Fear is a natural defense mechanism that
prepares our body to cope with a hazard. At
one time or another all people can be afraid
of a certain stimulus. However, there are
times when we feel fear is
irrational, excessive, intense, uncontrollable
and persistent to objects or situations, not
necessarily defined in origin and that affects
our daily lives. That is when we talk about
The limbic system revised through the cerebral
amygdala, all information we receive through our
senses and controls the basic emotions like
fear, also locating the source of danger. When
activated the amygdala activates the sense of fear
and anxiety, resulting in a flight or fight
response. Always that we are faced with similar
situations or just think about them, our amygdala
becomes active again, causing the phobia is
maintained or even become more intense and
assuming an enormous energy expenditure in
principle to situations that are every day, causing
a feeling of anguish and helplessness.
When a person has a phobia in turn produce
physiological changes such as blocking all
non-essential activity, increased cellular
metabolism and brain activity, increased
blood pressure or increase in blood glucose.
The heart pumps blood at high speed to
transport hormones like adrenaline to cells.
Enlarge the eyes to improve vision and
pupils are dilated.
Entomophobia: Insect’s fear.
Arachnophobia: Spider’s fear.
Claustrophobia: Indoor’s fear.
Agoraphobia: Outdoor’s fear.
Acrophobia: Heigt’s fear.
Algophobia: pain’s fear.
Antrophofobia: people’s fear.
Astrophobia: Fear of presence of weather
Escotophobia: Darkness’s fear.
Aerophobia: Fear of flying.
Robert Pattinson: Coulrophobia, clown’s fear.
Juanes: Aerophobia, flying’s fear.
Paulina Rubio: Arachnophobia, spider’s fear and
claustrophobia, indoors fear.
Johnny Depp: Coulrophobia, clown’s fear.
Jennifer Lopez: Bacteriophobia, bacterium fear.
Brad Pitt: Selacophobia, shark’s fear.
Nicole Kidman: Lepidopterophobia, butterfly’s
Salma Hayek: Ophidiophobia, snake’s fear.
Madonna: Astrophobia, fear to the presence of
Find information about phobias and relation
explication between thought, emotions and
Control and progressive exposure to situations
that produce phobias.
Systematic desensitization: Combine relaxes
technics with gradual exposure to the phobic
stimulus. Depending on the degree of
phobia, we can start to attend a very reasonable
distance to controlled explosions of which the
patient is unaware.
Medication: If is a simple phobia, discourage the
use of drugs. If not, and is linked to persistent
anxiety or even depression, treatment should
always be supervised by a professional.