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Provisional Patent Application
             (PPA)
   How different is it from formal
            application?

                         4
Overview
• Types of patent application
• Differences between formal and provisional
  patent applications
• Advantages of PPA
• Limitations of PPA
• How to apply for PPA?
So what kind of Patent Application is
    suitable for your start-up?
Provisional Patent
        • Informal patent as it is not examined
What?   • Without claims, oath, or any information
          disclosure statement


        • A protection to avoid other people from
          stealing your ideas or invention when your
Why?      patent is not entirely completed
        • Can apply for this for the formal patent to
          establish an earlier effective filing date


        • Has to apply for a formal patent within
How?      one year of its filing date
Formal vs Provisional Patents
           Formal                        Provisional (PPA)
• Most direct and hence, the       • Lower costs than applying for
  shortest route to patent           formal patent
• Good for inventions with short   • Good for inventions that are
  half-life such as electronics      not fully developed
  and software                     • Good for keeping invention a
• Good for inventions that are       secret as long as possible (i.e.
  already or about to be             for another year)
  launched in the market           • Good for adding one year to
• Any additions to the invention     your patent life
  has to be re-filed                 (i.e. from 20 to 21 years)
 A later priority date to cover
  any new improvement
Advantages of Provisional Patent
• Preserve priority date
• Quick and inexpensive way to obtain a filing
  date right after the invention is conceived
• One year delay allows the inventor/s to fully
  develop the invention before filing for a
  patent for the full invention
Advantages of Provisional Patent
• One more year of patent protection
• Patent pending status is granted during the
  provisional patent protection
• Multiple provisional patents can be filed and
  consolidated into one provisional patent
Limitations of Provisional Patent
• Increased total cost in patent application
• Invention has to be disclosed
  (but will be kept confidential from public)
• Potential loss of trade secrets
• If inventor misses the 1 year deadline of filing
  for the formal patent, then the invention can
  no longer be patented.
How to apply for PPA
• Cannot be filed online under USPTO
• Fill in the following provided by USPTO
  – provisional cover sheet and
  – fee transmittal form
• Have to be written and completed by
  – you or
  – a professional patent agent.
Writing your Provisional application

• Claims not required
  (but advised to include broad claims)
• Description + Drawings
• Should be clear and concise to be understood
  by skilled personnel in the field of invention
• Should not anything that you want to include
  as trade secret
About IP guide for Start-ups

Visit www.facebook.com/patsnap for your weekly dose of Intellectual Property guide for early ventures, written by
PatSnap’s PaTENt minutes’ team.

Rev up your IP knowledge in just 10 minutes. Each Patent 10 minutes guide consists of 10 slides.

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Provisional Patent Application

  • 1. Provisional Patent Application (PPA) How different is it from formal application? 4
  • 2. Overview • Types of patent application • Differences between formal and provisional patent applications • Advantages of PPA • Limitations of PPA • How to apply for PPA?
  • 3. So what kind of Patent Application is suitable for your start-up?
  • 4. Provisional Patent • Informal patent as it is not examined What? • Without claims, oath, or any information disclosure statement • A protection to avoid other people from stealing your ideas or invention when your Why? patent is not entirely completed • Can apply for this for the formal patent to establish an earlier effective filing date • Has to apply for a formal patent within How? one year of its filing date
  • 5. Formal vs Provisional Patents Formal Provisional (PPA) • Most direct and hence, the • Lower costs than applying for shortest route to patent formal patent • Good for inventions with short • Good for inventions that are half-life such as electronics not fully developed and software • Good for keeping invention a • Good for inventions that are secret as long as possible (i.e. already or about to be for another year) launched in the market • Good for adding one year to • Any additions to the invention your patent life has to be re-filed (i.e. from 20 to 21 years)  A later priority date to cover any new improvement
  • 6. Advantages of Provisional Patent • Preserve priority date • Quick and inexpensive way to obtain a filing date right after the invention is conceived • One year delay allows the inventor/s to fully develop the invention before filing for a patent for the full invention
  • 7. Advantages of Provisional Patent • One more year of patent protection • Patent pending status is granted during the provisional patent protection • Multiple provisional patents can be filed and consolidated into one provisional patent
  • 8. Limitations of Provisional Patent • Increased total cost in patent application • Invention has to be disclosed (but will be kept confidential from public) • Potential loss of trade secrets • If inventor misses the 1 year deadline of filing for the formal patent, then the invention can no longer be patented.
  • 9. How to apply for PPA • Cannot be filed online under USPTO • Fill in the following provided by USPTO – provisional cover sheet and – fee transmittal form • Have to be written and completed by – you or – a professional patent agent.
  • 10. Writing your Provisional application • Claims not required (but advised to include broad claims) • Description + Drawings • Should be clear and concise to be understood by skilled personnel in the field of invention • Should not anything that you want to include as trade secret
  • 11. About IP guide for Start-ups Visit www.facebook.com/patsnap for your weekly dose of Intellectual Property guide for early ventures, written by PatSnap’s PaTENt minutes’ team. Rev up your IP knowledge in just 10 minutes. Each Patent 10 minutes guide consists of 10 slides.