Conditional sentences

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zero, type 1, 2, 3 and mixed conditionals.

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Conditional sentences

  1. 1. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES By Patricia López
  2. 2. Conditional Sentences <ul><li>Zero Conditional Sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Type 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Type 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed Conditional Sentences </li></ul>
  3. 3. ZERO CONDITIONAL SENTENCES <ul><li>USE : General truths </li></ul><ul><li>FORM : Present tense + present tense </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. If you leave ice out of the fridge, it melts </li></ul>
  4. 4. Type 1 <ul><li>USE : express aspects of persuasion. It refers to the future. </li></ul><ul><li>FORM : </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. If she wakes up early, she’ll come with us </li></ul><ul><li> If you see Mark, tell him to call me. </li></ul>If- Present tense + Will If- Present tense + Imperative
  5. 5. Your turn! <ul><li>1- If Sarah______ (call), ______ (tell) her to call back later. </li></ul><ul><li>If you _____ (go) to the mall, ______ (bring) me some Chinese food, please. </li></ul><ul><li>We ______ (talk) with her, as soon as she _______ (get) home. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Type 2 <ul><li>USE : To speculate about something we perceive to be impossible (very unlikely) </li></ul><ul><li>FORM : If-past tense + would-bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. If he wasn’t so annoying, I’d spend more time with him. </li></ul><ul><li> If I were you, I’d apologize to her. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Your turn! <ul><li>1- If He _____ (ask), I ______ (help) him right away. </li></ul><ul><li>2- If I _______ (be not) your sister, I _______(tell) your boss what you did! </li></ul><ul><li>3- If Lucy _______ (want), Chris ______ (take) her to Ireland with him. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Type 3 <ul><li>USE : To speculate about past events and about how things that happened or didn’t happen might have affected other things. </li></ul><ul><li>FORM : If-Past perfect + Would have-past part. </li></ul><ul><li>E.G. If you hadn’t driven so fast, you wouldn’t have got the ticket. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Your turn! <ul><li>1- If I______ (know) you were coming, I ______ (organize) a welcome party! </li></ul><ul><li>2- Sarah ______ (cook), if we ______ (ask) her to do it. </li></ul><ul><li>3- If James _______ (not find out) the truth, he _______ (not spoil) the project. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mixed Conditional <ul><li>USE: Things we did in the past that may have present consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>Past events that may be the result of present facts. </li></ul><ul><li>FORM : If-past perfect + would-bare infinitive </li></ul><ul><li> If-past tense + would have-past part </li></ul>
  11. 11. E.G. <ul><li>If you hadn’t wasted so much money, we’d have a better house now. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had a good Sat Nav, I wouldn’t have got lost. </li></ul>By Patricia López

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