Diversity and Characters in Ethiopian Linseed Accessions
Worku Negash Mhiret, , University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Pat Heslop-Harrison , University of Leicester, UK
Ethiopia is a centre of diversity for linseed, where it is valued for cultural reasons as well as use as food and for export. Limited amounts of the crop are grown widely in Ethiopia, which includes the unique climatic conditions of the tropical highlands (3-15°N, >2000m). A range of some 200 accessions were evaluated for diverse quality, agronomic and morphological traits. They were also genotyped with IRAP (InterRetroelement Amplified Polymorphisms). It is probable that the genetic diversity in this area has not been exploited in breeding programmes. The results show a range of characters which can be exploited, some appropriate for smallholder and commercial farmers in Ethiopia, producing a sustainable, secure, high-value crop meeting agricultural, economic and cultural needs. Analysis of sequence data is likely to allow identification of probes suitable for chromosome identification and potentially tracking chromosomes in breeding programmes.
see http://molcyt.org/2014/12/22/diversity-in-ethiopian-linseed-linum-usitatissimum-morphology-and-seed-oil/ for 2015 paper
and http://molcyt.org/2013/05/07/worku-mhiret-biodiversity-and-its-exploitation-in-ethiopian-linseed/ for farmer participation