Session 6


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Session 6

  2. 2. RECAP SESSIONS 1 TO 5• Leadership• Social Change (v/s charity, challenges)• Citizenship (Citoyenneté + Civisme)• Collaboration• Common Purpose• Controversy with Civility
  3. 3. Leadership• Reading about Leadership v/s ‘Doing’ Leadership• We also need concrete experience• Is experience enough? What else is required?
  4. 4. Kolb Model
  5. 5. What else do we need?A comprehensive model
  6. 6. THE MODEL Group Values • Collaboration • Common Purpose • Controversy with Civility CHANGE• Consciousness of Self • Citizenship• Congruence• CommitmentIndividual Values Society / Community Values
  8. 8. Why do we need a model?• A guide• A common understanding• A yardstick
  9. 9. “If leaders are to be successful, they must first lead themselves.” (John Maxwell)
  10. 10. Leadership for social change• Leadership is a process that is ultimately concerned with fostering positive change• Change is the ultimate goal of the creative process of leadership – to make a better society / a better world• Awareness / analysis of problems that affect not only others but also ourselves directly or indirectly• Leadership implies intentionality – the change is not random• Leadership is a purposive process that is inherently value-based
  11. 11. Transformational Leadership• Transformational leadership espouses a relationship between leaders and followers in which each transforms the other. – Leaders transform followers, helping them to become leaders themselves – The aim of leadership • to transform leaders and followers into better, more self-actualized people • process involving leaders and followers raising one another to higher levels of motivation and morality• Transactional leadership: power wielders involved in a politics of exchange – more interested in satisfying their own purposes than in the aspirations of their followers
  12. 12. Community ValueCitizenship A process whereby an individual and/or group becomes responsibly connected to the community and to society through some activity. Recognizing individuals and groups have responsibility for the welfare of others.
  13. 13. Connection with others• Ubuntu – South African Concept – My humanity is caught up, is inextricably bound up in yours – a person is a person through other persons – one belongs to a greater whole and is diminished when others are humiliated or diminished• Martin Luther King - I Have a Dream – “For many of our white brothers … have come to realize that their destiny is tied with our destiny…that their freedom is inextricably tied to our freedom…”
  14. 14. COLLABORATION• Collaboration – The social change model defines collaboration as, “working together toward common goals by sharing responsibility, authority, and accountability in achieving these goals.”• Why do we need collaboration?
  15. 15. COLLABORATIONNot to be confused with…• Competition• Co-operation• Compromise
  16. 16. COLLABORATIONIs about…• Common Vision• Common Purpose / Goals• Sharing Responsibility, Commitment• Focusing on Talents, Synergy…in order to DO something!
  17. 17. DIVERSITY• Diversity is an essential part of collaboration and multiplies group effectiveness by taking advantage of multiple talents and points of view to generate innovative ideas and solutions.• What challenges does diversity involve?• How is diversity linked with the concept of ‘bridging’?
  18. 18. What differentiates a group from a mere gathering?
  19. 19. What is a Group?– Groups strive to achieve a certain purpose or goal– Groups involve some sort of interaction, collaboration, or commitment to the common goal
  20. 20. COMMON PURPOSE• Common Purpose has 3 key components: – It occurs within groups – It is reflected in shared visions, and values – It involves working with others.
  21. 21. COMMON PURPOSEShared Vision, Mission, Values• Vision: What is the group’s ideal future? – Being …• Aims: Why does the group exist? – To do what?• Values: How do group members agree to treat themselves and others
  22. 22. COMMON PURPOSESteadying and bonding force if• it has truly originated from the group• the group is truly invested in that common purpose• it is fully embraced by all members of a group, not just its leaders.
  23. 23. The Model
  24. 24. Community Values• Citizenship: – Recognizing individuals and groups have responsibility for the welfare of others. – A concern for others – Ubuntu
  25. 25. Group Values• Collaboration: – Working with others in a common effort, sharing responsibility, authority, and accountability.• Common Purpose: – Having shared aims and values. Involving others in building a group’s vision and purpose.• Controversy with Civility: – Recognizing 2 fundamental realities of any creative group effort 1) differences in viewpoint are inevitable 2) such differences must be aired openly but with civility.
  26. 26. Individual Values• Consciousness of self: – being self-aware of the beliefs, values, attitudes and emotions that motivate you to take action.• Congruence: – Acting in ways that are consistent your values and beliefs.• Commitment: – Having significant investment in an idea or person, both in terms of intensity and duration.
  27. 27. Discussion Questions• The essence of learning is … – Change• Can we speak of learning if no change has taken place?• What do we need to do to ensure learning?• The essence of leadership is … – Change• Can we speak of leadership without change?• How important is change, vision, mission, values to leadership?
  28. 28. Kotter’s 8-step model1. Establishing a sense of urgency2. Creating the leadership group3. Developing a vision and strategy4. Communicating the change vision5. Empowering broad-based action or aligning the organization6. Generating short-term wins7. Consolidating gains and producing more change8. Institutionalizing new approaches in the culture
  29. 29. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS• The yardstick – What is our evaluation of leadership among local public figures? – Are they transformational or transactional leaders? – Are they value-driven? – Does charismatic leadership empower followers? – What is our evaluation of our own leadership? – Is it improving? – In what ways?
  31. 31. OBJECTIVES OF SESSION 6• By the end of this session, participants will be able to: – demonstrate a clearer meaning of ‘consciousness self’ – demonstrate a better consciousness of themselves – understand the link between consciousness of self and leadership
  33. 33. What is consciousness of self?• Consciousness of Self refers to an awareness of one’s own relatively stable personality traits, values, and strengths and being mindful of actions, feelings, and beliefs.• It is not an end point that can be reached; instead, it is adopting a way of life that promotes constant learning about what is most important… it is an inner journey.
  34. 34. What is consciousness of self?• Is being conscious of self the same as being self-conscious? – Being afraid to act because of what others will say …
  35. 35. Benefits of Consciousness of self• It is important for leaders to understand their own inner sense of identity.• This understanding helps building self- confidence while recognizing limitations.• Individuals become aware of their motivation and consider new ways to contribute to groups and teams.
  36. 36. Aspects of Individual Identity• There are multiple ways that individuals can differ.• Our identity can by influenced by 1. our values and principles, culture, faith, family, generational peers 2. our personal style – timid aggressive, organized, optimistic, patient, easy-going 3. our talents, skills and specialized knowledge 4. our aspirations and dreams – how do we define success 5. others’ perceptions of us.
  38. 38. Importance of introspection• Constant ‘busyness’ does not let itself to consciousness of self – need to retreat from doing – introspection (not what should I do next BUT who am I, how would I describe myself? What are my values? Why am I here? What is the meaning of life? Making a career or making a difference?• When you decide to go, it is a different going because you stopped. Stopping makes the going more vivid.
  39. 39. LeisureWhat is this life if, full of care,We have no time to stand and stare.No time to stand beneath the boughsAnd stare as long as sheep or cows.No time to see, when woods we pass,Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass.No time to see, in broad daylight,Streams full of stars, like skies at night.No time to turn at Beautys glance,And watch her feet, how they can dance.No time to wait till her mouth canEnrich that smile her eyes began.A poor life this is if, full of care,We have no time to stand and stare. William Henry Davies
  40. 40. Food for thought• Sometimes a person’s greatest flaw is a positive style that has gone too far.• How?• Improvement on weaknesses is useful but the greatest room for growth is in areas of greatest strength – work on one’s talents
  41. 41. Becoming Conscious of Self• Developing consciousness of self requires intentional actions.• These include1. a practice of reflection2. openness to feedback – strength and weaknesses - non defensive, listen without interrupting, ask clarifying questions – does not imply accepting everything – should not take a toll on self-confidence and motivation, integrating advice of others3. learning about the self through assessment.
  42. 42. Mindfulness• Mindfulness focuses on more than simply understanding our personality.• It is the ability to simultaneously act and observe our actions in the present moment.• Being mindful allows us to choose how to respond in situations (Covey).
  43. 43. Metacognition• Reflection on what and how we are learning• Catching oneself in the act of learning – a voice of a wise observer looking over one’s shoulder and offering insight and raising questions for reflection• Metacognition refers to a level of thinking that involves active control over the process of thinking that is used in learning situations• Am I attentive? What am I thinking? Do I agree with what is being said? How does this relate to my current situation? Where can I apply this? What am I afraid of?
  44. 44. LINKS WITH THE 6 C’S
  45. 45. Consciousness of Self & 7 Cs• Becoming conscious of self lets us assess our readiness to engage in social change.• It helps us be better aware of how issues affect us and others and enhances our citizenship• It allows us to better collaborate and engage in valuable experiences with the group or team.• It helps us clarify our values and agree on common purpose and understand how values affect our behavior and judgment• Encourage seeing things from others perspective – empathy – and engage in controversy with civility• It boosts self-confidence while highlighting limitations
  46. 46. Connection to the Other Cs• Although all of the Cs are interrelated, Consciousness of Self directly affects Congruence and Commitment.• Becoming more mindful of preferred ways of being makes it clear when actions are not Congruent with our inner truth.• Also, reflection and other practices help create an improved sense of Commitment.
  47. 47. Consciousness of self - closing wordsTo develop intrapersonal intelligence andform an accurate model of ourselves and beable to use that model to operate effectivelyin everyday lifeTo develop the awareness that new skills,behaviors and approaches are needed
  48. 48. The Model
  49. 49. Questions
  50. 50. BREAK
  52. 52. The JOHARI window
  53. 53. The JOHARI window Think of a person you know and have a close relationship willing you are todisclose informationabout yourself to thisperson how open you are to receiving feedback from the person
  54. 54. The JOHARI window
  55. 55. The JOHARI window
  56. 56. INTERACTIVE SESSION The Rokeach value survey
  57. 57. Becoming Conscious of Self• Developing consciousness of self requires intentional actions.• These include1. a practice of reflection2. openness to feedback – strength and weaknesses - non defensive, listen without interrupting, ask clarifying questions – does not imply accepting everything – should not take a toll on self-confidence and motivation, integrating advice of others3. learning about the self through assessment.
  58. 58. Q&AFEEDBACK