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Chinese government system 2016

One page to understand who's governing in China in 2016: political bodies and people.
Specific focus on the financial industry (Central bank, regulators...)

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Chinese government system 2016

  1. 1. People’s Bank of China (1983) Governor: Zhou Xiaochuan (since 2002) State Council 34 members Premier: LI Keqiang (since 2013) Vice P: Zhang Gaoli, Liu Yandong, Wang Yang, Ma Kai Chief Administrative authority, People’s government. Implements party policy (drafts laws), manages State budget, oversees law and order. Chinese Government System 2016 Focus on financial industry Sources: official Chinese websites, The Economist, The Party (Richard Mc Gregor), SCMP journal, Wikipedia, A-EXECUTIVE B-LEGISLATIVE C-JUDICIAL 1 - POLITICAL 2 - GOVERNMENT 3 - MILITARY Central Committee of CPC 376 members (205 full) Gal secretary: Xi Jinping (since 2012) Supported by 5 layers of committees down to village level Politburo 24 members Gal secretary: Xi Jinping (since 2012) Politburo Standing Committee (PSC, 1977) 7 members Gal secretary: Xi Jinping (since 2012) Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, Zhang Gaoli Most powerful decision-making body, decisions have force of law. Central leading group for comprehensively deepening reforms (2013) 23 members Leader: Xi Jinping Deputies: Li Keqiang, Liu Yunshan, Zhang Gaoli National Security Commission (NSC, 2013) 5 members Chairman: Xi Jinping Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Meng Jianzhu, Zhang Chunxian Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI, 1978) 130 + 21 seats Secretary: Wang Qishan (since 2012) Anti-corruption body Standing Committee 150 members Chairman: Zhang Dejjiang (since 2013) 9 other committees Presidium of NPC 178 members Chairman: Communist Party of China 80M members Gal secretary: Xi Jinping (since 2012) National People’s Congress (NPC) 2,987 delegates (70% CPC, 30% United Front) Chairman: Zhang Dejjiang (since 2013) Ceremonial political advisory body, kind of low-power upper house Unicameral legislature, power to legislate, oversee Government, “elect” Executives Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) 2,237 members (40% CPC), incl. HKSAR Chairman: Yu Zhengsheng (since 2013) Supreme Court 340 judges President: Zhou Qiang (since x) Court of last resort, except for HK and Macau Local People’s Courts Civil and Criminal cases 1/ High People’s Court 2/ Intermediate P’s Court 3/ Basic People’s Court Courts of special jurisdiction Military Court of China Railway Court of China Maritime Court of China People’s Republic of China 1.4 BN people President: : Xi Jinping (since 2012) Ministry of Finance Governor: Lou Jiwey (since 2013) Smaller remit than counterparts in other countries China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC, 1992) Chairman: Liu Shiyu (since Feb 2016, replaced Xiao Gang) Oversees the 2 stock exchanges and 19 affiliated institutions (SFE, CSDC, SIPF, CSF, CFMMC, NEEQ, SAC, CFA, CAPCO, AMA China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC, 2003) Chairman: Shang Fulin (since 2011) Oversees and regulates all banks, including the “big 4” state-owned banks. China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC, 1998) Chairman: Xiang Junbo National Development and Reform Commission (2003) Chairman: Xu Shaoshi (since 2013) Macro-economical management agency Central Military Commission of CPC 11 members President: : Xi Jinping (since 2012) People’s Liberation Army 2.3M soldiers (-300k planned) The 4 headquarters are CMC departments since Jan 2016 From 7 to 5 regional command structures People’s Armed Police 1 to 1.5M police officers Internal Security, including guarding government buildings Central Leading Group for Military Reform (2014) Leader: XI Jinping State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (2003) Chairman: Zhang Yi (since 2013) Responsible for managing 112 SOEs (including banks), appointing top executives and approving any mergers or sales of stock or assets Patrice Hiddinga, March 2016 Most powerful political body Most powerful government body Surname Name : Person appearing several times on the page, i.e. member of several key groups Most powerful military body