MARATHWADA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,
Presented by Guided by
Nishikant R Bawiskar Prof. P.G. Karad
CLASSIFICATION OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE
METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES (MMCs)
APPLICATIONS OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES
THE MOST IMPORTANT MMC SYSTEMS
ADVANTAGES OF MMCs
DISADVANTAGES OF MMCs
Conventional monolithic materials have limitations in
achieving good combination of strength, stiffness, toughness
To overcome these shortcomings and to meet the ever
increasing demand of modern day technology, composites are
most promising materials of recent interest.
Metal matrix composites (MMCs) possess significantly
improved properties including high specific strength; specific
modulus, damping capacity and good wear resistance
compared to unreinforced alloys.
A metal matrix composite (MMC) is composite
material with at least two constituent parts, one
being a metal.
The other material may be a different metal or
another material, such as a ceramic or organic
When at least three materials are present, it is
called a hybrid composite.
The matrix is the monolithic material into which the
reinforcement is embedded, and is completely
This means that there is a path through the matrix to
any point in the material, unlike two materials
In structural applications, the matrix is usually a lighter
metal such as aluminum, magnesium, or titanium, and
provides a compliant support for the reinforcement. In
high-temperature applications, cobalt and cobalt–
nickel alloy matrices are common.
Composite materials (also called composition materials
or shortened to composites) are materials made from
two or more constituent materials.
Have significantly different physical or chemical
properties, that when combined, produce a material with
characteristics different from the individual
The individual components remain separate and
distinct within the finished structure.
The new material may be preferred for many reasons:
common examples include materials which are stronger,
lighter or less expensive when compared to traditional
The most important advantage associated with
composites is their high strength and stiffness along
with low weight.
• The reinforcement material is embedded into
• It is used to change physical properties such
as wear resistance, friction coefficient, or
• The reinforcement can be either continuous,
The following demands are generally applicable:
Mechanical compatibility (a thermal expansion
coefficient which is low but Chemical compatibility,
High Young’s modulus,
High compression and tensile strength,
Good process ability,
Fig: Cast brake disk
particle of reinforced
Fig: Partial short fibers
reinforced light metal
Fig: Disk brake
caliper for passenger
cars of conventional
cast-iron (left) and
an aluminum matrix
Fig: Drive shaft particle
of reinforced aluminum
for passenger cars .
• Higher temperature capability
• Fire resistance
• Higher transverse stiffness and strength
• No moisture absorption
• Higher electrical and thermal conductivities
• Better radiation resistance
• Fabric ability of whisker and particulate-reinforced
MMCs with conventional metalworking equipment.
• Higher cost of some material systems .
• Relatively immature technology .
• Complex fabrication methods for fiber-
reinforced systems (except for casting).
• Metal matrix composites offer sufficient promise and have reached the
degree of maturity that indicates an expansion of their use. To realize
their full potential however these composites deserve greater attention
• The numbers of MMCs currently are in various stages of development:
these are boron/aluminum, beryllium/titanium, and boron/titanium,
graphite/aluminum, and supper alloys reinforced with refractory metal.
• The boron/reinforced aluminum system is in most advanced stage of
development and properly data for this system are sufficient for design in