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Israeli palestinian timeline


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Israeli palestinian timeline

  1. 1. Israeli/Palestinian Conflict- Timeline
  2. 2. 1250 B.C.1250 B.C. The Israelites (Jews or Hebrews)The Israelites (Jews or Hebrews) settle in Canaan (part of modern daysettle in Canaan (part of modern day Israel) after having fled slavery byIsrael) after having fled slavery by the Egyptians.the Egyptians.
  3. 3. 1000 B.C.1000 B.C. The Philistines battle theThe Philistines battle the Israelites for control overIsraelites for control over Canaan. King DavidCanaan. King David conquers the Philistineconquers the Philistine armies and makesarmies and makes Jerusalem the capital ofJerusalem the capital of the kingdom of Israel.the kingdom of Israel. His son, King Solomon,His son, King Solomon, built the Holy Temple inbuilt the Holy Temple in Jerusalem which is laterJerusalem which is later destroyed.destroyed.
  4. 4. 135 A.D.135 A.D. Rome Roman Empire Roman Emperor Hadrian expels theRoman Emperor Hadrian expels the Jews out of Jerusalem and renamedJews out of Jerusalem and renamed the area Palaestina after thethe area Palaestina after the Philistines.Philistines. Israel becomes Known as Palestine. Most Jews fled Israel and settled in areas in Eastern Europe. By this time Christianity had begun and was spreading in the Middle East and into Europe.
  5. 5. 600 A.D.600 A.D. The prophet MuhammadThe prophet Muhammad establishesestablishes the religion of Islamthe religion of Islam. Muslim armies. Muslim armies move down from Arabia andmove down from Arabia and conquer most of the Middle Eastconquer most of the Middle East including Palestine. The areaincluding Palestine. The area becomes mostly Arab and Muslim.becomes mostly Arab and Muslim.
  6. 6. 19301930’s’sPersecution by NaziPersecution by Nazi Germany drivesGermany drives many Jews to movemany Jews to move to Palestine. Thisto Palestine. This ZionistZionist movementmovement called for Jews tocalled for Jews to return to theirreturn to their homelandhomeland.. Palestinians resistPalestinians resist the return of Jews tothe return of Jews to the region.the region.
  7. 7. 19401940’s’s Palestine is aPalestine is a mandatemandate of Britain.of Britain. British forces occupy the areaBritish forces occupy the area andand try to keep peace between Arabtry to keep peace between Arab Palestinians and Jewish Israelis.Palestinians and Jewish Israelis. Pressure rises for an Israeli state toPressure rises for an Israeli state to be established and it goes before thebe established and it goes before the United Nations for discussion.United Nations for discussion.
  8. 8. 19471947 The United Nations created a plan to divideThe United Nations created a plan to divide Palestine into two nations- one for the Jews,Palestine into two nations- one for the Jews, and one for the Arabs. This plan was rejectedand one for the Arabs. This plan was rejected by Arab Arab Palestinians.
  9. 9. 19481948 May 14, Israel is declared an independentMay 14, Israel is declared an independent country. Nearby Arab countries attack incountry. Nearby Arab countries attack in response and war breaks out.response and war breaks out.
  10. 10. 19491949Israel wins theIsrael wins the war and holdswar and holds territory beyondterritory beyond the former UNthe former UN establishedestablished borders. 750,000borders. 750,000 Arab PalestiniansArab Palestinians areare displaceddisplaced andand flee to the Westflee to the West Bank asBank as refugeesrefugees..
  11. 11. 19641964 Palestinian Arabs organize the PLOPalestinian Arabs organize the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization).(Palestinian Liberation Organization). The PLO uses guerrilla warfare to tryThe PLO uses guerrilla warfare to try to overthrow overthrow Israel.
  12. 12. 19671967 TheThe Six-Day WarSix-Day War (June 5-10)(June 5-10) took place between Israeltook place between Israel and the neighboring Araband the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan, andstates of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. At the war's endSyria. At the war's end,, Israel had gained controlIsrael had gained control of the Sinai Peninsula, theof the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank,Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and theEast Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights.Golan Heights. Israel thenIsrael then built settlements in Gaza andbuilt settlements in Gaza and the West Bank.the West Bank.
  13. 13. 1987-19931987-1993 The firstThe first IntifadaIntifada (meaning(meaning “shaking off”)“shaking off”) takes place. Thetakes place. The Palestinian uprisingPalestinian uprising included violent attacks,included violent attacks, suicide bombings, civilsuicide bombings, civil disobedience, and stonedisobedience, and stone throwing. Violence wasthrowing. Violence was directed at both Israelidirected at both Israeli military forces andmilitary forces and civilians. Israelcivilians. Israel responded with militaryresponded with military force.force.
  14. 14. September 2000September 2000 A second IntifadaA second Intifada erupted inerupted in the area causing Israel tothe area causing Israel to tighten up security and placetighten up security and place more restrictions onmore restrictions on Palestinians living in the WestPalestinians living in the West Bank.Bank. •The PLO insisted the IsraeliThe PLO insisted the Israeli military responded withmilitary responded with excessive violence.excessive violence. •Israeli military reported mostIsraeli military reported most Palestinian deaths werePalestinian deaths were actually a result of PLOactually a result of PLO violence that was blamed onviolence that was blamed on Israeli military to inciteIsraeli military to incite further rioting.further rioting.
  15. 15. Recently…Recently… Many Palestinians and Israelis feel both nationsMany Palestinians and Israelis feel both nations could exist together and share the land. Howevercould exist together and share the land. However there are many remaining issues that need to bethere are many remaining issues that need to be addressed by both groups:addressed by both groups: •Mutual recognitionMutual recognition •Placement of bordersPlacement of borders •SecuritySecurity •Water rightsWater rights •Control of JerusalemControl of Jerusalem •Land rightsLand rights •Legalities concerning refugeesLegalities concerning refugees
  16. 16. Jerusalem DividedJerusalem Divided Jews, Christians,Jews, Christians, Muslims, andMuslims, and Armenians all shareArmenians all share the holy city ofthe holy city of Jerusalem. MuslimsJerusalem. Muslims built the Dome of thebuilt the Dome of the Rock and Al AqsaRock and Al Aqsa Mosque on the siteMosque on the site where the ancientwhere the ancient Jewish Temple hadJewish Temple had been.been.