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Urban hub20 : Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World - Thriveable Cities

“This is a truly brilliant and much needed presentation. The author has brought together an extremely intelligent group of writers and thinkers to apply Integral principles to the problems and creative openings of city, regions, ecosystems, and the biosphere itself. Each one of these areas is treated as a living, complex, integral system, and the ways that they all mutually interact are fully explored, with the added benefit that they are all looked through an integral lens, insuring that a fully whole and complete path is taken. There is really no other approach like this available, and certainly none that give as full and comprehensive and inclusive an account. I can’t recommend this approach more highly, it truly touches a level of genius.” Ken Wilber—Sex, Ecology, Spirituality; The Integral Vision

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Urban hub20 : Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World - Thriveable Cities

  1. 1. integralMENTORS 20 IntegralUrbanHub Accelerating CityChange in aVUCAWorld Thriveable Cities Urban Hub a meta-pragmatic approach
  2. 2. “This is a truly brilliant and much needed presentation. The author has brought together an extremely intelligent group of writers and thinkers to apply Integral principles to the problems and creative openings of city, regions, ecosystems, and the biosphere itself. Each one of these areas is treated as a living, complex, integral system, and the ways that they all mutually interact are fully explored, with the added benefit that they are all looked through an integral lens, insuring that a fully whole and complete path is taken. There is really no other approach like this available, and certainly none that give as full and comprehensive and inclusive an account. I can’t recommend this approach more highly, it truly touches a level of genius.” Ken Wilber —Sex, Ecology, Spirituality; The Integral Vision
  3. 3. Urban Hub Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Thriveable Cities Marilyn Hamilton Guest Curator Integral UrbanHub 20
  4. 4. Copyright ©©integralMENTORS– April 2020 ISBN-13: 978-166-0970339 In fullness and freedom A series of graphic papers from integralMENTORS integral UrbanHub work on Thriveable Cities Founder and Managing Curator Paul van Schaik
  5. 5. “A city is more than a place in space, it is a drama in time” Patrick Geddes
  6. 6. Content Foreword Paul van Schaik, UH Founder and Managing Editor Introduction Marilyn Hamilton, Integral City Meshworks Guest Curator Caring for Planet Jude Currivan Restory and Restore Karen O’Brien Climate Challenge Community Learning Marilyn Hamilton Spirituality Optimizes Integral City Daniel Christian Wahl Salutogenic Cities Peter Merry Information & Energy Fields Caring for Local/Place Stephan Martineau Slocan Integral Forestry Cooperative Andrew Becker & Danielle Huffaker Integral Project Design Sean Esbjörn-Hargens Wisdom Economies Beth Sanders Nest City Serves Citizens & City Lev Gordon Living Cities Association Taisa Mattos, Anna Kovasna & Kosha Joubert Global Ecovillage Network Mark DeKay Integral Sustainable Design Diana Claire Douglas Systemic Constellations for OneCity
  7. 7. Caring for Others/Collectives/Groups Miriam Mason Martineau Parenting as Integral Evolutionary Activism Miriam Binder-Lang Integral Coaching for Sustainable Change Synnervate - Ard Hordijk & Allard De Ranitz Organizational Collaboration Edward Fitsell Integrating Civil Society Kara Stonehouse; Anne-Marie Voorhoeve & Morel Fourman Meshworking for Thriving Cities Ian Wight Making a Place We Can All Call Home Caring for Self Jon Freeman Intelligence in Living Systems Marilyn Hamilton Leadership in a VUCA World Ellen Van Dongen Lifemaps for Integral City Prototype City Transformation Marilyn Hamilton Storyboard Design for Meshworks Duncan Crowley & Constança Belchior Creating a Sustainable & Just Lisbon Contributors Books
  8. 8. Ambiguous You can easily find convincing but totally contradictory information for any assertion. Because of complexity and unpredictability the ubiquitous availability of information has created a mist in which it becomes increasingly difficult to find clarity. V U C A Volatile Things change continuously. What is true today isn’t true tomorrow. Even the nature and dynamics of change change. Uncertain More than ever, we live with a lack of predictability and a prospect for surprise. It is impossible to predict how projects will evolve. Complex Simple cause-and-effect chains have been replaced by complex interconnected forces and events. Interconnectedness makes all things increasingly complex.
  9. 9. Foreword Urban Hub 20 - Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World is the twentieth book in the series from Integral Urban Hub and IntegralMENTORS. For the first time we have asked a guest integralist to curate a book. And it is appropriate that for this 20:20 vision of our VUCA world that we have asked the creator of Integral City Meshworks Dr. Marilyn Hamilton to take on this task as guest curator. Marilyn has a vast experience in this area with a great network of fellow integralists. She has been inspired by the pioneer of city planning and sociology Patrick Geddes. His Outlook Tower, Camera Obscura and Summer Schools renewed old Edinburgh. We hope that the results of this highly readable and informative volume can renew and regenerate cities today. Together we have imagined how an Integral City Meshwork enables us to respond in a wholistic way to the life conditions of our VUCA world We hope you enjoy our co-creation and share it widely.
  10. 10. Introduction
  11. 11. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Introduction How would a group/collective/team of integralists Accelerate Transformation for their City in VUCA times? How would Integralists Meshwork themselves to serve the City as Gaia’s Reflective Organ in a VUCA situation like Climate Change or Coronavirus? Those are the questions I have been asking since I have observed the Integral Capacity arise in many practices, professions and places. But most of the Integrally-informed practitioners live in many different places around the world – so it is hard to imagine how many of us have now emerged who could be called to be the City’s organs – just as Cities have become Gaia’s Reflective Organs. How could we tap into our 12 Intelligences, 4 Voices, and Master Code of Care? But what if we all lived, worked, played and co-created in one place? How might we gain an overview of our gifts, talents, services and strengths? What would happen if we called these forth in one place in service to the wellbeing of one City? That is what this Urban Hub 20 book is about. We have called together in these pages a potential Meshwork of Integralists who can share their approaches. Each of these is valuable in themselves, but when they are linked together in a “supply chain” organized as a Meshwork of a Master Community of Carers, we amplify each link. Furthermore, we provide a path/direction/ of Care for all Voices in the City to interconnect as a living system of Care. In these VUCA times of Coronavirus and Climate Change and other threats and challenges these are the “Capacitators” who can help us understand Context and catalyze Care to Transform Cities as Gaia’s Reflective Organs.
  12. 12. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Master Code of Care This book is organized into 4 sections. Each one holds the insights, practices, contexts and priorities for one or more of the levels of Care: • Caring for Planet • Caring for Place • Caring for Others • Caring for Self In actual practice, this Code of Care grows as Capacities we practise from the smallest fractal of Caring for Self through Caring for Others through Caring for Place and then Caring for Planet. So, this book can be read in either direction – from Planet to Self for Context and from Self to Planet for Capacity Development. Taken as a whole these 4 sections offer a kind of Sacred Meshwork that helps us imagine how each level of Caring is holographic and fractal. We can see how the City is a living system, where individuals and collectives seek to survive, connect with their environment of Place and Planet (internally and externally) and regenerate. Each generation adds to the lineage of city life that it receives as a legacy, and in turn creates capacities for future generations to continue Life. We suggest to our Prototype City of Lisbon these initiatives to accelerate transformation of Care, Context and Capacity in these VUCA times.
  13. 13. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Caring for Planet In this section we gain the Overview of a Living System Cosmology that embraces all of the Cares into ONE planet. We discern the deep connections of Planetary Care in VUCA times – using Climate Change as an example that calls on the collaboration of individuals and collectives wearing the hats of the Practical, Political and Personal. We appreciate the power of Spirituality to bring optimism alive and optimization to empower our practices. We learn how a Salutogenic sense of Wellbeing creates the conditions for a Planet of Cities interconnected through science and spirit. We gain insights through the powers of ECOintention to change whole systems through sensing the energies of person, peoples, place and planet.
  14. 14. Re-story to Restore Jude Currivan
  15. 15. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Re-story to Restore The stories we tell about ourselves and the world are the stories we live by. Our world-views and beliefs drive our behaviours. Our collective and fragmented world-view, maintained by a materialistic and reductionist scientific paradigm, has been reflected in our dysfunctional behaviours. If we are to heal and restore our relationships with ourselves, each other and our planetary home, Gaia, we need to re-story our understanding of reality itself. At this critical time, in answer to this need, a new and yet ancient story is emerging. Leading edge science across all scales of existence and numerous fields of research is converging with universal spirituality into an integral model of unified reality. It reveals our Universe as composed of meaningful in- formation holographically manifested, and so exquisitely fine-tuned that it exists TO evolve: - This emergent wholeworld-view imbues our entire Universe and ourselves with inherent meaning and purpose. It invites us to understand, experience and embody unity awareness and to Think Cosmic, Feel Global and Act Local. Jude Currivan PhD
  16. 16. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Evolving Evolution Our Planet is calling to us to WAKE UP: rapid climate change and environmental destruction is reflecting the need to expand our awareness. Our unsustainable interactions with each other, resulting in inequality, injustice and conflict are calling us to GROW UP and change our behaviours. Think Cosmic, Feel Global, Act Local The integral wholeworld-view story helps us understand our unique diversity within the unity of reality and the evolutionary impulse of our Universe. It helps us to tune into the evolutionary meaning that is unfolding and flowing around us in these transformative times and empower hope in action. A WholeWorld-View, by serving our understanding, experiencing and embodying unity awareness, aims to empower all the above and facilitate us to LINK UP and LIFT UP to consciously evolve. The damage we have caused to ourselves and our planetary home, Gaia, is calling us to regeneratively CLEAN UP and co-creatively SHOW UP. Jude Currivan PhD
  17. 17. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Think Cosmic – Unified wholeworld-view As a species, never before have we had so much scientific evidence that we are living in an interdependent, in-formed and holographically manifested Universe that not only exists and evolves as a unified entity – but exists TO evolve. After 13.8 billion years of evolution, our Universe has birthed us as a self-aware species. We now have a choice to become unity-aware beings and conscious co-creators and evolutionary partners with our Universe and its ongoing evolutionary impulse. As we collectively re-member the multi-dimensional and unified All of the Cosmos, we can choose. We are coming to realize that mind and consciousness aren’t something we have but rather what we and the whole world are. That our Universe is a great thought rather than a great thing and that we are its micro-cosmic co-creators. From such unity awareness comes a realisation that separation is an illusion. We are alive in a critical evolutionary moment. Jude Currivan PhD
  18. 18. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Feel Global – Unity-aware care for our planet Gaia We are all indigenous to Earth–we, and all the plants and animals that share our planetary home, are Gaia’s children. Like a healthy resilient ecosystem, within the wholeness of the all, our global experience is manifested through the radical diversity, and purpose of me and we. The illusionary story of separation is breaking down. We either evolve globally together or become extinct as a species. In these pivotal times of breakdown and breakthrough, we can re-member and ‘feel’ our inherent connection to each other and Gaia, and co-create a thriving future for all. It is time to evolve through love, from the inside out. While the process of re-membering unity is unique to each individual, all are paths on the same journey of inner and outer evolution. We can choose to become unity aware beings, and in acting local and feeling global, experience and embody wholeness. We are indeed in this together. And we always have been. Jude Currivan PhD
  19. 19. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Act Local – Linking up and lifting up for transformational change Locally, individuals and communities are embarking on quests and practices of ‘sacred normality’–reconnecting to each other, Gaia and the universal pulse of evolution that flows through us. We are re-membering what it means to co-create lives of meaning, purpose and responsibility. Communities are rediscovering their ability to find local solutions to global challenges. Crisis breeds opportunity and innovation. As we expand the spiral of compassion to include Me, We and All, cities can be transformational accelerators for how we do this together. In acting local whilst feeling global and thinking from a perspective of unity in diversity, cities can lead the way forward in transforming our human capacity and facilitating our conscious evolution. In the coming years, the choices of each and all of us will determine the fate of our species and potentially all life on Gaia. Jude Currivan PhD
  20. 20. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Re-story to Restore The existential challenges we face today and in the coming years ultimately have arisen from a common cause: - our fragmented understanding of reality and our collective belief in the illusion of separation. Increasingly compelling scientific evidence is converging with universal spiritual traditions to reveal that this perception is fundamentally wrong. Instead discovering an emergent wholeworld-view of unified reality and a living Universe imbued with meaning and evolutionary purpose. We now have the opportunity and the choice to re-story our understanding and re-member and restore our understanding and experiencing its innate unity: - We are invited to experience and embody its hope in action through a spiral of compassion that embraces: - Caring for our Planet - Caring for our cities and communities - Caring for ourselves Jude Currivan PhD
  21. 21. Climate Challenge Community Learning Karen O’Brien
  22. 22. 1.THECLIMATECHALLENGE:TAKINGTRANSFORMATIONSTO SUSTAINABILITYSERIOUSLY Is it possible to realize the goals and targets of the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? Or maybe this is not the right question. Perhaps the question to ask is not whether, but how we can reach these goals. To bend the emissions curves at the rate and scale needed to limit warming to 1.5C (see figure) requires dramatic transformations. The coronavirus crisis and the economic crisis reveal that dramatic transformations are possible. Yet it is not only the direction and amount of change that should concern us, but also the quality of change. How we transform will make a difference to what the future looks like. If we value an equitable and sustainable world, it is important to take transformations seriously. “To catalyze rapid and large-scale systems change will no doubt involve multiple approaches, some radical and conflictive and others incremental and collaborative, and there will be both intended and unintended consequences. Although roadmaps and pathways for low carbon development are important, the paradigms, perspectives and power of the mapmakers and pathbreakers are seldom neutral — with the best of intentions they often perpetuate old paradigms and ideas, pave overly deterministic pathways that risk becoming self- fulfilling prophecies, and exclude other ways of framing and approaching problems and solutions. Generating rapid social change involves broader and deeper approaches to transformations.” (O’Brien 2018, pp. 157-158) Photo by Lucas Albuquerque on Unsplash Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Karen O’Brien
  23. 23. 2. TECHNICAL PROBLEMS AND ADAPTIVE CHALLENGES The social, economic, political, cultural and environmental consequences of transformation processes will have profound impacts for the way that society evolves over the next centuries. There are numerous ways to approach transformations within the context of climate change, and not all of them will lead to the same results. How we frame the problem will influence the types of solutions that are identified and prioritized. In their work on Adaptive Leadership, Ronald Heifetz and his colleagues (2009) make a distinction between technical problems and adaptive problems. Technical problems are those than can be successfully addressed by applying more knowledge, know-how, expertise, innovation, and management. Adaptive problems draw attention to the personal dimensions of change, particularly mindsets, which include the beliefs, values, and worldviews. They are also political, as they often involve challenging social and cultural social norms, forms of governance, and engaging in collective action. Adaptive challenges also have practical dimensions that require techno-managerial and behavioral responses. Individuals, groups, and organizations tend to avoid adaptive challenges when they introduce too much disequilibrium. Instead, the problem will be treated as a technical one, or it will be ignored or avoided. Climate change is an excellent example of an adaptive challenge (O’Brien and Selboe 2015). Three Dimensions of Adaptive Challenges Practical What to do? How to do it? Poli)cal How do we organize? Who decides? How do we challenge the status quo? Personal What do I/we value? How do I/we see the world? Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Karen O’Brien
  24. 24. 3. THE THREE SPHERES OF TRANSFORMATION The Three Spheres of Transformation is a simple heuristic that provides an accessible way to think about transformations to sustainability (O’Brien and Sygna 2013). It is an adaptation of Dr. Monica Sharma’s conscious full spectrum response, which is based on empirical work in the field of development. Although many existing and emerging theories of social change recognize interactions among multiple spheres, there is a tendency to prioritize only one or two dimensions. Transformation processes that simultaneously engage with all three spheres of transformation have been shown to generate results (Sharma 2017). The labels for the spheres do not correspond directly to the economic, social and environmental spheres of sustainability. The word ‘spheres’ is instead used figuratively to represent areas or domains that are an intrinsic part of a larger whole. The approach aligns with Integral Theory, which recognizes that behaviors, systems, culture, and experiences are interdependent, and that mindsets and paradigms influence how systems are viewed, which theories, relationships and goals are deemed legitimate and desirable, and which behaviors and technical responses are prioritized (O’Brien 2018). Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Karen O’Brien
  25. 25. 4. TH R E E SP H E R E S IN T E R A C T IN G SP H E R E S Practical Sphere Political Sphere Personal Sphere The practical sphere is at the core of the figure, and it represents specific actions, interventions, strategies and behaviors that directly contribute to a desired outcome, such as the 1.5 C target (e.g., solar panels, plant-based diets, bicycles). Results here can be easily monitored and measured by indicators. The political sphere represents the systems and structures that facilitate or constrain practical responses to climate change. These include social and cultural norms, rules, regulations, institutions, regimes and incentives that influence how systems are designed, organized and governed. These are often created, codified and managed through political processes, including through collective actions. The personal sphere of trans- formation relates to the individual and shared beliefs, values, worldviews and paradigms. This sphere acknowledges different understandings of causality, levels of social consciousness, perceptions of agency, and assum- ptions about leadership. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Karen O’Brien
  26. 26. 5. Leveraging Systems Change The three spheres of transformation map on to the 12 leverage points for systems change identified by Donella Meadows (1999), which is considered a useful framework for conceptualizing transformations. Interventions related to the practical sphere leverage have lower leverage than those associated with the political sphere, such as policies that strengthen or weaken feedbacks, information flows, and most importantly, through the rules of the system and those who have power to change the rules. Meadows (1999) argues that the most powerful leverage points are the goals of the system and ‘the mindset or paradigm out of which the system — its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters — arises’. She considers the highest leverage point to be the power to transcend paradigms. This falls into the realm of the personal sphere. When new thought patterns contribute to actions that are based on universal values, such as equity, dignity and compassion, cultures and systems will be transformed to support a world that is both equitable and sustainable (Sharma 2017). Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Karen O’Brien
  27. 27. Frameworks and heuristics are not enough to address the adaptive challenge of climate change. Yet how do we move from intellectual understandings to consciously generating transformations? The cCHALLENGE – a 30-day experiment with change -- was developed as a reflexive and experiential process exploring the relationships between individual change, collective change, and systems change. Experimenting with change provides the interactions among the practical, political and personal spheres of transformation. By committing to one small change for thirty days and treating it as an object for study and reflection, participants gain insights into how change happens and how to see opportunities to create change 6. INTEGRATING KNOWLEDGE AND ACTION Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Read more: Karen O’Brien
  28. 28. Heifetz, RA, Grashow, A, Linsky, M. 2009. The practice of adaptive leadership: tools and tactics for changing your organization and the world. Harvard Business Press. Meadows, DH. 1999. Leverage points: Places to intervene in a system. 1999, O’Brien, K. 2018. Is the 1.5°C target possible? Exploring the three spheres of transformation. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 31, 153–160. O’Brien, K.L., Selboe, E., 2015. Climate change as an adaptive challenge, in: The Adaptive Challenge of Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, pp. 1–23. O’Brien, K., Sygna, L., 2013. Responding to climate change: The three spheres of transformation, in: Proceedings of Transformation in a Changing Climate. University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, pp. 16–23. Sharma, M., 2017. Radical Transformational Leadership: Strategic Action for Change Agents. North Atlantic Books. 6. REFERENCES Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Karen O’Brien
  29. 29. Spirituality Optimizes Integral City Marilyn Hamilton
  30. 30. We Are Accomplices of the Divine As we survey the trouble spots of the world – mostly located in cities – we face challenges that seem overwhelming with seemingly no precedents for easy solutions. Recovering from coronavirus, regenerating communities for climate change, challenging terrorism, dealing with homelessness, facing a deluge of refugee migrations . . . We do not know if the choices we make – will lead to desolation or prosperity. We are called to be of service to the Highest Good. We cross a threshold that moves us beyond ego into something deeper, more alive, more awake, more demanding. • Our practice of contemplation, our opening to a collective intelligence, our commitment to a never- ending path of learning extends our circles of care to embrace the whole city. • We sense the Divine embracing the whole planet. We can be of service in allowing the Divine to use us. • There is magic in the Master Code – to Care for Self, so that we can Care for Others, so we can Care for this Place, so we can Care for this Planet. • This practice impacts the city and the world with the Grace of the Divine and makes us accomplices of Goodness, Truth and Beauty beyond our understanding. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Chihuly Glass Museum, Seattle, Photos: by Marilyn Hamilton Marilyn Hamilton PhD
  31. 31. How Can We Optimize Integral City Impact as Spiritual Practice? As intentional Practitioners we are called to develop expertise to do three things: 1. Relieve external problems to the best of our ability as “barefoot doctors” or “Spiral Wizards”. 2. Heal the internal sources of problems in our own psyche, the anguish of others, or across cultural divides. As we widen our circle of compassion, we are more able to be the non-anxious presence who can offer a calm and grounded centre to be together in difficult circumstances. 3. Bring more integral and Integral City frames to bear on the work we do. When we treat this question as a Wisdom Query, it becomes a kind of koan, that takes us deeper into ourselves/Self and reality. Dr. Roger Walsh Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Marilyn Hamilton PhD
  32. 32. As pioneers of a new paradigm for the city we engage spirituality in multiple contexts • In our personal reflective practice • In the workplace • In our communities (of practice and place) • On behalf of the city as a whole. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Marilyn Hamilton PhD
  33. 33. Integral frameworks are now emerging in most domains of human understanding • psychology, medicine, education, sexuality, history, geography, systems, culture • We are recalibrating our ability to design habitats for wellbeing and relieve dis-ease in all its manifestations. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Marilyn Hamilton PhD
  34. 34. An integral mindset is able to flex and flow • In a stream of awareness we open eventually into a transcendental awareness. • In this flow spirituality in the Human Hive is an alive re- sourceful condition. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Marilyn Hamilton PhD
  35. 35. To optimize Integral City impact, choose a path of never-ending maturing • Regularly dive into inner work as deeply as you can. • Dr. Roger Walsh calls this “karma yoga”. • Our work in the world of Integral Cities becomes a spiritual practice itself (as illustrated in this book). Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Marilyn Hamilton PhD
  36. 36. Salutogenic Cities Daniel Christian Wahl
  37. 37. Salutogenic Cities as catalysts of bioregional regeneration and planetary health One aspect of taking a dynamic and evolutionary approach to cities in their regional and planetary context is to go beyond asking ‘what would a healthy city look like?’ or ‘how can we create sustainable cities?’ If we understand cities primarily as a process and the physical infrastructure of cities as temporary manifestations or footprints of that underlying process, can we begin to explore the potential of cities to contribute to the health of individuals, communities, ecosystems and the biosphere? Can we re-conceive cities as catalysts for whole systems health? In doing so we would make urban development a healing profession. This offers an invitation for urban design professionals to take a form of Hippocratic Oath: Do no harm! I personally believe we do urgently need such an oath for urban development and all forms of design. The notion of Salutogenesis —improving dynamic health — as distinct from a pathogenic approach to health that starts with symptoms or ‘problems’ was pioneered by the Israeli health scientist Aaron Antonovsky (1979). My 2006 doctoral thesis on ‘Design for Human and Planetary Health: A Holistic / Integral Approach to Complexity and Sustainability’ applied the Salutogenic approach to health to the field of design. Inspired by the work of Janis Birkeland (2002), as well as, Sim Van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan (1996), I used the notion of ‘scales of design’ and ‘scale-linking design’ to explore design with a big ‘D’ (see graphic). Salutogenic Design aims to regenerate health, vitality, transformative resilience and adaptability at personal and collective levels. It takes a glocal (global and local) approach that pays attention to facilitating health across scales. Place is always a fractal with local, regional and global significance in affecting systemic health. The measure of good design is whether it improves systemic health reflected in the health of individuals, communities, ecosystems and the biosphere. The Western Mediterranean at night from the International Space Station mage Credit: ISS - ESA / NASA Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World The Salutogenic Design practitioner has to develop the skill of considering all design decisions as affecting and being affected by interconnected scales of green chemistry, product design, architecture, community design, industrial ecology, urban planning, bioregional planning, and national and international collaboration. If we want to redesign the human presence and impact on Earth from being degenerative and exploitative to being regenerative and healing we have to re-match human activities to the golden rule of biomimicry: “Life creates conditions conducive to life” (Janine Benyus, 1996). Regenerative practice and Salutogenic Design ask us to pay attention to the material manifestations of design at all these scales while actively transforming the underlying processes, worldviews, value systems and narratives that give rise to these manifestations in ways that add health and value to the nested wholeness in which we participate. At the bioregional scale we can reintegrate urban development into the bio-physical processes that maintain ecosystems health and stabilise climate patterns. We can do so in place-sourced ways that pay attention to manifesting the potential inherent in the bio-cultural uniqueness of people and place. Each bioregionally integrated city makes essential contribution to systemic health. A Salutogenic City serves its inhabitants by improving their health and as process of bioregional regeneration contributing to planetary health. Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  38. 38. The Scales of Design & Scale-linking Design for Whole Systems Health reproduced from ‘Designing Regenerative Cultures’ Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World The bioregional scale is the scale at which we can increase the resilience of communities, cities and their region in the face of the catastrophic climate change we are already committed to. Past emissions will cause continued warming for the coming decades at best. We need to act decisively now to avoid irreversible climate cataclysm and a worsening of the extinction crises driven by cascading ecosystems collapse. Creating Salutogenic cities that catalyse the improvement of ecosystems and planetary health is grounded in place and participation and focusses on the local and regional scale. Yet, it also needs to be enabled through collaboration, solidarity and open knowledge exchange at the national and international scales, in order to be inclusive and reduce inequality. Salutogenic Design helps us move beyond sustainability to regeneration The most critical intervention point to affect design at and across all these physical scales is to pay attention to the processes and patterns underlying their physical manifestations. It is critical to follow design up- stream and pay attention to how different worldviews, value systems, organising ideas and mental models shape our perception of reality. Together they inform how we ‘bring forth a world together’ (Maturana & Varela, 1992). I believe it will be the upstream change in the stories we tell about (literally) what matters and how we make meaning together that will be the most effective catalyst in the transition towards diversely expressed and bioregionally adapted regenerative cultures everywhere. Only once we learn to assume our own potential for healing and being agents of healing will the Salutogenic Cities we participate in realise their potential as patterns that contribute to bioregional and planetary health. In my 2006 doctoral thesis I explored the upstream end of the design process under the notion of meta-design: the design that affects worldview and value systems and hence the why of design—and through that what we design and how. One example for a powerful Metadesign shift is the change from the arrogance of claiming dominion over nature while understanding nature as divorced from culture and only of instrumental value to human beings, to understanding nature and life as a planetary process of which we are emergent properties and in which we are co-creative agents, dependent on the health of the whole. In acknowledging our inescapable agency in nested complexity we begin to understand that “everything is an intervention” (Gerald Midgley)—all our thoughts, words and actions matter! This insight invites us to take responsibility for how we individually and collectively contribute to the emergence of health as a scale-linking emergent property at and across all the fractal scales of dynamically transforming wholeness. Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  39. 39. The Regenerative Design Framework (based on the work of Bill Reed, Carol Sanford, and Regenesis Group) - reproduced in this adapted version in ‘Designing Regenerative Cultures’ Graphic reproduced with permission from John Stewart ‘The direction of evolution: The rise of cooperative organisation’ Biosystems Vol 123, 2014 relationship that enable our communities and cities to flourish while driving the regeneration of the bioregions and ecosystems we inhabit. The ‘reconciliatory’ step which reintegrates humanity into life as a planetary process is possibly the crucial Metadesign shift that will enable us to understand our action not as something we are doing to nature, but rather to pay special attention to how our doing and being are expressions of design as nature. As parts of and participants in nature we can learn to nurture health, resilience and adaptive capacity within the Socio-Ecological-Systems we participate in. Evolution is a process of diversification and subsequent integration of diversity at higher levels of complexity. Such integration tends to occur as life evolves new patterns of cooperative organization (see graphic). Cities are an example of such integration at high levels of complexity. Every day there are many more cooperative than competitive interactions in the world’s cities. The challenge now is to reintegrate cities into the living fabric of their bioregions within the context of regenerating ecosystems and planetary health. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World I see the ‘regenerative design framework’ developed by Regenesis Group and Carol Sanford as another example of Salutogenic Metadesign. It invites us to think beyond sustainability by exploring our individual and collective potential to have restorative, regenerative and healing agency. I first came across this work in an article by Bill Reed (2006) entitled ‘Shifting our Mental Models’. By putting conventional practice, green, sustainable, restorative and regenerative on one spectrum we can learn to value all of them as steps on a journey. We have done so much damage to the systemic health of the biosphere and to our communities and societies that simply being sustainable — while still representing an important bridge we have not crossed yet — will no longer be enough. We need to restore ecosystems and planetary health and regenerate the patterns of Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  40. 40. On a predominantly urban planet, cities will need to adopt circular metabolic systems to assure their own long-term viability as well as that of the rural environments on which they depend.” He suggests: “Policy makers, the commercial sector and the general public need to jointly develop a much clearer understanding of how cities can develop a restorative relationship to the natural environment on which they ultimately depend” (Girardet, 2010). The graphic on the left shows how the transition to regenerative cities with a drastically reduced ecological footprint will require a redesign of the material and energy flows that cities depend upon primarily at the scale of their region. In Creating Regenerative Cities —a book based on Girardet’s work with the World Future Council—he describes the evolution of cities from ‘agropolis’ to today’s ‘petropolis’. To create ‘ecopolis’ as cities that are restorative and regenerative by design, we need to learn from the cascading and circular flows of energy and matter within ecosystems. Applying these patterns to how we organise cities can help us reduce their ecological footprint. The aim is to optimise the urban metabolism by designing for circular resource and energy flows and reliance on renewable energy and resources (Girardet, 2015). From linear to circular urban metabolisms (reproduced with permission from Herbert Girardet and Rick Lawrence in ‘Designing Regenerative Cultures by Daniel Christian Wahl 2016 Salutogenic Cities are regenerative by design Town planning pioneer, Sir Patrick Geddes, stressed in Cities in Evolution (1915) that effective urban planning must be based on a detailed survey of, and integration with, the surrounding region. As a biologist, Geddes is also credited as a founding contributor to the fields of sociology and town planning. His work in the Old Town of Edinburgh was an early example of slum redevelopment through the active participation of residents which led to the creation of the world’s first student union housing. The Edinburgh Summer School —today ‘The Edinburgh Festival’ — started by Geddes was an interdisciplinary exchange of some of the leading thinkers at the time and served as an opportunity for public education. The ‘Outlook Tower’ at Ramsey Gardens established by Geddes invited the visitor to contextualise their city within Scotland, the United Kingdom, Europe and the World, with each floor focusing on one of these inter-connected scales. Almost 100 years later, Herbert Girardet wrote in a World Future Council report on Regenerative Cities: “Planners seeking to design resilient urban systems should start by studying the ecology of natural systems. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Circular Metabolism Cities Reduce Consumption and Pollution, Recycling and Maximise Renewables Linear Metabolism Cities Resources and Create Waste and Pollution at a High Rate Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  41. 41. Girardet’s book is a great place to start exploring how cities can become Salutogenic processes that support the health of their inhabitants and of people in their bioregion while actively restoring healthy ecosystems functions and regenerating planetary health. We would however do well to also go back to Geddes’ original work and pay attention to the crucial role that civic participation, public education and individual and collective capacity building will play in this transformation. The work of Marilyn Hamilton and her ‘ Integral City’ trilogy (2008, 2017, 2018) offers important insights and processes for how we might go about facilitating such profound change towards Salutogenic cities. ‘Ecopolis’ – the ecologically as well as an economically restorative city - Source Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World City as Process: breakdown & breakthrough in Socio-Ecological- Systems To understand cities as processes embedded in bio-physical patterns of change and transformation requires new frameworks for thinking about the patterns of periodic collapse and disturbance as critical aspects of innovation, transformation and evolution. Based on and adapted from Gunderson & Holling (2001), reproduced from Designing Regenerative Cultures Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  42. 42. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World The three aspects of resilience—persistence, adaptive capacity and transformability—describe important capacities of living systems: i) to resist collapse and maintain vital functions, ii) to adapt to changing conditions (learn and self-organise) and iii) in the case of Socio- Ecological Systems to apply foresight and anticipation to transform the system towards increased health and an improved capacity to respond wisely and creatively to disruptions and change. This dynamic understanding of resilience as the capacity to persist, adapt and transform is akin to Antonovsky’s Salutogenic approach to health. Rather than waiting for symptoms or (problems) to occur and then treat or solve those for the affected, the Salutogenic way of working builds individual and collective capacity to realise the potential for positive health. Antonovsky’s work also identified the importance of social cohesion, shared frameworks of meaning and mutual support as key factors for positive health. The adaptive cycle is a model of natural patterns of change in ecosystems and eco-social systems. It consists of four distinct phases: ‘growth or exploitation’ (r); ‘conservation’ (K) of established patterns Based on and adapted from Gunderson & Holling (2001), reproduced from Designing Regenerative Cultures and resource distribution; ‘collapse or release’ (Ω); and reorganisation (α). The adaptive cycle is often drawn as a Möbius loop that joins these four phases. Gunderson and Holling explain that the word ‘panarchy’ describes nature’s (w)holistic hierarchies and the complex dynamics that link different spatial scales and their fast- and slow-moving processes into an interconnected whole. The panarchy interlinks adaptive cycles occurring at multiple temporal and spatial scales simultaneously. It elucidates the interplay between change and persistence in scale-linked socio- ecological systems. The model can help us visualise the scale-linking complexity of natural processes. Facing this fractal complexity of interacting transformative processes — nested adaptive cycles spanning across temporal and spatial scales — invites us to stay mindful of the limits of prediction and control that we face as participants in such complexity. The figure above is a visual representation of panarchy. Fast-moving cycles at smaller scales are more likely to innovate and test innovations. While slow-moving cycles at larger scales “stabilise and conserve accumulated memory of past successful, surviving experiments. The whole panarchy is both creative and conserving. The interactions between cycles combine learning with continuity” (Resilience Alliance, 2015c). An understanding of cities as Salutogenic processes must embrace that “death is Nature’s ingenious device to create plenty of life” (Goethe, 1829). Periodic disruption, and the dissolution and breakdown of ossified structures that no longer serve are important aspects of dynamic change in natural systems — cities included! Salutogenic cities as part of bioregional Socio-Ecological-Systems in transformation need to persist, adapt and transform in response to changing circumstances. Often it is the breakdown of rigid old structures, outdated patterns and processes that no longer serve that actually enable the breakthrough to new patterns of health and regeneration” Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  43. 43. “Re-inhabitation”: Return to bioregional futures Sir Patrick Geddes (1915) suggested that cities should be planned within the biological, ecological, geological, hydrological, climatological, and socio-cultural context of their region. The great American urbanist Lewis Mumford (1961) was very much influenced by Geddes and in turn inspired the work of the landscape architect Ian L. McHarg, who’s book ‘Design with Nature’ (1969) and TV show ‘The House We Live In’ on CBS contributed significantly to the first rise of environmental and ecological awareness in the 1970s. His ‘over-lay mapping’ approach followed Geddes’ suggestion and eventually evolved into the Geographic Information System (GIS) software that is now used by planners everywhere - sadly not with a focus on regional regeneration. The world's rivers flow lmapped by Hungarian cartographer Robert Szucs, who sells these maps as art for download on Etsy. The maps are scientifically accurate, with the thickness of each line representing the size of each waterway. Different drainage basins are captured in different colours. See: Watersheds are a useful starting point for exploring bioregional boundaries and situating cities within the context of their bioregion. Clearly some watersheds of the world’s major rivers are so large that the appropriate scale for bioregional context for cities within them might require defining sub-regions within one large watershed. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World A large part of our species history is based on bioregional patterns of inhabiting the Earth in close reciprocity with the opportunities and challenges of particular ecosystems. Whether during the many millennia of our Nomadic existence or among the early settled cultures, our patterns of living were closely matched to the uniqueness of the places and regions we inhabited. Bioregional patterns of organisations are not something new. We are invited to combine the wisdom of indigenous cultures with the best of modern (appropriate) technology to rematch our human presence into the bio-physical realities of regions within the limits of planetary boundaries (Rockström et al, 2009). It is at the local and bioregional scales that we can transform the impact of the world’s cities. With more than half of humanity living in urban areas the creation of bioregionally Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  44. 44. The island of Mallorca has a cosmopolitan yet relatively small city of just under half a million inhabitants on a landmass of 3640 km2 with a population of just under one million. Along with its extremely diverse Mediterranean climate pattern and an exceptionally high food plant biodiversity make the island an excellent case study for bioregional regeneration and the transition to regionally focussed circular biomaterials economies. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World regenerative cities will be a critical contribution to the redesign of the human impact on Earth from being exploitative and degenerative to being regenerative and healing! “Those who envision a possible future planet on which we continue […], and where we live by the green and the sun, have no choice but to bring whatever science, imagination, strength, and political finesse they have to the support of the inhabitory people—natives and peasants of the world. In making common cause with them, we become ‘reinhabitory’.”—Gary Snyder, 1976 The process of healing our relationship with each other, with the Earth and the wider community of life is a process of “re-inhabitation.” The poet Gary Snyder saw this rematching of human affairs to the uniqueness of each place and its story as the central aim of bioregional regeneration. Snyder worked closely with the early bioregionalists Peter Berg and Raymond Dasmann of the Planet Drum Foundation. Islands as case studies for bioregional regeneration The Planet Drum Foundation (1973) described a bioregion as “a distinct area with coherent and interconnected plant and animal communities, and natural systems, often defined by a watershed. A bioregion is a whole "life-place" with unique requirements for human inhabitation so that it will not be disrupted and injured”. There is no one-size-fits-all blueprint for Salutogenic Cities within regenerative bioregional economies. If we aim to implement this vision we have to do so in deep connection to a place and its people. Regenerative practice aims to identify the unique essence of people and place and enable their contribution to improved health. To find this essence we need to pay attention to the ‘story of place’ (Regenesis Group) and work from the potential of people and place rather than fall into the habits of ‘problem solving’ in a piecemeal fashion. Regeneration starts with personal development, including individual and collective capacity building. This, in turn, creates a culturally creative field effect that reorientates our ‘doing’ and ‘being’ toward the process of ‘unveiling’ or ‘manifesting’ latent potential sourced out of the bio-cultural uniqueness of each place. I believe, working with cities to transform them into Salutogenic processes and weaving the complex cross-sector, multi-stakeholder collaborations that are necessary for bioregional regeneration requires us to work patiently over the long term. Initially we need to pay less attention to the physical design decisions or infrastructural changes that are clearly required and focus instead on patiently nurturing the emergence of regenerative cultural expressions — isolated at first and then woven into an infectious story. Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  45. 45. The global Extinction Rebellion movement has made the above one of their core principles. I was delighted to see them use a direct quote from my book ‘Designing Regenerative Cultures’ as their inspiration for this principle, and have recently engaged them in a positive conversation about why the plural in ‘regenerative cultures’ matters. A healthy world will thrive on diversity and regenerative cultures will express that diversity sourced out of the uniqueness of place and nourished by the essence of the people (re)inhabiting that place. Working with people, inviting them into dialogue, education and capacity building, awareness raising, creating public spaces where people can explore the questions they hold about their children’s future and the future of their place, listening deeply to their stories and how the place speaks through them, paying close attention to what wants to emerge are all foundations of such culturally creative work. I moved to Mallorca in late 2010 to begin my own process of re- inhabitation: to grow roots, community connection and create a home for my family while aiming to be of service to this place and its people. I did so in part because of the unique opportunity that islands present to work on bioregional regeneration. It helps that their boundaries are so clearly defined. After 10 years, I feel positive that we have connected a sufficient diversity of locally committed people Dr. Daniel Christian Wahl — — Salutogenic Cities Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World into an emerging culture of regeneration that the next decade will be marked by surprising systemic transformations stemming in part from these collective efforts.? Each place and each culture is different. Here on Mallorca, turning Palma into a Salutogenic city to enable regional regeneration also requires engaging the tourism industry that affects 80% of the island’s economy into a conversation about ‘regenerative tourism’. An important part of working regeneratively—practicing Salutogenic design—is to re-perceive what is framed as a problem as a potential solution pathway. Every day there are more of us asking the central question: How can we enable a culturally creative process of engagement— between people and with this place — in ways that manifest the potential of this city-region to become Salutogenic by enhancing the capacity of everyone to find and express their unique essence and contribute to systemic health and regeneration? Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD,
  46. 46. Information and Energy Fields Peter Merry
  47. 47. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Peter Merry Copyright © 2020 Ubiquity University, Inc. All rights reserved There are methods for experienced practitioners to work with the energy and information fields of large systems like cities and organizations within cities to increase vitality, coherence and performance. Working With Information and Energy Fields for City Coherence ECOintention is a method with 20+ years of researched and validated experience.
  48. 48. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Copyright © 2020 Ubiquity University, Inc. All rights reserved You can think of reality as having three levels of architecture – the material that we can see, the quality of relationships and the energy/information fields. Peter Merry
  49. 49. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Copyright © 2020 Ubiquity University, Inc. All rights reserved Anything with a name and a boundary (e.g. a city) has a field of information and energy associated with it that can be worked with consciously. Peter Merry
  50. 50. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Information and energy fields are impacted by the intention of the person or people who are responsible for the entity (e.g. city). Proven by 28 years of research at the Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research project Matter Mind Moves Peter Merry
  51. 51. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World There are principles for those responsible for an entity (e.g. city) that enable them to keep the information and energy fields coherent. For example: Boundaries Attention Intentions Forms Peter Merry
  52. 52. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Organizations like Impact Hub in Amsterdam have used the ECOintention balancing process to help them move to a more complex operating system within their city, to serve more effectively in a VUCA world. Peter Merry
  53. 53. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Caring for Place In this section we start with appreciating the City as a Whole Living System in an eco-regional context through the evolution of Sifco forest management over the last 20 years. We expand our perspectives of 10 City Assets and Capitals with Wisdom Economies that co-relate Supply Chain stakeholders. We learn how to design Project Management inquiries and Project Manager capacities in a VUCA world of ever-increasing diversity. We realize that citizens serve cities and cities serve citizens in the Nest City exploration of work. We see a whole nation of cities in Living Cities emerging because they are building on the 4 Voices and Master Code of Integral City. We explore how a whole planet of Ecovillages organize Cultural, Social, Economic and Ecological capacities for all village scales, including Urban Ecovillages. We ground our Sustainable City Design with an architecture of Regional-Climate Responsiveness. We discern the insights from the Knowing Field and subtle realms with a Systemic Constellation of OneCity.
  54. 54. Slocan Integral Forestry Cooperative Stephan Martineau
  55. 55. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Stephan Martineau SIFCo as a living case study for creating integral change The Context: We are facing challenges of unprecedented complexity and scale, to the point of exponential existential threat to human civilization. From exponential technology to overshoot in Climate Change Modelling, these challenges are coming at us faster than expected: We, therefore, need a response that is fast, precise, and radical, and that takes the following into consideration: • Human capacity and willingness for change • Economic systems that support necessary change • Ecosystem capacity for adaptation • On-the-ground examples of such change happening in real time that are replicable and scalable • Acknowledgment that these challenges are global in scope - we are in this together Image: Scripps InsCtuCon of Oceanography, University of California – San Diego (
  56. 56. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World SIFCo as a living case study for creating integral change The Journey – Key Steps to implement integral change: 1. Identify the various value systems you will be working with. In the context of a city, it is the full spectrum. 2. Work with each value system individually at first; resist the "everyone in the room/round-table” habit! 3. Inquire and listen deeply. Seek to fully understand and appreciate the world through the lens of each value system. Inhabit the varying values and action logics as much as possible. Keep awakening and engaging your inquisitive self. 4. Learn the language of each action logic and bring flexibility to your use of words (speak their language). 5. Capture the thread of truth that each value system and action logic carries. Leave your preferred outcome at the door, suspend your personal desires. 6. Create solutions that include all of these threads of truth and insight. Identify elevator threads that run through the whole system; those that tie all the value-systems together. 7. Acknowledge the imperfection of integral solutions and recognize the evolving nature of both the solution and the process. 8. Present one step at a time, while keeping in mind the full spectrum of change that needs to happen over the long term. Speak about year 1 while knowing it is a 25-year journey that considers the next 100 years of change. 9. Never cement your movements forward, always make each step capable of evolving, otherwise your positive move of today may become the stumbling blocks of tomorrow. Acknowledge that however great the step forward is, it is only one step – there is no arrival point. 10. Remember that systemic changes interest only about 2% of the population. Get those individuals on board first. The rest will easily support the changes as long as they recognize themselves in the proposed solutions. 11. Creating change is not a personal thing. To be an integral change maker you need to leave your personal hopes and desires at the door; central keys to success are humility and ongoing inquiry. Stephan Martineau
  57. 57. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World SIFCo as a living case study for creating integral change An Example of ImplemenOng Integral Change in Forest Management in Canada, BC.: First, some background – The historical context and conflict 1980-2003 – The conflict • Hundreds of local residents blocked access to their watersheds and were arrested because of corporate logging. • On the other side, a Union of workers that feared loss of jobs, and a provincial government that did not want to create a precedent by agreeing to residents’ demands for community control of local resources. • In addiaon, a First Naaon that was seeking recogniaon, and eight government- sponsored iniaaaves to solve the conflict (millions spent, without successful resoluaon) A solution • 2003 – Integral Forestry is proposed as an approach to navigate this conflict and find a way forward that acknowledges and works with all perspectives involved. • 2005 – The Slocan Integral Forestry Cooperative (SIFCo) is created. • 2007 – Following 4 years of negotiations, an Agreement is reached between SIFCo, corporations and the provincial government on a tenure transfer (success due to slide #2) SIFCo's vision • To transcend and Include all perspectives • Ecosystem-Based Management • Climate Change Adaptation and Wildfire Mitigation • Meaningful employment • Education Stephan Martineau
  58. 58. SIFCo’s Unfolding: Year 1 (2008): The first step was to address the need for systemic change using a meta-perspectival lens on the agreement with government and identifying fulcrum points that could have long-term leverage. This included, for example, broadening the acceptable species of trees on the land base to account for Climate Change, changing stocking standards in wildfire-prone ecosystems, and reducing the Annual Allowable Cut to account for ecosystem diversity and old growth retention. Year 2 (2009): We did an Ecosystem-Based analysis of the land base, set aside old growth management areas, included the protection of riparian ecosystems, and began Wildfire Mitigation work in a small area close to supportive members of the community to begin on-the- ground demonstration and education on Climate Change adaptation. Year 3 (2010): We signed a 99-year lease with government, expanded our Wildfire mitigation work, and gave our first provincial presentation on the approach and concept of SIFCo. Our conclusion? The world is not yet quite ready for our approach :) Years 4-6 (2011 – 2013): We expanded our work: we grew our on-the- ground workforce, educated the public, reached 95% support from the local community, and participated in a comprehensive study of Climate Change in the region, looking at different scenarios of how this will affect our future and what the range of variability is. Years 7-8 (2014-15): We imported leading-edge software (developed for US Forest Services) and built a simulation of potential fire behavior characteristics under varying conditions. After thousands of virtual fire ignitions, we identified main travel corridors in the landscape. From these findings, we created a Landscape Level Wildfire Mitigation Plan for the Slocan Valley (first of its kind in Canada). Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World SIFCo as a living case study for creating integral change Stephan Martineau
  59. 59. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World SIFCo as a living case study for creating integral change Year 9 (2016): We released this plan and received our first million $ grant for its implementation. We gave numerous presentations at the provincial level and got the sense that the mainstream was almost ready. Year 10 (2017): British Columbia had its biggest wildfire season in recorded history; the province wakes up to the scale of the issue. SIFCo’s work becomes highly relevant and interest in its approach is high. Year 11 (2018): Government approaches SIFCo to co-sponsor a conference: 225 delegates from all levels of government, industry and NGOs are present at a sold-out conference. 2018 is an even a bigger wildfire year than 2017, and now the needs for decisive action has become obvious at a provincial level. That year also marks the beginning of SIFCo’s reintroduction of prescribed fire in fire-prone ecosystems. A series of documentaries are released by SIFCo. SIFCo’s negotiated Stocking Standards, acceptable species & other sustainable standards (from 2007) are now standards for all tenure holders in BC. Year 12 (2019): SIFCo begins a new phase of the work by forming a coalition of three municipalities with the goal of making them more resilient to climate change. The program includes: community education - emergency preparedness - inter-agency collaboration - wildfire mitigation work - private land incentives. SIFCo makes their film crew available to other organizations and begins shooting videos on river restoration, lake stewardship, and wilderness education. Year 13 (2020): In addition to continuing the work above, this year begins a new research project: The relationship between carbon emission, wildfire mitigation and forest ecosystems. We are now three years away from completing our initial Landscape Level Climate Change Adaptation and Wildfire Mitigation plan started in 2008. Our prescribed fires file is growing, with 700 hectares planned for this spring. The journey continues. Interest in our work is now very high, with ongoing requests for consulting and replication. Stephan Martineau
  60. 60. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World SIFCo as a living case study for creating integral change With all this work underway, we are aware that our efforts are helpful but not sufficient, given that we are part of a global ecosystem. As a global community, the following steps are necessary as we lean into the future: Onward and forward – next steps: § Change agents need to become champions at collaboration, and we are terrible at it. The problem is not ‘Trump’ or the ‘others’; the real challenge is us – people with capacity, yet not able to cooperate with each other at a meta-systemic level, not being able to really embody the insight that every perspective holds gems and that it is these gems we need to focus on, to blow wind into, to utilize to tie us together. We need to FULLY realize that our own perspective is partial; from this we can gain a humble, courageous, inquisitive stance. Change happens when stress (like the Coronavirus) and readily available solutions combine. We need to work on solutions prior to the stress coming on, and as humans we tend to respond only when the stress is in our face. Thus we need to “pre-sense“ – to be in touch with the future in order to ready ourselves. § We need to deeply learn and implement the key steps in slide #2 § Ego will kill us if it can. Ego gets more subtle as consciousness evolves, so we need to be aware of how we tend to sabotage evolution, even with great intentions. The more consciousness, the more responsibility we have. Let’s look at what needs to evolve in us. Let’s teach by example and remember that the solution is all-considerate and non-rivalrous. § We have most of the solutions today; the real challenge is for people capable of seeing these, to come together and begin implementing them. Notice in your life how your perspective competes with others, what is at the root of this? § The larger systems that are both holding societies together as well as considerably slowing down our evolution (Economic - Education - Energy - Transportation - Communication - Governance) have been pretty much created and practiced in their current forms over the last 150 years. Considering our exponential capacity, both in consciousness and technology, vectoring them toward a saner world should not take much more than a decade or two if we learn to collaborate – that is the great task at hand. § Finally, solutions will not come from the same consciousness that created the challenges. Solutions to today’s problems are found in meta-modern perspectives. We need to think outside the box and realize that the box only actually exists through the power that we collectively give it. To learn more about SIFCo’s and Stephan Martineau’s approach to accelerating change in a VUCA world, please visit: Stephan Martineau
  61. 61. Integral Project Design Andrew Becker & Danielle Huffaker
  62. 62. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Integral Without Borders
  63. 63. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Integral Without Borders
  64. 64. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Integral Without Borders
  65. 65. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Integral Without Borders
  66. 66. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Integral Without Borders
  67. 67. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Integral Without Borders
  68. 68. Wisdom Economies Sean Esbjörn-Hargens
  69. 69. It isn’t enough to just measure impact or even have more impact. Rather you want to make sure you are having more of the right kinds of impact. The MetaImpact Framework enables organizations to: • Close the gap between its mission and its impact in the world • Expand what gets measured using established metrics (1P, 2P, & 3P data) – a shift from objective to visible. • Include and understand the four critical relationships between behavior, systems, relationships, and mindsets • Measure what is most important to the organization • Achieve the four types of impact: Clear, High, Deep, and Wide • Tell better stories about the unique impact you are having Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Sean Esbjörn-Hargens PhD Civic Institutions, Business & 3rd Sector want more of the right kinds of IMPACT Integrative tools for designing and implementing systems and Wisdom Economies for any project, organization, community, or society. These tools simultaneously: • Maximize positive mission driven impacts (while minimizing negative impacts)– cultivating true, thriving sustainability • Increase the value generated from current efforts • Guide more effective daily operations, and • Make visible whole new categories of value creation The MetaImpact Framework Ecosystem Design Qs • What are the most important types of capital? • What is their relationship & how can they be included in an integrated fashion? • How to measure them, make them visible? (e.g., currency = visible flow of energy/value.)
  70. 70. Financial only capitalism– harmful liquidation of all other capitals to produce profit Triple bottom line–focused on third-person “objective” data and usually leaves out interiors of the individual MetaImpact– all the perspectives and capitals to truly thrive! Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Why the MetaImpact Framework? From monocapitalism to thriving multicapitalism No other multicapital system does even half of the following: • Evolves triple bottom lines approaches to multidimensional thriving • Simultaneously transforms mindsets, behaviors, culture, and systems • Includes informal, formal, and professional metrics • Integrates impacts, capitals, metrics, and bottom lines • Is anchored in the academic, research, and measurement literature Sean Esbjörn-Hargens PhD
  71. 71. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Cultivate and track multiple forms of value in a way that preserves the wholeness of people and systems. Are wise because they make room for and integrate the insights from all 10 of the major domains of human knowledge and understanding. This allows us to design systems that work for all of us and the planet. 4 Types of Impact Clear, High, Wide, & Deep 10 Types of Capital Health, Human, Manufactured, Financial, Natural, Cultural, Social, Knowledge, Psychological, & Spiritual The Problem • South Australia employs 500 Allied Health Professionals (Physiotherapists, Occupational Therapists, Dietitians, Social Workers, Speech Pathologists, Podiatrists) • 2009 very high vacancy rates (20% Dietitians, >50% Physiotherapists and Podiatrists) • 2 – 4 rounds of advertising to fill vacant positions (attraction problem) • Very high turnover; 50% churn every 3 years (retention problem) • Very young, inexperienced workforce; over 55% graduated <3 years ago • High rates of burnout The Wisdom of All 10 Capitals in Action 3 Types of Data Subjective (1p), Intersubjective (2p), & Objective (3p) 4 Types of Bottom Lines Profit, Planet, Purpose, & People Wisdom Economics 4 Dimensions Sean Esbjörn-Hargens PhD
  72. 72. • Burnout • Lack of professional development support • Low confidence to deliver on expected broad scope of practice • Knowledge/ skills gaps • Professionally isolated • Personally isolated, away from family and friend supports • Unfamiliar lifestyle and environment (culturally very different to the city) • Workplace stress and safety concerns • High sick leave, turnover • Clinical scope of role broader than skills & capabilities • Demand for services higher than capacity • Cost of regular travel to see family, costs of training and support • Geographically isolated environment, travel safety risks (eg: kangaroos) • Feeling undervalued & misunderstood • Unclear role scope (unclear purpose) Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Analysis of Problem – 10 Capitals of MetaImpact Framework Sean Esbjörn-Hargens PhD
  73. 73. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Interventions – 10 Capitals of MetaImpact Framework • Transition to Rural & Remote Professional Practice Program • Country-wide Professional Development Program developed ($2K/year) • Training and development strategy per profession • University partnerships, student placements • Country-wide professional networks, annual F2F meet • Orientation/induction program with focus on linking into local sporting activities, community • Strengthened local peer networks, social life • Young Professionals Program • Clinical Supervision/ Mentoring (debriefing, professional support) • Isolated Worker policy • Clinical Governance & leadership structure, career progression pathway • Country-wide Service Access & Prioritisation framework • $2K/year for professional development • Isolated worker policy and processes • Country-wide Profession Networks established, clarification of role scope & purpose Sean Esbjörn-Hargens PhD
  74. 74. • Staff report increased levels of job satisfaction, pride, clarity of role, higher levels of optimism • Increased number of presentations delivered at state and national conferences (showcasing good work, networking) • Strong country-wide professional networks, sharing of resources, standardisation of practices, strong sense of collective professional identify and connectedness Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Results (3 – 5 years) – in all 4 Impacts • Increased volume of services provided • Reduction in recruitment costs, reduction in locum agency costs • Reduced vacancy rates to <5% across all Allied Health Professions • Increased number of applications received for vacant positions • Majority of vacant roles filled within the first round of advertising • Increased retention of Allied Health Professional Staff • 20% increase in Level 2 roles, 53 level 3 roles created, 1 level 4 role created per profession • Average length of tenure increased by almost 12 months Sean Esbjörn-Hargens PhD
  75. 75. Nest City Beth Sanders
  76. 76. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Beth Sanders
  77. 77. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Beth Sanders
  78. 78. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Beth Sanders
  79. 79. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Beth Sanders
  80. 80. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Beth Sanders
  81. 81. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Beth Sanders
  82. 82. Living Cities Lev Gordon
  84. 84. Функции ЖГ работа экспертов, разработка программ, GR и PR Форматы работа в национальных приоритетных проектах, экспертных советах и группах разработки при АСИ, ФРМ, ОПРФ, Минстрое, Госдуме, СФ РФ, индивидуальная работа с ЛПР, консалтинг, исследования, публикации, спикеры на форумах и конференциях, в СМИ * Живые города - экспертная платформа №1 в России по интегральному развитию городов. [3] ENLIVENING BOTTOM-UP поддержка лидеров развития на местах STRATEGY Living Cities – a space for integration and vibrant communication that attracts advanced leaders from all walks of life to support together integral human development and social evolution [2] ENLIVENING TOP DOWN участие в разработке государственных программ, крупных сетевых проектов, влияющих на десятки и сотни городов [1] CONNECTING LEADERS создание сообщества созидателей #1 в России, взаимоподдержка, соединение ресурсов, обмен знаниями и опытом Функции ЖГ организация Форума Живых городов и других мероприятий, развитие связей между лидерами сообществ и проектов Форматы строим сообщество созидателей, оживителей и лидеров развития, проводим мероприятия, ведём совместные проекты, исследуем и продвигаем лучшие практики, выпускаем сборники реализованных кейсов, проводим Премию Нобеля за лучшие городские проекты Строим сообщество с открытым центром, создаём результаты группами людей, связанными общими ценностями и видением. Функции ЖГ образование, просвещение, методическое сопровождение, поддержка проектов, интегральное развитие лидеров в 1000 городах Форматы Популяризация нового видения развития городов через Премию Живых городов, форумы, медиа, соцсети, онлайн и офлайн мастерские для лидеров развития в 1000 городах, Школа Живых городов, Школа городских коммуникаций, стажировки, программы от экспертов и партнёров, координация между лидерами и проектами, методическое сопровождение и обмен опытом между командами и городами OUR MISSION 1000 Living Cities by 2035 OUR STRATEGY Connecting leaders, enlivening cities bottom-up and top-down Lev Gordon Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World
  85. 85. Many cities – as complex living organisms - are weak • Society is divided, low Trust, Communication and Collaboration • Management system from the 20th century can’t meet challenges of the 21st • Young people, talents and capital leaving the city • Infrastructure is deteriorating, meanings are lost, low energy overall • Need new ways to bring life back to the city Problem Solving the problem together Unite leaders of 4 voices / urban communities Unlock creative energy hidden in people and communities • Engage citizens in problem solving and city management • Build Trust and Integrity through Communication and Collaboration • Create common Vision and start building future together Start the engine of integral city development Renaissance of a city .. …and a country Collective intelligence runs the city development Collective intelligence of cities activates development • People enjoy living here, they feel the city as their home • Together, they are crea~ng a healthy modern city • City becomes arac~ve for youth, talents and capital • Together, leaders of 4 voices ensure sustainable integral city development • 1000 Living Cities by 2035 • Living Cities and engaged city communities drive the country development • Healthy and dynamic, conscious and integrally developing cities will transform Russia • into an integrally developed country, a leader in sustainable development by 2100 Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Lev Gordon
  86. 86. “we want to see Living Cities – life-supporting spaces, where a modern person could live happily and work productively” -- from a street interview What kind of cities do we want to live in? 4 dimensions of a city Unite leaders of 4 voices + Engage 1% of citizens Lev Gordon Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World
  87. 87. “If you want your city to be alive, you should understand what’s its source of energy, its concept, what activities will take place there” -- Emir Kusturica, movie director, creator of Kustendorf village, special guest of Living Cities Forum 2016 and a winner of Nobel award for best urban practices Living Cities born from Loving Gaze 3 groups of Citizens: degrees of influence 1. Cities are complex living systems 2. To prosper they need to restore interconnectedness and activate collective intelligence 3. 4 levels of the city development I-We-City-Cities (and Planet) 4. 6 steps: Innate Creativity Creative Energy inside each of us – Communication – Coordination – Cooperation – Culture of collaboration – Capitalization 10 kinds of capital 5. We create a Living City through loving attitude, words and actions filled with love. 6. Our capacity for love is the true foundation of blossoming, integration and development of a human being, a city and a society. Lev Gordon Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World
  88. 88. Living Cities The Charter of Living Cities states that we could live happily and build thriving cities – when we discover and bring integrity, awareness and loving attitude to every breath and every step we make. Living Cities community of practice connects thousands city makers and integral practitioners across several countries and was born out of an annual Forum of Living Cities in 2014 in Izhevsk, Russia. A magic journey to community’s mission “1000 Living Cities by 2035” leads us through connecting leaders and communities to taking transformative action on every level – from an individual to a city and to our planet Earth. Living Cities – an integration space for leaders and communities Lev Gordon Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World
  89. 89. Global Ecovillage Network Taisa Mattos, Anna Kovasna, Kosha Joubert & Design Camila Olarte
  90. 90. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World ECOVILLAGE: A community using participatory design processes to integrate the ecological, economic, social and cultural dimensions of sustainability into a whole systems pathway towards a regenerative future. Global Ecovillage Network - Map of Regeneration ECOVILLAGE DEFINITION AND PRINCIPLES Global Ecovillage Network
  91. 91. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Working at different scales Global Ecovillage Network ECO CITIZENS ECO PROJECTS ECO COMMUNITIES ECOVILLAGES ECO NEIGHBOURHOODS ECO CITIES ECO REGIONS ECO SCHOOLS
  92. 92. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World With 5 Ecovillage Programmes Ecovillage Incubation Emergencies Urban Eco Neighbourhoods Eco Schools For Eco Communities Ecovillage Development And Transition Global Ecovillage Network
  93. 93. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World GEN Regenerative Urban Communities CREATING COMMUNITIES ANYWHERE When we talk about creating community in urban areas, we are not referring specifically to residential communities, but to creating ‘the spirit of community’, a community field of trust and mutual support, collaborative and meaningful relationships in neighborhoods, community houses, community-led projects, schools and organisations. What really matters is to strengthen community ties, to dream, plan and work together for the benefit of all. Urban communities can take different forms depending on the group´s purpose and each participant´s choice. They can be residential or non-residential, more or less communitarian, shared income based or not. They can have their own space or be scattered around the city. The most common types within GEN network are: 1. Urban Ecovillages 2. Co-housing Communities 3. Coliving Communities 4. Transition Neighbourhoods 5. Regenerative Urban Community-Led Initiatives Global Ecovillage Network
  94. 94. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Diversity: a Key for Regeneration A DIFFERENT COMMUNITY FOR EVERY WILL AND NEED Global Ecovillage Network
  95. 95. Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World 2017 2020 97% restore or replenish sources and cycles of water Ecovillage Impact Assessment SHOWCASE THE POSITIVE IMPACT OF ECOVILLAGES WORLDWIDE Ecovillages researched 30 100 100% provide education in sustainable development, regenerative lifestyles and climate change adaptation 90% sequester carbon in soil and biomass 97% restore damaged or degraded ecosystems Global Ecovillage Network
  96. 96. Integral Sustainable Design Mark DeKay
  97. 97. In 2020 we see trends of globalization, continued industrialization, centralization and corporatization. The effect is a smoothing out of the character and distinctions of buildings and urban design worldwide. This is exacerbated by concentrated sources of fossil fuel energy that have allowed cultures to increasingly disconnect from the local materials from which their indigenous buildings were constructed, allowing movement of industrial building products over distances inconceivable even a hundred years ago. The same fossil fuel use has driven mechanized artificial heating, cooling and lighting, disconnecting inhabitants from the natural forces of sun, wind and light that previously required builders to adapt to the local climate. The free flow of knowledge by electronic means has made the modern architectural icons of capitalism available in the most remote of places globally. This combination of forces is rapidly homogenizing distinctive built urban cultural expressions, while simultaneously forcing global climate change. Buildings alone are responsible for about 40% of energy use and greenhouse gases. Can regional cultural identity be saved or will the future of architecture and cities follow the way of the ubiquitous white plastic stacking chair? In solving the climate crisis by design, can we also recover a place-based built expression for the durable values of diverse cultures? It is well understood that halting climate change requires the shift to an economy based on renewable energy and materials. For buildings that means beginning with climate as a context and implementing bio- climatically appropriate design strategies in an architectural regionalism. Renewable energy production cannot supply fossil fuel era levels of consumption. Demand for energy will have to be radically reduced so that the distributed energies of sun-powered photovoltaics and wind Regional Urban Expression via Climate-Responsive Design: prospects and limits through an integral lens Fig 1. Entrepreneurship Development Institute, Ahmedabad, India, Bimal Patel, architect, breezy courts and shaded circulation in a composite hot climate. (DeKay & Brown, 2014) Fig. 2 Wall Building, Resolute Bay, NWT, Canada, Ralph Erskine. A continuous solid wall building wraps a wind-protected community in an arctic climate. (DeKay & Brown, 2014) Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Mark DeKay
  98. 98. generators will affordably supply people’s needs in buildings. The current professional targets move buildings toward carbon-neutrality and net-zero energy, the latter meaning that the building produces as much energy on site annually as it consumes. In Sun, Wind & Light: architectural design strategies, 3rd edition, we use a hierarchical approach to designing for net-zero (Fig 3). “The hierarchy suggests solving the energy design problem with the lowest level of technology possible and the least cost strategies, while also substituting embodied intelligence in architectural form for hardware.” Designing to fit the climate addresses the bottom three levels of this hierarchy. Since climate is a regional phenomenon, climate-responsive design generates variations in building form similar to how natural ecosystems and species are varied based on their underlying conditions. This stands in stark contrast to the flattening forces of architectural globalizations. Buildings in Miami and Marrakesh will be different; Stockholm and Singapore manifest as radically different expressions. Buildings designed to light with the sky, heat with the sun and cool with the wind and earth also provide one basis for regionally adapted architectural languages that give identity to the people living in particular places. The physical urban context determines the access for each building to the site-based resources of sun, wind and light. Fig. 4 shows how street orientation and block massing might be shaped to insure such renewable resource access while also accommodating the site and property variability already present in a city. The famous Indian architect Charles Correa proclaimed that “Form follows climate.” While this argument is, in integral terms, partially true, it is also evident that climate is not the only driver of building and urban form. We can also consider cultural practices, human activities, individual experiences (such as aesthetic experience), and materials and methods of construction as significant influences. Fig. 3 Hierarchy of strategies for net-zero energy design (DeKay & Brown, 2014) Fig. 4 Design sequence for optimizing access to sun, wind and light in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Study by Mark DeKay and Grant Joerger (2017) Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Mark DeKay
  99. 99. In Integral Sustainable Design: transformative perspectives (DeKay, 2011), we proposed that a designer’s awareness required six fundamental intelligences (lines), each contributing to the generation of built form, whether it is a building or a city (Fig. 5). Climate, as a form-generating complex of forces, falls under “place and context” as an aspect of the situational Nature in which buildings are always rooted. In the same way that macro-climate is regionally variable from rain-forest to desert and tropics to the poles, each of the other processes that contribute their influence to process-form (Fig. 6), that is, Behaviour, Use, Experience and Thought has a regional or local dimension. This raises the fundamental question: How can we understand what is local, regional and universal among the progenitors of built form? Modernism in design can be observed to have expressed in two broad modes: internationalism and regionalism. While we can now see the insanity of an international modernism of the same grids, single use zones, object buildings free of contribution to larger urban patterns, bias to automobile transport, etc.—a one-size-fits-all urban template—its lesser known alternative, regionalism, also conflates multiple scales into a singular dominant influence. For example climate, as a regional pattern is lumped into regionalism along with topography, a local site-specific variable. Fig. 7 Shows a sketch idea for a series of nested scales. Internationalism uses the same architectural forms, typologies, urban organizations, materials and technologies throughout the world, as if none of the lower scales of complexity have significant influence on what form and expression buildings and cities take. Most regionalists do the same within a region’s geographic scope, yet climate, topography, culture, way of life, schools of thought, etc., vary within lesser territorial dimensions than a region. Contextual variability is exponentially inverse to territorial scope. Fig 5. Six lines of design awareness, unfolding in complexity within the mind of the architect, but also already always integrated (DeKay, 2011) Fig 6. Types of process-form relationships in design (DeKay, 2011) Fig 7. Scope and variability of built form patterns Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Mark DeKay
  100. 100. DISTRIBUTION OF TOWNS INTEGRAL REGION SETTLEMENT NETWORK SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT NETWORK CITY/COUNTRY INTERLACE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE FRAMEWORK OF OPEN SPACE BIOCLIMATIC CITY HEALTHY CITY SEPARATED & BUNDLED ROUTES TRANSIT CENTERS WEB FULL SPECTRUM TRANSPORT FAMILY OF PARKS LAND STEWARDSHIP NETWORK SPECTRUM OF CONSERVATION & USE STRUCTURE OF WATERSHEDS Sun, Wind, & Light Patterns GREEN FABRIC PUBLIC TRANSIT NETWORK SOFT TRANSIT NETWORK TERRAIN ASSOCIATION HERITAGE ASSOCIATION URBAN HABITAT NETWORK SOFT WATER NETWORK Map of high order patterns & their context PGI book patterns are boxed LEVEL 12: REGION LEVEL 11: METRO LEVEL 10: CITY LEVEL 9: QUARTER LEVEL 8: NEIGHBORHOOD Each level of nested holarchic complexity can be understood as being constituted by relationships among patterns at a lower level. Each higher order pattern helps organize the ones below it. A generalized scheme for patterns of green infrastructure across five complexity levels is given in Fig 8 (DeKay & Moir-McClean, 2006). Boxes show patterns that our research focused on developing. In this way, regions extend their influence on form and organization one level down, not many. In Sun, Wind & Light, we use nine levels, from Materials (level 1) to Neighborhoods (Level 9). In integral terms, lower levels have greater span and number, but less extensive geographic scope, while higher levels have greater depth, fewer number and more extensive scope. We may now define two qualified design precepts. Fig 8. Map of high order green infrastructure patterns across scales from region to neighborhood (DeKay & Moir-McClean, 2006) Progenitors of built form influence the order of places downward in complexity. Formal differentiation increases with span, not scope. Therefore, what is universal in building and urban design is that which is the most invariable: gravity, human physiology, the organs of perception and the sub-cortical processing of sensation, the length of the solar year, and so on. An arch follows the same physics-based structural principles everywhere on the planet. No humans are over ten feet tall, so human scale matters everywhere, and our human sense of vertical and horizontal are invariant. At the regional level, macro-climate might provide similar conditions, for example in the Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Mark DeKay
  101. 101. tropics, while microclimates create significant variances. For example, the high altitude cities of Cuenca and Quito in Ecuador experience conditions referred to as “eternal spring,” whereas lower elevation might be the always hot-humid Amazon rainforest. Similarly, my home region is topographically called the “ridge and valley district” while individual building sites can be alternately relatively flat or unbuildable in their steepness. Topography is a most local type of progenitor. The levels of complexity in our discussion so far apply only in the exteriors, to the right-side quadrants and not strictly to individual experiences or to cultural meaning. Fig. 9 was developed to help understand architectural experience (upper left quadrant) in its four- quadrant integral context (DeKay, 2020). Readers, if not familiar with Wilber’s model can undoubtedly find it explained in other papers within this volume. Levels of complexity in human artefacts are a lower-right systems affair, as are issues of life activities, ecology, urban infrastructure, etc. Scale, scope, geography, climate, materials, construction methods, finance, etc. apply to the right side empirical world where things can be measured and mapped. Regionalist design theory recognizes that environmental conditions, such as climate and materials, are not the only drivers that can differentiate design in one place from that in another—and by doing so resist the erasure of difference and identity at work under globalism. Frampton (1987), in an influential essay on critical regionalism, addresses both the broader culture and “schools of thought” in the building community, along with the role of clients. However, few thinkers in this domain distinguish the [LR] scales of nested networks of systemic contexts from the UR basic environmental conditions. Neither do they have any awareness of [UL] stages of consciousness or have a powerful enough language to distinguish [LL] worldviews. Fig. 10 in a simplified way suggests some major progenitors of differentiated localized/regional urban built Fig 9. The integral context of architectural experience (DeKay, 2020) Fields of Experiental Possibilities Distribution of Enviornmental Conditions Backgrounds of Interpretation WE COLLECTIVE INDIVIDUAL SUBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE ITS I IT Organizations of Architectual Space Fig 10. Major differentiating progenitors of urban form Accelerating City Change in a VUCA World Mark DeKay