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Urban hub15 : Dancing with the Future - Thriveable Cities

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Urban Hub15 : Dancing with the Future - Thriveable Cities is a continuation the the series covering many aspects of ideas and theories including Visions & WorldViews of cities. The history of the co-evolution of cities, evolving WorldViews, Visions & Mindsets in urban Habitats and technology is presented in an integral framework. Integral theory is simply explained as it relates to these themes. This volume is part of an ongoing series of guides to integrally inform practitioners

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Urban hub15 : Dancing with the Future - Thriveable Cities

  1. 1. integralMENTORS1 Paul van Schaik 5 Integral UrbanHub Dancing with the Future Thriveable Cities a meta-pragmatic approach Urban Hub
  2. 2. © integralMENTORS 15
  3. 3. Urban Hub Dancing with the Future Thriveable Cities integralMENTORS Paul van Schaik Curator & Creator Integral UrbanHub 15
  4. 4. Copyright ©© integralMENTORS– July 2019 ISBN: 9781078463942 In fullness and freedom A series of graphics from integralMENTORS integral UrbanHub work on Thriveable Cities presentations.
  5. 5. "All this requires a significant reality check, and a sense of humbleness about what each actor can achieve’. However, we should be hopeful and accept that because ‘we only have influence (and not control) over development processes, we must not lose our courage and ambition. The fact that the large-scale, long-term change that is required cannot be planned in advance, or achieved based on any one actor’s goals and intentions, is not a reason to give up the drive for change. Lessons from the concept of self-organization in complex systems show us the power for change within systems of heterogeneous and connected agents. The role that mindsets, feedback, leadership and sense-makers have in shaping the behaviour and interactions of interacting agents shows the true potential for change.” Harry Jones, co-author of a recent ODI paper on complexity
  6. 6. This document is not about clicking our links and following our path of discovery but about engaging and searching your own path in collaboration with us and others and developing pathways for our combined action. Each of these volumes adds to our search & understanding of the field and are best used as a whole
  7. 7. Before modern man can gain control over the forces that now threaten his very existence, he must resume possession of himself. This sets the chief mission for the city of the future: that of creating a visible regional and civic structure, designed to make man at home with his deeper self and his larger world, attached to images of human nature and love. Lewis Mumford, writer
  8. 8. Dance with the future “...the integral vision will come upon you slowly, but surely, carefully but fiercely, deliberately but radiantly, so that you and I will find ourselves sharing in the same circle of understanding, .... dancing in the freedom of the whole, expressed in all its parts.” Ken Wilber
  9. 9. Content Introduction The Good City Making The Change A Broader View Evaluation Books
  10. 10. The integral approach reveals the interior side of life The integral approach weaves together the internal and external components of reality. Alongside an understanding of the nature and complexity of interconnected systems, there is also recognition of interior dynamics (psychological, cultural and spiritual) in the system. An integral approach, therefore, retains the existing practices that focus on the "exterior" components of life, such as biological systems, economic initiatives, social organizing, governance and sustainability, and also works with the interior components, such as worldviews, values, and awareness. These interior parts of society inform our opinions and decision-making, essentially guiding the ways we make meaning of our surroundings and interactions. With an understanding of interiority, it becomes easier to identify the underlying values, needs, worldviews and motivations that arise when engaged in the work of social change. This enables a more effective working dynamic between and among individuals and communities, as well as more psychologically sophisticated way of collaborating with colleagues, staff, employees and project coordinators. Integral Without Borders
  11. 11. Introduction
  12. 12. “A city is more than a place in space, it is a drama in time” Patrick Geddes
  13. 13. No longer are cities defined by a single slowly evolving Worldview as they have tended to be up until the failure of both modern and postmodern Worldviews, to provide fair, equitable and resilient cities for all. Current trends in sustainable or smart cities have proven insufficient to encompass and include the degree of complex thinking needed. A complexity that defies individual or expert group planning. A complexity that needs to involve us all in the development of self-organising evolving cities which allow us to define who we are and what we want from our co-created urban environment. A city capable of holding various different cultures and Worldviews that can be technically resilient and can be socially relevant and culturally inclusive for all its citizens. These workshops are part of the evolving process that defines the actions we all need to be involved in if our cities are to be places we love to be a part of. UrbanHub : Thriveable Cities
  14. 14. Ambiguous You can easily find convincing but totally contradictory information for any assertion. Because of complexity and unpredictability the ubiquitous availability of information has created a mist in which it becomes increasingly difficult to find clarity. V U C A Volatile Things change continuously. What is true today isn’t true tomorrow. Even the nature and dynamics of change change. Uncertain More than ever, we live with a lack of predictability and a prospect for surprise. It is impossible to predict how projects will evolve.. Complex Simple cause-and-effect chains have been replaced by complex interconnected forces and events. Interconnectedness makes all things increasingly complex.
  15. 15. all actions will have unintended consequences Thus
  16. 16. “In finding the world as we do, we forget all we did to find it as such, and when we are reminded of it in retracing our steps back to indicators, we find little more than a mirror-to-mirror image of ourselves and the world. In contrast with what is commonly assumed, a description, when carefully inspected, reveals the properties of the observer. We observers, distinguish ourselves precisely by distinguishing what we apparently are not, the world." Spencer Brown
  17. 17. The Good City
  18. 18. Albert Einstein: A problem cannot be solved at the same level of consciousness as created it. Alan Watts: We didn’t come into this world. We came out of it, like a wave from the ocean. We are not strangers here. Buckminster Fuller: The best way to predict the future is to invent it. The first and most fundamental point to grasp when contemplating architecture’s future is that the waning era of modernity was not the beginning of something new; instead it was the terminal climax of an ancient trend. Not recognising this inhibits progress to sustainability, the challenge of our future. Moreover, some assumed heralds of the future – sculptural icons, parametricist blobs, sleek minimalism, technological fetishism and so on – are no such thing. They are regressive sunset effects, exaggerated caricatures of pathological aspects of modern architecture, so merely mark its demise. Understanding all this requires a Big Picture perspective, spatially and temporarily, an ecological and evolutionary view of everything as intricately interconnected within a dynamic of ongoing unfoldment. This reveals us as at a particularly significant pivot in human history. Nature evolved us as initially very vulnerable, but blessed with creative intelligence and advanced communicative capacities. Survival depended on using these to defend and distance us from peril through collaboration and technology - controlling fire, creating shelter, weapons and so on - the germinal beginnings of our evolving cultures and design skills. So began the Story of Separation1, the progressive distancing from and denial of our dependencies on nature, and eventually of much else in the world around including other people. Yet for most of human history we lived as nomadic hunter-gatherers in intimate and reverential contact with nature. The whole world was our living home. But settlement and agriculture initiated pivotal and progressive change as we wrested a bounded home from a nature now seen as ‘other’, if not hostile. Urbanism took separation further, most obviously with the walled city, but also in social stratification and specialised employment. The many forms of progressive separation reached a new extreme with modernity, including in our technological prowess-fuelled hubristic denial of our myriad dependencies and interdependencies on nature and each other. People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. The Good City Architecture and the City in the Emergent Era Peter Buchanan
  19. 19. Our once-living world became the dead mechanical universe of Newton from which we were side-lined. This shrivelled reality sparked counter reactions – stream-of- consciousness literature, psychoanalysis and so on - but still underlies modern culture and most people’s world view. Elevating the objective as true reality inevitably led to a world fragmented into isolated objects, as with the formally mute freestanding buildings of the modern city. Hence our ruptured cities, communities and psyches - and the deadening severance of our empathic and sensual connections with the world. The correlated devaluing of the subjective, and so culture too, erased the rich world of meaning and spirit, sensual and empathic connection, a sense of place in and of belonging to the world. The Enlightenment had further intensified these, and other modes of disconnect and denial. In justifying industrialisation and colonialism it saw nature and people as mere resources for exploitation by extractive technologies with negative impacts dismissed as externalities. So unsustainability is no mere by-product of modernity but its inevitable outcome that history will judge as a defining characteristic. Hence modern and purely objective means of current approaches to green design – science, technology and ecology – cannot, useful as they are, alone deliver sustainability. Amongst other things, achieving this requires conferring a broad sense of satisfaction, of lives well-lived in a beneficial engagement with the world. The current pervasive rage behind populist political movements, Brexit and Trump is fuelled by a sense of betrayal by modernity and its supposed egalitarian ethos, that many of its potential benefits have been hijacked by a minority, leaving the majority marginalised. l Besides downsides, modernity brought great, if unevenly distributed, gifts in such things as material wealth, healthcare and so on, and not least in prodigious knowledge: hard physical sciences and technology; human sciences such as psychology and anthropology; and in strategies of social and personal change necessary to facilitate the shift to sustainability. But this is all segregated into separate silos so limiting its application to the urgent and systemically interlinked problems we face. To address these we must transcend modernity and even reverse Separation’s millennia-old trajectory. Instead we need a more integrative and inspiring approach synthesising all forms of knowledge – subjective and objective, spiritual and scientific and so on. This would emphasise not just constraints (cutting consumption, emissions etc.) but huge qualitative leaps in satisfaction, physical and mental health and so on that would bring its enthusiastic embrace. People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Architecture and the City in the Emergent Era Peter Buchanan Diagram derived from Richard Tarnas “Cosmos and Psyche” Compare with Tony Fry “Becoming Human by Design”. For tens of millennia we lived as Nomads with the world as our home. Then we settled and created a home within the world. But modernity created the psycho-cultural condition of homelessness (as well as leaving many homeless) which now threatens to leave all of us homeless, with neither places we feel at home nor our planetary home. Psycho-cultural malaise The Good City
  20. 20. Modernity begins with the Renaissance and the emergence of science; underpinning both is a core notion of an objective reality independent of us, a reality fully understood by detached observation, measurement and reductive rationalism. Hence we are at a pivotal threshold of human evolution that, by the synergistic application of the expertise modernity bequeaths us, will now be shaped by conscious choice not random chance – or the imperatives of the market and technological innovation. Inspiring us instead will be a fresh and more complete vision, drawing on the best of contemporary understandings, of what it is to be fully human, unfolding into full potential in harmonious and benevolent interaction with others, the planet and all its life forms. Architecture that facilitates this must go beyond repairing the ravages wrought by modernity or merely limiting further negative impacts, as with most current green architecture. Besides regenerating nature and revivifying the world in every way, physically and culturally, it will transcend and even invert many characteristics of modern architecture. Its concerns, for instance, will shift from: shaping freestanding objects to weaving urban fabric; objective function to the many subjective dimensions of dwelling; abstract forms that relate neither to us, physically or psychically, to those with which we can engage and empathise; the distancing sense of vision (how buildings look) to how buildings make you feel, sensually and emotionally. Architecture will evolve from focussing on individual buildings and objective issues to becoming an art of reweaving multiple webs of relationship of all sorts, in both the physical and social worlds and the subjective ones of culture and psychology. We will enter a new cultural phase, not as all conquering humanity, as is typical of newly emergent species entering an eco-niche, but as mature Earthlings living in benevolent and reverential reciprocity with the rest of creation. Recognising we are part of nature and belong here, our architecture will neither timidly submerge itself in nature nor minimise its impacts by hovering above it, two approaches currently assumed to be green. Instead, confident we belong here our buildings will once again be fully fledged cultural artefacts, not mere functional gadgets, weaving a dialogue with the natural world that nourishes us physically and psychologically. Endorsing all these changes will be the shift from living in modernity’s mechanical universe – the meaningless of which leads to the defensive walling of oneself off with consumer goodies and addictive behaviour – to contemporary science’s vision of a living, evolving universe that encourages us to disencumber and participate in the world. People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Architecture and the City in the Emergent Era Peter Buchanan Traditional city of BEING, of continuity, Modern city of DOING, of discontinuities versus The Good City
  21. 21. This changed relationship with the world will reshape our cities. Elsewhere I have contrasted what I called the City of Being with the City of Doing. The former is the premodern, traditional city of contiguous fabric and experience, of buildings of material and symbolic presence shaping the public realm and where you were the same person wherever you were and known in your entirety by your neighbours and fellow citizens. But the modern City of Doing2 is that of discontinuous fabric and experience, of freestanding buildings where you play differing roles in different places – parent at home, boss or employee at work and so on – and nobody fully knows you. But as you only know yourself to degree you are known by others, it is also a machine for avoiding self-knowledge and maturity, and so also of a feeling of responsibility for the larger worlds of nature and the planet. The comforting City of Being is also that of belonging, of slow change and relative stability. By contrast the City of Doing, in which you feel exposed and unengaged by the mutely abstract buildings, is that of alienation and anxiety, loneliness and addiction, but also dynamism. Of necessity, if we are to approach sustainability, we now face a time when we must accelerate socio-cultural evolution and marry the reassuring sense of belonging of the City of Being with the restless dynamism of the City of Doing. This will be the City of Becoming, of buildings in dialogue with us and each other as they shape a richly articulated public realm that, like the architecture, is devised to suggest and stretch us into the expanded potential we know we possess. Such a city celebrates a diversity of cultures and serves people at all ages and stages of their lives to be a city of many things to do and multiple ways of being and relating with each other, with our own physical and psychic selves, with nature and even the cosmos – a place to take the exciting next step in our continuing evolution. A theme in many later writings, I first articulated this contrast in From Doing to Being: cultural buildings and the city in the Conceptual Age, The Architectural Review, October 2006 1. Eisenstein, Charles, The Ascent of Humanity, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, 2013 2. A theme in many later writings, I first articulated this contrast in From Doing to Being: cultural buildings and the city in the Conceptual Age, The Architectural Review, October 2006 Architecture and the City in the Emergent Era Peter Buchanan Copyright Peter Buchanan • Separation • Doing • Objective concerns • Observable function • Functional device • Individual buildings • Freestanding • Vision (looking good) • Lifeless materials • Instantaneity • Wow • Concept (imposed) • Individual genius • Creativity as self-expression • Exploiting or fitting into nature • Planet as resource • Reunion/connection • Being • Objective and subjective • ‘Dwelling’ • Cultural artefact • Urban fabric • Shaping external space • Feeling (feeling good) • Materials with life • Slow discovery and unfoldment • Nuance • Craft (slowly emergent) • ‘Scenius’ • Creativity as participation • Dialogue with nature as equal • Planet as loving partner FROM: TO: Summary of forthcoming shifts The Good City
  22. 22. We will look back at these times from the future with total bafflement. There is abundant and ever-mounting evidence of the devastation our way of life will bring to both us and the planet—all far too familiar in their many interlinked dimensions to require rehearsing yet again. Yet we are still doing far too little to avoid what is forecast as certain disaster. Instead we are like rabbits paralyzed in the headlights of an oncoming car awaiting the demise of all we profess to hold dear with resigned fatalism. The reasons for inaction are various. They include the blocking actions of vested interests—rich corporations and the wealthy elite—that benefit lavishly from the present situation. In this they are aided by supine politicians and neoliberal dogma—how were we ever gullible enough to believe in and accept the latter, even in these confused times? More pertinent are other factors. The multiplicity of solutions offered is hopeful and enticing, yet also confusing and disempowering. Which of all these will be effective? And aren’t they too partial, piecemeal and disconnected? Reweaving Webs of Relationships (excerpt) Peter Buchanan Copyright Peter Buchanan Such reservations are valid and apply to ideas surrounding degrowth and many other eagerly proposed contributions to meeting the challenges of our times. But the real problem is that they are not part of a larger framework or strategy for effective action, in particular one informed by an inspiring and integrative vision of what might supersede the status quo. Equally disempowering is recognizing just how great are the challenges we face. Daunting too, is to acknowledge the profound changes required if we are to approach anything resembling the many dimensions of true sustainability and bring about the transformed mind sets and ways of engaging each other and the earth that will deliver it. What we recognize, or perhaps mostly intuit subconsciously, is that we must navigate what will prove to be probably the greatest of pivotal shifts in human history. This will involve changes in the way we live and, perhaps more to the point, who we think we are—our very identity and sense of belonging. These shifts must be at least as great as those accompanying the move from the nomadic tribes in which we lived for most of human history to the agrarian settlements we pioneered only 10,000 years or so ago. Also entailed will be modifying, and even inverting, many of the ways of thinking and being that have defined us to date as humankind. But if we ponder all this, it should be as exciting as it is scary to enter a new phase in the human evolutionary adventure. Yet the enormity of what could be promised and its enticing possibilities provokes resistance to participating in this adventure, particularly amongst those let down by the non-delivery of previous promises. To understand where we are historically and how we got here, and to guide what we do now, we must adopt a Big Picture perspective, a much larger spatial and temporal frame of reference than usual—in short, an evolutionary and ecological view, so seeing things as unfolding over time and within multiple webs of interconnections. The Good City
  23. 23. Reweaving Webs of Relationships (excerpt) Peter Buchanan Copyright Peter Buchanan That we now deny our many interdependencies with the world around, including nature that evolved us, is a consequence of our earliest days as a species characterized by an extreme vulnerability, particularly that of our defenseless and long-dependent infants. But we are also blessed with curiosity, creative intelligence and the capacities for learning and communication which we used to defend and distance ourselves from the dangers of the world around. We imagine early tribal people lived in harmony with surrounding nature - and they did so in considerable degree. But even then, language alone would have started our long and progressive separation from nature and the world around. An animal is enveloped in an omnipresent world; but, thanks to language, we live in the world, the addition of the definite article pushing the world away and separating us from it. This separation was enormously compounded by our various forms of construction for defense and shelter as well as by our various technologies, such as our early mastery of fire to banish cold and darkness and keep wild animals away. Yet the whole world around was still our home to be treated with respectful and reverential gratitude, and propitiated with rites that recognized and took responsibility for our interdependencies with nature. But the establishment of agriculture and settlement started a progressively greater separation from the nature that we tried to conquer and control as we wrested a home for ourselves from what came to be seen as “other” and even hostile. This separation intensified with the foundation of cities, most obviously those behind defensive walls, where separation also manifested in the stratification of, and internal divisions within, society. Modernity took all this to another extreme. If modernity were distilled to a single core concept it would be that there is an objective reality independent of us—the same assumption underlying classic, reductionist, mechanistic science, what some now call scientism. Prior to the rise of science this exclusionary view of reality would have been incomprehensibly weird, as it is again today to any who have really grasped the implications of leading-edge contemporary science, such as quantum entanglement. The extreme dualism of an assumed objective reality alienates and excludes us from the world around, inhibiting our sensual and empathic engagement with it and so sense of responsibility for it. Of course, this objectivism also provoked a counter-reaction in an exploration of the subjective in the modern novel, psychoanalysis and so on. But although such subjectivism characterizes much of modern artistic culture, it has remained subordinate to the dominant narrative of an objective reality and the elevation of rational consciousness—still the mind-set of economics, medicine and much else. ………………… The Good City
  24. 24. …………………… To move beyond modernity, we need to recover the sense of community and belonging of the City of Being. Yet that such cities now seem so reassuringly right for humans is partly because they were shaped in eras of relative stability and not subject to destabilizing change. That change must be sweeping and urgent to belatedly deal with what confronts us suggests we need to retain some of the dynamism of the City of Doing while avoiding its downsides. This answer will be the City of Becoming, informed by an emerging and expanded sense of what it is to be fully human. This City will offer multiple ways to explore its richly diverse fabric and facilities and so discover ever more potentials in ourselves. The architecture of the City of Becoming will further expand and elaborate this role as it weaves a web of relationships in a way that encourages one to be aware and engaged, stretching you to all one could become. Instead of modernity’s isolated objects in a conceptual void, un-treasured and tarted up with smears of landscaping, the result would be a richly woven tapestry of relationships. So what is to be rewoven? Pretty much everything, or at least as much as possible, both in the physical realm and within the psyche. Architecture, urbanism and landscape would regain the intimate interrelationships they enjoyed prior to modernity, but now informed by concerns such as sustainability and wellbeing. Architecture will not only once again frame and animate the public realm, but also harvest ambient energies such as sun and wind, retain and recycle rainwater, use plants for shading and air purification, and so on. Urban design will also temper climate as well as create a rich framework of different places, experiences, and meanings to be explored and enjoyed while expanding one’s self through our relationships to place and history. The city will also weave patterns of use and circulation to provide ample opportunities for social encounters and community formation while catering to the needs of people at all ages and stages of life. Landscape will contribute to climatic comfort and healthy hydrology too, but also enhance biodiversity and even contribute to food production, if only by including fruit and nut trees. It and the creatures it hosts might also reintroduce a soul-expanding sense of wildness, mystery, and magic. And, as we recover the vital roles of culture that were undermined by scientific rationalism this will not only enrich architecture, cities, and landscape, the plastic arts of sculpture and painting will return to their role of enhancing, even completing, buildings, not least by making their meanings more explicit as well as richer and more nuanced. Reweaving Webs of Relationships (excerpt) Peter Buchanan Copyright Peter Buchanan The Good City
  25. 25. This approach to design is the antithesis of the creative license celebrating the individual creative ego that has characterized much recent architecture. Weaving relationships requires manners, respect for and the establishment of synergistic reciprocities with what is around. But too many contemporary buildings—icons, parametric blobs and other forms of disruptive asshole architecture—bereft of manners flaunt themselves arrogantly as sunset effect caricatures of the worst pathologies of modernity. An antidote is to design buildings of quiet presence, and creating a distinct sense of place is important too. Reweaving a web of relationships involves being attentive to the many forms of flow around. Attention will return to the skillful crafting of the most crucial of these flows, all the many forms of human circulation, by which we navigate and are enticed through the built environment to enliven and generate activities adjacent to these routes. In contrast to the fluid slosh of space found in modern or parametric layouts, reweaving requires each part to be a distinct and rooted center, as consistent with sustainability’s ambitious agenda that every place be treasured in itself as an essential part of our precious planet. If reweaving is about creating a rich web of horizontal relationships, these need to be stabilized and grounded by creating vertical connections with earth and sky, past memories and future potentials, as well as in our psyches, in the depths of our souls, and with our aspirant spirit. The goal is nothing less than to create a world where citizens are encouraged to live full and, most important of all, deeply satisfied lives. If proposals do not also promise to interrelate as part of a larger whole, and offer an expanded and deepened sense of fulfilment, they will not be enthusiastically embraced and implemented. Instead of the frustrations of half-lived lives, citizens will then be able to look back from their deathbeds at lives rich in enlivening experiences and deep connections to people and places. What an ennobling agenda for architecture! And what an exciting time to be an architect, participating in the great adventure of our time. × Overgrowth is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Oslo Architecture Triennale within the context of its 2019 edition. Peter Buchanan is a writer, critic, consultant, and curator. He worked as an architect and urban designer/planner in various parts of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East before joining the Architect’s Journal and The Architectural Review in 1979, where he most recently wrote The Big Rethink series. Reweaving Webs of Relationships (excerpt) Peter Buchanan https://www.e-flux.com/architecture/overgrowth/221630/reweaving-webs-of-relationships/ Copyright Peter Buchanan The Good City
  26. 26. If I Were You, I Wouldn’t Have Started from Here … Prof. Paul Krause Copyright Paul Krause The Good City Dorset Street, London UK, photographed in 1902 for The People of the Abyss by Jack London Volunteer fire-fighters spent 36-hour shifts based in the reinforced basement of Victoria House, Bloomsbury, London tackling the worst of the London Blitz. (The author’s grandfather is on the far left). One distinguishing feature of a complex system is path dependency: outcomes vary depending on the route taken. It has been urged that the criticism I have passed on things as they are in England is too pessimistic. I must say, in extenuation, that of optimists I am the most optimistic. But I measure manhood less by political aggregations than by individuals. Society grows, while political machines rack to pieces and become “scrap.” For the English, so far as manhood and womanhood and health and happiness go, I see a broad and smiling future. But for a great deal of the political machinery, which at present mismanages for them, I see nothing else than the scrap heap. JACK LONDON. PIEDMONT, CALIFORNIA. The need for men and women to work together and force the political machine to make life better helped to reinforce a social cohesion that manifests itself in a level of pride and sense of place. Paul Krause: BSc PhD FIMA Cmath: Professor in Complex Systems - Surrey University See also contributions to Urban Hub 7, 8, 9,11 & 13
  27. 27. Copyright Paul Krause More importantly, how do we build social cohesion in a modern mega-city that has little or no historical context – “I wouldn’t have started from here”? Green Infrastructure naturally established in historic London. But the balance is changed in new build. However, the wider community continues to evolve a collective understanding of the value of maintaining London as a “Natural Capital”, although the budgets for many initiatives are constantly under threat; we need more hard evidence of the benefits of maintaining social and natural capital to growing and maintaining a City as a resilient complex system. Now, the economic imperative is cutting that social cohesion with knives. Industries that used to hold communities together continue to leave. There seems to be an inevitable transition from an industrial economy to a service-based economy as a nation develops. It is chronic and at a late stage in countries with the highest GDP. But it seems that every developing nation is following this trajectory. How do we hold on to the diversity yet social cohesion of a historic, cosmopolitan city; even enhance it? If I Were You, I Wouldn’t Have Started from Here … Prof. Paul Krause The Good City
  28. 28. Copyright Paul Krause If I Were You, I Wouldn’t Have Started from Here … Prof. Paul Krause The Good City The London Wetland Centre is only a few kilometres from the very centre of the city. The Lake Epping B3193 Thornwood Common The Lower Forest M11 B181 Epping B181 M 25 Epping Thicks Big View Ambresbury Banks Epping Green Bumble's Green Theydon Bois Theydon Green B182 Coopersale Street B172 Jack's Hill Debden Green B1393 M25 Upshire B194 A121 A112 A112 A110 A1069 A1037 A1009 A406(T ) B160 A1009 A104 A5 03 A114 A112(T ) A112(T) A113 A11 A116 A406(T) A1400 Gants Hill Redbridge A1400 A113 B170 A121 A104 A1168 A113 B172 Wanstead Upper Walthamstow Aldersbrook Leyton Walthamstow Chingford Wanstead Flats Alexandra Lake Jubilee Pond Wanstead Park Leyton Midland Road Leytonstone Leytonstone High Road Wanstead Park Walthamstow Central Wood Street Manor Park Ilford City of London Cemetery Snaresbrook South Woodford Woodford Woodford Roding Valley Chigwell Loughton Loughton Waltham Abbey Woodford Bridge Wake Valley Pond Wake Arms Roundabout Furze Ground Golding's Hill Pond Great Monk Wood Little Monk Wood Baldwins Hill Epping Forest Visitor Centre High Beach Loughton Camp Robin Hood Roundabout Highams Park M 11 Staple's Hill The Stubbles Bury Wood Sewardstonebury Yardley Hill Pole Hill The Warren Warren Hill Connaught Water Chingford Warren Pond Whitehall Plain Hatch Plain Lord's Bushes Knighton Wood Chingford Hatch Highams Park Boating Lake Woodford Green Walthamstow Forest Eagle Pond Hollow Pond Whipps Cross Hospital Leyton Flats Wanstead The Basin Bush Wood Rive r Rod ing Buckhurst Hill Debden Ilford Deer Sanctuary Truelove's Fernhills Chigwell Abridge J27 J6 J5 Galley Hill Monkhams Hall Hayes Hill Farm Warlies Park Copped Hall Park Coopersale The Warren Plantation Woodredon Estate Royal Gunpowder Mills J26 Theydon Bois Cornmill Stream RiverLea HorsemillStream R iv erLe a King George's Reservoir William Girling Reservoir OldR. L ea North Farm RiverLeaNavigation Enfield Lock Chingford Golf Course Swaines Green Queen Elizabeth’s Hunting Lodge The Temple N W E S 0 5 km Welcome to Epping Forest Gifford Wood Limited mobility access Four easy access paths are marked but for further information on suitable flat areas for walking please contact the Visitor Centre. Forest land with unlimited access for walking. City-owned Buffer Land with access on public or permissive rights of way The 3rd volume of the then newly instigated Collins New Naturalist Series was published in 1945. The series editors saw promotion of London’s natural history “as a kind of light relief from the somewhat grim preoccupations of those days” that was accessible to everyone. The City of London owns and manages significant areas of green space in and around the perimeter of London to preserve their natural history and amenity benefit. FENCHURCH AVENUE BUTL ERSTRE ET LIME ST REET FENCOURT Johnsons Court Leadenhall Market The City Boundary Sites maintained by the City of London Riverside Gardens Church Outstanding view Underground Station Railway Station Museum Information Point Roman Wall N Riverside Walk Netball Court Tennis Court Play Facilities Toilet Toilet with wheelchair access Off-street Parking Disabled Parking Based upon the Ordnance Survey mapping with permission of the Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. ©Crown copyright. Unauthorised reproduction infringes crown copyright and may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings. City of London 100023243 - 2005. This mapping is provided by the City of London under licence from the Ordnance Survey in order to fulfil its function to maintain and promote its open spaces for the recreation and enjoyment of the public. Persons viewing this map should contact Ordnance Survey Copyright for advice where they wish to licence Ordnance Survey mapping for their own use. For a more detailed map of all green spaces in the City please visit http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/Corporation/maps/Interactive+City+maps.htm Lunchtimein StPaul ’s Rose garden City Gardens 0 500 metres N N W E S City Gardens map Nov 11_26871 City Gardens map 22/11/2011 11:01 Page 1 Individuals and Institutions within London work to preserve the Natural Capital of the City – seen as a key element in also maintaining social cohesion. London: A Natural Capital
  29. 29. "We move from part to whole and back again, and in that dance of comprehension, in that amazing circle of understanding, we come alive to meaning, to value, and to vision: the very circle of understanding guides our way, weaving together the pieces, healing the fractures, mending the torn and tortured fragments, lighting the way ahead -- this extraordinary movement from part to whole and back again, with healing the hallmark of each and every step, and grace the tender reward." Ken Wilber
  30. 30. Making It Happen
  31. 31. This Transition to a New Development Paradigm Cristina Mendonça Deep engagement initiative to unlock a new way of being of individuals, culture and systems “It always seems impossible until it is done” Nelson Mandela Fragmented approaches to drive change through the over emphasis on the systems dimension of change have been dysfunctional to address the intertwined environmental, social, economical and existential planetary crisis. The initiative will apply integral theory, action research, adult developmental theory and change theory to engage participants as change agents toward thriveability. Each of the 10 dimensions of change is interlinked and inter-dependent with each other. Every change in one interconnection affects the entire system. 21st century change agents are not only more skillful, with higher capacities, but essentially embody a new way of being, through a more complex and inclusive worldview, enabling them to activate all dimensions of change. Cristina Mendonça (techni@techni.com.br ) www.techni.com.br Making The Change Adapted from MetaImpact framework www.metaintegral.com/
  32. 32. Cristina Mendonça is a change strategist in the context of climate change, cities and development initiatives that have global impact. She has 20+ years leadership experience in the private and non-governmental sectors, mobilizing human and financial resources, leading, facilitating and engaging multiple stakeholders toward action in change processes. “If you are not aware of how you are part of the problem, you can’t be part of the solution” Bill Torbert • Phase 1: In-person workshop at the Pontifical Catholic University in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (August, 2019) • Phase 2: Virtual community of practice in Brazil (4th qt, 2019) • Phase 3: Global virtual community of practice roll out (2020) Embodying a 1,5ºC thriving lifestyle practice Some ingredients: collaboration, creativity, inclusion, innovation, technology, shared values, planet Source: “Transition”, 2015. Cristina Mendonça What if we “travelled” within ourselves to explore how we are part of the planetary crisis? Through principles of neuroscience, experiential practices including mindfulness, embodiment as well as group work using conversation, deep listening and interpersonal relationship will be offered as tools to facilitate and activate change processes. (1) Seth Wynes and Kimberly A Nicholas. The climate mitigation gap: education and government recommendations miss the most effective individual actions 2017 Environ. Res. Lett. 12 (2) https://noflyclima`tesci.org Avoid flying is one of the most impactful actions that one can take to reduce GEE(1) . With the advance of virtual technologies and with the emergency of the climate crisis, the initiative will activate, engage and support virtual communities of practice. Partners and participants are encouraged to sign-up to the “No Fly Climate Sci”(2) and the “We Stay on the Ground”(3) campaigns. (3) www.westayontheground.`blogspot.com Transition to a New Development Paradigm Cristina Mendonça Cristina Mendonça (techni@techni.com.br ) www.techni.com.br Making The Change
  33. 33. The Good City Reframing Complex Challenges for Gaia’s Human Hives Marilyn Hamilton www.integralcity.com Integral City 3.7 Reframes Complex Challenges for Gaia’s Human Hives. It offers three practices for designing a collective urban life that works for all life; namely: Caring Contexting Capacity Building This is Book 3 in the Integral City series. It applies and expands in multiple directions the 12 intelligences described in Book 1, Integral City: Evolutionary Intelligences for the Human Hive, and builds on the field work of Book 2: Integral City Inquiry & Action: Designing Impact for the Human Hive. Part 1: Deepening Care – explores Spirituality, Creativity and the Master Code. Part 2: Raising Contexts – explores Cities as Trigger Points and Tipping Points, the Invisible City and Security in the Human Hive. Part 3: Widening Capacity – explores 4 scales of Capacity Building in human systems: Leadership, Organizations, Systems and the City. Hamilton, M. 2018. Integral City 3.7: Reframing Complex Challenges for Gaia’s Human Hives. Amaranthpress. Tucson AZ Marilyn Hamilton is a city evolutionist, activist, author, and researcher. A radical optimist, she catalyzes city well-being through living, evolutionary, whole systems approaches.
  34. 34. Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs: A Dance in 3 Acts by Marilyn Hamilton Integral City Meshworks Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Copyright Marilyn Hamilton Hamilton, M. (2018) Integral City 3.7: Reframing Complex Challenges for Gaia’s Human Hives. Minneapolis, MN: Amaranth Press, p. 337-342 Making The Change
  35. 35. Copyright Marilyn Hamilton • Imagine the city as a human hive – a living organ of Gaia who has a purpose that is in service to Gaia’s wellbeing and sustainability and is embraced by its citizens. • Imagine human hives who can resource their purpose with internal and external resources and funding. • Imagine the human hive as a living innovation eco-system, where we enable the connections between the four voices of the city - Citizens, Civil Society, City/Institutional Managers, Business/Innovators - so they not only thrive today but create a legacy of life conditions for the next generations to evolve and thrive. • Imagine human hives who know how to connect. They can map their existing connections, align people to purpose and priorities. They can amplify what works, let go of what doesn’t and continuously improve the value they contribute to Gaia. Prelude: Imagine Waking up the Human Hive Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Making The Change
  36. 36. Copyright Marilyn Hamilton • Imagine human hives who learn from each other and develop the whole system of human hives in an evolutionary direction. • If we can imagine such a city, we can imagine creating and implementing plans for the glocal- scale challenges of climate adaptation, energy shifts, water management, food security and cultural evolution. • To do so, we can imagine how to release resources now trapped in city sectors, silos and stovepipes. • We can imagine the frameworks, tools and processes that catalyze new conversations, build on the underlying values and recalibrate the assets, capacities and capitals into meshworks of economic, environmental, social and cultural interests. • We can imagine creating the model for community engagement, city development, business strategies and communication technologies to evolve the intelligences in our cities into thriving human hives. Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Making The Change
  37. 37. Copyright Marilyn Hamilton Imagine Your City has a sense of its own Spirit and discovers its purpose in service to the wellbeing of its eco-region and the planet. Imagine that Your City valued its values, history, traditions and culture so that it conserves what works well and teaches it (or shares) with others, including children, youth, seniors, business, civil society, and city hall. Imagine that Your City was open to creative change so that it could replace what does not work well with what can work better, and even inspire people to want more change. Imagine that Your City discovers the wisdom and resources to create itself as a valued and valuable city – for its citizens, families, organizations, communities, neighborhoods, sectors, state and country. Imagine Your City Dances Like a Thriving Innovation Ecosystem Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Act 1: With Deep Inner Listening Making The Change
  38. 38. ACT 2: Where Work Is Love In Action Imagine that Your City appreciates the great diversity in the city – from workers who produce value, to innovators and artists who generate diversity, to investors and resource allocators who find and manage resources for worthy projects, to integrators who see the city as alive for humans as a beehive is for bees. Imagine that Your City has an innovation eco-system that provides it with a thriving economy that draws on its history of success in manufacturing and co-creates new opportunities through innovation laboratories at its universities and businesses. Imagine that Your City’s education and training sector in conjunction with business and civil society, committed to the high school graduation as a minimum target for its children; coop and intern opportunities for youth; and with governments, created the conditions for full employment for all adults. Imagine that all students in Your City learn in school: mutual trust and respect; how to dialogue with others; how to cooperate through teamwork with others; and how to coordinate projects and processes to produce life-giving results. Imagine that Your City commits to balancing interests for a healthy economy and wellbeing amongst its citizens through engaging with all the voices of the city in making decisions, managing plans and achieving goals. Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Copyright Marilyn Hamilton Making The Change
  39. 39. Copyright Marilyn Hamilton Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Imagine that Your City has an integrated sustainability plan so that it measures, tracks and exchanges sustainability data related to energy, water, food, finance, economic production and climate, that it shares internally with city stakeholders and externally with other cities in the region. Imagine that Your City understands how it adds value to the economy and environment and positions itself strategically in relation to other cities in the region, the eco-region, Your Nation and the Planet. Imagine that Your City has excellent information systems that inform the decisions of not only city hall, but all businesses, citizens, civil society, institutions (healthcare, education, spiritual), eco- regions and all government levels (state, regional, national). Imagine that the management of Your City meshworks so well by integrating stakeholders that it is a model for other cities of its size in Your Eco-Region, Your Nation, Your Continent and the world. Act 3: Choreographing With The Intelligences Of Nature Making The Change
  40. 40. Imagine that Your City’s ability to respond to stresses (environmental, economic, physical, cultural, social, psychological) at all levels of scale, creates a resilient city, because all stakeholders working together (in a meshwork) create the conditions for everyone in the city to communicate with each other willingly and regularly. Imagine that Your City is fully optically/ energetically/IT wired so that all parts of the city could communicate internally and externally with the rest of the world. Imagine that Your City practices transparent governance, accountability and accessibility to information so that people feel safe to share, care and relate to each other, their places and the planet fairly. Imagine that Your City balances efficient management with enough extra resources that the city is resilient to change: co-creating with the intelligences of nature where work is love in action with deep inner listening. Imagine Waking Up the Human Hive as Gaia’s Reflective Organs Copyright Marylin Hamilton Making The Change
  41. 41. Community Co Creation – Vision 2030 Alan Dean www.burning2learn.co.uk Making The Change
  42. 42. Making The Change The World Association Sustainable Development, 19th conference was held in London June 2019 pulling together communities from around the world. Sharing their findings whilst evaluating opportunities to collaborate with each other. Whilst we all talk about working together many minds are trapped in a “what’s in it for me” attitude . This stubborn mindset can not stop the tsunami of change we are all facing. We have not enough lifeguards to save 7.7 billion people. Community Co Creation – Vision 2030 Alan Dean Time to train the surfer that can ride the Tsunami of change Many bright people are not being heard. We often feel that we are banging our head on a closed door, the challenge is to stop and think, are we talking to the makers or the takers? Our guess is that 80+% will take your energy and waste it. 10+% will want to act but not yet, so without a shadow of a doubt will teach just the less than 10% who want to learn. Speed is of the essence and many will fall by the wayside - we can’t wait for them. We require elite surfers, we will make mistakes, share what we get wrong and what worked so others don’t make the same mistake. Working on the edge of chaos we hope to save many people. E-Learning can become a vehicle of choice, but to be effective we require an understanding of learners cultures and value and also which global goals are the most important at this stage. Seek to find safe places for those pioneers in your communities. Leaders are too wrapped up in trying to make the current model work. They are overburdened, now is the time to build resilience into yourself, your family, your street and then your town. Remember the aeroplane safety talk, place your own oxygen mask on first before you help others. www.burning2learn.co.uk
  43. 43. Community Co Creation – Vision 2030 Alan Dean Making The Change
  44. 44. Community Co Creation – Vision 2030 Alan Dean Making The Change Today is a listening & being day Tomorrow is a doing day and next week is a reporting week, success and failures. It sounds simple but believe it or not people are open too it, we have tried and so often we failed. We cultivate communities so that they can help each other to co create their own future in the present. The sense of belonging breaks down when society choose to see people merely as data. Coders are not required to build in unintended consequences’. Their codes deals with yes or no, 1 or 0 inputs. When people don’t fit the boxes they are often seen a problem (computer says no). This struggle to align the energy of the town to the outcomes of poor community engagement creates a lack of trust on both sides. Time poverty and the desire to scale up rather than scale out has to be addressed. Only together can we move in the right direction. www.burning2learn.co.uk l e y Education GenderEquality Water Energy Work&Income Food Climate Action Life at Sea Life on Land Peace Justice Health Alan Dean Founder/Managing Director Burning2Learn UK Ltd Motivating tomorrows adults today
  45. 45. Community Co Creation – Vision 2030 Alan Dean Making The Change www.burning2learn.co.uk
  46. 46. A Broader View
  47. 47. AQAL A Meta Theory
  48. 48. In a certain sense, integral approaches are “meta-paradigms,” or ways to draw together an already existing number of separate paradigms into an interrelated network of approaches that are mutually enriching. A Broader Framework Integral Theory People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Integral approaches to any field attempt to be exactly that to include as many: • perspectives • styles • methodologies as possible within a coherent view of the topic. Integral Means • comprehensive • inclusive • non-marginalizing • embracing
  49. 49. The ‘world’ is an experience in four dimensions, the: ‘I’ – intentions or subjective; ‘We’ – cultural or intersubjective; ‘It’ – behavioural or objectives, and ‘Its’ – social systems or inter-objective. these are the Quadrants. These dimensions are then filtered through: • our complexity of experiences or Stages of Development; • our different streams of experience or Line of Development in areas such as cognition, values, world-view, ego/self, morals, etc., • our Types such as our gender, religion, politics, race, ...... psychology, and finally through • our State in experiencing such as: mood (happy or sad],wake, or asleep ........ etc.) Putting these all together we have a simple overview of the Integral Map or the AQAL Integral meta-theory. People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. A Broader Framework AQAL Framework
  50. 50. © integralMENTORS What can be said about a more integral model of human possibilities? Before talking about the application of an integral vision — in education, politics, business, health care, and so on — there needs to be some general notion of what it is that is to be applied in the first place. Moving from pluralistic relativism to universal integralism, what kind of map might be found? A more integral cartography might include: • multiple waves of existence, spanning the entire spectrum of consciousness, subconscious to self- conscious to super-conscious. • numerous different streams, modules, or lines of development, including cognitive, moral, spiritual, aesthetic, somatic, imaginative, interpersonal, etc. • multiple states of consciousness, including waking, dreaming, sleeping, altered, non-ordinary, and meditative. • numerous different types of consciousness, including gender types, personality types (enneagram, Myers-Briggs, Jungian), and so on. • multiple brain states and organic factors. Subjects do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different states of subjects bring forth different worlds. A more integral cartography might also include: A Broader Framework
  51. 51. • the extraordinarily important impact of numerous cultural factors, including the rich textures of diverse cultural realities, background contexts, pluralistic perceptions, linguistic semantics, and so on, none of which should be unwarrantedly marginalized, all of which should be included and integrated in a broad web of integral-aperspectival tapestries (and, just as important, a truly "integral transformative practice" would give considerable weight to the importance of relationships, community, culture, and intersubjective factors in general, not as merely a realm of application of spiritual insight, but as a mode of spiritual transformation). • the massively influential forces of the social system, at all levels (from nature to human structures, including the all-important impact of nonhuman social systems, from Gaia to ecosystems). Subjects do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different states of subjects bring forth different worlds. A more integral cartography might also include: ocial system e massively influential forces of the social system, all levels (from nature to human structures, cluding the all-important impact of nonhuman ocial systems, from Gaia to ecosystems). more integral cartography might also include: Subjects do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different states of subjects bring forth different worlds. ultural factors e extraordinarily important impact of numerous ultural factors, including the rich textures of iverse cultural realities, background contexts, luralistic perceptions, linguistic semantics, and so n, none of which should be unwarrantedly marginalized, all of which should be included and tegrated in a broad web of integral-aperspectival pestries (and, just as important, a truly "integral ansformative practice" would give considerable eight to the importance of relationships, ommunity, culture, and intersubjective factors in eneral, not as merely a realm of application of piritual insight, but as a mode of spiritual ansformation). A Broader Framework • the importance of the self as the navigator of the great River of Life should not be overlooked. It appears that the self is not a monolithic entity but rather a society of selves with a centre of gravity, which acts to bind the multiple waves, states, streams, and realms into something of a unified organization; the disruption of this organization, at any of its general stages, can result in pathology. Such are a few of the multiple factors that a richly holistic view of the Kosmos might wish to include. At the very least, any model that does not coherently include all of those items is not a very integral model. Ken Wilber
  52. 52. "A man is not called wise because he talks and talks again; but if he is peaceful, loving and fearless then he is in truth called wise" https://www.pps.org/article/what-is-placemaking AQAL : IMP “Placemaking inspires people to collectively reimagine and reinvent public spaces as the heart of every community. Strengthening the connection between people and the places they share, Placemaking refers to a collaborative process by which we can shape our public realm in order to maximize shared value. More than just promoting better urban design, Placemaking facilitates creative patterns of use, paying particular attention to the physical, cultural, and social identities that define a place and support its ongoing evolution.” - Evolution - Emergence - Living systems. Life cycles (generational sequences) - Integral intelligences each quadrant - Strategic intelligence - Accounting / Evaluating - Evolutionary intelligence - Meshworks : structure & self organising layering A Broader Framework
  53. 53. Integral Methodological Pluralism A set of social practices that corresponds with AQAL metatheory. IMP is paradigmatic in that it includes the most time-honored methodologies, and meta- paradigmatic in that it weaves them together by way of three integrative principles: • non-exclusion, • unfoldment, & • enactment Subjects do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different states of subjects bring forth different worlds. A Broader Framework AQAL : IMP
  54. 54. A Broader Framework - Towards an Integral View © integralMENTORSwww.integralmentors.org ValuesBehaviour(s) Culture(s)Systems Values Culture Behaviour Systems Not integrated - Siloed 1st Tier 2nd Tier integral Towards an Integral View the ‘worlds’ we work in the ‘worlds’ we must work from Tribal Post-tribal Traditional Modern Post-Modern Values Behaviour Culture Systems
  55. 55. Cultural and social norms that are unseen but nevertheless inform institutions, decision-making, and action. Behaviour, actions, and practices that support adaptation to climate change. A Broader Framework www.integralmentors.org Worldviews, values, and “meaning-making” that create an internal understanding and motivation regarding climate change adaptation. Systems & social institutions that influence adaptation strategies and decisions (positively or negatively). inte g ral Adaptation and Change Behaviour, actions, and practices that support adaptation to climate change. Worldviews, values, and “meaning-making” that create an internal understanding and motivation regarding climate change adaptation. Cultural and social norms that are unseen but nevertheless inform institutions, decision- making, and action. Systems & social institutions that influence adaptation strategies and decisions (positively or negatively) Un-integrated What actually gives rise to adaptation?What does not gives rise to adaptation? Siloes
  56. 56. INTERVENTIONS 'Whatever plan of action we adopt in our attempt to remake the world, our usual first step it to pin a laudatory label on what we are doing. We may call it development, cure, correction, improvement, help, or progress. We load untested conclusions onto ill-stated premises. But every intervention in an existing system is, for certain, only an intervention. We will make progress faster if we honestly call the changes “interventions” only, until an audit shows what we have actually done. Needless to say, such honesty will be resisted by most promoters of change. The point isn’t to avoid risk or even intervention. But rather to be humble about our knowledge, or lack of it. To know when we should avoid small, immediate, and visible benefits that introduce the possibility for large (and possibly invisible) side effects. Less is more.’ Garrett Hardin writes In Filters Against Folly
  57. 57. AQAL Integral Mapping
  58. 58. Mapping Integral Interventions Contrast metamodern ideas against modern and postmodern ideas www.metamoderna.org/metamodernism
  59. 59. Mapping Integral Interventions Personal Development People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Development occurs through the interplay between person and environment, not just by one or the other. It is a potential and can be encouraged and facilitated by appropriate support and challenge. The depth, complexity, and scope of what people notice can expand throughout life. Yet no matter how evolved we become, our knowledge and understanding is always partial and incomplete. As development unfolds, autonomy, freedom, tolerance for difference and ambiguity, as well as flexibility, reflection and skill in interacting with the environment increase, while defences decrease. Overall, worldviews evolve from simple to complex, from static to dynamic, and from egocentric to socio-centric to world-centric. Each later stage in the sequence is more differentiated, integrated, flexible and capable of functioning optimally in a world that is rapidly changing and becoming more complicated. People's stage of development influences what they notice or can become aware of, and therefore what they can describe, articulate, influence, and change. The main reason that learning is as slow as it is, is that learning means giving up ideas, habits, and values. Some of the old “learning” that has to be given up or “unlearned” was useful in the past, and is still useful to some of the people in the society. Some of the things that people have to unlearn are traditions that are dear to people, and that may be part of their personal character development. Some of what needs to be forgotten are ways of living that still have important values to people.
  60. 60. Mapping Integral Interventions Communities Lines of Development People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds.
  61. 61. Integral MENTORS The ‘Walk’ The ‘Systems’The ‘Talk’ The ‘Star’ & Shadow The COG Personal Alignment Action-Logic Leadership Development Values Personal Development Self-Identity Personal Development The Leading edge of thought the ‘Talk’ The trailing tail of action the ‘Shadow’ The centre of action the ‘Walk’ Stages of Leadership Development People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds. Integral - Communication developmental pull the ‘Star’
  62. 62. For communication tools see ‘Guides for Integrally Informed Practitioners : Basic’ – Paul van Schaik vS Publishers Personal beliefs/ mindset Systems existing & proposed Cultural views Personal Behaviour Context Stages of development Interior Subjective : Values - mindsets & intention Exterior Objective : Behaviour – competences & capacities Interior Intersubjective : Culture - worldviews Exterior Interobjective : Systems – infrastructure & creations Any attempt at interventions to modify behaviour needs to consider the interrelationship between behaviour, values & mindsets, culture and existing systems in place and systems of infrastructure being proposed. Each of these domains have a distinct influence and need to be tetra-meshed to embed change in the long-term. Change can be translational – healthier at same Stage of development or transformational – healthier (hopefully) a higher Stage of development. An Integral Approach to Development
  63. 63. An Integral Approach to Development Beliefs/mindset (individuals) Determine Values Centre of Gravity (VCG) (a number of instruments are available to measure VCG) Communications: 1. to nudge ‘improvements’ at current VCG (short term) 2. to transform to higher levels of understanding (long term) - stories, messages, school programs, social media, advertising etc. Peer group pressure, role models etc. Cultural views (communities etc.) Determine Dominant Mode of Discourse (DMD) (a number of instruments are available to measure DMD) Communications: 1. to nudge ‘improvements’ at current DMD (short term) 2. to transform to higher levels of understanding (long term) - stories, messages, school programs, social media, advertising etc. Peer group pressure, role models etc. Behaviour (individuals) To change Personal Behaviour both – translational more healthy at same level (horizontal) - transformational towards a higher stage of development (vertical) - new laws & guidelines/instructions - programs/projects in other quadrants. Context For communication tools see ‘Guides for Integrally Informed Practitioners : Basic’ – Paul van Schaik vS Publishers translational or transformational Systems in place – what needs improving & what needs replacing proposed systems C40 interventions These ‘problems’ are know as ‘wicked problems’ and actions or interventions usually bring forth unintended consequences. This constant alignment to goals of vision needed Projects need to be co created with communities – not handed down from the centre. See Modes of Participation table (level 6 to 8 for ‘sustainable’ results) Any intervention must be designed and implemented in conjunction with projects in other quadrants development
  64. 64. Integral Framework - Simplified Values Cultures Systems Behaviour The main reason that learning is as slow as it is, is that learning means giving up ideas, habits, and values. Some of the old “learning” that has to be given up or “unlearned” was useful in the past, and is still useful to some of the people in the society. Some of the things that people have to unlearn are traditions that are dear to people, and that may be part of their personal character development. Some of what needs to be forgotten are ways of living that still have important values to people. Folding Back the Future "It is not that we aren’t doing anything to influence our future. We are. We do what everybody does. We know that our actions have implications for the future and we act accordingly. But what we fail to do is fold our future back into our present with any real creativity or power in the course of our day- to-day activities - and day-to-day activities are where the future occurs." "Our future emerges from the interplay of today’s actions. Enough of the ‘right’ actions and we will survive and prosper. Too many of the ‘wrong’ ones and we will disappear. Enough of a fuzzy mixture and we will take a little longer to disappear, with a few of us waking up to discover what path we are on and working out a recovery." Mike McMasters People do not perceive worlds but enact them. Different mindsets bring forth different worlds.
  65. 65. www.integralmentors.org A Broader Framework Framing the issue Timescale Issue World ‘Values’ mindsets Tribal Post-tribal ego centric Traditional ethno-centric Modern socio-centric Post-Modern world-centric Integral CO2 Technology Pollution Population QuantityQuantity Problem area Leader ‘Values’ needed mindsets Leaders ‘Values’ mindsets Current Systems Organisations etc. transformation & translation
  66. 66. The deeper your development the broader your evaluation
  67. 67. Evaluation
  68. 68. Copyright Reporting 3.0 Sustainability Quotient: Numeration & Denomination • REDESIGN of a new economic system for • RESILIENCE of social and ecological systems and • REGENERATION beyond a baseline of social and ecological sustainability thresholds – to thriveability! Sustainability Quotient: S = A N *On the Carrying Capacities of Vital Capital Resources Numeration Denomination( )Actual Impacts* Normative Impacts* Sustainability = Source: Mark McElroy, Social Footprints, 2008 UNRISD Indicators Project: Three-Tiered “Pyramid” Typology • Tier One: Incrementalist Numeration o Numerator indicators focus on actual impacts, including absolute indicators, as well as relative or intensity indicators that are non- normative, and therefore incrementalist by definition. • Tier Two: Contextualized Denomination o Denominator indicators contextualize actual impacts against normative impacts. Also known as “Context-Based” indicators, denominator indicators take into account sustainability thresholds in ecological, social, and economic systems, as well as allocations of those thresholds to organizations and other entities. • Tier Three: Activating Transformation o Transformative indicators add the element of implementation and policy to normative denominator indicators to instantiate change within complex adaptive systems. Integral Evaluation
  69. 69. Copyright Reporting 3.0 Tier One: Incremental Numeration • Absolute indicators measure the actual impact itself. For example, a carbon footprint is the amount of carbon an entity emits over a distinct period of time. • Relative / intensity indicators do exactly what their name suggests – they relate the actual impact to an independent variable that provides a comparative view to widen understanding. For example, a standard relative indicator is actual impact compared to a unit of output. Carbon emitted per widget produced. Tiers Two: Contextual Denomination • Science-Based Goals/Metrics – Grounded in scientific knowledge of how human impacts affect vital resources in the world (capitals) and human well-being, but which do not prescribe organization-specific allocations of the shared or exclusive burdens to preserve or produce them, accordingly; • Ethics-Based Goals/Metrics – Grounded in norms of fairness, justice, integrity and respect, but which, again, do not prescribe organization-specific allocations of the shared or exclusive burdens to preserve or produce them, accordingly; • Context-Based Goals/Metrics – Science- and ethics-based goals or metrics that also prescribe organization-specific allocations of the shared or exclusive burdens to preserve or maintain vital capitals at levels required to ensure stakeholder well-being. Integral Evaluation
  70. 70. Copyright Reporting 3.0 • Incremental change focuses on reinforcing or reducing systems, while allowing it to gradually shift in a more or less continuous way, such as when a retail company expands by opening stores in new locations, and when wind turbine technology is replicated as an emerging innovation • Reform happens when there is a shift of power or dominance among linked system components, again within a given system, such as when laws move regulation from government to business (self-regulation) • Transformational change occurs when there is fundamental systemic change resulting from new ways of understanding what is possible and acting on them, such as South Africa’s movement from preto post-apartheid, or the reconfiguration of physical and ecological processes in the natural environment resulting from human-driven climate change. https://networkingaction.net/wp-content/uploads/JCC58_LSC-Issue.pdf Tier Three: Pace (Three Horizons Framework) Integral Evaluation
  71. 71. Copyright Reporting 3.0 Scale-Linking & Multilevel Selection Reporting 3.0 Strategy Continuum SUSTAINABILITY Context-basedthresholdsandallocations acrossmultiplecapitals NEW ECONOMY Economic system design transformation Uncontextualized Assessment / Unsustainable Performance Contextualized Assessment / Unsustainable Performance Contextualized Assessment / Sustainable Performance Horizontal Axis • BAU: No evidence of sustainability assessment / progress • Improving: Evidence of incremental progress vis-à-vis carrying capacities of capitals / sustainability thresholds • Sustaining (mid-line): Performance meets break-even point – no worse than the sustainability threshold • Regenerating: Evidence of (context-based) net-positive sustainability performance (regenerative impacts on capitals) • Thriving: Evidence of gross-positive sustainability performance (no negative impacts on capitals needing to be netted out) Vertical Axis • Micro Level: Evidence of progress at the entity level • Meso Level: Evidence of entity-level progress catalyzing industry / portfolio / habitat level transformation • Macro Level: Evidence of entity- / industry- / portfolio- / habitat-level progress that catalyzes economic / ecological / social systems level transformation @Reporting 3.0 2018 Integral Evaluation
  72. 72. Integral Evaluation Guiding principle here is that you need enough diversity in what data you are gathering and how you are gathering it, that you can adequately capture impacts that are occurring in all quadrants. Types of data to be collected: - third-person data (objective) such as surveys or other quantitative ways to measure change, - second-person (intersubjective data) such as data that is generated and interpreted together as a group or within a process, and - first-person (subjective data) such as reflective answers, thick description, or other qualitative descriptions (one-on-one). Impact on Practices (practices & conduct carrying out work) Impact on Systems (policies, structures that support innovation in work) Impact on Mindsets (ways of thinking about and approaching problems) Impact on Culture (collaboration, cultural perceptions, and social discourse in issues) www.integralwithoutborders.org
  73. 73. www.integralwithoutborders.net LOW POINT ASSESSMENT: Moving potential forward, addressing gaps and sticking points FOUR QUADRANT MAP: Working With Complexity Topic or Issue:Topic or Issue: Integral Evaluation
  74. 74. Systems inquiry Description: quantitative measurement of seen changes in social, economic, political systems in which the work is carried out. Methods: systems analysis Methodologies: systems-analysis tool S E Empirical inquiry Description: quantitative measurement of seen changes in behaviours, for example: shifts in land-use practices, uptake of conservation practices in the household, behavioural change in gender relations. Methods: empiricism Methodologies: measuring, ranking, and quantitative analysis (pre/during/post measurement that ranks certain behaviours from 1-10 and can compare/contrast to later assessment, after which time that data can be analysed using quantitative methods to create graphs and figures of what percentage of behaviours changed through the lifetime of the project.) Integral Methodological Pluralism application - international development framework : Gail Hochachka IWB Integral Evaluation
  75. 75. Reflective, experiential inquiry Description: interior felt-sense, how one feels (about oneself, org, project, issue), Methods: phenomenology Methodologies: personal ecology sheet self-reflection (can use this tool to guide the process, can be an ongoing cascading reflection-stream, and/or can be accessed through journaling). Developmental inquiry Description: interior personal change, developmental stages, changes in motivation, attitudes, and values. Methods: structuralism Methodologies: developmental assessment (includes pre/post interviews that are carried out one- on-one with a sample of the population and the interviewer is trained to ask the same questions that hone in on indicators for motivational, attitudinal R I Interpretive inquiry Description: culture and meanings held by the group or community; for example, how do people generally feel and what do they know about “conservation”, what does “conservation concession” mean to them? Methods: hermeneutics Methodologies: focus group (using a guided method, shared below, as a pre/during/post method of “taking the pulse” of the group—where motivation lies, what is working what is not, how can the project shift and flow. Ethno-methodological inquiry Description: changes in social discourse, implicit “background” social norms, and shared worldview. Method Family: ethno-methodology Methodologies: participant-observation (using a tool with focus questions on specific domains of change) Integral Methodological Pluralism application - international development framework : Gail Hochachka IWB Integral Evaluation
  76. 76. www.integralwithoutborders.net THIRD-PERSON DATA COLLECTION • Build in content from the indicator table into the feedback forms, proposal questions, grant reports, forum retrospectives, etc. • This will generate actual numbers along the 1-5 spectrum for these indicators, which can be quantified and used in evaluation analysis and reporting. • Any thing you quantify (numbers of participants, proposals or multi sector tables) can be useful to analyze and include. SECOND-PERSON DATA COLLECTION • At the Evaluation Pod meetings and Development Evaluation (DE) meetings generate discussion and reflection through prompting with skillful DE questions. Then, harvest the insights and doing pattern- finding; that is where indicators come in. • Community Liaison carry out this pattern- finding afterwards then reflect back to the other participants later. • During the DE sessions, do some group pattern-finding with indicator tables written on flip-charts, and participants use post-it notes to tag where in the spectrum they would say the outcome was achieved. This is based on participant-observation, and is co-generated in a focus-group style meeting. FIRST-PERSON DATA COLLECTION • To generate thick descriptions on these indicators (about how and why changes occurred as they did): • use more in-depth reflective questions posed within one of the activities, such as a qualitative question in a survey • or by doing key-informant interviews with a sample of the target audience. Integral Evaluation
  77. 77. www.integralwithoutborders.Net Integral Evaluation
  78. 78. MetaImpact Framework At the heart of our approach is The MetaImpact Framework, which measures 4 Types of Impact with 10 Types of Capital which produce 4 Bottom Lines. 4 Types of Impact 10 Types of Capital 4 Bottom Lines MetaIntegral is a global transdisciplinary design firm. We support visionary leaders, teams, and organizations to Be IMPACT. To do this we draw on and integrate a number of theories and their associated practices including: embodiment theory, design theory, integral theory, and developmental theory. As a result we help you thrive in complexity – transforming the world – from an embodied place of presence and purpose. We love to co-create with you – your events, products, services, books, business models, and business ecosystems among other things. MetaIntegral Capital is the branch of MetaIntegral that is dedicated to the design of wisdom economies – which are accounting systems that integrate multiple types of impact, multiple forms of capital, and multiple bottom lines. This site is devoted to sharing with you our MetaImpact Framework, which lies at the heart of our approach to preserving the wholeness of individuals and systems. www.metacapital.net Integral Evaluation
  79. 79. Over the last 30 years various individuals have created multiple capital frameworks which include anywhere between 3 and 20 different types of capital. We’ve done an integrative meta-analysis of over a dozen of these frameworks to identify what are the most important forms of capital to include in an expanded framework and how might we combine them into an elegant and intuitive framework – one that not only includes essential types of capital but highlights the different kinds of relationship between these capitals. In 2011 the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) began a multi-year global initiative to develop an expanded model of capital. Through their process they identified six types of capital that should be included in an integrated report. We have included all six of these in our model (they are identified with an asterisk after their name in our model). In addition to these six we have included four more that our analysis indicates are necessary for a comprehensive assessment of value creation. Then using Integral Theory we have organized these into four quadrants. www.metacapital.net 10 Types of Capital Integral Evaluation
  80. 80. Clear Impact One of the most common forms of impact is Clear Impact, which measures change in stakeholder performance. Many businesses and organizations include various metrics to assess this area of impact (e.g., skill assessments, analytics, observation tools, and various KPIs). What all these metrics have in common is the focus on objective criteria to track behavior and performance. These four types of impact combine to create a comprehensive model of impact …High Impact The other main form of impact is High Impact, which measures change in stakeholder systems (e.g., supply chains, cash flow, customer engagement) . Many businesses and organizations include various metrics to assess this area of impact (e.g., environmental impact assessments, financial impact assessments, input indicators, and various KPIs). What all these metrics have in common is the focus on interobjective or systemic criteria to track organizational and market dynamics. Wide Impact Over the last decade it has become more common for organizations to include Wide Impact, which measures change in stakeholder relationships. With forms of network analysis and social mapping there have emerged various metrics to assess this area of impact (e.g., 360 Assessments, relationship mapping, interviews, and social impact assessments). What all these metrics have in common is the focus on intersubjective criteria to track the quality and quantity of relationships and their influence. Deep Impact Arguably, one of the most important forms of impact is Deep Impact, which measures change in stakeholder experience. There is a growing awareness among many businesses and organizations that this form of impact needs to be included. Various metrics are used to assess this area of impact (e.g., self- evaluations, psychometrics, satisfaction surveys, and happiness inventories). What all these metrics have in common is the focus on subjective criteria to track somatic, emotional, and psychological dimensions of experience. www.metacapital.net 4 Impacts Integral Evaluation
  81. 81. www.metacapital.net The 10 Capitals and their forms of measurement combine into 4 Bottom Lines. These include the common triple bottom line of Profit, People, and Planet but also adds a 4th – Purpose. While a number of 4 bottom line models have been proposed – some of which even include Purpose as a fourth – our approach to having 4 bottom lines is distinct in at least two ways. First, the common bottom lines of Profit, People, and Planet are often exclusively defined in terms of what we would call High Impact – with a focus on the systems involved. In contrast to this we redefine each of these bottom lines in a more holistic and integrative fashion – building on the important work of previous uses but avoiding a reductive approach to these bottom lines. Second, we place the four bottom lines around our four quadrant model in a way that highlights specific relationships between the bottom lines. For example, each bottom line shares 2 or 3 forms of capital as part of its constitution. This enables an important form of integration between all four bottom lines. Together these 4 bottom lines combine to form the MetaImpact Framework. For more information on Meta Integral and their associated work see www.metaintegral.org 4 Bottom Lines Integral Evaluation
  82. 82. “The universe is composed of perspectives that you have taken in order to play a Kosmic Game of chess with yourself. The Kosmos is composed of sentient beings, each of whom is the one and only, nonlocal and nondual, First Person to the perspectives arising as its reflections, touching and loving its one and only Second Person, courting each and every Third Person, all of whom are, in turn, the one and only First, who is reading this right now. Your very own Original Face, the Face you had before the Big Bang—the I AM that I AM—is still looking out through your eyes, even here and now. “Remember?” “Well, if not, then you have slammed your foot down in the cascading stream, and all around you has sprung up the AQAL matrix of your own indigenous perspectives” Ken Wilber
  83. 83. Books
  84. 84. Key to an Integral approach to urban design is the notion that although other aspects of urban life are important, people (sentient beings), as individuals and communities, are the primary ‘purpose’ for making cities thriveable. All other aspects (technology, transport & infra-structure, health, education, sustain-ability, economic development, etc.) although playing a major part, are secondary. Urban Hub Series These books are a series of presentations for the use of Integral theory or an Integral Meta-framework in understanding cities and urban Thriveability. Although each can stand alone, taken together they give a more rounded appreciation of how this broader framework can help in the analysis and design of thriveable urban environments. Guides for Integrally Informed Practitioners The Guides for Integrally Informed Practitioners (adjacent) cover much of the theory behind the Integral Meta-framework used in these volumes. For topics covered in others volumes in this series see the following page.
  85. 85. Urban Hub series Pdf versions are gratis to view & download at: https://www.slideshare.net/PauljvsSS Can also be viewed at: issuu.com/paulvanschaik Hardcopies can be purchased from Amazon
  86. 86. UrbanHub1 A series of graphics from integralMENTORS integral UrbanHub work on IMP and Thriveable Cities This work shows the graphics from a dynamic deck that accompany a presentation on Visions & WorldViews and Thriveable Cities. The history of the co-evolution of cities, evolving WorldViews, Visions & Mindsets in urban Habitats and technology is presented in an integral framework. IntegralUrbanHub DancingWithTheFuture ThriveableCities Integral theory is simply explained as it relates to these themes see UH 2 & UH 3 for more detail. This volume is part of an ongoing series of guides to integrally inform practitioners. 5

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