Our reach is global. We work with legal experts in 75 countries to make sure that our licenses are aligned to national and international copyright laws. Because of this, we are the standard for open content licensing pretty much everywhere.
Which, if we are honest, most of us don’t do. In the age of web browsers and smart phones, it’s really easy to technically share a work – to copy, publicly perform, display, build upon and distribute works. But legally, it’s even more complicated than before Because it’s so easy to share and the laws haven’t kept up.
If I had to tell you in one sentence what we do as an org, I would say that we work to make sharing content easy, legal, and scalable.
Which is why Creative Commons was founded in 2003 – to address this tension in the system. Creative Commons proposed to make it simpler for people to share by developing a preset suite of copyright licenses that anyone could use to grant copyright permissions to their works. This way, even the average blogger could have more options in how they shared their work without having to hire a lawyer.
This set of copyright licenses became known as Creative Commons licenses. Creative Commons licenses exist in the middle ground between the public domain and all rights reserved copyright because you are only giving away some of your rights while keeping copyright.
All CC licenses are made up of the four conditions shown here. From left to right are the symbols for:
Attribution, ShareAlike, Noncommercial, and NoDerivatives.
The CC BY license (and all CC licenses) are made up of three layers. This is a fancy way of saying that you can communicate the license in three different ways: one way for lawyers, one way for normal folks like you and me, and one way for machines.
This unique three layer design is part of what makes CC the global standard for copyright licensing.
* But since most of us are not lawyers, we also make the licenses available in a format that normal people can read and understand. * We call this the “human readable” summary of the license, which sums up the most important terms and conditions of the license into non-technical language. * This is the second layer of the license – and you can think of it as the user-friendly interface to the actual license.
So the first layer is the actual license, the document that lawyers have drafted and vetted so that the license works like it’s supposed to according to US and international copyright laws. This is called the lawyer readable legal code because it is written by and for lawyers.
The third and final layer of the license design is the machine-readable metadata. This is what really makes the CC license appropriate for the Internet age. This small snippet of HTML code summarizes the CC license and associated information (such as who the work is authored by) into a format that software, search engines like Google, and other kinds of technology can understand. You don’t have to worry about coming up with this code by yourself, because we have a tool that gives it to you. All you have to do is copy and paste into your webpage.
UNESCO Implementing the Paris OER Declaration - Phase 2
Paris OER Declaration Project
Associate Director of Global Learning
UNESCO Headquarters, Paris
Except where otherwise noted these materials
are licensed Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY)
• Africa - Ethiopia, Kenya,
Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda
• > 80 countries
Technically easy to share but
legally not so easy.
Internet by Pat Guiney CC BY
We make sharing
content easy, legal, and
What do we do?
Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of
educational materials that are in the public domain or
introduced with an open license. The nature of these open
materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy,
use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks
to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests,
projects, audio, video and animation.
5Rs: The Powerful Rights of OER
• Make, own, and control your own copy of
• Use the content in its unaltered formReuse
• Adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter the
• Combine the original or revised content with
other OER to create something newRemix
• Share your copies of the original content,
revisions, or remixes with othersRedistribute
Dirk Van Damme, OECD, Open Global Education, April 2015
Full OER Impact
1. Policy & Practices
2. Using existing OER in your development
– Sourcing OER
– Reusing, revising, localizing, translating
3. Authoring new OER
4. Sharing OER
– Storage, curation, and distribution
5. Leveraging OER through open pedagogies
6. Promoting and marketing
7. Leveraging OER by establishing local, regional,
national, and international partners
Open Policy Network
Institute for Open Leadership by Cable Green CC BY
web site: http://creativecommons.org
presentation slides: http://www.slideshare.net/Paul_Stacey