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2014 Fall Far Horizon Future Truck Final

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Looking to the future of trucks in the next decade.

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2014 Fall Far Horizon Future Truck Final

  1. 1. Far Horizon of Future Truck TMC Fall 2014 Paul Menig Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  2. 2. Agenda Items • TMC Far Horizon • 2020 CAFE and Green House Gas Update • 21st Century Truck Partnership • Connected and Automated Vehicles • Wearable Computers • Other Items of Interest Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  3. 3. TMC Far Horizon
  4. 4. Timeline — To Influence Future Trucks Phase 1 Regulations NAS Interim Report DOE SuperTruck 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019 2021 2023 2025 2027 2027 @ New Vehicles TMC White Papers ComVec Presentations Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Phase 2 Regulations (NPRM March 2015) NAS Final Report Survey Fleets @ Phase 2 Regulations Effective @ New Vehicles @ New Vehicles ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
  5. 5. 2020 CAFE and GHG Update
  6. 6. National Academy First Report Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  7. 7. Engine or Whole Vehicle—Who Cares? Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC PACCAR? …
  8. 8. NHTSA/EPA Research: Engine Tech Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  9. 9. NHTSA/EPA Research: Vehicle/Trailer Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  10. 10. Volvo 2020 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  11. 11. Volvo 2025 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  12. 12. Volvo 2025+ Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  13. 13. Daimler Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  14. 14. Daimler Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  15. 15. EPA Certification Options Potential Certification Options (1) Full Vehicle Simulation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Model Fidelity and Validation + TCM/ECM Challenges Increase (4) Engine-in-the-loop Simulation (two variations) (5) Vehicle Simulation + Powertrain-in-the-loop/ Engine Standard (6) Full Chassis Dyno Test (3) Controllers-in-the-loop Simulation Simulation Hardware Test Cost and Capital Investment Increases or + TCM + (2) Vehicle Simulation + Engine Standards 6 Vehicle simulation is one of the key certification elements regardless which option is selected
  16. 16. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  17. 17. Environmental Impact Statement Environmental Impact Statement for New Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Improvement Program Standard Action! Notice of intent; request for scoping comments.! Summary! NHTSA plans to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to analyze the potential environmental impacts of new fuel efficiency standards for commercial medium- and heavy-duty on-highway vehicles and work trucks (potentially covering engines, chassis, vehicles, and/or trailers manufactured after model year 2018) that will be proposed by the agency pursuant to the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. This document initiates the scoping process for determining the scope of issues to be addressed in the EIS and for identifying the significant environmental issues related to the proposed action. Further, it discusses cooperating agencies, the environmental review process, and the agency's tentative planning and decision-making schedule. NHTSA invites the participation of Federal, State, and local agencies, Indian tribes, stakeholders, and the public in this process to help identify the significant issues and reasonable alternatives to be examined in the EIS, and to eliminate from detailed study the issues that are not significant. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=NHTSA-2014-0074-0001 Cummins Volvo Oshkosh Great Dane OOIDA Daimler Trucks Environmental Defense Fund ATA
  18. 18. HD Supplier Meeting This Week Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  19. 19. CARB Does it Again?! Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Transport Topics 6/2/2014
  20. 20. 21st Century Truck Partnership
  21. 21. Partnership Members Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  22. 22. Improve Fuel Economy Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Class%8%Truck%Energy%Balance% Base%Tractor+Trailer%Configura3on% Configura3on%Achieving%21CTP%Goals% Payload% 11,800%kg%(26,000%lb)% 11,800%kg%(26,000%lb)% Total%Mass% 27,220%kg%(60,000%lb)% 25,220%kg%(55,600%lb)% Fuel%ConsumpDon% 14.7%gal/1,000%tonHmiles% 9.0%gal/1,000%tonHmiles% Fuel%Economy% 5.8%mpg% 9.4%mpg% Fuel%Input% Total%Input%=%343%kW% Engine%Losses%(193%kW,%ηeng%=%0.43)% Idling%Fuel%Use%(3.6%kW)% Total%Input%=%211%kW% Engine%Losses%(105%kW,%ηeng%=%0.50)% Auxiliary%Power%Unit%(0.8%kW)% Engine%Output% Total%Output%=%146%kW% Accessory%Loads%(15%kW)% Drivetrain%Losses%(10%kW)% Total%Output%=%105%kW% Accessory%Loads%(8%kW)% Drivetrain%Losses%(5%kW)% TracDve%Power%% Total%Power%=%121%kW% Aerodynamic%Losses%(61%kW,%CD%=%0.60)% Rolling%Resistance%(44%kW,%CRR%=%0.007)% InerDa/Braking%Losses%(16%kW)% Total%Power%=%92%kW% Aerodynamic%Losses%(53%kW,%CD%=%0.52)% Rolling%Resistance%(32%kW,%CRR%=%0.0055)% InerDa/Braking%Losses%(7%kW,%60%%regen%efficiency)%
  23. 23. 6 Focus Areas Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Partnership+Focus+Areas+ • Technology+goals+focus+on+ six+key+areas+ for+heavy+duty+vehicles+ – Engine+Systems+ – Heavy>Duty+Hybrid+Systems+ – Vehicle+Power+Demands+ – Idle+ReducEon+ – Safety+ – Efficient+OperaEons+ 13+
  24. 24. Engine Systems Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Partnership+Goals:+Engines+ 14+ Improve(Efficiency(of(Engine(Systems( ! Develop+and+demonstrate+an+emissions(compliant(engine( system+for+Class+7;8+highway+trucks+that+achieves+50%+brake+ thermal+efficiency+in+an+over;the;road+cruise+condiGon,+ improving(the(engine(system(fuel(efficiency(by(about(20%( (from+approximately+42%+thermal+efficiency+today).+(2015)+ ! Research+and+develop+technologies+which+achieve+a+stretch+ thermal(efficiency(goal(of(55%+in+prototype+engine+systems+in+ the+lab.+(This+efficiency+gain+would+be+equivalent+to+an+ addiGonal+10%+gain+in+over;the;road+fuel+economy+when+ prototype+concepts+are+fully+developed+for+the+market.)+ (2015)+ ! Through+experiments+and+models+with+FACE+fuels+and+other+ projects,+determine(the(most(essen>al(fuel(proper>es,( including(renewables,(needed(to(achieve(55%+engine+brake+ efficiency.+(2014)+ ! Iden>fy(alterna>ves(to(fossil(petroleum(based(fuels(and( technology(pathways+(vehicle,+fuels,+and+infrastructure)+to+a+ sustainable,+long;term+fuel+supply.+
  25. 25. Heavy Duty Hybrid Systems Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Partnership+Goals:+Heavy+Hybrids+ 15+ Reduce&Heavy&Hybrid&Component&Costs&to&Promote&Market& Penetra8on& ! Ability+to+a9ain&fuel&consump8on&reduc8ons&(compared+ to+today’s+conven<onal,+non>hybridized+heavy>duty+ vehicles)+in+a+commercially+viable+manner.+ ! Develop+a+hybrid+system+with+a+design+life+of+15+years.+ ! Achieve+cost&targets&for&energy&storage&($45+per+kW+and/ or+$500/+kW>+hour+for+an+energy+baMery+by+2017;+$40+per+ kW+and/or+$300/+kW>+hour+for+a+power+baMery+by+2020;+ and+cost+of+overall+baMery+pack+should+not+exceed+cost+of+ the+cells+themselves+by+more+than+20%+by+2016)+and+for+ e>machines+($23/kilowaM+by+2016).+
  26. 26. Vehicle Power Demands Partnership+Goals:+Power+Demands+ Reduce$Parasi9c$Losses$to$Regain$Horsepower$in$Class$8$ Trucks$ ! Develop+and+demonstrate+advanced+ technology+concepts+that$reduce$the$ aerodynamic$drag+of+a+Class+8+highway+ tractor;trailer+combina=on+by+20%.+ Evaluate+a+stretch+goal+of+30%+reduc=on+in+ aerodynamic+drag.+(2021)+ ! Develop+and+demonstrate+low+rolling+ resistance+=res+that+can+reduce$vehicle$ rolling$resistance$and$wheel$weight+for+a+ Class+8+tractor;trailer.+Demonstrate+35%+ reduc=on+in+rolling+resistance.+(2021)+ ! Develop+and+demonstrate+technologies+ that+reduce$essen9al$auxiliary$loads$by$50%+ for+Class+8+tractor;trailers.+(2021)+ Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC ! Develop+and+demonstrate+engine,+ transmission,+and+driveline+systems+that+ enhance$engine$cycle$opera9ng$efficiency$ and$reduce$fric9on$losses.+(2021)+ ! Develop+and+demonstrate+lightweight+ material+and+manufacturing+processes+that+ lead+to+a+10%$reduc9on$in$tare$weight$for+a+ tractor/trailer+combina=on.+Establish+a+ long;term+stretch+goal+of+reducing+ combined+vehicle+weight+by+20%.+(2021)+ ! Increase+heat;load+rejected+by+thermal+ management+systems+by+20%+without+ increasing+radiator+size.+Develop$and$ demonstrate$technologies$that$reduce$ powertrain$and$driveline$losses$by$50%.$ (2021)$ 16+ Contours$of$Velocity$Magnitude$ (Simula9on)$
  27. 27. Idle Reduction Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Partnership+Goals:+Idle+Reduc5on+ 17+ Reduce&Idling&Fuel&Use&and&Emissions&by&85%& ! +Promote+the+incorpora5on+of+idle&reduc9on&(IR)&equipment&on+new+trucks+ as+fuel+saving+devices+as+they+are+iden5fied+through+the+DOE+SuperTruck+ Ini5a5ve.+ ! Establish+a+na5onwide+mul5Gmode+IR&educa9on&program.+ ! Work+with+OEM+truck+manufacturers+to+obtain&data&on&the&number&of&new& trucks&being&ordered&with&IR&op9ons.+ ! Conduct+a+fleet+survey+to+gather&data&on&the&amount&of&inCuse&idling&hours& that+are+accumulated+by+type+of+heavyGduty+vehicle.+ ! Analyze+data+from+the+EPA&SmartWay&Transport&Partnership+to+measure+ fuel+savings+and+emissions+reduc5ons+associated+with+the+various+type+of+ IR+equipment+available.++ ! Develop+improved+IR&systems&to&minimize&fuel&required,&cost,&and&weight& to+meet+hotel+func5ons+in+sleeper+cabs.+
  28. 28. Safety Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Partnership+Goals:+Safety+ ! The+21CTP+will+work+collabora;vely+with+ DOT+to+enhance+safety+primarily+through+a+ variety+of+crash+avoidance+strategies+that+ include+on#board(vehicle(technologies(as+ well+as+opera;onallyCfocused+programs+ designed+to+reduce+crash+risk.+The+overall+ goals+of+this+collabora;on+are+to++ ! 1)+ensure+that+advancements+in+truck+ design+and+technology+to+improve+fuel+ efficiency+do(not(have(any(nega3ve( impacts(on(safety;+and++ ! (2)+conversely,+to+ensure+that+efforts+to+ improve(safety(to(not(reduce(efficiency— and,+where+possible+actually+contribute+to+ improvements+in+overall+motor+carrier+ industry+system+efficiency.++ 18+ Contribute(to(reducing(truck(and(bus(accident(fatality(rate(
  29. 29. Efficient Operations Partnership+Goals:+Efficient+Opera4ons+ ! Develop+and+demonstrate+technologies+that+minimize&the&impact&of&driver& behavior&for+op4mal+accelera4on+efficiency+by+automa3cally&controlling&vehicle& accelera3ons+at+a+level+for+which+the+engine+operates+in+its+most+efficient+ opera4onal+state+for+the+current+environment.+Driver+feedback+informa4on+ devices+can+also+be+implemented+as+a+retrofit+op4on+for+exis4ng+vehicles.+ ! Develop+simple&tools&for+the+trucking+industry+that+will+provide+es3mates&of&the& fuel&savings&poten3al&of&advanced&efficiency&technologies&and&technology& combina3ons&depending+on+specific+usage+informa4on+of+a+par4cular+fleet+ (measured+drive+cycle+data).+The+tools+will+provide+cost+and+benefit+analyses+for+ the+selec4on+of+technologies+on+a+caseGbyGcase+basis+when+representa4ve+drive+ cycles+for+an+individual+fleet+or+ownerGoperator+are+available+(and+ recommenda4ons+to+the+fleet+for+obtaining+the+drive+cycles+can+be+provided).+ ! Conduct+a+study&to&iden3fy&proposed&ITS/connected&vehicle&technologies&that+ offer+significant+fuel+savings+and+quan4fy+the+reduc4on+in+fuel+consump4on+for+ technologies+that+offer+the+greatest+benefits.+Select+one+technology,+evaluate+ the+benefits+for+fuel+consump4on+as+a+func4on+of+market+penetra4on+and+ iden4fy+the+infrastructure+needs+and+costs+for+deployment+of+the+technology+to+ a+level+at+which+the+benefits+of+vehicleGtoGvehicle+(V2V)+and+vehicleGtoG infrastructure+(V2I)+networking+are+realized.+ Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC 19+
  30. 30. Efficient Operations Partnership+Goals:+Efficient+Opera4ons+ Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC (con4nued)+ ! Establish+a+real%world)test)corridor+for+commercial+vehicles+focused+ on+improving+Commercial+Vehicle+Opera4ons,+including+Fuel+ Efficiency.+The+test+corridor+should+include+DSRC+and+WiIMax+ technologies+in+the+infrastructure,+would+involve+one+or+more+fleets+ enabled+for+DSRC/WiIMax+capability+and+ouOiPed+with+various+ applica4ons+designed+for+improved+efficiency+of+commercial+vehicles.+ ! Explore+regulatory)changes+to+permit+the+replacement+of+bodyI mounted+mirrors+with+a+camera%based)system)and+quan4fy+the+fuel+ saving+benefits+associated+with+such+a+change.+ ! Demonstrate+the+fuel)savings)benefits)and+develop+policy+guidelines+ for+extending+the+use+of+long)combina8on)vehicles)(LCVs),+par4cularly+ tripleItrailer+units.+ ! Promote+improved)supply)chain)management)strategies)in+the+ commercial+freight+industry+with+an+objec4ve+to+increase+the+loads+ carried+per+truck+and+reduce+vehicle+miles+traveled+(VMT).+ 20+
  31. 31. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC SUPERTRUCK)INITIATIVE) Basics) • Goals) – Develop)and)demonstrate)a)50%) improvement)in)overall)freight)efficiency)on)a) heavyGduty)Class)8)tractorGtrailer)measured)in) tonGmiles)per)gallon) – Achieve)50%)engine)thermal)efficiency)at)65) mph)cruise)condiKon) – Show)a)pathway)to)55%)engine)efficiency) • CooperaKve)R&D)Agreement))Awards:)) – Cummins)Inc.)with)Peterbilt))(ARRA)Funded)) – Daimler)Trucks)North)America)(ARRA)Funded)) – Navistar,)Inc.)) – Volvo)Trucks)North)America) • Total)project)funding:)DOE)+)Industry)=)$284) Million)
  32. 32. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC SUPERTRUCK)INITIATIVE) Summary)of)Progress) • Status)of)50%)engine)efficiency:)) – All)teams)are)on)track)to)meet)the)50%)efficiency)goal) • Status)of)50%)freight)efficiency)improvement:)) – All)teams)are)on)track)and)expect)to)achieve)between) 50%)and)60%)freight)efficiency)based)on)onKroad) vehicle)evaluaLon.) • Technologies)developed)under)SuperTruck)will) begin)to)enter)the)market)over)the)next)decade.)
  33. 33. PARTNERS Budget = $77.6 million Budget = $89.1 million PARTNERS PARTNERS Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC SUPERTRUCK)INITIATIVE) Project)Teams) Cummins/Peterbilt Daimler Trucks North America Navistar PARTNERS Volvo Technology of America • Highly efficient and clean diesel engine • Advanced waste heat recovery system • Aerodynamic tractor and trailer • Fuel cell APU for idling reduction • Engine downsizing • Waste heat recovery • Improved aerodynamics • Electrification of auxiliaries such as oil and water pumps • Hybridization • Combustion efficiency • Waste heat recovery system • Aerodynamic tractor and trailer • Idling reduction • Hybridization • Reduced rolling resistance tires • Engine efficiency • Waste heat recovery • Aerodynamic tractor and trailer • Idling reduction • Hybridization • Reduced rolling resistance tires Cummins • Modine • Eaton • Dana • Bridgestone • Alcoa • Delphi • Bergstrom • Garmin • Exa • Utility Trailer • US Xpress Navistar • Alcoa • AT Dynamics • Meritor • Behr America • Michelin • TPI • Wabash National • Argonne • Lawrence Livermore DTNA • Detroit • Daimler Research • Oregon State University • Great Dane • ARC • Solar World Industries America • Schneider • Wal-Mart Volvo Technology of America • Volvo Group Truck Technology • Volvo Group Powertrain • Penn State • Grote Freight Wing • UCLA • Ricardo • Hendrickson • Meritor Budget = $79.2 million Budget = $38.0 million
  34. 34. Cummins SuperTruck Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  35. 35. Daimler SuperTruck http://www.truckinginfo.com/news/story/2014/06/daimler-trucks-hits-supertruck-goals-ahead-of-schedule.aspx Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  36. 36. Volvo SuperTruck Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  37. 37. Navistar No Update for 2014 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  38. 38. ICCT Summary http://www.theicct.org/sites/default/files/publications/ICCT_SuperTruck-program_20140610.pdf Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  39. 39. ICCT Report Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  40. 40. TARDEC 30-Year Strategy 30-Year Strategy: Changing How We Do Business • Shaping the future for the Force of 2025 and Beyond (VS1) • Supporting current programs of record across the lifecycle (VS2, VS3) The Strategy will direct and pace technology discovery, development, demonstration, and transition to secure Enduring Value and continued battlefield dominance of the Army’s current and future ground systems OPSEC# 25252 15 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC TARDEC’s 30-Year Strategy UNCLASSIFIED / DIST. A
  41. 41. Areas with Commercial Vehicle Interest Value Stream VS1 Lines of Effort [LOE 1.2] Ground System Architecture Plug and Play Electronic Architecture (module and cab) Power Dense, Common, Modular Engine Optimized Powertrain Controls Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC [LOE 1.1] Autonomy-Enabled Systems Main Battle System Platoon Supervision Vehicles Unmanned Direct Fire Vehicle as a Member Advanced Structure/Armor UNCLASSIFIED / DIST. A of the Squad AMAS Unmanned Convoy Non-Traditional Physical Modular Vehicle Architecture Prototype Module Interface AMAS Situational Awareness/ Advanced Controls/ Displays Advanced Suspension Truck Chassis Material handling for on-load/off-load modules Multi-mission modules Joint Vehicle Agnostic Modular Prototype 360° Situational Awareness Mobile Protected Firepower [LOE 1.4] Power Density & Energy Efficiency Medium Combat Heavy Combat Tactical Power Electronics (DC-DC, Export Power) High Voltage Architecture Integrated Starter Generator Vehicle Electrification [LOE 1.3] Protected Mobility 16 Cab-less Trailer OPSEC# 25252
  42. 42. Capability Demonstrations Execution POM EPP EPP+ FY14 FY15 FY16-20 FY21 - 30 FY30+ Combat Vehicle Prototyping 360o SA – Degraded Visual Environment JOEI Modeling Too l Operational Energy Consumption Modeling CD6 Blackwater Treatment & Grey Water Reuse Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Ground Vehicle Capability Demonstrations UNCLASSIFIED / DIST. A Future Pro Cgroammb oatf VReehciocrlde Next Gen Powertrain, Vehicle Architecture, APS/Active Survivability MS A Future Modular Med/Heavy Tactical Truck Prototype Future Medium Tactical Truck POR IOC Modular Med/Heavy Truck SE Lightweight Modular Vehicle ONR Modularity Study UGV/UAS - Extend the Reach CBRN Experiment Call for Fire Experiment Multi-UGV Extended Range (MUER) Operational Experiment Resourced Opportunity for Collaboration Knowledge Point Decision Point Legend Water Quality Monitoring Manned-Unmanned Teaming Command and Unmanned Vehicle Development System Demo Operational Evaluation System/Kit Dev. Virtual Experiment Autonomy Enabled (AE) BCT w/ Logistic Automation Requirements Refinement System/Kit Development Virtual Experiments Performance Assessment / Safety Release Operational Evaluation CD4 DSAT Operational Experiments AE BCT Direct Fire Operation Benefit Study AMAS Operational Experiments Innovation Workshop AE BCT Automated Logistic Operation Benefit Study 12 CD1 CD2 CD5 CD12 CD7 TARDEC NAS Brief 13 May 2014
  43. 43. Connected and Automated Vehicles
  44. 44. Connected Vehicles Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  45. 45. What should we call connected vehicles? • Caravans? • Convoys? • Road Train? • Cooperative Trucks? • Teaming Trucks? • Companion Trucks? • Platooning? Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  46. 46. V2V for Commercial Trucks by 2020? http://www.nhtsa.gov/About+NHTSA/Press+Releases/NHTSA-issues-advanced-notice-of-proposed-rulemaking-on-V2V-communications Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  47. 47. Commercial Vehicle ITS Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  48. 48. 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Traffic Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC May 2014 amendment approved The amendment agreed last month by the U.N. Working Party on Road Traffic Safety would allow a car to drive itself, as long as the system "can be overridden or switched off by the driver". A driver must be present and able to take the wheel at any time. Provided the amendment clears all bureaucratic hurdles, all 72 countries that are party to the convention would have to work the new rules into their laws. The convention covers European countries, Mexico, Chile, Brazil and Russia, although not the United States, Japan or China. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vienna_Convention_on_Road_Traffic Article 8 Vienna Convention 1968 November 8 Convention on road traffic https://treaties.un.org/pages/ViewDetailsIII.aspx?&src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=XI~B~19&chapter=11&Temp=mtdsg3&lang=en
  49. 49. NHTSA’s 5 Levels of Automation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC }
  50. 50. New Automated Driving and Platooning Task Force Scope: a. Vehicles: Class 8 (ini0ally) plus Class 3-­‐7 vehicles b. Roadways: typical interstate highways (ini0ally) and other road environments, including select off-­‐road environments where trucks operate c. Func0ons: focus is on automa0on of regular driving as dis0nct from crash avoidance a. NHTSA Level 1 – longitudinal control for platooning b. NHTSA Level 2 – Eyes On i. (steering, throRle, brake under computer control with constant driver monitoring) c. NHTSA Level 3 – Eyes Off i. (steering, throRle, brake under computer control without constant driver monitoring) d. Timeframe: Technologies coming to the market in the next 1-­‐10 years Objec+ves: a. create awareness within TMC of all relevant ac0vi0es to develop par0ally automated and fully automated driving systems for heavy trucks, including industry and publicly sponsored R&D, as well as relevant regulatory ac0vity at the state and Federal levels b. create an opera0onal understanding of how par0ally and fully automated driving would be applied to heavy truck opera0ons, considering drivers, maintenance, safety managers, fleet managers, regulators c. define key terms relevant to automated driving so as to create mutual understanding and avoid confusion d. based on this knowledge, iden0fy the opportuni0es, new applica0ons, key requirements, and areas of concern in the evolu0on of automated driving technologies. Iden0fy technology demonstra0ons the carriers would like to see. e. develop a white paper addressing the above, to include recommended ac0ons that might be taken by industry and regulators f. liaise as needed to other TMC task forces, such as the S.12 DSRC Task Force g. develop technical policy guidance for the Technical Advisory Group, ATA Engineering department and ATA Technology and Engineering Policy commiRee Meets Monday, September 22 from 2-4 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  51. 51. TARDEC • Autonomous or Semi-Autonomous Systems • Congressional Goal: 1/3 Military Fleet Unmanned by Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV) UNCLASSIFIED / DIST. A 2017 • Advantages in Combat Vehicles – Soldiers out of harm’s way – Less protection required – lighter weight • Advantages in a Convoy – 25-60% Reduction in accidents – 7% Savings or more for Convoy Missions • Drafting • Improved driving – Fuel Savings of $6000 per Truck over 10 years OPSEC# 25252 17
  52. 52. Applying Autonomous to Existing Vehicles AMAS Team will demonstrate the following capabilities: Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Autonomous Mobility Appliqué System (AMAS) Demonstration Autonomy Kit UNCLASSIFIED / DIST. A 18 Manned 360° Vision Driver Warning Driver Assist/ Active Safety Optionally- Driven Optionally- Manned Human-Machine Interface (HMI) Unmanned Autonomy- Enabled Human-Robot Interface (HRI) • Feasibility of standardized, affordable kits to automate existing platforms • Increased safety in AMAS enabled Tactical Wheeled Vehicles (TWV) • Simultaneous manpower multiplier; reallocate TWV operators to other critical unit functions By-Wire Active Safety Kit J1939 Autonomy Computer Platform Agnostic Driver Warning/ Driver Assist Sensors Overall Vehicle Controller Commander OCI Platform Agnostic Platform Specific Data Radio Logger (RNIK) Dashboard OCI Steering Actuation Brake Actuation ESC IOP Autonomy Kit Sensors Transmission OPSEC# 25252
  53. 53. Mercedes-Benz Future Truck 2025 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-1714412-1-1714446-1-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html http://www.truckinginfo.com/news/story/2014/07/daimler-trucks-unveils-long-term-plan-for-autonomous-driving-trucks.aspx
  54. 54. Mercedes-Benz Future Truck 2025 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  55. 55. PACCAR into Driverless Trucks! Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Photo: Corbis! Container-bearing trucks at the Port of Rotterdam Dutch Trucks Will Drive Themselves By Philip E. Ross Posted 17 Jun 2014 The Netherlands has just announced a five-year plan to make the country safe for autonomous vehicles and vice-versa, with a particular emphasis on trucks. Rules of the road will be redrafted, infrastructure built, and research funded. The country thus joins a stampede that, like so many automotive fashions, began in California, with the unveiling of the Google Car. Nevada joined the charge early, and Michigan was quick off the mark too, the city of Ann Arbor having just established a center for autonomous driving. Sweden's Gothenburg, home of Volvo, is doing much the same. One thing Holland has that few other countries can match is a compact territory coupled to an enormous transportation hub, which boasts Europe's busiest air, sea and land links. And trucks seem to be a particularly good match because of their role in the container shipping model, which has transformed the world economy. Trucks are, in fact, the last link in the chain connecting production to consumption that remains fully under the control of a mere human being. Here's how it works: A robot at a factory in Japan loads a standard container with refrigerators, say, bolts it shut, and places it on a flatbed truck. The truck takes the box to the most convenient seaport, where a robotic crane hoists the box onto a ship, where it fits a perfectly matching space in the hold. The ship —itself mostly robotic, with merely a skeleton crew—steams to the port city of Rotterdam, where another robotic crane hoists the container onto another truck that takes it to a retailer, say in Germany. There the box is unbolted and unloaded, again perhaps by robots. And presto, all the refrigerators are still there; not one has "fallen off the back" of a truck. That's basically why stuff has gotten so cheap and manufacturing jobs have become so scarce. A robotic truck would thus merely complete what is already an almost all-robot system. The Dutch government says that the first tests will be simple computer simulations. The first road tests will involve truck convoys, perhaps putting just the lead vehicle under the control of a human driver. That test will be conducted by a research consortium including DAF, a Dutch truckmaker, the Port of Rotterdam and Transport & Logistiek Nederland. "The consortium wants to test autonomous lorries that drive in convoys. The aim of the consortium is, within five years, to bring technology onto the market that logistics companies with such lorries can use to drive on public roads." http://spectrum.ieee.org/cars-that-think/transportation/self-driving/dutch-trucks-will-drive-themselves/? utm_source=carsthatthink&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=062514
  56. 56. Peterbilt Autonomous Vehicle Demo PETERBILT SHOWCASES AUTONOMOUS ASSIST DRIVING TECHNOLOGY DENTON, Texas (September 9, 2014) Advanced technologies capable of autonomous driving to complement vehicle operators was showcased during the ITS World Congress in Detroit this week. The innovative system was demonstrated on a Peterbilt Model 579 concept truck. http://www.peterbilt.com/about/media/2014/430/ Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  57. 57. Peloton Platooning Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  58. 58. ZF AutoPark http://www.ccjdigital.com/zf-unveils-new-automated-transmission-remote-controlled-parking/? utm_source=daily&utm_medium=email&utm_content=07-09-2014&utm_campaign=CCJ&ust_id=2f87f13eb6& Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  59. 59. What are you willing to say? • Bus driver that I’ve never met, • “Take my kids to school.” • Airport automated shuttle • “Take me to the terminal.” • Elevator • “Take me to my floor.” • Pilot that I don’t know • “Fly me to Los Angeles.” • Truck • “Take my freight from the shipper to the consignee.” Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  60. 60. Wearable Computers
  61. 61. Apple Watch Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  62. 62. Samsung Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  63. 63. LG Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  64. 64. Pebble Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  65. 65. Oil Analysis in Your Hand? https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/903107259/scio-your-sixth-sense-a-pocket-molecular-sensor-fo Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  66. 66. Wearable Computer Concepts http://appleinsider.com/articles/14/05/05/apple-planning-app-store-like-health-platform-for-connected-medical-devices---report Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  67. 67. Clothing with Sensors—shirts and socks http://appleinsider.com/articles/14/05/12/omsignal-smart-shirts-move-activity-tracking-from-the-wrist-to-the-chest Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  68. 68. A Nod to the Future Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC https://www.hellonod.com
  69. 69. Other Items of Interest
  70. 70. National Freight Advisory Committee http://www.dot.gov/policy-initiatives/national-freight-advisory-committee/recommendations-us-department-transportations Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Six Subcommittees: 1. Conditions, Performance, and Data 2. Safety, Security, and Environment 3. Project Delivery and Operations 4. Research, Innovation, and Technology 5. International Freight Strategies and Operations 6. First and Last Mile Three elements of MAP-21 1. Barriers: An assessment of statutory, regulatory, technological, institutional, financial, and other barriers to improved freight transportation performance (including opportunities for overcoming the barriers); 2. Best Practices: To improve the performance of the national freight network; and 3. Best Practices: To mitigate the impacts of freight movement on communities.
  71. 71. FHWA National Freight Network Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  72. 72. Independent Contractors Under Attack Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  73. 73. Is the Owner/Operator now going, going, gone? Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  74. 74. Brute Force Is Sometimes the Option This is the biggest load ever to be moved in West Australia. It weighed over 700 tons with four trucks towing and two pushing it on the gravel. They were traveling at 4 Km’s per hour on the gravel reaching 6 km’s hour on the bitumen. The distance to the new mine is 230 km’s. They drove up to 15 hours a day, taking 6 days to reach their destination ( including becoming bogged with four front end loaders having trouble pulling them out) Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  75. 75. EU Increased Truck Size Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Automotive World
  76. 76. Medical Marijuana Conundrum http://www.trucknews.com/news/medical-marijuana-and-trucking-a-legal-minefield-for-carriers/1003055605/?ref=rss&ctid=1003055605 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  77. 77. Volume Based Pricing Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Transport Topics May 12, 2014
  78. 78. Dimensional Pricing means more weight! Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  79. 79. Lube when Needed The purpose of the system is reduce lube-related churning losses in the axle housing by temporarily reducing lube levels under certain driving conditions. The LogixDrive system uses an oil internal lubricant reservoir to store lube oil when it's not needed to cool the axle shafts, crown and pinion gears etc. During periods of high-stress operation, such as ascending or descending hills, the reservoir opens, releasing several liters of lube into the axle housing to provide the needed cooling. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC With the reservoir full, about 5 liters of lube oil are removed from the axle housing, lowering the fluid level and reducing churning losses. Additional lube oil can be drained from the reservoir by a cab-mounted ECM and a cable release-drain. The additional oil adds cooling and lubricating capacity under heavily loaded operating conditions. The LogixDrive 17XEVO axle in European trim. It may come to North America in 2015, Meritor says. http://www.truckinginfo.com/news/story/2014/05/meritor-s-advanced-17x-evo-drive-axle-cuts-lube-oil-churning-losses.aspx
  80. 80. If you think headlights are expensive now! Laser Headlights http://www.engadget.com/2014/01/07/audi-sport-quattro-laserlight/ Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  81. 81. Finally — A Bridge Warning System Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Why don’t fleet management systems with GPS on-board have a warning? Transport Topics 26 May 2014
  82. 82. Car 54 — Where are you? • GPS — USA Global Positioning System 1995 • GLONASS — Russian Global Positioning System 1995 • GALILEO — European Global Positioning System 2019 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  83. 83. Stop—Start—It’s Coming G.M. announced this week that it would offer fuel-saving stop-start technology in the 2015 Chevrolet Impala sedan. G.M. said the system, which shuts off the engine when it would otherwise be idling, would be available on cars equipped with a 2.5-liter 4- cylinder engine. The E.P.A. fuel-economy estimate for the car is 22 miles per gallon in the city, 31 m.p.g. on the highway and 25 m.p.g. combined. (GM Authority) http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/24/automobiles/wheelies-the-gm-trucks- hiccup-edition.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&_r=0 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Chrysler plans to offer its stop-start technology as standard equipment on certain models of the ’15 Jeep Cherokee SUV and Chrysler 200 midsize sedan, as the automaker works to meet tightening U.S. fuel-economy and carbon-dioxide rules. Environmental Protection Agency mandates for 2014 calls for vehicle fleets to achieve 31.3 mpg (7.5 L/100 km), followed by 32.6 mpg (7.2 L/100 km) and 34.1 mpg (6.9 L/100 km) in 2015 and 2016, respectively. The Chrysler 200 equipped with the 2.4L Tigershark inline 4-cyl. engine and Cherokee with the 3.2L Pentastar V-6, will come standard with the fuel-saving start-stop system. The automaker says the two applications of the technology in the 200 and Cherokee will reduce CO2 emissions by up to 3%. It will be added to the Cherokee in the third-quarter and to the 200 in Q4. First introduced in the Ram 1500 pickup, the technology is based on a high-speed starter that reduces crank time for quicker restarts. It’s activated by algorithms that act on a vehicle’s powertrain and chassis components, the automaker says. http://wardsauto.com/auto-makers/chrysler-broaden-use-stop-start-systems? NL=WAW-04&Issue=WAW-04_20140625_WAW-04_508&YM_RID=paulmenig@te ch-i-m.com&YM_MID=1473212&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_18
  84. 84. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  85. 85. Commodity? Why Buy One vs. the Other? Amazon Fire Samsung Galaxy S5 Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC Apple iPhone 5s Microsoft- Nokia X2
  86. 86. Why Buy One versus the Other? Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  87. 87. NTSB Recommendations • Blind Spot Mitigation • Side Underride Protection • Rear Underride Protection • Improvements in Crash Data for Trailers Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC http://www.ntsb.gov/doclib/recletters/2014/H-14-001-007.pdf
  88. 88. How obvious, yet doubles productivity!?! http://www.truckinginfo.com/news/story/2014/09/pierpass-program-reduces-truck-turn-times-at-ports.aspx Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  89. 89. Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC http://links.govdelivery.com/track? type=click&enid=ZWFzPTEmbWFpbGluZ2lkPTIwMTQwOTAzLjM1NjE5MzMxJm1lc3NhZ2VpZD1NREItUFJELUJVTC0yMDE0MDkwMy4zNTYxOTMzMSZkYXRhYmFzZWlkPTEwMDEmc2VyaWFsPTE3MD Q0MTkwJmVtYWlsaWQ9cGF1bG1lbmlnQHRlY2gtaS1tLmNvbSZ1c2VyaWQ9cGF1bG1lbmlnQHRlY2gtaS1tLmNvbSZmbD0mZXh0cmE9TXVsdGl2YXJpYXRlSWQ9JiYm&&&100&&&http://energy.gov/
  90. 90. Government Reports Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  91. 91. Think About It! Confidential and Proprietary, © 2014, Tech-I-M, LLC Savvy Technology ! ! Powerful Results
  92. 92. Additional Materials
  93. 93. NHTSA Level 0 Automation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  94. 94. NHTSA Level 1 Automation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  95. 95. NHTSA Level 2 Automation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  96. 96. NHTSA Level 3 Automation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC
  97. 97. NHTSA Level 4 Automation Confidential and Proprietary, © 2013, Tech-I-M, LLC

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