Lesson 12 American History 2


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Lesson 12 American History 2

  1. 1. Journal Questions so far… <ul><li>Entry #1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What distinct groups of people can you find in China? What events may have united or divided these groups? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Entry #2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you think the lower classes have the power to change political systems? Why? Give examples. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Entry #3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare Britain’s industrial development with China’s. What are the similarities? What are the differences? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Entry #4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is protest the best way to achieve political goals? Why or why not? Give examples. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Entry #5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you think that watching television is a big cause of crime and anti-social behavior? Why or why not? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entry #6 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who do you think is the most interesting British author? Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entry #7 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We watched some of the negative campaign ads. Who do these ads hurt more, McCain or Obama? Why? </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Problems with the website <ul><li>Many sites are blocked in China </li></ul><ul><li>To get to some of these sites, you may need to use a proxy server </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.youhide.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.iphide.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After you go to this site, you can enter the address </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/patrickwolak </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. U.S. Expansion and the Civil War
  4. 4. Topics for today <ul><li>American expansion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The territory of the U.S. gets larger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans and expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Differences in development between the north and south </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These economies developed differently. Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Civil War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These differences eventually lead to war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Slavery and the treatment of African-Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did things really improve after the war? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The U.S. Grows <ul><li>Louisiana Purchase (p. 68) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson purchased Louisiana from the French in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1812 Monroe Doctrine (p. 71) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans not to start new colonies in North or South America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European countries are not to interfere with newly established republics (Chile, Peru, Mexico and Brazil) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. is not to interfere with European affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. – Mexican War 1846-1848 (p. 72) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. takes control of Native American territories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. wins conflict and Mexico loses half of its territory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Westward Movement (p. 74) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 500,000 Europeans come to America between 1815-1830 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions in the cities were not good, so they headed west </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Louisiana Purchase
  7. 7. Expansion of the U.S.
  8. 8. Westward movement <ul><li>Manifest Destiny </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A belief in the 19 th Century that it was the destiny of the United States to expand its territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A belief in the extension of the U.S.’s political, social and economic forces </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Manifest Destiny
  10. 10. What about the Native Americans? <ul><li>We already know that people were living in the Americas at this time. What happened to them as a result of this expansion? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Native Americans <ul><li>Many died from diseases brought by Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>There was fighting amongst Colonists and Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Policies to “civilize” the Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Many were relocated (The Trail of Tears) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Act of 1830 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of these Native Americans were sent to Oklahoma </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Trail of Tears
  13. 13. <ul><li>From this information, we see that the U.S. grew very quickly </li></ul><ul><li>As people headed west, the differences between the North and South were growing </li></ul><ul><li>The North became industrialized while the South relied on agriculture </li></ul>
  14. 14. Development of the U.S. economy <ul><li>The North </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wage labor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 22 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Good transportation system </li></ul><ul><li>The South </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave labor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smaller population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 9 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.8 million of this includes slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor transportation system </li></ul>
  15. 15. Slavery
  16. 16. Slavery in the Americas <ul><li>About 13 million black Africans were sent to the Americas between the 16 th and 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most were sent to Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About 645,000 of these slaves were sent to the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1860, the slave population in the U.S. was around 4 million </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Slavery problems before the Civil War <ul><li>1831 – Nat Turner (p. 76) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turner and a group of African Americans killed 55 white people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turner and over 100 African-Americans were killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1854 – Douglas Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made slavery legal in the new states of Kentucky and Nebraska </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1859 – John Brown and Harper’s Ferry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A plot to give slaves weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln is elected in 1860 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln and the Republican party were “anti-slavery” </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Civil War <ul><li>Southern states left the Union (1861) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Louisiana and Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These states would be known as the Confederate Union of America </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting begins </li></ul><ul><li>4 other states join the Confederacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Carolina, Arkansas, Virginia and Tennessee </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Confederate Union of America
  20. 20. Civil War <ul><li>You can read about the famous battles of the war from pgs. 78-81 </li></ul><ul><li>The Union (Northern) States held a large advantage over the Confederate States which lead to their defeat </li></ul><ul><li>The war was basically a conflict of ideas and the two economies of the North and South </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of this war is not the battles, but the ending of Slavery </li></ul>
  21. 21. Emancipation Proclamation <ul><li>January 1 st , 1863 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many former slaves joined the army in the North </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped the North gain advantage </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. After the war <ul><li>The end of slavery helped the country develop </li></ul><ul><li>America would become the leading industrial nation </li></ul><ul><li>Next class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We will discuss many of the social problems after the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African-Americans were freed, but we will find that the struggle for civil rights a difficult battle </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Journal #8 <ul><li>We have discussed some of the negative events of American history. Many of these events have a long lasting impact on America. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important to study or remember these events? </li></ul>