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2014 tmc spring future truck


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Presentation to Future Truck/Far Horizon Committee of the Technology and Maintenance Council on March 10, 2014

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2014 tmc spring future truck

  1. 1. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Future Truck/Far Horizon TMC Spring 2014
  2. 2. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Change is Inevitable If you always do what you have always done, you will always get what you have always got! Change It Up!!!
  3. 3. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Carl Kirk Comments Global Truck Platforms . . . Non-regulatory issue, yet a concern of fleets •  Production of global truck platforms forecast to reach 612,000 units by 2018 . . . double that of 2011 •  By 2018 30% of all heavy truck production among top 12 global OEMs will be based on global platforms •  Automotive market: Top 10 global platforms are projected to deliver 94% of the increase in global sales volume •  Fleet concern . . . Absence of user involvement •  Call to action . . . Need for reciprocity among U.S. and European-based fleets at a minimum In  thinking  of  “macro”  issues  that  the  Far  Horizons   might  consider,  I  would  offer  the  issue  of  “global   pla>orms”  now  being  offered  by  truck  OEMs  and  the   relaCve  absence  of  user  involvement  in  the  design   process.  This  would  allow  us  to  remain  faithful  to  the   original  purpose  of  TMC’s  Future  Truck  Program  –   albeit  at  a  macro  level.  It  seems  that  TMC  has  to   adapt,  as  the  manufacturing  climate  has  changed   since  the  Future  Truck  program’s  original  incepCon.       While  the  development  of  global  pla>orms  among   truck  OEMs  is  an  inexorable  trend  that  we  are  not   going  to  stop,  we  at  least  should  be  able  to  have  some   input  in  the  design  process.  And  this  could  apply  in   numerous  ways:  electronics,  diagnosCcs,  ergonomics,   etc.  (Duke  –  I  believe  you  menConed  to  me  some   years  ago  that  when  you  were  speaking  to  a  Swedish   engineer  about  some  Volvo  trucks,  he  had  no  idea  of   RP1210  and  its  uClity  to  the  industry.)       “Global  pla>orms”  is  commonly  defined  as  sharing   common  design,  engineering  and  manufacturing   elements  across  brands  of  trucks  –  both  internal  and   external  to  a  corporaCon.
  4. 4. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Truck of the Future The truck of the future will be smarter safer and cleaner, was the consensus, following the theme of the event; this will be achieved thanks to constantly improving industry efforts and legislative advances in Europe. However, more is still needed to ensure the meeting of many future goals, including the EC-proposed 2020 target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%.
  5. 5. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC TMA Meeting in Chicago A global approach to further improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from commercial vehicles has been approved in a meeting in Chicago by the world’s leading manufacturers of heavy- duty commercial trucks and engines in Europe, Japan and the US. At the meeting, the chief executives of the assembled companies agreed to continue their joint efforts to work with government bodies to promote harmonised global standards. … The meeting was chaired by Tom Linebarger, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cummins, and was the eleventh meeting of the chief executives to discuss global issues and address challenges facing commercial vehicle and engine manufacturers. … In addition to the participation of the chief executives, the meeting brought together representatives of the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association and the Truck and Engine Manufacturers Association.
  6. 6. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Vic Suski Comments • Look far out to the distant horizon • Not a grab bag of things that Study groups can handle •Macro issues and emerging trends • Increased leasing and impact on maintenance, such as MRO’s in aerospace • Machines that heal themselves—put maintenance out of business • Throw away trucks more like India • More LTL, small packaging, drone deliveries • Platooning (finally) •Actions •Engage the World future Society, and its National Capitol chapter •Work with Bob Costello who in effect is doing for economics what the Far Horizons is trying to do for technolgy. •Work to eliminate any roadblock to one OEM building both the tractor and trailer •Institute a Reliability function in Future Truck to assess the effect of coming innovations on systems reliability • Reliability is the "elephant in the room" that no one wants to talk about.  Yet the more complex we make things the more accidents and deaths will occur (e.g. unintended auto acceleration, Boeing 787 batteries, automated cockpit failures/ pilot confusion)
  7. 7. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Megatrends Europe 2013 Many academics, environmentalists, industrialists – including those in the wider automotive industry – and politicians, a group frequently maligned for its short-sightedness, are convinced that by the middle of this century the world population will have grown from seven billion today to nine billion, and that as many as 80% of those people will live in cities compared with around 60% at the moment. Some people might think that because populations will be living closer to their places of work, world energy demand will fall, but no: the number of vehicles will almost triple from 800 million today to two billion by 2050, and two-thirds of them will still have an internal combustion engine, even if it is allied to some form of electrification.
  8. 8. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Timeline — To Influence Future Trucks 2011 2013 20172015 20212019 20252023 2027 2027 Phase 1 Regulations DOE SuperTruck Phase 2 Regulations NAS Interim Report NAS Final Report Survey Fleets ComVec Presentations TMC White Papers @ Phase 2 Regulations Effective @ New Vehicles @ New Vehicles @ New Vehicles
  9. 9. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.1 Electrical & Instruments 1.  Increased operating truck system voltage from today’s 12 volt system to 24 volt or higher. This provides: •  Weight savings for conductors, alternator, starter motor, electric motors •  Reduces conductor bundle size •  Improves packaging with reduced size and weight 2.  Easily identifiable (visually) difference between AGM and Flooded batteries 3.  Component based diagnostics •  Self-check feature on battery, LVD, alternator and starter 4.  Remote temperature compensation for alternators •  Extend battery life by varying voltage based on battery compartment temperature 5.  Total vehicle multiplexed with communication through chassis and cab ECM’s 6.  One standardized wiring diagram format from all vehicle manufacturers •  Diagram should show wire type (GXL, SXL, etc. for repair purposes) 7.  Cycle life standards printed on battery label 8.  Improvements in lighting and lighting interfaces 9.  Test equipment calibration standards 10.  Shorter cabling S.1 Electrical & Instruments 1.  Mobile Technology developing much faster than Vehicle Technology 2.  Integration of Mobile Technology to Vehicle Technology need for human factors studies i.e. Vehicle Simulators driven by software modules 3.  Standard wireless communication for Commercial TPMS for tires: for example, TPMS products for the passenger cars are OEM specific with many protocols 4.  Performance Standard for forward lighting products needed 5.  Performance Standard for up coming video cameras & connectors 6.  Commercial Drivers want to be be Connected to Internet during operation and the Industry must find a way with Safety and Productivity as key factors Al Lesesky, S.1 Future Truck Input
  10. 10. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S2 top 10 critical items for the future 1.  Tire inflation •  Maintenance, ATIS, TPMS, equalizers, gauges, gaseous fill 2.  Low Rolling Resistance tires •  Reduced RR, non-trade off of traditional performance measures, perception of traction 3.  Weight Reduction •  Of the tire and wheel assembly, maintain durability 4.  Widebase tires •  445/50R22.5, 455/55R22.5, any size 365 cross section or larger and 19.5 wheel diameter and larger; RR, mileage, traction, durability, retreadability 5.  Aero •  Tires, wheel covers, more aggressive skirts on trailers and tractors; affects of wheel end temperatures S2 top 10 critical items for the future 6.  Retread & Repair •  Longer use of casings, more puncture & section repairs per tire 7.  Automatic tread depthing of tires •  Maintenance aid, more accurate, more often, allows additional 32nds used 8.  Non-pneumatic tire designs/materials 9.  Splash & Spray •  Improved vision for passenger cars during passing, improved sighting for drivers 10.  Thermal Management •  Less heat equals less RR, less component damage; addressing under inflation, misadjusted bearings, dragging brakes, insufficient lube
  11. 11. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.3 Engines
  12. 12. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.4 Cab & Controls 1.  Vision- to include field of view (Direct), windshield, side glass & mirror (dimensional and environmental) as well as Glare management (day & night) 2.  Information Overload/Distracted Driving 3.  Cab aerodynamics effects on fuel economy 4.  Connected vehicle interface with driver 5.  Cab construction durability for safety and crash worthiness 6.  Interior noise reduction 7.  Cab insulation to reduce HVAC inefficiencies 8.  Back up cameras 9.  Driver coaching
  13. 13. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.5 Fleet Maintenance Management
  14. 14. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.6 Chassis and Brake Systems
  15. 15. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.7 Trailers, Bodies & Material Handling 1.  Active trailer gap control 2.  Higher cube trailer configurations 3.  Lift axles 4.  Backup warning and or camera’s 5.  Hybrid refrigeration 6.  Alternate fuel refrigeration 7.  2 way Telematics to monitor systems, load and security 8.  Alternate loading and unloading to accommodate newer trailer configurations 9.  Total vehicle aero dynamics 10.  Hydraulic, electric regenerative power systems to power accessories or for propulsion assist.
  16. 16. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.11 Energy Conversion 1.  Improve ton mile per diesel equivalent unit of energy 40% by 2025 •  Examples of areas to apply technology I.  Parasitic accessory loads should be electrically driven II.  Increase the recovery of heat sources with which to drive generation of electricity for vehicle use III.  Reduce rolling resistance of each wheel position IV.  Recapture energy during deceleration from all wheel positions V.  Implement active alignment systems that reduce energy consumption during vehicle maneuvering 2.  Implementation of Zero emission commercially viable delivery vehicles 3.  Implementation of vehicles and shop facilities and equipment that supports regional fleet utilization of closest forms of energy. (Reduce the amount of energy transportation cost) 4.  Build new or improve business facilities with direct objective of energy efficiency I.  Improve building heat exchange utilizing improved insulation, doors and windows II.  Increase use of renewable resources for lighting, heat and cooling 5.  Train repeatedly employees to conserve energy by providing proper equipment utilization and resource recycling instruction 6.  Requiring supplies be sold to us in efficient packaging I.  Least mass II.  Least possible use of natural resources III.  Always completely & easily recyclable 7.  Drastically change the shape of tractors and trailers to reduce coefficient of friction while in motion
  17. 17. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.12 On-Board Vehicle Electronics
  18. 18. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.14 Light and Medium-Duty & Specialty Trucks
  19. 19. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.14 Light and Medium-Duty & Specialty Trucks
  20. 20. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC S.16 Service Provider 1.  Technician Recruiting - while I know this doesn't specifically have a direct correlation to the Future Truck, it does indirectly. How do we go about reaching out to high school students, in vocational areas, to understand that being a Truck Technician is a demanding, yet highly technical field that will be in demand for years to come? I think the primary way is a PR campaign of sorts targeting Guidance Counselors and teachers that are in contact with kids at a younger age. •  When it comes to attracting high quality players to work in the service end of our industry, I think we could look at what it takes to "create a want" to be part of our industry. We seem to do a good job in spelling out how to attract and retain people, but how do go about getting people to want to be in our industry versus choosing another industry as a career? 2.  What are the effects of "Right to Repair" going to have on all of us? •  How are we going to be able to diagnose and repair issues on these vehicles? 3.  How do we stay on top of training and adjusting to the new technologies that are being implemented to ensure maximum efficiency during the useful life of the products? •  EPA Requirements •  Electronics (ABS, GPS, Telematics, etc.) •  Idle Reduction products/strategies S.16 Service Provider 4.  As fleets are now utilizing the VMRS standards in their maintenance practices in order to get better analytics, Service Providers continue to resist implementation due to a host of reasons, not the least of which is cost. I think there needs to be some sort of standard EDI, or communication protocol (i.e., Bluetooth) for all software providers to ensure that maintenance and repair data can be communicated directly from the Service Provider to the Fleet Maintenance Management software, thus eliminating the need for groups of people "translating" repair orders into VMRS codes. 5.  Training for service provider office personnel........ most dealers that I have worked with throughout my 30 years in this industry focus on training their gross profit generating technicians and do little to turn their front line office people into knowledgeable players.... What metric is there to train service writers and foreman versus " jump in the position and learn it”? 6.  Dealer to Dealer policy guidelines--- one dealer does an improper repair, truck leaves and breaks down, and gets fixed correctly at another dealer--- maybe we look at some guidelines to keep things fair and balanced/ process orientated versus putting the customer in the middle of the situation
  21. 21. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Professional Technician Development Committee
  22. 22. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Corrosion Control Action Committee 1.  Improve OEM’s utilization of proper SAE test protocols for corrosion resistance, including newer de-icing and pre-icing chemical solutions 2.  Weather / moisture proof wiring connections, trailer cords and lighting receptacles 3.  Improve corrosion prevention at wheel-to-hub mating surfaces 4.  External Controllers sealed or encapsulated from the elements, or located in a position that protects them from the elements 5.  Improve routing and clipping methods to reduce corrosion 6.  Eliminate galvanic corrosion from dissimilar metals contact 7.  More corrosion resistant substrates for cab construction 8.  Improve corrosion resistant coatings on truck and trailer frames 9.  Proper repair where coatings have been compromised 10.  Reduce corrosive effects of Truck Washes / Acid cleaners in joints and crevices
  23. 23. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Future Truck Committee •  Duke Drinkard input 1.  There are a few things that have come up from the past and still will be sometime in the future before they can be developed. First is the need for a standard on forward lighting. With the advancements being made in forward lighting there are problems with night vision. Passenger vehicles such as cars are lower to the ground and the oncoming bright lights are creating more glare for the driver that is meeting these bright lights. While they offer a greater field of vision to the driver with the brighter lights the drivers that are meeting them has their vision greatly reduced. There could be a smart windshield glass that could filter the light come toward to vehicle while at the sometime giving a unrestricted view to the lighted field of light being aimed away from the vehicle. 2.  Another item that should be considered for the far horizon vehicle is a prescription seat for drivers. This would require that a method of determining the setting for the seat by a medical doctor would have to be developed. Seat have many setting now but as the drivers move from one truck to another the setting are not the same therefore the driver with a physical problem has no way of making the seat the same as the one that was setup for him/her. If we had a seat that could read an electronic prescription and adjust itself before the driver gets into the seat then fleets would not have to be changing out good seats and hopefully drivers would not have to be in as much pain after driving vehicles that are not setup to their requirements. Future Truck Committee •  Duke Drinkard 3.  Standard for sand pits/dings in windshield per unit area for determination of visibility and windshield replacement 4.  Americans with Disabilities Act
  24. 24. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Where do we go from here—discussion • Alternative voltages, 48v/24v/dual voltage, higher • Bosch • Start/stop for passenger cars and trucks • Common data busses • Change S11 from Energy Conversion to Conservation • Engage study groups • Encourage waste heat recovery to produce energy • Future alternative fueled vehicles • Seat at the table with NAS • What is needed for training and recruitment of technicians? • Advance notice of new techniques and products and procedures • Standard language for parts and repairs (VMRS for instance) • Private sector discussions with SAE/ISO, with government through ATA • Membership committee to get more vehicle OEM involvement • Government committees and organizations that fund development/research
  25. 25. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Where do we go from here? • SAE Truck and Bus Council • Demand TMC RP’s when ordering trucks • Venue to influence and interact with heads of vehicle OEM engineering • TAG meetings at vehicle OEM’s and Tier 1 suppliers • Utilize ACT One group
  26. 26. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Items that caught my attention recently
  27. 27. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Better, Smaller Wide Angle Lens
  28. 28. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Solar Power NL=WAW-04&Issue=WAW-04_20131016_WAW-04_321&YM_RID=paulmenig@tech-i- Dutch Team Recaptures Crown in Solar Challenge Race Oct. 11, 2013 Alan Harman | WardsAuto The Nuon team took 33.05 hours to drive their car, Nuna 7, the 1,877 miles (3,021 km) from Darwin to Adelaide on solar power at an average speed of 56.35 mph (90.71 km/h). It was Nuon's fifth win in seven starts in the event. The Nuon team edged out defending champions Tokai Challenger from Japan's Tokai University, which won the last event two years ago with an average speed of 56.54 mph (90.99 km/h).
  29. 29. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Solar Power
  30. 30. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Solar Power public-private-project-utilize-solar-produced-hydrogen-postal- delivery-vehicles/
  31. 31. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Identification Prototype to Production
  32. 32. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Emergency AutoSteering or Parking? utm_source=techalert&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=101713 Fall asleep at the wheel of the right prototype car and it will steer you around obstacles. That's what Ford's demonstration of an obstacle avoidance system at its proving ground near Lommel, Belgium, this week implies. But it won't be ready for a long time. Ford took advantage of the attention its prototype drew to announce its full parking- assistance technology, which is mature enough that it might be in your next car and wins hands-down against the autosteering for clever advertising.
  33. 33. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC ITS JPO 2015-2019 Strategic Plan Booz Allen Hamilton
  34. 34. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC ITS JPO 2015-2019 Strategic Plan
  35. 35. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC ITS JPO 2015-2019 Strategic Plan
  36. 36. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC iPhone as Safety System from Israel
  37. 37. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC BLE is the Enabler of Many Battery Powered Devices
  38. 38. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Camera—Continuous Recording
  39. 39. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Magnetic Rheologic Fluids
  40. 40. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Wireless Charging
  41. 41. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Wireless Power Transfer Could Mean • Remove wires for portable equipment • Wireless sensors in cab or on chassis • Tire pressure without batteries • Keyless entry without battery
  42. 42. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Transportation Research Board NCHRP Proposals