Sampling Rev 1 Presentation

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Sampling Rev 1 Presentation

  1. 1. JISKOOT SAMPLING SYSTEMS<br />
  2. 2. Cameron<br />Products to control, process, measure and compress liquid and gas<br /><ul><li>Headquartered in Houston, TX
  3. 3. 175 Years Continuous History
  4. 4. 11 Operating Divisions
  5. 5. 50 + Strong Product Brands
  6. 6. $ 5 + Billion Annual Revenue
  7. 7. 15,500 + Employees
  8. 8. 260 + Locations Worldwide
  9. 9. 70% of Business Outside of U.S</li></li></ul><li>JISKOOT<br /><ul><li> $19 Million (UK) Company
  10. 10. High Accuracy Measurement/Control Specialist
  11. 11. Global Installed Base
  12. 12. Sales & Service
  13. 13. 40 +Years Experience
  14. 14. Sit On All Standards Committees</li></li></ul><li>WHAT IS A SAMPLE ?<br />“A sample is a small separated part of something that illustrates the qualities of the mass.” - Oxford English Dictionary<br /><ul><li>Small
  15. 15. Separated
  16. 16. Representative
  17. 17. Transportable</li></li></ul><li>WHAT IS A SAMPLE ?<br />“A sample is the basis upon which we acknowledge receipt of a crude oil cargo delivery and base our payment.” - BP Oil Refinery<br /><ul><li>Physical evidence
  18. 18. Statement of faith
  19. 19. Proof of purchase
  20. 20. Legal ‘document’
  21. 21. Fair trade</li></li></ul><li>WHY SAMPLE ?<br />Determine the Quality<br /> Reduce Losses<br />Measure Water<br />Measure Quality<br /> Value the batch<br />
  22. 22. HOW SHOULD YOU SAMPLE?<br />Hierarchy of Sampling<br />From Ships Tanks<br />From Shore Tanks<br />By Manifold Samplers<br />By Bespoke Sampling System<br />
  23. 23. HOW SHOULD YOU SAMPLE?<br />ACCURATELY !<br />Volume Analysed is 1 in 300,000,000,000<br />
  24. 24. HYDROCARBON SAMPLING STANDARDS<br />Automatic Pipeline Sampling<br />ISO 3171 (1988)<br />API 8.2 (1995)<br />IP 6.2 (1987)<br />ASTM – D4177<br />A poor quality sampling system will increase measurement uncertainty<br />
  25. 25. COST SAVINGS<br /><ul><li>Super Tanker - 2 Million Barrels of Crude
  26. 26. Value = $ 116,480,000
  27. 27. 0.50% Water = $ 582,400
  28. 28. 1.25% Water = $ 1,456,000
  29. 29. 1.50% Water = $ 1,747,200
  30. 30. Difference 1.25% - 1.50% = $ 291,200
  31. 31. Difference 0.50% - 1.50% = $ 1,164,800</li></li></ul><li>COST SAVINGS<br />Cost Of Uncertainty<br /><ul><li>Annual Throughput in Bbls = 115,000,000
  32. 32. Oil Price Currently = $ 58.00
  33. 33. Uncertainty of Measurement = 0.5%
  34. 34. Uncertain Barrels of Oil = 575,000
  35. 35. Potential Annual Loss = $ 33,350,000</li></li></ul><li>BASIC REQUIREMENTS <br /><ul><li>Pipeline Conditioning
  36. 36. Representative Sampling of the Batch
  37. 37. Sample Handling & Mixing
  38. 38. Laboratory Analysis</li></li></ul><li>PIPELINE CONDITIONING<br />LOW DENSITY LIQUID (OIL)<br />HIGH DENSITY LIQUID (WATER)<br />FLOW<br />
  39. 39. PIPELINE CONDITIONING<br /><ul><li>Natural Turbulence
  40. 40. Pumps, Valves, Elbows, T's etc.
  41. 41. Mixers
  42. 42. Static
  43. 43. Variable Static
  44. 44. Dynamic (Power)
  45. 45. Jet Mixer</li></li></ul><li>PIPELINE CONDITIONING<br />
  46. 46. REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLING<br /><ul><li>Representative Sampling Of The ENTIRE Batch
  47. 47. Samples Must Be Taken Flow Proportionally
  48. 48. Repeatable Sample Size
  49. 49. High Frequency Samples
  50. 50. Performance Monitoring </li></li></ul><li>REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLING<br />Water Content Changes During Transfer<br />
  51. 51. REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLING<br /><ul><li>Relationship of the takeoff size to mixing
  52. 52. Droplet size/takeoff size = 0.1 (standards)
  53. 53. In line probes
  54. 54. Bypass (fast loop) probes
  55. 55. Co-Jetix</li></li></ul><li>REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLING<br /><ul><li>Sample Taken From The Central 1/3rd Of Pipeline
  56. 56. Positive Displacement Action
  57. 57. Grab Size (1ml)
  58. 58. Repeatable ±2%
  59. 59. Irrespective Of Changes In Viscosity, Pressure Or Density
  60. 60. Speed of operation
  61. 61. To Take 10-15 Litres Of Sample (As Required By Standards)
  62. 62. Sample Grab Rate > 60-120 gpm (Grabs Per Minute)
  63. 63. Extraction Device Must Withstand Vortex Shedding Effects</li></li></ul><li>REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLING<br /><ul><li>Performance Monitoring
  64. 64. Required By Standards
  65. 65. Weighing & Feedback Systems
  66. 66. Grab Sensors & Checkers</li></li></ul><li>SAMPLE HANDLING & MIXING<br /><ul><li>Fixed Or Portable Receivers
  67. 67. Constant Pressure Receivers
  68. 68. Considerations In Selection
  69. 69. Pressure
  70. 70. Portability
  71. 71. Analysis Requirements
  72. 72. Volume Required
  73. 73. Type Of Analysis
  74. 74. Homogeneity
  75. 75. Mixing</li></li></ul><li>LABORATORY ANALYSIS<br /><ul><li>Mixing Systems For Receivers
  76. 76. Sub-Sampling
  77. 77. Analysis Methods
  78. 78. Water
  79. 79. Density
  80. 80. Sediment
  81. 81. Vapour Pressure
  82. 82. Sample Storage/Retention</li></li></ul><li>SUMMARYFOUR BASIC REQUIREMENTS <br /><ul><li>Pipeline Conditioning
  83. 83. Representative Sampling of the Batch
  84. 84. Sample Handling & Mixing
  85. 85. Laboratory Analysis</li></ul>Do All The Steps Right Or Don&apos;t Bother !<br />
  86. 86. WHAT ARE YOUR OPTIONS ?<br /><ul><li>Mixing
  87. 87. Power Mixing Is The Only Option
  88. 88. Static Mixer Won’t Meet Standards
  89. 89. Static Mixer Needs 1 Bar – only 3 Bar Available
  90. 90. Sampling
  91. 91. In-Line System
  92. 92. Uncertainty = 0.118%
  93. 93. CoJetix Mixing & Sampling System
  94. 94. Uncertainty = 0.025%</li></li></ul><li>JetMix™<br />The oil and water are separated,<br />any sample extracted at this<br />point will not be representative<br />Mixing energy is added to the<br />pipeline<br />The oil and water are now mixed<br />a sample extracted at this point<br />will be representative<br />
  95. 95. JetMix™<br /><ul><li>Energy Input Increases As Flow Rate Decreases
  96. 96. Installed Without Depressurising/Draining
  97. 97. Mixing Energy Added To Flow Rather Than Derived From It
  98. 98. No Pressure Drop
  99. 99. Removable For Pigging
  100. 100. Simple To Maintain</li></li></ul><li>In-Line System<br /><ul><li>Sample Probe
  101. 101. Pitot entry for minimum disruption to flow
  102. 102. Housing
  103. 103. Receiver change system
  104. 104. Pressure relief system
  105. 105. Optional purging
  106. 106. Flow meter input
  107. 107. Flow proportional sampling
  108. 108. Controller
  109. 109. Performance factor
  110. 110. Reports</li></ul>Sample probe<br />Flow proportional<br />controller<br />Sample grab<br />discharge<br />Sample<br />receivers<br />
  111. 111. CoJetix™ Sampling System<br />Flow Meter<br />Mixing Nozzle<br />Take-off Quill<br />Printer / SCADA<br />Automatic<br />Sampler<br />Flow proportional<br />controller<br />Sample<br />receivers<br />Jet Mix Pump<br />
  112. 112. CoJetix™ Sampling System<br /><ul><li>Combined JetMix & sampling system in a single package
  113. 113. JetMix takeoff ‘quill’ and mixing nozzle
  114. 114. Magnetically coupled pump (sized to maintain mixing in loop)
  115. 115. Housing
  116. 116. Cell sampler
  117. 117. Receivers
  118. 118. Weighing system
  119. 119. Receiver change system
  120. 120. Flow meter
  121. 121. Controller</li></li></ul><li>CoJetix™ or In-Line ?<br /><ul><li>Sample Cross-Contamination</li></ul>High batch cross contamination<br />CoJetix System<br />In-Line System<br />Minimal batch cross contamination<br />
  122. 122. CoJetix™ or In-Line ?<br /><ul><li>Relationship Of The Take-Off Size To Mixing
  123. 123. Droplet Size/Takeoff Size = 0.1</li></ul>Which is Potentially More Accurate ?<br />
  124. 124. CoJetix™ or In-Line ?<br /><ul><li>CoJetix™
  125. 125. More components
  126. 126. Can incorporate
  127. 127. Densitometers
  128. 128. Water Monitors
  129. 129. Convenient location
  130. 130. Minimal retained volumes
  131. 131. Cheaper to maintain
  132. 132. Only needs 3 tappings to install
  133. 133. More accurate
  134. 134. More rapid Return On Investment
  135. 135. In-Line
  136. 136. Less components
  137. 137. Install as close to the pipe as possible
  138. 138. High retained volume
  139. 139. Contamination possibility
  140. 140. Harder to maintain
  141. 141. Needs 4 tappings to install
  142. 142. Less accurate</li></li></ul><li>Why Jiskoot ?<br /><ul><li>International specialist in crude oil sampling
  143. 143. Over 60% of world crude oil is valued on the basis ofJiskoot equipment
  144. 144. Installed base of over 2500 systems
  145. 145. Local support by our agent</li></li></ul><li>Why Jiskoot ?<br /><ul><li>Project Manager
  146. 146. Project Team
  147. 147. Project Phases
  148. 148. Design & drawing
  149. 149. P&I, GA, Project Schedule and FPCC Approval
  150. 150. Procurement
  151. 151. Detailed Design and Engineering
  152. 152. Manufacturing drawings
  153. 153. Manufacture & Testing
  154. 154. Installation, Training & Support</li></ul>Performance guarantee to fully comply with standards<br />
  155. 155. QUESTIONS ?<br />THANK YOU <br />

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