The repetition of firstThe repetition of first
consonants in a group ofconsonants in a group of
words as inwords as in “Peter Piper“Peter Piper
Picked a Peck of PickledPicked a Peck of Pickled
A reference to something orA reference to something or
someone often literary. Forsomeone often literary. For
instance, if you were trying toinstance, if you were trying to
instill confidence in a friendinstill confidence in a friend
and said, “Use the force,” thatand said, “Use the force,” that
would be an allusion to Starswould be an allusion to Stars
Wars. The verb form ofWars. The verb form of
allusion is to allude.allusion is to allude.
The main character of aThe main character of a
novel, play, or story.novel, play, or story.
A major character whoA major character who
opposes the protagonist inopposes the protagonist in
a story or play.a story or play.
For example:For example:
The overall feeling of aThe overall feeling of a
text, which is related totext, which is related to
tone and mood.tone and mood.
An author may directlyAn author may directly
describe the appearancedescribe the appearance
and personality of characterand personality of character
or show it through action oror show it through action or
dialogue. The character candialogue. The character can
bebe dynamicdynamic oror staticstatic..
The point at which theThe point at which the
action in a story or playaction in a story or play
reaches its emotional peak.reaches its emotional peak.
For example:For example:
The elements that create a plot.The elements that create a plot.
Traditionally, every plot is builtTraditionally, every plot is built
from the most basic elements of afrom the most basic elements of a
conflict and an eventual resolution.conflict and an eventual resolution.
The conflict can beThe conflict can be internalinternal (within(within
one character) orone character) or externalexternal (among(among
or between characters, society,or between characters, society,
and/or nature).and/or nature).
The resolution of the conflict in aThe resolution of the conflict in a
plot after the climax. It alsoplot after the climax. It also
refers to the resolution of therefers to the resolution of the
action in a story or play after theaction in a story or play after the
principal drama is resolved—inprincipal drama is resolved—in
other words, tying up the looseother words, tying up the loose
ends or wrapping up a story.ends or wrapping up a story.
Figurative Language:Figurative Language:
Language that does not meanLanguage that does not mean
exactly what it says.exactly what it says.
For example:For example:
First Person Point of View:First Person Point of View:
The point of view of writingThe point of view of writing
which the narrator refers towhich the narrator refers to
himself as “I.”himself as “I.”
Third Person Point of ViewThird Person Point of View
The point of view of writing inThe point of view of writing in
which the narrator iswhich the narrator is
A technique in which anA technique in which an
author gives clues aboutauthor gives clues about
something that will happensomething that will happen
later in the story.later in the story.
Interruptions that writers do
to insert past events
A huge exaggeration. ForA huge exaggeration. For
example, “Dan’s theexample, “Dan’s the
funniest guy on thefunniest guy on the
planet!” or “That baseballplanet!” or “That baseball
card is worth a zillioncard is worth a zillion
The use of description that helps theThe use of description that helps the
reader imagine how somethingreader imagine how something
looks, sounds, feels, smells, or taste.looks, sounds, feels, smells, or taste.
Most of the time, it refers toMost of the time, it refers to
appearance. For example, “Theappearance. For example, “The
young bird’s white, feathered wingsyoung bird’s white, feathered wings
flutter as he made his way acrossflutter as he made his way across
the nighttime sky.”the nighttime sky.”
Language that conveys aLanguage that conveys a
certain ideas by saying justcertain ideas by saying just
the opposite.the opposite.
A comparison thatA comparison that
doesn’t use “like” ordoesn’t use “like” or
“as”—such as “I am an“as”—such as “I am an
A theme or pattern thatA theme or pattern that
recurs in a work.recurs in a work.
A comparison that usesA comparison that uses
“like” or “as” For example,“like” or “as” For example,
“I’m as hungry as a wolf,”“I’m as hungry as a wolf,”
or “My love is like a rose.”or “My love is like a rose.”
The emotional atmosphereThe emotional atmosphere
of a given piece of writing.of a given piece of writing.
The use of words thatThe use of words that
sound like what they meansound like what they mean
such as “buzz.”such as “buzz.”
A seeming contradiction.A seeming contradiction.
For example, “It was theFor example, “It was the
best of times. It was thebest of times. It was the
worst of times.”worst of times.”
Giving inanimate objectGiving inanimate object
human characteristics. Forhuman characteristics. For
example, “The flamesexample, “The flames
reached for the childreached for the child
hovering in the corner.”hovering in the corner.”
The action in the story.The action in the story.
Sensory imagery:Sensory imagery:
Imagery that has to doImagery that has to do
with something you canwith something you can
see, hear, taste, smell, orsee, hear, taste, smell, or
feel. For example, “Thefeel. For example, “The
stinging, salty air drenchedstinging, salty air drenched
his face.”his face.”
The use of one things toThe use of one things to
represent another. Forrepresent another. For
example, a dove is aexample, a dove is a
symbol of peace.symbol of peace.
The central idea of a work.The central idea of a work.
The author’s attitudeThe author’s attitude
toward his or her subject.toward his or her subject.
For example, a tone couldFor example, a tone could
be pessimistic, optimistic,be pessimistic, optimistic,
or angry.or angry.
The narrative point of viewThe narrative point of view
whether it’s in the first,whether it’s in the first,
second, or third person.second, or third person.