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Documentary codes and conventions

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Documentary codes and conventions

  1. 1. Documentary Codes and Conventions.
  2. 2. Camerawork• The use of different shot types is to keep the audience interested.• Still cameras are on tripods for stability• Handheld camerawork is used for footage where it’s necessary to give the element of real life,.• Pov or point of view shots are used to position the audience as if they actually there. So there’s a sense of reality
  3. 3. Sound• There is always a voiceover, this helps to keep the narative together.• The narrator is referred to as the voice of god• Music sometimes plays as a sound bed, if it is relevant
  4. 4. Editing• No fancy visual effects should be used if they are not relevant.• The interviewer should be edited out which includes them asking the questions.• Cutaways and B-roll footage is used to keep the flow of the documentary going
  5. 5. Rule Of Thirds• The rule of thirds the idea that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts so three equal boxes and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines ie the eyes should be on the top corner line• When the rule of thirds is in interviews it is normally called the talking head shot
  6. 6. Mise en scene• Mise en scene is the idea everything in the shot should be related, so if you are interviewing a tattooist you should interview them in a tattoo parlour and not in a office.• Mise en scene can be either artificial ie in the blue screen or in real life

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