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Citations

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Citations

  1. 1. Understanding and Locating Citations<br />Library Resources 101<br />
  2. 2. Questions <br />What is a citation?<br />Why do we cite?<br />
  3. 3. In Your Own Words<br />“process of documenting where you found a piece of information”<br />“act of giving credit to a source that you may have used to obtain material for your work”<br />“where it is from”<br />“where the source came from”<br />
  4. 4. Concise Dictionary of Library and Information Science (1996)<br />Citation:<br /> Reference to a document or part of a document from which a passage is quoted, or to a source regarded as an authority for a statement or proposition.<br />
  5. 5. Popular Citation Styles<br />APA<br />From American Psychological Association<br />Used mostly for Social Sciences<br />MLA<br />From Modern Language Association<br />Used mostly for the Humanities<br />Other<br />Chicago<br />Turabian<br />……<br />
  6. 6. Basic Elements of a Citation(1)<br />Einstein, M. (2004). Media diversity: Economic, ownership, and the FCC.Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.<br />BOOK:<br />Author(s)<br />Year of publication <br />Title of the book<br />Location and name of the publisher<br />
  7. 7. In Different Styles<br />APA Style<br />Einstein, M. (2004). Media diversity: Economic, ownership, and the FCC.Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.<br />MLA Style<br />Einstein, Mara.Media Diversity: Economic, Ownership, and the FCC. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2004. Print.<br />
  8. 8. Basic Elements of a Citation(2)<br />Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.),Varieties of memory & consciousness (pp. 309-330).Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.<br />CHAPTER from EDITED BOOK: <br />Author(s) of the chapter<br />Year of publication<br />Title of the chapter<br />Editor(s) of the book<br />Title of the book<br />Page numbers of the chapter in the book <br />Location and name of the publisher<br />
  9. 9. Basic Elements of a Citation (3)<br />Albada, K. F. (2000). The public and private dialogue about the American family on television.Journal of Communication, 50, 79-110.<br />ARTICLE:<br />Author(s) of the article<br />year (and sometimes date) of publication<br />Title of the article<br />Title of the journal/magazine/newspaper<br />Volume number<br />(Issue number)<br />Page numbers<br />
  10. 10. In Different Styles<br />APA Style<br />Albada, K. F. (2000). The public and private dialogue about the American family on television.Journal of Communication, 50, 79-110.<br />MLA Style<br />Albada, K. F. “The Public and Private Dialogue about the American Family on Television.”Journal of Communication 50 (2000): 79-110. Print.<br />
  11. 11. APA Style<br />See http://library.uwsp.edu/Guides/VRD/APA_2010[1].pdf for common examples. <br />Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Ref BF76.7.P83 2010) for more information<br />
  12. 12. MLA Style<br />See http://library.uwsp.edu/Guides/VRD/MLA_2009[1].pdf for common examples <br />Consult MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (Ref PE1478.M57 2009) for more information<br />
  13. 13. Now, Books or Articles? That is the question…<br />Book citations always have information on publishers:<br />Einstein, M. (2004). Media diversity: Economic, ownership, and the FCC. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. <br />Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory & consciousness (pp. 309-330). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.<br />Article citations always have numbers (volume & pages) but no information on publishers:<br />Albada, K. F. (2000). Public and private dialogue about the American family on television. Journal of Communication, 50, 79-110.<br />
  14. 14. How to find them?<br />Books, book chapters, theses, government publications…<br />Look up (book) title in the Library Catalog (“Find books, videos & more…”) <br />Find the book by call number <br />If necessary, use Universal Borrowing (UB) and then Interlibrary Loan (ILL)<br />Articles<br />Look up journal title in Journal titles A-Z<br />Go to the right volume and pages in that journal (could be a hard copy; could be online)<br />If necessary, use Interlibrary Loan (ILL)<br />

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