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Literary terms teaching


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Literary terms teaching

  1. 1. Alliteration:Alliteration: The repetition of firstThe repetition of first consonants in a group ofconsonants in a group of words as inwords as in “Peter Piper“Peter Piper Picked a Peck of PickledPicked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.”Peppers.”
  2. 2. Allusion:Allusion: A reference to something orA reference to something or someone often literary. Forsomeone often literary. For instance, if you were trying toinstance, if you were trying to instill confidence in a friendinstill confidence in a friend and said, “Use the force,” thatand said, “Use the force,” that would be an allusion to Starswould be an allusion to Stars Wars. The verb form ofWars. The verb form of allusion is to allude.allusion is to allude.
  3. 3. Protagonist:Protagonist: The main character of aThe main character of a novel, play, or story.novel, play, or story.
  4. 4. Antagonist:Antagonist: A major character whoA major character who opposes the protagonist inopposes the protagonist in a story or play.a story or play. For example:For example:
  5. 5. Atmosphere:Atmosphere: The overall feeling of aThe overall feeling of a text, which is related totext, which is related to tone and mood.tone and mood.
  6. 6. Characterization:Characterization: An author may directlyAn author may directly describe the appearancedescribe the appearance and personality of characterand personality of character or show it through action oror show it through action or dialogue. The character candialogue. The character can bebe dynamicdynamic oror staticstatic..
  7. 7. Climax:Climax: The point at which theThe point at which the action in a story or playaction in a story or play reaches its emotional peak.reaches its emotional peak. For example:For example:
  8. 8. Conflict:Conflict: The elements that create a plot.The elements that create a plot. Traditionally, every plot is builtTraditionally, every plot is built from the most basic elements of afrom the most basic elements of a conflict and an eventual resolution.conflict and an eventual resolution. The conflict can beThe conflict can be internalinternal (within(within one character) orone character) or externalexternal (among(among or between characters, society,or between characters, society, and/or nature).and/or nature).
  9. 9. Denouement:Denouement: The resolution of the conflict in aThe resolution of the conflict in a plot after the climax. It alsoplot after the climax. It also refers to the resolution of therefers to the resolution of the action in a story or play after theaction in a story or play after the principal drama is resolved—inprincipal drama is resolved—in other words, tying up the looseother words, tying up the loose ends or wrapping up a story.ends or wrapping up a story.
  10. 10. Figurative Language:Figurative Language: Language that does not meanLanguage that does not mean exactly what it says.exactly what it says. For example:For example:
  11. 11. First Person Point of View:First Person Point of View: The point of view of writingThe point of view of writing which the narrator refers towhich the narrator refers to himself as “I.”himself as “I.” Third Person Point of ViewThird Person Point of View The point of view of writing inThe point of view of writing in which the narrator iswhich the narrator is “he/she.”“he/she.”
  12. 12. Foreshadowing:Foreshadowing: A technique in which anA technique in which an author gives clues aboutauthor gives clues about something that will happensomething that will happen later in the story.later in the story.
  13. 13. Flashback Interruptions that writers do to insert past events
  14. 14. Hyperbole:Hyperbole: A huge exaggeration. ForA huge exaggeration. For example, “Dan’s theexample, “Dan’s the funniest guy on thefunniest guy on the planet!” or “That baseballplanet!” or “That baseball card is worth a zillioncard is worth a zillion dollars!”dollars!”
  15. 15. Imagery:Imagery: The use of description that helps theThe use of description that helps the reader imagine how somethingreader imagine how something looks, sounds, feels, smells, or taste.looks, sounds, feels, smells, or taste. Most of the time, it refers toMost of the time, it refers to appearance. For example, “Theappearance. For example, “The young bird’s white, feathered wingsyoung bird’s white, feathered wings flutter as he made his way acrossflutter as he made his way across the nighttime sky.”the nighttime sky.”
  16. 16. Irony:Irony: Language that conveys aLanguage that conveys a certain ideas by saying justcertain ideas by saying just the opposite.the opposite.
  17. 17. Metaphor:Metaphor: A comparison thatA comparison that doesn’t use “like” ordoesn’t use “like” or “as”—such as “I am an“as”—such as “I am an island.”island.”
  18. 18. Motif:Motif: A theme or pattern thatA theme or pattern that recurs in a work.recurs in a work.
  19. 19. Simile:Simile: A comparison that usesA comparison that uses “like” or “as” For example,“like” or “as” For example, “I’m as hungry as a wolf,”“I’m as hungry as a wolf,” or “My love is like a rose.”or “My love is like a rose.”
  20. 20. Mood:Mood: The emotional atmosphereThe emotional atmosphere of a given piece of writing.of a given piece of writing.
  21. 21. Onomatopoeia:Onomatopoeia: The use of words thatThe use of words that sound like what they meansound like what they mean such as “buzz.”such as “buzz.”
  22. 22. Paradox:Paradox: A seeming contradiction.A seeming contradiction. For example, “It was theFor example, “It was the best of times. It was thebest of times. It was the worst of times.”worst of times.”
  23. 23. Personification:Personification: Giving inanimate objectGiving inanimate object human characteristics. Forhuman characteristics. For example, “The flamesexample, “The flames reached for the childreached for the child hovering in the corner.”hovering in the corner.”
  24. 24. Plot:Plot: The action in the story.The action in the story.
  25. 25. Sensory imagery:Sensory imagery: Imagery that has to doImagery that has to do with something you canwith something you can see, hear, taste, smell, orsee, hear, taste, smell, or feel. For example, “Thefeel. For example, “The stinging, salty air drenchedstinging, salty air drenched his face.”his face.”
  26. 26. Symbolism:Symbolism: The use of one things toThe use of one things to represent another. Forrepresent another. For example, a dove is aexample, a dove is a symbol of peace.symbol of peace.
  27. 27. Theme:Theme: The central idea of a work.The central idea of a work.
  28. 28. Tone:Tone: The author’s attitudeThe author’s attitude toward his or her subject.toward his or her subject. For example, a tone couldFor example, a tone could be pessimistic, optimistic,be pessimistic, optimistic, or angry.or angry.
  29. 29. Voice:Voice: The narrative point of viewThe narrative point of view whether it’s in the first,whether it’s in the first, second, or third person.second, or third person.