX file whilst the VM is running Online VHDX Resize provides VM storage flexibility
  10. 10. External Intelligent Storage Array Virtual Disk Virtual Disk Token Benefits • Rapid virtual machine provisioning and migration • Faster transfers on large files • Minimized latency • Maximized array throughput • Less CPU and network use • Performance not limited by network throughput or server use • Improved datacenter capacity and scale Token-based data transfer within the storage array
  11. 11. Live migration maintaining Fibre Channel connectivity Hyper-V host 1 Hyper-V host 2 Worldwide Name Set B Worldwide Name Set A Worldwide Name Set B • Unmediated access to a storage area network (SAN) • Hardware-based I/O path to virtual hard disk stack • N_Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) support • Single Hyper-V host connected to different SANs • Up to four Virtual Fibre Channel adapters on a virtual machine • Multipath I/O (MPIO) functionality • Supports Live migration Access Fibre Channel SAN data from a virtual machine Worldwide Name Set A
  12. 12. Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 • Introduced Dynamic Memory to enable reallocation of memory automatically between running virtual machines Enhanced in Windows Server 2012 & R2 • Minimum & Startup Memory • Smart Paging • Memory Ballooning • Runtime Configuration Achieve higher levels of density for your Hyper-V hosts VM1 Maximum memory Hyper-V Physical memory pool Minimum memory Maximum memory Memory in use Physical memory pool Memory in use Physical memory pool Administrator can increase maximum memory without a restart
  13. 13. Hyper-V Smart Paging • Reliable way to keep a VM running when no physical memory is available • Performance will be degraded as disk is much slower than memory Used in the following situations: • VM restart • No physical memory is available • No memory can be reclaimed from other virtual machines on that host Utilize disk as additional, temporary memory Hyper-V VM1 Maximum memory Virtual machine starting with Hyper-V smart paging Minimum memory VMn Minimum memory Maximum memory VM2 Maximum memory Minimum memory Physical memory pool Physical memory pool Physical memory pool Startup increases memory in use Paging file provides additional memory for startup Removing paged memory after virtual machine restart Memory reclaimed after startup Physical memory pool Memory in use after startup
  14. 14. Features • Uses resource pools • Compatible with all Hyper-V operations • Unaffected by virtual machine movement • Uses Network Metering Port ACLs Benefits of Resource Metering • Easier to track virtual machine use • Can be used to aggregate data for multiple virtual machines • Can be used to build accurate lookback and chargeback solutions • Easier to obtain resource use data Metrics Average CPU use Average memory use Minimum memory use Maximum memory use Maximum disk allocation Incoming network traffic Outgoing network traffic Incoming storage IOPS Outgoing storage IOPS A two-tenant environment built with Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview Virtual Machine Resource Metering 20 10 Resource Pool Internet Resource Metering 10 5 3045 2540 Resource Pool Internet Customer2 30 55 Resource Pool Internet Customer1 0 0 0 0 1015202530354045505152025
  15. 15. • Allows an administrator to specify a maximum IOPS cap • Takes into account incoming & outgoing IOPS • Configurable on a VHDX by VHDX basis for granular control whilst VM is running • Prevents VMs from consuming all of the available I/O bandwidth to the underlying physical resource • Supports Dynamic, Fixed & Differencing Control allocation of Storage IOPS between VM Disks
  16. 16. Meet compliancy requirements with through encryption Ensure workloads have the highest levels of security & isolation with granular control capabilities Provide in-box hooks for in-house extensibility and customization Integrate with new and existing software & hardware investments PVLANS, Virtual Port ACLs, Port Monitoring & Port Mirroring Hyper-V Extensible Switch Rich partner ecosystem extending platform with powerful solutions BitLocker Drive Encryption DHCP & Router Guard
  17. 17. Enables • Isolation of virtual machines from other virtual machines even within the same VLAN • Creation of community groups of virtual machines that can exchange data packets 3 Port Types • Isolated • Community • Promiscuous Segregate traffic within VLANs Example PVLAN: ‒ Primary VLAN ID is 2 ‒ Secondary VLAN IDs are 4 and 5 NIC PVLAN Port types: Isolated Community Promiscuous Trunk mode NIC Guest OS 1 Guest OS 2 Guest OS 3 Guest OS 4 Guest OS 5 2, (4) 2 , (4) 2, (5) 2, (5) 2, (4, 5) 2, (5)
  18. 18. Data Protection, built in • Supports Used Disk Space Only Encryption • Integrates with TPM chip • Network Unlock & AD Integration Multiple Disk Type Support • Direct Attached Storage (DAS) • Traditional SAN LUN • Cluster Shared Volumes • Windows Server 2012 File Server Share In-box Disk Encryption to Protect Sensitive Data
  19. 19. Live Migration over SMB Live Migration Upgrades Live Cloning Duplicate virtual machines for testing & troubleshooting Complete flexibility for migrating virtualized workloads without interruption or downtime Upgrade to the latest version of Hyper-V without downtime for key workloads Enable a scalable, isolated, multitenant infrastructure without VLANs Network Virtualization Live Migration over RDMA Live Migration with Compression Simultaneous Live Migration Storage Live Migration Shared Nothing Live Migration Support for non-Microsoft guest operating systems
  20. 20. Significant Improvements in Interoperability • Multiple supported Linux distributions and versions on Hyper-V. • Includes Red Hat, SUSE, OpenSUSE, CentOS, and Ubuntu Comprehensive Feature Support • 64 vCPU SMP • Virtual SCSI, Hot-Add & Online Resize • Full Dynamic Memory Support • Live Backup • Deeper Integration Services Support Comprehensive feature support for virtualized Linux Server Hardware IndependentHardware VendorDrivers Windows Kernel Virtual Service Provider Configuration Store Worker Processes ManagementService WMIProvider Hyper-V
  21. 21. Export a clone of a running VM • Point-time image of running VM exported to an alternate location • Useful for troubleshooting VM without downtime for primary VM Export from an existing checkpoint • Export a full cloned virtual machine from a point-in-time, existing checkpoint of a virtual machine • Checkpoints automatically merged into single virtual disk Duplication of a Virtual Machine whilst Running VM1 VM2
  22. 22. VM VM Live migration setup iSCSI, FC or SMB Storage IP connection Configuration data Memory pages transferred Memory content MEMORYMEMORY Modified pages transferred Modified memory pages Storage handle moved VM • Faster live migrations, taking full advantage of available network • Simultaneous Live Migrations • Uses SMB Direct if network bandwidth available is over 10 gigabits • Supports flexible storage choices • No clustering required if virtual machine resides on SMB 3.0 File Share Faster, Simultaneous Migration of VMs Without Downtime
  23. 23. • Utilizes available CPU resources on the host to perform compression • Compressed memory sent across the network faster • Operates on networks with less than 10 gigabit bandwidth available • Enables a 2X improvement in Live Migration performance Intelligently Accelerates Live Migration Transfer Speed Live migration setup iSCSI, FC or SMB Storage IP connection Configuration data Memory pages compressed, then transferred Memory content MEMORYMEMORY Modified pages compressed, then transferred Modified memory pages Storage handle moved
  24. 24. • Remote Direct Memory Access delivers low latency network, CPU utilization & higher bandwidth • Supports speeds up to 56Gb/s • Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview supports RoCE, iWARP & Infiniband RDMA solutions • Delivers the highest performance for Live Migrations • Cannot be used with Compression Harness RDMA to Accelerate Live Migration Performance Live migration setup iSCSI, FC or SMB Storage IP Connection usingRDMA Configuration data Memory pages transferred at high speed Memory content MEMORYMEMORY Modified pages transferred at high speed Modified memory pages Storage handle moved
  25. 25. Host running Hyper-V Target deviceSource device • Move virtual hard disks attached to a running virtual machine • Manage storage in a cloud environment with greater flexibility and control • Move storage with no downtime • Update physical storage available to a virtual machine (such as SMB-based storage) • Windows PowerShell cmdlets Increased Flexibility through Live Migration of VM Storage Reads and writes go to the source VHD Disk contents are copied to new destination VHD Disk writes are mirrored; outstanding changes are replicated Reads and writes go to new destination VHD Virtual machine
  26. 26. Destination Hyper-V Virtual machine Target deviceSource device Virtual machine Source Hyper-V IP connection ConfigurationdataMemory contentModified memory pages • Increase flexibility of virtual machine placement & increased administrator efficiency • Simultaneously live migrate VM & virtual disks between hosts • Nothing shared but an ethernet cable • No clustering or shared storage requirements • Reduce downtime for migrations across cluster boundaries Complete Flexibility for Virtual Machine Migrations Reads and writes go to the source VHD Reads and writes go to the source VHD. Live Migration Begins Disk contents are copied to new destination VHD Disk writes are mirrored; outstanding changes are replicated Live Migration MEMORYMEMORY Live Migration ContinuesLive Migration Completes
  27. 27. • Customers can upgrade from Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V to Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview Hyper-V with no VM downtime • Supports Shared Nothing Live Migration for migration when changing storage locations • If using SMB share, migration transfers only the VM running state for faster completion • Automated with PowerShell • One-way Migration Only Simplified upgrade process from 2012 to 2012 R2 2012 Cluster Nodes 2012 R2 Cluster Nodes Hyper-V Cluster Upgrade without Downtime
  28. 28. Shared VHDX Hyper-V Replica with Extended Replication Online Backup Simplify infrastructure maintenance Robust, reliable & resilient infrastructure foundation for running continuous services Provide flexibility for application-level resiliency Cluster Aware Updating Hyper-V Recovery Manager Guest Clustering Failover Clustering NIC Teaming Failover Priority & Affinity Rules Integration with cloud services Provide granular solutions for enabling disaster recovery
  29. 29. • Massive scalability with support for 64 physical nodes & 8,000 VMs • VMs automatically failover & restart on physical host outage • Enhanced Cluster Shared Volumes • Cluster VMs on SMB 3.0 Storage • Dynamic Quorum & Witness • Reduced AD dependencies • Drain Roles – Maintenance Mode • VM Drain on Shutdown • VM Network Health Detection • Enhanced Cluster Dashboard Integrated Solution for Resilient Virtual Machines Cluster Dynamic Quorum Configuration
  30. 30. • Full support for running clustered workloads on Hyper-V host cluster • Guest Clusters that require shared storage can utilize software iSCSI, Virtual FC or SMB • Full support for Live Migration of Guest Cluster Nodes • Full Support for Dynamic Memory of Guest Cluster Nodes • Restart Priority, Possible & Preferred Ownership, & AntiAffinityClassNames help ensure optimal operation Complete Flexibility for Deploying App-Level HA Guest Cluster running on a Hyper-V ClusterGuest cluster node restarts on physical host failureGuest cluster nodes supported with Live Migration
  31. 31. • VHDX files can be presented to multiple VMs simultaneously, as shared storage • VM sees shared virtual SAS disk • Unrestricted number of VMs can connect to a shared VHDX file • Utilizes SCSI-persistent reservations • VHDX can reside on a Cluster Shared Volume on block storage, or on File-based storage • Supports both Dynamic and Fixed VHDX Guest Clustering No Longer Bound to Storage Topology Flexible choices for placement of Shared VHDX
  32. 32. • Upon service failure, Service Control Manager inside guest will attempt to restart the service • After 3 failures, Cluster Service will trigger event log entry 1250 • VM State = Application in VM Critical • VM can be automatically restarted on the same node • Upon subsequent failure, VM can be failed over and restarted on alternative node • Extensible by Partners Monitor Health of Applications Inside Clustered VMs
  33. 33. • Reduces server downtime and user disruption by orchestration of cluster node updates • Maintains service availability without impacting cluster quorum • Detects required updates and moves workloads off nodes for updates • Uses Windows Update Agent or extensible plug-in Integrated Patching Solution for Hyper-V Clusters Windows Server Cluster Current Workload Third-party plug-in for updates U
  34. 34. Hyper-V cluster with VMs on each nodeUpon failover, VMs restart in priority order • Failover Priority ensures certain VMs start before others on the cluster • Affinity rules allow VMs to reside on certain hosts in the cluster • AntiAffinityClassNames helps to keep virtual machines apart on separate physical cluster nodes • AntiAffinityClassNames exposed through VMM as Availability Set Ensure Optimal VM Placement and Restart Operations Anti-Affinity keeps related VMs apart
  35. 35. Once Hyper-V Replica is enabled, VMs begin replication • Affordable in-box business continuity and disaster recovery • Configurable replication frequencies of 30 seconds, 5 minutes and 15 minutes • Secure replication across network • Agnostic of hardware on either site • No need for other virtual machine replication technologies • Automatic handling of live migration • Simple configuration and management Replicate Hyper-V VMs from a Primary to a Replica site Once replicated, changes replicated on chosen frequency Upon site failure, VMs can be started on secondary site
  36. 36. Replication configured from primary to secondary • Once a VM has been successfully replicated to the replica site, replica can be replicated to a 3rd location • Chained Replication • Extended Replica contents match the original replication contents • Extended Replica replication frequencies can differ from original replica • Useful for scenarios such as SMB -> Service Provider -> Service Provider DR Site Replicate to 3rd Location for Extra Level of Resiliency Replication can be enabled on the 1st replica to a 3rd site
  37. 37. • Protect important services by coordinating replication and recovery of VMM-managed private clouds • Automates replication of VMs within clouds between sites • Hyper-V Replica provides replication, orchestrated by Hyper-V Recovery Manager • Can be used for planned, unplanned and testing failover between sites • Integrate with scripts for customization of recovery plans Orchestrate protection and recovery of private clouds
  38. 38. Improved VMBus Capabilities enable: • Audio over VMConnect • Copy & Paste between Host & Guest • Smart Card Redirection • Remote Desktop Over VMBus Enabled for Hyper-V on both Server & Client Fully supports Live Migration of VMs Enhancing VMConnect for the Richest Experience
  39. 39. • Activate VMs without managing product keys on a VM by VM basis • VMs activated on start-up • Reporting & Tracking built-in • Activate VMs in remote locations, with or without internet connectivity • Works with VM Migration • Generic AVMA key for VMs activates against a valid, activated Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V host Simplifying Activation of Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview VMs
  40. 40. DOWNLOAD Windows Server 2012 R2 Preview #WS2012R2JS DOWNLOAD System Center 2012 R2 Preview Hands-On Labs System Center 2012 R2 Jumpstart July 15th -