1250 B.C.1250 B.C.
The Israelites (Jews or Hebrews)The Israelites (Jews or Hebrews)
settle in Canaan (part of modern daysettle in Canaan (part of modern day
Israel) after having fled slavery byIsrael) after having fled slavery by
the Egyptians.the Egyptians.
1000 B.C.1000 B.C.
The Philistines battle theThe Philistines battle the
Israelites for control overIsraelites for control over
Canaan. King DavidCanaan. King David
conquers the Philistineconquers the Philistine
armies and makesarmies and makes
Jerusalem the capital ofJerusalem the capital of
the kingdom of Israel.the kingdom of Israel.
His son, King Solomon,His son, King Solomon,
built the Holy Temple inbuilt the Holy Temple in
Jerusalem which is laterJerusalem which is later
135 A.D.135 A.D.
Roman Emperor Hadrian expels theRoman Emperor Hadrian expels the
Jews out of Jerusalem and renamedJews out of Jerusalem and renamed
the area Palaestina after thethe area Palaestina after the
Known as Palestine.
Most Jews fled Israel and settled in areas in Eastern Europe.
By this time Christianity had begun and was spreading in
the Middle East and into Europe.
600 A.D.600 A.D.
The prophet MuhammadThe prophet Muhammad establishesestablishes
the religion of Islamthe religion of Islam. Muslim armies. Muslim armies
move down from Arabia andmove down from Arabia and
conquer most of the Middle Eastconquer most of the Middle East
including Palestine. The areaincluding Palestine. The area
becomes mostly Arab and Muslim.becomes mostly Arab and Muslim.
19301930’s’sPersecution by NaziPersecution by Nazi
Germany drivesGermany drives
many Jews to movemany Jews to move
to Palestine. Thisto Palestine. This
called for Jews tocalled for Jews to
return to theirreturn to their
Palestinians resistPalestinians resist
the return of Jews tothe return of Jews to
the region.the region.
Palestine is aPalestine is a mandatemandate of Britain.of Britain.
British forces occupy the areaBritish forces occupy the area andand
try to keep peace between Arabtry to keep peace between Arab
Palestinians and Jewish Israelis.Palestinians and Jewish Israelis.
Pressure rises for an Israeli state toPressure rises for an Israeli state to
be established and it goes before thebe established and it goes before the
United Nations for discussion.United Nations for discussion.
The United Nations created a plan to divideThe United Nations created a plan to divide
Palestine into two nations- one for the Jews,Palestine into two nations- one for the Jews,
and one for the Arabs. This plan was rejectedand one for the Arabs. This plan was rejected
by Arab Palestinians.by Arab Palestinians.
May 14, Israel is declared an independentMay 14, Israel is declared an independent
country. Nearby Arab countries attack incountry. Nearby Arab countries attack in
response and war breaks out.response and war breaks out.
19491949Israel wins theIsrael wins the
war and holdswar and holds
territory beyondterritory beyond
the former UNthe former UN
borders. 750,000borders. 750,000
Arab PalestiniansArab Palestinians
areare displaceddisplaced andand
flee to the Westflee to the West
Bank asBank as refugeesrefugees..
Palestinian Arabs organize the PLOPalestinian Arabs organize the PLO
(Palestinian Liberation Organization).(Palestinian Liberation Organization).
The PLO uses guerrilla warfare to tryThe PLO uses guerrilla warfare to try
to overthrow Israel.to overthrow Israel.
TheThe Six-Day WarSix-Day War (June 5-10)(June 5-10)
took place between Israeltook place between Israel
and the neighboring Araband the neighboring Arab
states of Egypt, Jordan, andstates of Egypt, Jordan, and
Syria. At the war's endSyria. At the war's end,,
Israel had gained controlIsrael had gained control
of the Sinai Peninsula, theof the Sinai Peninsula, the
Gaza Strip, the West Bank,Gaza Strip, the West Bank,
East Jerusalem, and theEast Jerusalem, and the
Golan Heights.Golan Heights. Israel thenIsrael then
built settlements in Gaza andbuilt settlements in Gaza and
the West Bank.the West Bank.
The firstThe first IntifadaIntifada
(meaning(meaning “shaking off”)“shaking off”)
takes place. Thetakes place. The
Palestinian uprisingPalestinian uprising
included violent attacks,included violent attacks,
suicide bombings, civilsuicide bombings, civil
disobedience, and stonedisobedience, and stone
throwing. Violence wasthrowing. Violence was
directed at both Israelidirected at both Israeli
military forces andmilitary forces and
civilians. Israelcivilians. Israel
responded with militaryresponded with military
September 2000September 2000
A second IntifadaA second Intifada erupted inerupted in
the area causing Israel tothe area causing Israel to
tighten up security and placetighten up security and place
more restrictions onmore restrictions on
Palestinians living in the WestPalestinians living in the West
•The PLO insisted the IsraeliThe PLO insisted the Israeli
military responded withmilitary responded with
excessive violence.excessive violence.
•Israeli military reported mostIsraeli military reported most
Palestinian deaths werePalestinian deaths were
actually a result of PLOactually a result of PLO
violence that was blamed onviolence that was blamed on
Israeli military to inciteIsraeli military to incite
further rioting.further rioting.
Many Palestinians and Israelis feel both nationsMany Palestinians and Israelis feel both nations
could exist together and share the land. Howevercould exist together and share the land. However
there are many remaining issues that need to bethere are many remaining issues that need to be
addressed by both groups:addressed by both groups:
•Mutual recognitionMutual recognition
•Placement of bordersPlacement of borders
•Water rightsWater rights
•Control of JerusalemControl of Jerusalem
•Land rightsLand rights
•Legalities concerning refugeesLegalities concerning refugees
Jerusalem DividedJerusalem Divided
Jews, Christians,Jews, Christians,
Muslims, andMuslims, and
Armenians all shareArmenians all share
the holy city ofthe holy city of
Jerusalem. MuslimsJerusalem. Muslims
built the Dome of thebuilt the Dome of the
Rock and Al AqsaRock and Al Aqsa
Mosque on the siteMosque on the site
where the ancientwhere the ancient
Jewish Temple hadJewish Temple had