Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Implementation at Belgian Presidency event Charleroi 14 Dec 2010


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Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Implementation at Belgian Presidency event Charleroi 14 Dec 2010

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Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Implementation at Belgian Presidency event Charleroi 14 Dec 2010

  1. 1. TEEB Implementation: How to implement the results of TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity), especially with regard to businesses, local players and citizens Patrick ten Brink TEEB for Policy Makers Co-ordinator Head of Brussels Office Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) Closing the International Year of Biodiversity 2010:“How to better understand and communicate the socio-economic value of Biodiversity” A green future and benefits for everyone - Biodiversity and social responsibility 14 December 2010, Bois du Cazier, Charleroi (Marcinelle) – Belgium 1
  2. 2. Presentation overview Part A: TEEB Overview / Evidence Base & link to the CBD Strategic Plan Part B: TEEB Implementation / shared responsibility and communication at different levels • Local/regional • Business • Citizens Part C: Next Steps
  3. 3. TEEB‟s Genesis and steps, communicating the global evidence base to different audiences TEEB “results” / contributions : • Evidence base and awareness - of urgency/opportunity, values/costs, solutions - widened audience •Tools , methods and approaches • Recommendations for action at all levels Sweden Sept. 2009 • Engaged global network (ongoing) Brussels 13 Nov 2009 London India, Brazil, July 2009 Belgium, Japan & SATEEB Interim Sept. 2010Report @ CBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008 National International Policy Makers Business Local and All regional authorities / teeb4me policy makers Citizens
  4. 4. Presentation overview CBD COP 10 Nagoya: Strategic Plan 2011-20 5 strategic goals & 20 headline targets ….extracts… Value of biodiversity specific focus of some SP targetsTarget 1:… people aware of the values of biodiversity …..Target 2: …. biodiversity values have been integrated ….into strategies… planning … national accounting…. reporting systems.Strategic goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem servicesTarget 14: … ecosystems that provide essential services…. restored and safeguardedTarget 15: … contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced…Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization;Evidence on values of biodiversity can also support most other targetse.g. On sustainable fisheries, agriculture, forestry, sustainable use … “TEEB implementation” should contribute to the `Strategic Plan realisation`
  5. 5. Evidence base - Assessing values and actionsAssessing the value of working with natural capital has helped determine whereecosystems can provide goods and services at lower cost than by man-madetechnological alternatives and where they can lead to significant savings• USA-NY: Catskills-Delaware watershed for NY: PES/working with nature saves money (~5US$bn)• New Zealand: Te Papanui Park - water supply to hydropower, Dunedin city, farmers (~$136m)• Mexico: PSAH to forest owners, aquifer recharge, water quality, deforestation, poverty (~US$303m)• France & Belgium: Priv. Sector: Vittel (Mineral water) PES & Rochefort (Beer) PES for water quality•Venezuela: PA helps avoid potential replacement costs of hydro dams (~US$90-$134m over 30yr)• Vietnam restoring/investing in Mangroves - cheaper than dyke maintenance (~US$: 1m to 7m/yr)• South Africa: WfW public PES to address IAS, avoids costs and provides jobs (~20,000; 52%♀)• Germany : peatland restoration: avoidance cost of CO2 ~ 8 to 12 €/t CO2 (0-4 alt. land use) TEEB implementation: assess where working with nature saves money – for public (city, region, national), private sector, communities and citizens & who, with which collaboration/partnerships can make it happenSources: various. Mainly in TEEB for National and International Policy Makers, TEEB for local and regional policy and TEEB cases
  6. 6. Beneficiaries: Public sector (e.g. water – national & municipalities), Public goods (e.g forests, biodiversity, climate), Private sector (e.g. water, beer, energy, agriculture), Citizens (e.g. water quantity, quality, price, security) and Communities (e.g. payments, livelihoods/jobs, ecological assets & “GDP of the poor”)Decisions: conservation / restoration investment, PES / public programmes, protected areasPolicy synergies: Water – availability/quantity, quality, Climate - mitigation (green carbon) and (ecosystem based) adaptation to CC Job creation and livelihoods Security - natural hazards (e.g. flooding), water, energy Finances - public sector budget savings (Nat. gov’t, public services, municipalities) Industrial policy – energy, water, forestry, agriculture... Consumer affordability Poverty and in each case : biodiversity. TEEB implementation: understand beneficiaries, appreciate synergies – build on both
  7. 7. Valuation and policy making: from valuing natural assets to decisionsPart A: SummaryAssessing the value of nature improves the evidence base for decisions – public(global, multi-country, national, regional, local), private and community/citizen.Qualitative, quantitative, spatial and monetary analysis each have a roleHas proven to be useful for investment decisions, permit decisions,encouraging support (political and public) for action, helped in instrumentchoice, design, political and legal launch and implementation.The whole picture of benefits and costs needto be appreciated – the here and now, theover there and over time, the private andpublicAs do the range of responsibilities, interestsand opportunities of the players …is this enough to work out what to do and achieve results ? …always better to look at the whole board and engage the right combination of players for each job
  8. 8. Global Issues, Regional solutions: Assessing value of nature-based CC mitigation • drainage of 930,000 ha peatlands in Germany for agriculture cause emissions of 20 Mio. t of CO2-eq. per year • total damage of these emissions amounts to ~1.4 billion € • peatland restoration: low cost and biodiversity friendly mitigation option Mecklenburg-Vorpommern project 2000-2008 • Restoration of 30,000 ha (10%) • Emission savings of up to 300,000 t CO2-eq. • CO2 Avoidance cost of 8 to 12 € / t CO2 • if alternative land use options are realized (extensive grazing, reed production or alder forest) costs decrease to 0 to 4 € / t CO2 Restored peatland in Trebeltal 2007Source: Federal Environmental Agency 2007; MLUV MV 2009; Schäfer 2009 Foto: D. Zak,
  9. 9. Cities & assessing Multiple Benefits – City of Toronto• Estimating the value of the Greenbelt for the City of Toronto• The greenbelt around Toronto offers $ 2.7 billion worth of non-market ecological services with an average value of $ 3, 571 / ha.→ Implication re: future management of the greater city area ? Ecosystem Annual Value Valuation Benefits (2005, CDN $) Carbon Values 366 million Air Protection Values 69 million Watershed Values 409 million Pollination Values 360 million Biodiversity Value 98 million Recreation Value 95 million Agricultural Land 329 million ValueSource: Wilson, S. J. (2008)Map:
  10. 10. Regional/local authorities: taking account of public goods inland use planning, authorisations US$ Based only on private gain, the “trade- Shrimp Farm /ha/yr off” choice favours conversion….. Mangroves $12,392/ha10000 $9632/ha After Adding Storm Public protection5000 Benefits From mangroves $1220/ha Fishery $584/ha nursery $584/ha private profits private private 0 profits profits Net of public less costs of subsidies restoration needed after 5 years If public wealth is included, the “trade-off” choice changes completely….. -ve $11,172/ha Source: Barbier et al, 2007
  11. 11. Presentation overview What can Business do Today ?1. Identify impacts & dependence on biodiversity & ecosystem services (BES)2. Assess the business risks and opportunities associated with theseimpacts and dependencies3. Develop BES information systems, set targets, measure and valueperformance, report results4. Avoid, minimize and mitigate BES risks, using compensation („offsets‟)where appropriate, based on concept of Net Positive Impact5. Grasp emerging BES business opportunities, e.g. cost-efficiencies, newproducts and new markets6. Integrate BES actions with wider Corporate Social Responsibility7. Engage with business peers and other stakeholders to improve BESguidance and policy Source: TEEB for Business
  12. 12. Presentation overviewGreening Markets… from niches to mainstreamMarket (niches) for products & services demonstrating conservation benefits:products with reduced direct impacts on biodiversity, due to adoption of moreefficient or low-impact production and processing methodse.g. for reduced impact forestry - FSC, PESC certified timber - Sales of certified „sustainable‟forest products quadrupled between 2005 and 2007e.g. for fisheries, MSC certification - From April 2008 to March 2009, the global market foreco-labeled fish products grew by over 50%, to a retail value of US$ 1.5 billione.g. Organic - Global sales of organic food and drink = US$ 46 billion in 2007 (threefoldincrease since 1999)Major consumer brand owners and retailers added „ecologically-friendly‟attributes to their products: Mars (Rainforest Alliance cocoa); Cadbury (Fairtrade cocoa);Kraft (Rainforest Alliance Kenco coffee); Unilever (Rainforest Alliance PG Tips).products/services based on sustainable use of ecosystem services & biodiversitye.g. ecotourism or biotrade. Source : Mixed - thanks toJosh Bishop for some facts and figures
  13. 13. Presentation overviewBusiness: Commitments & Walking the talkCommitments: towards no net loss and net positive impactsBC Hydro: “long-term goal of no net incremental environmental impact.”Rio Tinto: “Our goal is to have a „net positive impact‟ on biodiversity.”Sony: “strives to achieve a zero environmental footprint throughout the lifecycle of our products and business activities.”Walmart: “Committed … to permanently conserve at least one acre of priority wildlife habitat for every developed acre.” ~= no net BD lossMeeting Commitments• Identify impacts & dependence on BES;• assess the business risks and opportunities• Develop BES info systems, set targets, measure & value performance, reportresults• grasp BES business opportunities, e.g. cost-efficiencies, new products & markets• Avoid, minimize & mitigate BES risks, using compensation („offsets‟) whereappropriate
  14. 14. Presentation overviewCitizensDirect and indirect impacts on BD and opportunities to actConsumption: Diet, Energy, transport, appliances, housing, holidays…Action: address consumption …e.g. lower meat content diet…Positive action: carbon neutral (trees…), green infrastructure Getting the messages across to citizens • TEEBCase collection: • teeb4me website • MOfilm : Little Things (Laurence Chen), The Invoice (Karen Erbach) • Social media: Facebook: , Twitter: • and of course, policy instruments: labelling (FSC,PEFC, MSC, Organic, white goods, etc), standards and law (e.g. wood origin); pricing (e.g. water, CO2), measurement (e.g. footprints), and offsets (e.g. carbon) and enjoyment (Natura 2000)
  15. 15. TEEB Implementation – some post Nagoya steps Rio+20 TEEB Country & Regional Studies TEEB Brazil, TEEB India, TEEB NL .. CBD COP11 Awareness raising / Capacity building (developing countries) Regional workshops (DGENV/Defra) + CBD collaboration re NBSAPs Initiatives building on TEEB recommendations SEEA 2012 World Bank/UNEP et al 10+10 initiative on National accounts … TEEB Integration Support for business and biodiversity (indicators, valuation reporting) TEEB for Agriculture; TEEB & Water …. Science / Economics evidence base Quantitative assessment, social dimension of BD, valuation, Green infrastructure, accounting, and links BD & ESS Parallel track: Similar type work independent of TEEBMany initiatives that focus on (responding to) the value of nature by range of actors
  16. 16. SummaryAppreciating the value of biodiversity and ecosystems is increasingly valuable, if notessential for decision making:for policy makers (city, regional, national and international), forbusiness, for citizens. It can help implement the CBD Strategic Plan• e.g. business - appreciating the value of inputs, oft unpriced, and dependence on theseinputs is essential for business - prices / availability may change.• Taking account of potential risks and liabilities also key for business – we can expectgreater demands for this, and conversion of damages to real liabilities.• Committing to no net loss, or net positive gain is key, and then walking the talk• e.g. local authorities: appreciating public good benefits of green infrastructure / nat. capitalcan help in planning, authorisations / permitting, investment decisions• e.g. citizens: help with purchasing and use choices, investment decisions, activitiesTEEB aimed to contribute/communicate an increased evidence base on the value of nature,share experience on measurement/assessment and on (policy) responses, building on a richdiversity of valuable initiatives past and present and hopefully encouraging more analysis acrossthe world and greater action for biodiversity, a shared social responsibility and commoninterest.
  17. 17. Thank you TEEB Reports available on TEEB in Policy Making will come out as an Earthscan book in March 2011 See also Patrick ten Brink, IEEP is an independent, not-for-profit institute dedicated to the analysis, understanding and promotion of policies for a sustainable environment Manual of EU Environmental Policy: