Can laughing at our problems
actually help us solve them?
@PaulKGoddard, Agile Coach

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Humour = Reframing = Creativity
Steve Andreas, NLP Author & Trainer

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
How creative are you feeling
right now?

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Runaway Train
• Train is carrying 250 tonnes of
highly toxic chemicals
• Train throttle is jammed at 120
mph
• Train canno...
“The significant problems we have cannot be solved at the
same level of thinking with which we created them”

"If at first...
10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
What would Wile E Coyote do?

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
What would Dr. Evil do?

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Six Thinking Hats (de Bono)
Information

Emotions

Optimistic

Discernment

Creativity

Planning

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@...
Six Thinking Hats (de Bono)

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Collaboration + Humour =
Creativity
Paul Goddard

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
“imagine that you are
imaginative”
Paul Z Jackson

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Gift Box
An Simple Improv Game

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Gift Box
“Who was surprised by the amazing
powers of their imagination?”
“How did you think of all those things?”
“How use...
“offers are the basic unit of
currency for improv”
Neil Mullarkey

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Delight
An Improv Game

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
One Word Story
An Improv Game

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
“The secret is not to quite know
what to do, then it’s always
exciting.”
Keith Johnstone

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGod...
“Creativity is not a talent. It’s a
way of operating.”
John Cleese

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
“A day without laughter is a day
wasted”
Charlie Chaplin

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Audience Creativity

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
Thank you for playing…
@PaulKGoddard

10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM

@PaulKGoddard
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Can laughing at our problems actually help us solve them?

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Slides from my session at Scrum Gathering South Africa, Cape Town, Oct 2013.

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  • In every joke or cartoon, there is a “set-up” in which an ordinary and easily understood narrative is created, along with a certain meaning. Then the “punch line” completely changes this, and our response is to smile or laugh as we embrace a new — and usually unexpected — meaning. Here is my current favorite example:
“What do you want people to say about you at your funeral?” Most of us immediately begin to consider the possible accolades, and which we’d most like to have said of us: “He was a great guy, she was so generous and kind, he was sensitive and empathic, she contributed to the neighborhood, etc.”So the answer takes us by surprise: “Look! He’s moving!”What makes this joke funny is that we begin with the assumption that we have actually died. But when we hear the punch line, our images, understanding, and meaning change completely; the implication of “moving” means that you are alive, replacing the presupposition that you are dead. Every joke, and every other kind of humor involves some kind of shift in perspective that changes your images; when your images change, often your understandings and meanings also change. This is exactly the kind of change that occurs when someone resolves a problem, whether it is a personal one, or one in science or art.
  • In every joke or cartoon, there is a “set-up” in which an ordinary and easily understood narrative is created, along with a certain meaning. Then the “punch line” completely changes this, and our response is to smile or laugh as we embrace a new — and usually unexpected — meaning. Here is my current favorite example:
“What do you want people to say about you at your funeral?” Most of us immediately begin to consider the possible accolades, and which we’d most like to have said of us: “He was a great guy, she was so generous and kind, he was sensitive and empathic, she contributed to the neighborhood, etc.”So the answer takes us by surprise: “Look! He’s moving!”What makes this joke funny is that we begin with the assumption that we have actually died. But when we hear the punch line, our images, understanding, and meaning change completely; the implication of “moving” means that you are alive, replacing the presupposition that you are dead. Every joke, and every other kind of humor involves some kind of shift in perspective that changes your images; when your images change, often your understandings and meanings also change. This is exactly the kind of change that occurs when someone resolves a problem, whether it is a personal one, or one in science or art.
  • “The significant problems we have cannot be solved at the same level of thinking with which we created them”"If at first, the idea is not absurd, then there is no hope for it." - Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
  • Wile E Coyote (1 min)
  • Reframes the problem. 5 mins in teams. Go.
  • Dr Evil (1 min)
  • Reverse brainstorming
  • Information: (White) - considering purely what information is available, what are the facts?Emotions (Red) - intuitive or instinctive gut reactions or statements of emotional feeling (but not any justification)Let it crash, get people off the train, evacuate the train.Discernment (Black) - logic applied to identifying reasons to be cautious and conservativeMight only have one shot, we have to get it right. Risk of collateral damage, exploring consequencesOptimistic response (Yellow) - logic applied to identifying benefits, seeking harmonyCreativity (Green) - statements of provocation and investigation, seeing where a thought goes
  • Information: (White) - considering purely what information is available, what are the facts?Emotions (Red) - intuitive or instinctive gut reactions or statements of emotional feeling (but not any justification)Discernment (Black) - logic applied to identifying reasons to be cautious and conservativeOptimistic response (Yellow) - logic applied to identifying benefits, seeking harmonyCreativity (Green) - statements of provocation and investigation, seeing where a thought goesUsing a variety of approaches within thinking and problem solving allows the issue to be addressed from a variety of angles, thus servicing the needs of all individuals concerned. The thinking hats are useful for learners as they illustrate the need for individuals to address problems from a variety of different angles. They also aid learners as they allow the individual to recognize any deficiencies in the way that they approach problem solving, thus allowing them to rectify such issues.De Bono believed that the key to a successful use of the Six Think Hats methodology was the deliberate focusing of the discussion on a particular approach as needed during the meeting or collaboration session. For instance, a meeting may be called to review a particular problem and to develop a solution for the problem. The Six Thinking Hats method could then be used in a sequence to first of all explore the problem, then develop a set of solutions, and to finally choose a solution through critical examination of the solution set.So the meeting may start with everyone assuming the Blue hat to discuss how the meeting will be conducted and to develop the goals and objectives. The discussion may then move to Red hat thinking in order to collect opinions and reactions to the problem. This phase may also be used to develop constraints for the actual solution such as who will be affected by the problem and/or solutions. Next the discussion may move to the (Yellow then) Green hat in order to generate ideas and possible solutions. Next the discussion may move between White hat thinking as part of developing information and Black hat thinking to develop criticisms of the solution set.Because everyone is focused on a particular approach at any one time, the group tends to be more collaborative than if one person is reacting emotionally (Red hat) while another person is trying to be objective (White hat) and still another person is being critical of the points which emerge from the discussion (Black hat).
  • Explain the theory of an “offer”Do the offer game, with a volunteer, then in pairs, then debrief.
  • Perhaps do the swedish story here…And ask people to shout out ala CSP style
  • One of you is going to hold an imaginary box which is capable of holding all of the gift on earth. Your partner is going to mime pulling gifts out of the box, naming each item as it emerges. Once it’s named, throw it away and pull out another. You can do his as fast as you like. When you get into a flow, you will become very spontaneous, and you’ll just get a sense of what each item is. And it can be anything.Your partner’s job, as well as holding the box, is to simply encourage you partner, saying “Yes, so it is!” and prompting only when ideas dry up. Permissable prompts are “and what’s that over there?” and category prompts like “something large” “something valuable” or “something from France”.
  • Explain the theory of an “offer”Do the offer game, with a volunteer, then in pairs, then debrief.
  • Do some one word storytelling? With 3-5 on stage. Then in groups of 3-4 on tables. Then debrief.What did this prove? What makes it flow?
  • Can laughing at our problems actually help us solve them?

    1. 1. Can laughing at our problems actually help us solve them? @PaulKGoddard, Agile Coach 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    2. 2. Humour = Reframing = Creativity Steve Andreas, NLP Author & Trainer 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    3. 3. How creative are you feeling right now? 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    4. 4. Runaway Train • Train is carrying 250 tonnes of highly toxic chemicals • Train throttle is jammed at 120 mph • Train cannot turn corners safely • Track runs out in 2 hours at a major city station • It will take engineers 3 hours to fix the throttle • How would you mitigate disaster and minimise casualties? 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    5. 5. “The significant problems we have cannot be solved at the same level of thinking with which we created them” "If at first, the idea is not absurd, then there is no hope for it." 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    6. 6. 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    7. 7. 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    8. 8. What would Wile E Coyote do? 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    9. 9. 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    10. 10. What would Dr. Evil do? 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    11. 11. Six Thinking Hats (de Bono) Information Emotions Optimistic Discernment Creativity Planning 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    12. 12. Six Thinking Hats (de Bono) 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    13. 13. 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    14. 14. 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    15. 15. Collaboration + Humour = Creativity Paul Goddard 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    16. 16. “imagine that you are imaginative” Paul Z Jackson 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    17. 17. Gift Box An Simple Improv Game 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    18. 18. Gift Box “Who was surprised by the amazing powers of their imagination?” “How did you think of all those things?” “How useful were the prompts and encouragements?” 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    19. 19. “offers are the basic unit of currency for improv” Neil Mullarkey 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    20. 20. Delight An Improv Game 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    21. 21. One Word Story An Improv Game 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    22. 22. “The secret is not to quite know what to do, then it’s always exciting.” Keith Johnstone 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    23. 23. “Creativity is not a talent. It’s a way of operating.” John Cleese 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    24. 24. “A day without laughter is a day wasted” Charlie Chaplin 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    25. 25. Audience Creativity 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard
    26. 26. Thank you for playing… @PaulKGoddard 10/30/2013 5:00:49 AM @PaulKGoddard

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