Medical education presentation 2013


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Guide to searching for good quality information on medical education

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Medical education presentation 2013

  1. 1. BSc Medical Education Paula Funnell Senior Academic Liaison Librarian (Medicine and Dentistry) Searching for Information
  2. 2. Learning outcomes • To be introduced to the library website and search tools • To know where to look for good quality information on the web • To learn how to use key medical databases effectively • To be introduced to the main education databases
  3. 3. Library website
  4. 4. Search engines • Search engine = supermarket • Photo by vauvau ( • Searches across many DIFFERENT things
  5. 5. Healthcare specific search engines • Search specifically across healthcare related resources • Search across good quality internet resources • Much more manageable number of results
  6. 6. Evidence Search • Easy to use • Searches across high-quality healthcare specific resources • Provided and managed by NICE • Wide range of filters allow you to narrow down your search e.g. by type of information or date of publication
  7. 7. TRIP • One simple search box • Results are colour coded giving an at a glance indication of quality of information • Results vary widely - including primary research, reviews, textbooks and news
  8. 8. Databases • Databases – florist • Photo by stevewhis ( • Collection of SAME thing
  9. 9. Databases • Vast collections of references of published research • Filters can be applied to narrow results down • Searches can be combined and saved for future use • References can be imported to EndNote
  10. 10. MEDLINE (PubMed) • PubMed is a search interface for the MEDLINE database • Database of references and abstracts of journal articles • Covers the broad field of biomedicine • Special QM PubMed address for easier full-text access
  11. 11. Education on PubMed • To do a comprehensive search on education: • Details – to verify what PubMed has searched for check the Search details box on the right hand side of the results page. education OR educat*
  12. 12. Web of Science • Part of ISI Web of Knowledge • Contains: – Science Citation Index – Social Sciences Citation Index – Arts and Humanities Citation Index • Need to log in off campus
  13. 13. Scopus • World’s largest abstract and citation database • Search across a range of subject areas • Includes Medline coverage • Need to log in off campus
  14. 14. Education on WoS / Scopus • To do a comprehensive search on education : • Web of Science and Scopus also allow citation searching. See other articles which cite a particular paper. Educat*
  15. 15. Hands on • Work through the PubMed activity on QM Plus • Work in pairs. – One try the Web of Science activity and the other the Scopus activity. – Discuss your results.
  16. 16. Boolean operators • An OR search – combine two synonyms to give a larger number of results • Child health OR paediatrics will search for any articles containing one or both of the terms
  17. 17. Boolean operators • An AND search – combine two elements of your search question to give a smaller number of results • Asthma AND children will search for any articles containing both of the terms
  18. 18. Search techniques • Truncation – add an asterisk to the stem of a word – Educat* will search education, educating, educator, educational … • Phrase searching – enclose phrase within quotation marks – “medical education” will return results where medical and education appear side by side in the title or abstract
  19. 19. Searching techniques • Proximity searching – using NEAR to ensure that terms are within close proximity in the text – E.g. medical NEAR education will find results where the terms appear close together in the title and abstract – Not available in PubMed – NEAR in the education databases searches for terms appearing within four words – Can use NEAR/X where X = number of words
  20. 20. Search techniques “medical education” Medical NEAR education medical NEAR educat* medical education medical educat* X X X  
  21. 21. Search techniques activity • In pairs have a look at the citations and abstracts in front of you, or on QM Plus • Work out which results you would get with each of the following searches: – “medical education” – Medical NEAR education – Medical NEAR educat* – Medical education – Medical educat* • Record you answers in the table provided
  22. 22. Subject headings & thesaurus terms activity • In pairs attribute four tags to each photograph to identify / differentiate them • Write the tags for each photo on a separate post-it note • Swap with another pair and match lists of tags to photographs
  23. 23. Subject headings & thesaurus terms activity Misty Rouse
  24. 24. Subject headings & thesaurus terms activity Stephanie Chapman
  25. 25. Subject headings & thesaurus terms • E.g. MeSH terms in PubMed • Alternative to keyword searching • Fixed set of terms assigned to define the main focus of an article • Each article “tagged” with several headings • Heading not necessarily a word that appears in title or abstract • PubMed automatically searches MeSH terms. Check the search details box.
  26. 26. Education databases • ERIC – the best database of journal and non- journal education literature • British Education Index – database of British and selected European English-language periodicals in education • Access through the library catalogue
  27. 27. ERIC/BEI on Proquest • Advanced search • Thesaurus searching • Explode
  28. 28. Hands on • Search either ERIC or BEI using the example on the Education Databases guide on QM Plus • Have a go at trying out a search of your own
  29. 29. Summary • Use specialist search engines to search across a wide range of good quality web resources • Use databases to find academic research articles, both primary research as well as review articles • Use education specific databases when searching for information in this field